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date: 17 August 2019

(p. 467) Index

(p. 467) Index

Page numbers followed by f and t indicate figures and tables. Numbers followed by n indicate notes.

3Bs of religious identity formation (belief, behavio, belonging), xiii, 63–64, 68, 69, 105, 142, 225, 321. See also Benjamin P. Marcus; faith development theory; Vassilis Saroglou’s 4Bs
3Rs of religious liberty (rights, responsibilities, respect), 80–81. See also Williamsburg Charter
ABeka, 198
Abercrombie & Fitch, 253
academic curricula. See curricula
academic freedom, 376–77
Accelerated Christian Education, 198
access to school facilities. See Equal Access Act (EAA); facilities
accidental pluralism, 335
accommodations. See religious accommodation
accreditation, 183–84
Adam Adbulle Academy, 220
Adams, David E., 426–27
Adams, John, 129, 205, 241, 366
adolescents, 113. See also young adults
Affordable Care Act, 361
African Americans, black, 20, 46, 59–60, 139, 144, 197, 367, 403, 413, 456
agnostics, 316, 401
Agostini v. Felton, 216, 239, 242
Aguilar v. Felton, 238, 242
Aleshire, Daniel O., xv, 6, 15, 383–96. See also Association of Theological Schools
Al-Ghazaly School (Jersey City, New Jersey), 182
Alpha Delta Chi-Delta Chi Chapter v. Reed, 378–79
America. See United States
American Academy of Religion, 61–63, 160, 385, 426, 430, 432–33
Committee on the Public Understanding of Religion, xxii
guidelines for teaching about religion, 52, 54, 59, 61–63, 71, 225, 435 (See also Diane L. Moore)
“Interfaith and Interreligious Studies” working group, 160
American Association of Christian Schools, 172
American Association of Colleges and Universities, 428–29
American Association of School Administrators, 75
American Baptist Church, 320, 330
American Center for Law and Justice, 75
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), 18–19, 211, 220, 255, 264
American Creed, 48
American Federation for Children, 22
American flag. See Pledge of Allegiance
American Historical Association, 369
American Jewish Committee (AJC), 15, 24, 75, 83
American Jewish Congress, 15–25, 264
American Society of Church History, 385
American Sociological Association, 369
Amish schools, 171
Anabaptists, 44, 334
Andover-Newton Theological Seminary, 161, 384–85
Anglican Church, 390–91
Anglicans, 44, 334
Anti-Defamation League, 75, 264
Apple, Michael, 12
appreciative inquiry, 421
appreciative knowledge, 156–58
Aquinas, Thomas, 65
(p. 468) Arabic-language schools. See Islamic schools
Aristotle, 297
Arizona, 219, 222–23, 277
Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn, 13, 239, 242
Arkansas, 253, 277
Armstrong, Karen, 58
Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen, 113
arts programs, 343
Asad, Talal, 29–31
Asian Americans, xxii, 46, 48, 393, 402, 407, 430–31, 456
Assemblies of God, 330, 454
assimilation, 46–47, 49
Associate Reformed Presbyterians, 329t
Association for Biblical Higher Education, 390
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 84, 246–47, 257
Association of Catholic Colleges and University (ACCU), 352–53, 356, 361
Association of Christian Economists, 343
Association of Christian Schools International, 172
Association of Spanish Language Academies, 59
Association of Theological Schools (ATS), 15, 160, 388. See Chapter 25
Astin, Alexander, 373
Astin, Helen, 373
atheism, 46, 316, 402
Atlanta, Georgia, 182
Auburn Theological Seminary, 160–61
Augustine, 65
autonomy, 120, 267, 302
Avi Chai Foundation, 177
Azusa Pacific University, 330t
Bagby, Ihsan, 181
Baha’i House of Worship (Wilmette, Illinois), 45
Baha’i Students Association, 460
Ball, William, 20–21
Balmer, Randall, 21
Baltimore, Maryland, 182
Barber, Benjamin, 87, 95
Barton, David, 89–90
Beck, Dwight Marion, 429, 433
Belekny, Mary Field, 111
beliefs, behavior, belonging. See “3Bs” of religious identity formation
Benedictine order, 353
Ben Gamla School, 221
Bennett, William, 21
Berea College, 319
Berger, Peter, 28, 151
Beta Academy, 220
Beyond World Religions: The State of Multifaith Education in American Theological Schools (Mosher and Baird), 160–61
bias, 2, 58, 263, 272, 278, 317, 322, 440–41, 446, 456
Bible, xv–xvii, 1, 90, 135–36, 158, 161, 193–94, 203–207, 215, 223, 231, 234, 245, 254, 260–62, 270, 278, 365, 369, 386, 425, 458–62
American Revised Standard Version, 275
Bible Literacy Project (BLB), 262, 264–65, 277
Bible colleges, 328–49, 390
Douay-Rheims translation, 273
Hebrew Bible, Old Testament, 178, 264, 268, 271, 276, 278, 385, 430, 436
King James Version, 47, 170, 273, 275
as literature, 5, 261, 263–64, 266, 276–79
