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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The influence of the Jerusalem Temple and its rituals persisted in Jewish religious expression even after its destruction. Reactions to this religious rift incorporated the Temple experience as an ongoing resource. The complex and multifaceted transition from Temple to synagogue, and from priests to rabbis, regarded the Temple and its cult as a validating component. The Temple and its attendant practices were present in the assorted domains of rabbinic ritual law. Whether dealing with issues of purity, tithing, prayer, holidays, or home rituals, different strategies were employed when appealing to Temple practice: maintaining continuity, modifying and adapting to changed circumstances, acknowledging break and rupture, and suggesting new modes of religious expression. As in other areas, rabbinic ritual law is marked by its progression toward comprehensiveness, systemization, and abstraction, and it is a foundational stage in the trajectory of Jewish law and practice regarding ritual.

Keywords: liturgy, purity, Talmud, Mishnah, rabbis, lay purity, Shabbat, sin, atonement

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