Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes the traditional view of clinical psychology as a discipline and profession steeped in an “illness ideology” that has roots in clinical psychology’s early connections with psychiatry and medicine and limits clinical psychology to the study of what is worst and weakest about people rather than what is best and bravest about people. The historical, cultural, and professional causes of this ideology are discussed, emphasizing on the social construction and deconstruction of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) as the manifestation of the illness ideology that has the greatest detrimental influence on clinical psychology. The chapter also proposes that the illness ideology be replaced with a positive psychology ideology that emphasizes well-being, life satisfaction, and what makes life worth living. Updates include discussions of the new DSM-5 and additional research on the problems with using diagnostic categories as a framework for understanding problems in living.
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