National Association of Bible Instructors, 426
New Testament, 268, 385, 430
The Bible and Its Influence (Schippe and Stetson), 262, 264, 278
Bible colleges, 329–30
The Bible in History and Literature (NCBCPS), 277–78
The Bible Institute, 330t
Biblical literacy, 57–58, 266, 270–81. See also Bible: in public schools
Bible Literacy Project (BLP), 262, 264–65, 278
Bible Presbyterian Church, 330
The Bible Reader: An Interfaith Interpretation, 276
Bible Riots, 273
(p. 469) Biola University, 330t
biological development, 106–7
Black, Hugo, 211
Blackmun, Harry, 286
Blaine, James, 209
Blaine Amendment, 14, 47, 209, 260
Bloy, Myron, 459
bludgeons, 153–54
Board of Education v. Allen, 19–20, 211, 216, 236, 242
Bob Jones Complete, 198
Bob Jones v. United States, 21
bonded social capital, 155
Bordelon, Janet, xv, 1–2, 11–26
Boston Missionary Training Institute, 330t
Boston University, 385
bounded discourse, 441–46
Bowdoin College, 323
Boyd County High School Gay Straight Alliance v. Board of Education of Boyd County, Ky., 288, 293
Boy Scouts, 289
Brautigam, Herman, 429
Brennan, William J., 286
Briggs, Charles, 386
British Congregationalists, 44
Brown University, 32–33, 383
Bryk, Anthony, 305
Buddhism courses, 264, 431. See also world religions; curriculum
Buddhist meditation, 320
Buddhists, 44–45, 316, 400, 440
Buetown, Harold, 176
Bush v. Gore, 378
C3 Framework of the National Council of Social Studies, Religious Studies Companion Document, xxi
California 3Rs Project, 52, 70. See also Emile Lester; “3Rs” and Modesto
Callan, Eamonn, 304
Callhan, Daniel, 438
Calvin College, 336–37, 343
Campbell, David, 155, 163
The Campus Clergyman (Hammond), 454–55, 458–59
Campus Crusade for Christ (Cru), 456
campus culture, 332–33, 404–6
campus ministry, 454–66
Christian, 453–65, 459t, 462t
education for, 383–95, 457–58
National Study of Campus Ministries (NSCM), 454
professional, 387, 457
Protestant, 454–60, 456t
women in, 455–57, 456t
Cantwell Smith, Wilfred, 105, 149–50
Cantwell v. State of Connecticut, 248, 256
care and caring
classrooms based on, 122–23
ethic of caring, 398–99, 411
caring self, 417
Carnegie, Andrew, 32–33
Carnegie Classifications, 338–39
Carroll, John, 350
Carson-Newman University, 329t
Carter, Jimmy, 21
Carter, Stephen, L., 441–46, 451
Carver Middle School Gay-Straight Alliance v. School Board of Lake County, Fla., 288–89, 293
case studies, 52–53, 159–60. See also Pluralism Project
Catholic Mission Institute for New Presidents, 357
Catholicism and Catholics, xi, 36, 44, 47–48, 51, 59, 88–89, 91–92, 106, 109, 119, 135, 138–39, 151, 157, 270–71, 295–96, 303, 314, 371–72, 390–93, 401
homeschooling, 197, 199
Irish, 44, 272
Italian, 44
Jesuits, 144, 260, 350–51, 353, 362, 453
population, 174, 316, 390–91
private Catholic colleges and universities (see higher education)
social teaching, 353
Catholic Theological Union, 161
Catholic University of America, 351
Cato Institute, 22
Caudillo v. Lubbock Independent School District, 288, 293
Ceniceros v. Board of Trustees of the San Diego Unified School District, 287, 293
Center for Faith and Inquiry, 343
Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement, 322
(p. 470) Center for Religion and Civic Culture, 322
Centrist Orthodox Jewish schools, 179
Century Community Learning Centers, 13
Chabad schools, 179
Chaltain, Sam, 246–47, 257
Chancey, Mark A., xv, 5, 57–58, 70, 72, 83, 90, 98, 270–81
chaplains
hospital, 433, 458, 463–64
military (see Goldman v. Weinberger)
character formation, 34, 38–39
charter schools, xiii–xiv, 4–5, 12, 172, 180, 212–21. See education, public K–12
number of, 219
religiously affiliated, 5, 180, 219–28
Chassidic schools, 179
Cheema v. Thompson, 249–50, 256
Cherokee-language schools, 220–21
Child Evangelism Fellowship of Minn. v. Minneapolis Special School District, 290, 293
Chinese Exclusion Act, 44, 46
Christian College Coalition. See Council for Christian Colleges and Universities
Christian College Consortium. See Council for Christian Colleges and Universities
Christian Hospitality and Pastoral Practices Project, 160
Christian Legal Society, 75, 83
Christian Legal Society v. Martinez, 289–93, 378–79
Christian Legal Society v. Wu, 378–79
Christian Reformed Church (CRC), 336–37
Christians and Christianity, 45, 225, 264
campus ministry, xvii, 7, 359–63, 443, 447, 453–65, 459t, 462t
college students (see colleges; students)
ministry education (see theological education)
Mormons, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), xii, 139, 144t, 197, 199, 272–73
orthodox, 28, 44, 91, 93, 139, 171, 221, 224, 335, 344, 370, 383, 387–88, 393, 443, 459
