Abstract and Keywords
Self-verification theory assumes that people work to preserve their self-views by seeking to confirm them. Like other processes advocated by positive psychology, self-verification is a fundamentally adaptive process. Intrapsychically, self-verification strivings maintain psychological coherence, reduce anxiety, improve physical health, are associated with enhanced creativity, and may foster authenticity. Interpersonally, they encourage people to gravitate toward honest relationship partners, foster trust and intimacy in relationships, and ensure predictability in one’s behavior, which further promotes trust. Although self-verification is adaptive overall, it may lead to the perpetuation of negative self-views. Nevertheless, identifying the underlying processes in self-verification may lend insight into how to raise self-esteem. To raise the self-esteem of someone with a negative self-view, one should first provide the person with self-verification and subsequently provide positive feedback that challenges the negative self-views. Furthermore, understanding the self-verification process more deeply may also shed light on how to define and build happiness.
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