Protestant (see Protestant Christianity)
theological education, xv, 113, 147, 150, 160–63, 322, 370, 383–96, 432, 436, 453–58
Church of God—Cleveland, 330
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. See Christians; Mormons
Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah, 250, 253, 256
Cincinnati Bible War (1869–1873), 273
Council of Islamic Schools of North America (CISNA), 182, 186
Commission on International and Trans-Regional Accreditation (CITA), 182
citizenship, xvi, 34, 46, 51, 62, 70, 73, 88, 97, 113–15, 135, 185, 260, 267, 278, 294–307, 378, 399, 406, 414, 417, 423
City of Boerne v. Flores, 251, 256
civic education, 295–308. See also citizenship
civic engagement programs, 318–19
civic virtue(s), 49, 129, 135, 154, 170, 205, 295–307, 414, 444–45
Civil Rights Act, civil rights, 48, 93, 222, 253, 257, 378
Civil Rights movement, 87, 161, 371, 453, 460
Clara Muhammad Schools, 182
Clark, Tom, 77, 223, 231, 374–75
Clark bill, 15
clergy, religious leaders, 1, 59, 81, 85, 160–61, 205, 207, 312, 343, 366, 387, 454–65. See also theological education
Cleveland Bible College, 330t
Clinchy, Blythe McVicker, 111
clothing. See religious garb
Cochran v. Louisiana State Board of Education, 14–15, 19, 235–36, 242
Coffin, William Sloane, Jr., 453, 455, 460, 464
cognitive development, intellectual development, 36, 105–8, 131–32, 210–11, 354, 414, 417
Cold War, communism, 190, 210, 245, 315, 370–71, 431
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 107, 115
Colgate University, 429, 436
Colin ex rel. Colin v. Orange Unified School District, 288, 293
college(s). See higher education
college faculty, professor(s). See higher education
(p. 471) College Learning for the New Century, 428–29, 435
College of New Jersey. See Princeton University
College of Notre Dame of Maryland, 351
colleges and universities. See higher education
colonial America, 1, 6, 14, 44, 136, 149, 177, 189, 200, 271, 311, 313, 328, 364–69, 383, 384, 389, 425, 428–29
Colorado Christian University, 330t
Columbia University, xviii, xxvi, 34, 384, 425
Commission on International and Trans-Regional Accreditation (CITA), 182
Committee for Public Education and Religious Liberty (PEARL), 18–19, 22, 181, 237, 242
Committee for Public Education and Religious Liberty v. Nyquist, 181, 237, 242
Committee for Public Education and Religious Liberty v. Regan, 22
common good, xxi, xxii, 14, 73, 77, 82, 144t, 154, 157–64, 173, 185, 294–310, 311, 314, 353, 355, 359–60, 414
common schools, 171, 186, 206, 215, 272, 294–310. See also Horace Mann
communio, 353
communism. See Cold War
communities of practice, 142, 144t
compatibilist, 332
Compte, Auguste, 368–69
compulsory education. 14, 169, 174, 194, 230, 236, 259–60, 301, 305. See also choice; Pierce v. Society of Sisters; public education K–12; Wisconsin v. Yoder
Conference on Christianity & Literature, 343
Confucianism, 44, 264. See also World Religions
Congregationalists, 44, 206, 384–85, 389. See also British Congregationalists
congregational ministers, 205, 455, 456t, 457
Conn, James J., 351–52, 362
Connick, C. Milo, 434, 436
conscience, liberty of, right of, 6, 16, 21, 23, 81–82, 88–91, 94, 104, 114–15, 206–7, 222, 232, 259, 262, 311, 360–61, 428
conscientious objector, engagement, 245, 297
Conservative Solomon Schechter Day School Association, 179
contemplative practices, pedagogy, 123, 132, 143t, 428–36. See also mindfulness
contraception, 65, 172, 340, 361. See also Affordable Care Act; Hobby Lobby
conversation circles, 448
Cooke, Terence Cardinal, 20, 25
Cooper v. Eugene School District, 252, 256
Cornell, Ezra, 32–33
Cornerstone University, 330, 375
Council for American Private Education, 172
Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU), xxiv, 331–43, 348
Council for the Advancement of Small Colleges, 330–31
Council of Independent Colleges, xxiv, 323, 330–31, 348, 372
Council of Islamic Schools of North America (CISNA), 182, 186
Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), 45, 185
Council on Islamic Education, xvi, 75, 83
Covenant College, 330, 336
Cranston, Earl, 433
Christian Reformed Church (CRC), 336–37
creationism, intelligent design, 5, 90, 232, 262, 266, 301. See also evolution; Scopes trial
Crespino, Joseph, 21, 24
Crick, Bernard, 62, 70
critical-mass, Benne typology of religious colleges/universities, 335. See also accidentally pluralist; intentionally pluralist; orthodox
cross-campus pedagogy, 444–47
cultural pluralism, 49. See also Horace Kallen
cultural privilege, 390–91
cultural studies, 54, 62, 70–72, 84, 95–96, 164, 226, 281. See also Diane L. Moore
culture
campus, 332–33, 404–6
interface with spirituality, 402–3
culture wars, 19, 75, 81, 87–90
Dalai Lama, 157–58, 163
Dallas Independent School District, 45
Damon, William, 129, 130–31
Danforth Study of Campus Ministry, 460, 465
Dartmouth College, 367
Dartmouth College v. Woodward, 367, 376
Darul Arqam Schools of Greater Houston, 182
Darwin, Charles, Darwinism, 262, 364, 368–69. See also evolution
DeBerg, Betty, 399, 408, 454, 464. See also National Study of Campus Ministries
DeBoer, Lawrence, 427, 436
Declaration of Independence, 366
Delbanco, Andrew, 28, 35–37, 40
deliberation, 80, 94–97, 126–28, 301–2
democracy, democratic, xvi–xvii, xx, 1–4, 7, 86–99, 294–310. See also discourse
deliberative, 97, 301, 306–7
distrust (see Stephen Macedo)
education for, 22, 73–85, 86–99, 210, 226, 294–310, 371, 406, 423
homeschooling, 186, 201
pluralism, 43–55, 155
privatism, 11–14, 22–24, 316, 393
religious liberty, 73–85, 230
secularism, 28, 30, 35, 38, 41
theolegal democracy, xxvi
world religions, 269
Democratic Party, 371
demographics, xxiii, 43–48, 137, 183, 189, 198, 141–42, 151, 190–1, 265, 279, 303, 312–18, 350, 391, 393–94, 413, 416, 455–57, 461
Gallup, 151
Pew Research Center, 54, 58–60, 65, 67, 71, 85, 139, 141, 147, 183, 186–87, 316, 325, 393, 399–400, 409, 413, 423, 454, 455, 457, 461
Denton, Melina Lundquist, 152, 163, 410
Denver Bible Institute, 330t
developmental discipline, 123–25, 133
DeVos, Betsy, 12–13
Dewey, John, xviii, 32, 40, 130, 135, 146
dialogue, 50–51. See also discourse
civic, civil, 80–82, 306, 322 (see also Williamsburg Charter)
conversation circle, 448
versus debate, 449
ethical, 30, 445–46
hearth-to-hearth, 66–67, 69 (see Peter Ochs)
interfaith, interreligious, 31, 50–51, 66–71, 105, 113–15, 158–65, 322, 325, 443–46
religious education, 141, 144t
safe spaces, 448–49
secular, new, 31
diet, consumption practices, 11, 77, 95, 199, 221, 224, 234, 316, 320, 447, 462t
digital native, 141
Diroff, Nicole, 161
Disciples of Christ, 320
discourse. See also dialogue
bounded, 441–46, 451 (see also Stephen L. Carter)
bridging, bridges, 48–51, 154, 409
personal disclosure in, 434–35, 446, 448–49
realistic, 124–25
transactive, 125, 127, 130
unbounded, 441–46, 451 (see also Stephen L. Carter)
discrimination. See nondiscrimination
diversity, diverse, 1–7, 43–55, 149–68, 289. See also demographics; multiculturalism; worldview
campus ministers, among, 455–57
description of, 90–94
engagement with, 49–50, 64, 75, 80, 90–93, 95, 112, 136, 149–68, 300, 374, 404–6, 459t, 460 (see also interfaith; Modesto study)
faculty, 411–24, 427, 430, 434, 441, 445
ideologies, xii, 6, 35–36, 80, 90, 136, 185, 198, 441
increases in (see demographics)
religions are internally diverse, 62–65, 67, 149, 151–54, 169–88, 184, 225, 316, 400–2, 441 (see Diane L. Moore; American Academy of Religion)
religious, 3, 43–46, 67, 89, 91, 316, 329, 346, 374, 400–2, 404, 431, 440 (see pluralism; Diana L. Eck)
respect for, appreciation of, 7, 34, 53, 91, 150, 152, 156–58, 264, 273, 277, 279, 300, 321–22, 353, 374, 404, 459t, 460 (see also Williamsburg Charter)
(p. 473) sexual orientation and gender identity, 403–4 (see also homosexuality)
students, 76, 175–76, 181, 184, 197–98, 316, 319, 337, 374, 397–410, 416, 441, 447 (see also demographics)
versus pluralism. See pluralism
Dobson, James, 193–94
doctoral students. See graduate students
Dominican order, 350, 353
Donahue Show, Phil, 192
Donovan ex rel. Donovan v. Punxsutawney Area School Board, 287, 293
Doonesbury (Trudeau), 453
Douglas, Mary, 28–29, 40
Douglass, Susan L., xvi, 4, 83, 169–88
Dred Scott v. Sandford, 378
dress codes, 224, 248–50. See also religious garb
Duke, James, 32–33
Duke University, xxii, 50, 385, 408
Dutch Reformed Christians, 44
Eastern European Jews, 44, 162
Eastern Orthodox churches, 459–60
Eastern University, 330
East High Gay/Straight Alliance v. Board of Education, 288, 293
East High School Prism Club v. Seidel, 288, 293
Eberle, Christopher, 298, 306
Eckhardt, A. Roy, 427, 436
ecumenical worldview, 398–99, 405–6, 411. See also diversity; worldview
Education as Transformation Project, 372. See also Peter Laurence; Victor Kazanjian
Education Consolidation and Improvement Act, 239–40
Edwards v. Aguillard, 232, 242
EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc., 253, 256
eJewish Philanthropy, 23
Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), 17–20, 26, 211–12, 214, 238
Eliot, Charles, 369–70
Elizabethtown College, 161
Elon University, 319
Elshtain, Jean Bethke, 83, 300
Emergency Quota Act, 44
Emerging Scholars Network. See Intervarsity Christian Fellowship
Emory University, xviii, xix, xxvi, 385
emotional capacities, competencies, development, 34, 110, 118, 121–31, 144t, 200, 399, 415–17, 444, 447. See also Social and Emotional Learning
Employment Division v. Smith, 250–53, 256
empowerment practices, 142, 144t, 145
Empower Mississippi, 22
engaged deliberation. See deliberation
engagement. See also National Survey of Student Engagement; pluralism defined
active, 301
coerced religious activity, 224–25, 245–46, 254
conscientious, 298, 428
imaginative, 301
relationship-building activities, 159–60
with religion, interfaith, interreligious 61, 68–69, 117, 150, 156–61, 233, 244, 268, 276, 297, 318, 320–25, 333–36, 352, 394, 405, 423, 459
self, 96, 128
society, world, civic, 2, 31, 51, 53, 67, 81–82, 85, 95, 125, 153, 267, 279, 297, 300, 317–19, 325, 355, 405, 415
Enlightenment, 120, 136, 265, 267, 325, 366–68
post-Enlightenment, 60, 64
Enochs, James, 91
Episcopal Church, 320
epistemology, intellectual, 317
epistemology, moral, 125
epistemology, spiritual, 413
Equal Access Act (EAA), 76, 83, 283–94, 302–3. See also facilities; Widmar v. Vincent
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), 253, 256, 343
equal protection, treatment, 174, 233, 238–41, 367, 377–80. See also United States Constitution Fourteenth Amendment
equanimity, 373, 398–99, 405, 411, 414–17
(p. 474) Erikson, Erik, 106, 115
Erskine College, 329t
Establishment Clause, judicial tests. See also Abington v. Schempp; Engel v. Vital; Everson v. Board of Education; United States Constitution Establishment Clause
Coercion Test, 375 (see also Allegheny v. ACLU; Lee v. Weisman; Santa Fe v. Doe; Westside Community Schools v. Mergens)
Endorsement Test (see also Allegheny v. ACLU; Kiryas v. Grumet; Lynch v. Donnelly; Wallace v. Jaffree)
Unique History Test (see also Town of Greece v. Galloway)
ethics, xvii, xix, xxii, 38–39, 105, 120, 128, 131, 161, 321, 332, 385, 430, 444, 451
of caring, 398–99, 411
courses on, 430
of dialogue, 30, 445–46
humanists, atheists, educating for, 142, 144t
of interfaith cooperation, 157
professional, 318, 332
of religious dialogue, 163, 443–46
social values, 63–64, 296
theological, religious xix, xxii, 306–7, 355–56, 385, 451
ethnic population shifts. See demographics
ethos
of Protestant society, 364–74
evangelical Christians (evangelicals), 11–12, 21, 24, 59, 86–99, 139, 142, 144t, 157, 171, 186, 194, 199, 201–2, 209, 233, 263–65, 277–78, 307, 323–24, 328–49, 375, 401–2, 407–10, 420, 427, 440, 443, 455–60, 464–65 (see also National Association of Evangelicals)
campus ministry, 407, 456, 458–60
colleges and universities, 31–32, 328–49, 329t, 330t, 338t, 340f, 341t, 342t
college students, 401
faculty, 336–37, 341–43
theological education, 392–93, 396
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, 141, 319–20, 454
Evangel University, 330
Facebook. See social media; internet
facilities, public school, xiv, 5, 232–34
access to (see Equal Access Act (EAA))
charter schools, 220
public funding for, 236
Ten Commandments in, 231
use by religious organizations, 374–79
Faculty Beliefs and Values Survey (FBVS) (UCLA), 374, 412–14, 418, 420, 420n1
Fahs, Sophia Lyon, 142, 147
Fahs Collaborative, xviii, 146
faith. See also faith development; interfaith, and; religion
vs belief, 105–6
A Common Faith (Dewey), 40
Articles of Faith, Articles of Peace (Hunter and Guinness), 84
defined, 150
as dynamic and spacious, 105–6
Faith Ed.: Teaching about Religion in an Age of Intolerance (Wertheimer), 72, 99
epistemologies of, 32
imbrication of faith and learning, 344
in relationship to others, 92
misrepresentation, 79
(p. 475) passional and rational, 111
separationist, 24, 26
sraddha, 105
stages of, 109 (see also faith development theory)
faith-based education. See private education; homeschooling
faith, stages of, 109. See also James Fowler
conjunctive (adulthood stage), 109
individual/personal vs psycho-social phenomenon, 108
individuative-reflective (young adulthood stage), 109
intuitive-projective (early childhood stage), 109
mythic-literal (childhood stage), 109
synthetic-conventional (adolescence stage), 109
undifferentiated (infancy stage), 109
faithful living practices, 142, 144t
faithing, 105–9, 114
Faith Matters Survey, 59, 68
The Faith of Other Men (later republished as Patterns of Faith Around the World) (Cantwell Smith), 150, 163
Farrington v. Tokushige, 235, 242
Federation of Jewish Philanthropies, 17
Feinberg, Walter, xiv, xvi–xvii, 5, 99, 259–269, 281
Feldstein, Lewis, 155, 163
Fellowship of Christian Athletes, 454
Feminine Mystique (Friedan), 190
feminism, 111, 190–91, 201, 317, 371, 422, 453
Ferguson, John E., Jr., 52, 54, 80–81, 83–84, 131, 226, 246–47, 257
financial aid. See funding
Finding Common Ground: The First Amendment Guide to Religion and Public Schools (Haynes, Thomas, and Ferguson), 52, 54, 80–81, 83, 131, 223, 226, 247, 257
First Amendment Center (reorganized as the Religious Freedom Center of the Freedom Forum Institute), 91, 223, 276. See also Charles C. Haynes
The First Amendment in Schools: A Guide from the First Amendment Center, 84, 117, 246–47, 257
First Day School (Sunday School), 135. See also Benjamin Rush
First Freedoms: A Documentary History (Haynes, Chaltain, Glisson), 84
Fishkin, James, 300, 304, 306,
Focus on the Family, 193–94. See also James Dobson
Forster-Smith, Lucy, 326, 460, 464
“Founding Fathers,” xii, 22–23, 277–78
4-H Club, 289
Fowler, James W., 105–16, 373, 381, 410
Francis, Pope, 297, 307
Franciscan order, 353
Frankel, Marvin, 19
Franklin, Benjamin, 366
Franklin Central Gay/Straight Alliance v. Franklin Township Community School Corp., 288, 294
fraternity, 300, 379
freedom
academic, 78, 283, 351, 376–77, 380
of assembly, 244
of choice (see choice)
of conscience (see conscience)
of inquiry, 370, 385
of petition, 244
religious (see religious liberty)
of speech (see Free Speech)
Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment, 51, 74–75, 84, 95, 195, 222–23, 226, 229, 233, 235–36, 241, 242, 244, 246, 248, 252–53, 255, 257, 262, 283, 285, 305, 366, 367, 374–75, 379–80
free exercise provisions in state constitutions, 222
Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment, freedom of speech, 21, 75, 84, 233–34, 244, 246, 248, 283, 288–89, 375–77, 379, 444
freethinkers, 32, 272–73
French Catholics, 44
Friedan, Betty, 190, 192
Fuller Theological Seminary, 161
fundamentalism, xxi, 4, 57, 194, 196–98, 200, 263, 330–31, 347, 370, 427, 443
(p. 476) funding
affordability, 5, 11, 13, 172, 175–76, 179, 193, 305, 339, 340, 340f, 345, 354, 360, 363, 378, 391
charter schools, xiii–xiv,
financial aid for students, 210, 211, 213–14, 340, 354–55
no aid to religion provisions in state constitutions, 222
no-aid separationism, 203–9, 211, 213
no diversion provisions in state constitutions, 222
no-funding rule, 204–10, 214
public employees working in private schools, 238–40
private funding for Catholic parochial schools (parochiaid), 14–15, 18–19, 207–11
private funding for evangelical colleges, 333, 339–41
private funding for campus ministry, 462t
public funding for contraception (see contraception)
public funding for public schools, 22, 220, 222, 225, 302, 367 (see also Morrill Acts)
public funding for religion, 205–11, 230, 237–40, 260–61, 302, 391
sources of revenue for Christian colleges and universities, 339–40, 340f
tax deductions for expenses associated with private schools, 22, 213, 23–39
tax credits, vouchers, 4, 12–15, 19–22, 25, 204, 212–13, 229, 240–41, 261–62, 268, 302 (see also choice)
taxpayer standing to challenge public funding of religion (see Flast v. Cohen; overturned in Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn)
Gaither, Milton, xvii, 4, 136, 146, 189–202
Gallagher, Eugene V., xvii, 6, 425–38
Galligan-Stierle, Michael, xvii, 6, 350–63
Gallup. See demographics
Gandhi, Mahatma, 158, 163
Gay-Straight Alliance of Yulee High School v. School Board of Nassau County, 287, 289, 293–4
gender. See identity
General Association of Regular Baptists, 330
Geneva College, 329t
George III, King 367
Georgeown University, xvi, 188, 312, 350–51, 363
Georgia, 199, 277, 367
Georgia Accrediting Commission (GAC), 182
Germans, Germany, 33, 44, 49, 171, 178, 207–8, 313, 428
Giddens, Anthony, 151, 163
Gilligan, Carol, 111–12, 116
Girl Scouts, 289
globalization, xvii, 35, 317–18
Global South, 394
Goldberger, Nancy Rule, 111
Golden Rule, 58, 93–94, 314
Goldman v. Weinberger, 251–53, 256. See also religious garb
Good News Clubs. See also extracurricular activities; funding for religious clubs; religious clubs
Good News Club v. Milford Central School, 234, 241–42, 290, 294
Good News/Good Sports Club v. School Dist. of the City of Ladue, 290, 294
Wigg v. Sioux Falls School Dist., 290
Gordon, Paul, 96
Gordon College, 330t, 343
governance of public schools K–12, school boards, xi, xiii, xiv, 5, 11–26, 74, 80, 82, 89–93, 137, 195, 207, 230, 233–34, 246, 253, 256, 261, 272, 286, 288–89, 302–3. See also National School Board Association
government speech, 75, 377
graduate schools. See also higher education; theological education
Graham, Billy, 342
Graham, Stephen, 141, 146, 160, 163
(p. 477) Grant, Ulysses S., 209
Great Books, 34
Great Depression, 176, 370
Great Emergence, 141, 148
Greek Archdiocese of the Americas, 388
Greek Orthodox Church, 90–1, 98, 220–21, 388
Green, Steven K., xvii, 4, 24, 14, 203–16, 281
Green, Steve (Hobby Lobby), 278–79
Griffith v. Caney Valley Public Schools, 249, 257
Grinnell College, 431
Growing Without Schooling, 191–92
Guidelines for Teaching About Religion in K-12 Public Schools in the United States, 52, 54, 71, 84, 225, 227. See also Diane L. Moore; American Academy of Religion
Gurdwara Sahib (Fremont, California), 45
Gutmann, Amy, 95, 98, 301, 306
Habermas, Jurgen, 87, 94–95, 98, 128, 131
hadarim, 178
Haidt, Jonathan, 63–64, 66–67, 70, 118, 120, 121, 131–32, 135, 146
Hammond, Phillip, 391, 396, 454–59, 464
Hannibal-LaGrange University, 329t
Hart, Daniel, 130
Hart, Daryl G., 326, 426, 432, 436
Hartwick College, 322
Harvard, John, 366
Harvard University, xvi, 31, 34, 154, 159–60, 311–12, 319–23, 369, 383–85
Business School, 52–53, 159–60
College, xvi, 1, 311–12, 366
Divinity School, xvi, xviii, xxi–xxiv, xxvi, 106–7, 114, 385
Graduate School of Education, 106–7, 110
Law School, xxvi
Pluralism Project, xvi, xxiv, 52–54, 159–60, 162, 440, 452 (see also Diana L. Eck)
Religious Literacy Project, 3, 52 (see also Diane L. Moore)
Hastings College of Law, 378–79
Hauerwas, Stanley, 28, 33–40
Haynes, Charles C., xviii, 3, 52, 54, 61, 65, 70, 72–85, 91, 97, 99, 117, 131, 223, 226, 246–47, 257, 281, 373, 381
Healy v. James, 376–77
hearth-to-hearth dialogue, 66–67, 69. See also Peter Ochs
heaven, 90, 92, 400, 459, 465
Hebrew Bible. See Bible; Hebrew
Hebrew College, 161
Hebrew schools, Jewish day schools, 26, 139, 177–80, 185, 187, 220–21
Hellenic Classical Charter School, 220–21, 226
Henry, Carl, 342
Herberg, Will, 16, 24–25, 88–89
Herdahl v. Pontotoc County School District, 287, 294
heresy, 151, 162, 353, 386
The Heretical Imperative (Berger), 151
Heritage Foundation, 22
Heschel, Abraham Joshua, 161–63
Hick, John, 51, 54
Hicks, Mark A., xiii, xviii, 3–4, 134–48
higher education, 6–7, 311–465. See also campus ministry; funding; theological education; students; women
campus culture, 332–33, 404–6
degree programs, majors, 183, 185, 191, 319, 337–39, 350–52, 371, 385, 387–89, 429, 432, 457
enrollment, 319, 354, 364
evangelical higher education, 328–49
historical background, 34, 312–15, 317, 350–52, 365–71 (see also colonial America)
interfaith, xiii, xxiii, xxiv, xxv, 149–68, 275, 318–19, 409
mainline and independent, private Christian, 311–27
mission, policies, 317–19, 324, 328, 331, 333–35, 337, 339, 346, 351–62, 369, 385, 388–89, 395, 404, 417, 419, 425, 446, 458–60
presidents, 312, 336, 353, 357–58, 367–70, 384, 386
religious studies in, 425–37
spirituality in, 364–82, 397–410, 414, 428–30
teaching about religion outside of religious studies in, 438–52
(p. 478) Higher Education Research Institute (UCLA), 373, 399, 428. See also Triennial National Survey of College Faculty and Jennifer A. Lindholm
Hill Military Academy, 174
Himmelfarb, Milton, 16–17, 26
Hindu American Foundation, 45
Hindus and Hinduism, xvi, 5, 44–46, 51, 58, 93, 105, 153, 156, 158, 224, 247, 264–65, 316, 323, 400, 431, 440
Hindu Temple Society of North America (Flushing, Queens), 45
Hindutva movement, 316
Hispanics, Latino/a, 20, 175, 197, 200, 389, 393, 413, 456. See also demographics
history courses, public K–12 schools, 224, 234, 266
Bible history, 263–66, 290
The Bible in History and Literature, 276, 280
history of religion, 77–78, 223, 274, 323–24, 375, 433, 436 (see also Abington v. Schempp)
history textbooks (see textbooks)
world history, 77
Hmongs, 91, 221
Hmong College Prep Academy, 221, 227
Hobby Lobby, 278–79, 280. See also Steve Green
holidays, religious, xii, 5, 46, 53, 65, 83, 143, 224–25, 246, 260, 316, 320, 401
Holifield, E. Brooks, 457–58, 464
Holland, Peter, 173, 185, 304, 306
Hollenbach, David, 296–97, 306–7
Holt, John, 191–96, 199
Holt v. Hobbs, 253, 257
homeschooling, xii–xiv, xvii, 1, 4, 136, 146–48, 172, 189–202, 229, 236, 263
enrollment, 136, 190, 195, 197
history of, 136, 189,
Islamic or Muslim, 181, 186, 188
privatization, 191–92
Home School Legal Defense Association (HSLDA), 195–96
homosexuality. See LGBT
Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 343
hospital chaplains. See chaplains
Houf, Horace T., 426, 432, 436
Houston Christian Temple Assembly of God Church, 220
Howard University, 385, 459
Hsi Lai Temple (Hacienda Heights, California), 45
Hsu v. Roslyn Union Free School District, 287, 291, 294
Hudson, David L., Jr., 84, 246–47, 257
Hughes, John, 207–8
human development. See also James W. Fowler; Robyn Ilten-Gee; Larry Nucci; Sharon Daloz Parks
biological, 106–7
cognitive, intellectual, 36, 105–8, 131–32, 354, 414, 417
phases of, 112
psychology of, 373, 381, 410
spirituality, 415
stages of, 109–10, 112–13
humanities, 92, 185, 267–68, 337, 343, 353, 356, 413, 434, 437, 442, 444, 449–50
humanistic study, 30, 33–34, 38–39, 259, 263, 268, 450
Hume, David, 368–69
Huntington, Samuel, 46–48, 54, 154
Hurricane Katrina, 219
Hyson v. Gallitzin, 250. See religious garb
identity. See also gender identity
civic, common, group, national, 13–14, 43, 46–47, 48, 50–51, 54, 95, 139, 150–51, 170–71, 191, 225, 264–65, 272, 276, 290, 299, 364, 398, 400, 408–10, 439 (see also demographics)
educating for religious identity, 144t, 145
gender, transgender 140, 172, 287, 398, 402–4
interfaith understanding of, 149
intersectionality of, 402–4
personal, self, xii, 14, 49, 97, 119, 124, 131, 139, 151–2, 154, 157, 160, 162–63, 252, 344, 402–4, 408–10, 412, 422
rituals promoting religious identiy, 143t
Ikhlas Homeschool, 181, 188
Illo, Joseph, 92
Ilten-Gee, Robyn, xiii, xviii–xix, 3–4, 117–133
(p. 479) immigration, immigrants, 14, 43–55, 56, 91, 137, 139, 151, 159, 170–71, 174, 178–80, 182, 207–8, 272, 350–51, 357, 361, 368, 372, 380, 387, 390, 393, 440, 453. See also demographics
Immigration Act of 1965, 372
Immigration and Nationality Act, 43–44
In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development (Gilligan), 111, 116
inclusion, xiii, 88, 111, 212, 294, 391, 401
incorporation of First Amendment to states. See Cantwell v. State of Connecticut; Everson v. Board of Education
Indiana Wesleyan University, 337
insignia. See religious garb
Instagram. See internet; social media
Institute for Advanced Catholic Studies, 322
Institute for Social Policy and Understanding (ISPU), 183, 186, 188
instruction. See teachers
integrated identity. See faith; identity
integration, religious, racial 20, 181, 185, 190, 193, 221, 226, 294, 348–49, 408
integration practices, 142, 144t
intellectual development. See cognitive development
Intelligent Design. See creationism
interdenominational colleges, 329t, 334, 336
interfaith cooperation, xxiii, xxiv, xxv, 66, 149–68, 276
interfaith education, xiii, 149–68
Interfaith Youth Core (IFYC), xxi, xxiii, xxiv, xxiv, xxv, 160, 318–19, 409
Internal Revenue Service (IRS), 21–22
internet, 124, 140, 189. See also social media
interreligious dialogue, 61, 66–67, 71, 115, 163. See also interfaith
interreligious studies, 160, 164, 356
InterVarsity Christian Fellowship (IVCF), 443, 454–56, 459–60
Emerging Scholars Network, 343
Iran, 315–16
Irish Catholics. See Catholicism
Isaiah, 278
Islam, xvi, 29, 40, 44–48, 58, 136, 147, 156–59, 163, 182, 187, 197, 224, 316, 323, 400–1, 431, 440. See also mosques
Islamic
calligraphy, 46
education, schools, 4–5, 136, 170, 180–88, 220
imam, cleric, 91
Montessori programs, 184
prayer, 50, 136, 181, 320, 408, 440
studies, xvi, 183, 431
Islamic Center of North America (Dearborn, Michigan), 45
Islamic Saudi Academy (Virginia), 182
Islamic School of Seattle, 182
Islamic Schools League of America (ISLA), 183
Islamic Society of North America, 45, 182
Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), 153–54
Italian Catholics. See Catholicism
Ivers, Greg, 18–19, 24
Jacobsen, Douglas, xix, 6, 41, 164, 311–27, 344, 347, 405, 408, 437
Jacobsen, Rhonda Hustedt, xix, 6, 41, 164, 311–27, 344, 347, 405, 408, 437
Jains, Jainism, xvi, 45–46
Japanese, 44
Jefferson, Thomas, 5, 36, 259–60, 366, 375
Jehovah’s Witnesses, 232, 261, 274–75
Jensen, Lene, 118, 120, 131–32
Jesuits. See Catholicism
jewelry. See religious garb
Jewish day schools. See Hebrew schools
Jewish Education Committee, 17
John Birch Society, 192, 202
John Paul II, 352, 362–63, 445
Johns Hopkins University, 33, 313, 370
Johnson, Lyndon, 18, 44, 54, 371
Johnson, Paul, 430, 436
Johnson-Reed Act, 44
John XXIII, Pope, 371–72
Jones, Rufus, 459
Jones, Robert P., 55
Judaic studies, 178–79, 431
Judeo-Christian, 57–58, 60, 120, 314, 371
Judson College, 329t
Judson University, 330
Kahn, Jonathan, xiii, xix, 2, 27–42
Kallen, Horace, 49, 54
Kaminetsky, Joseph, 17
Kant, Immanuel, 147, 368–69
Kaufman, Brian, xiv, xix, 5, 229–43
Kazanjian, Victor, 326, 372, 381, 397, 408, 417, 422, 440, 451. See also Education as Transformation Project
Kegan, Robert, 110–12, 116
Kennedy, Anthony, 286
Kennedy, John F., xx, 47–48, 175, 371
Kennedy, Robert, 371
Keyworth, Karen, 183, 186, 188
Khomeini, Ayatollah, 315–16
King James Bible. See Bible
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 158, 163, 371, 460
King, Winston, 431, 436
King’s College, 425
Knitter, Paul, 157, 163
Kohlberg, Lawrence, 106–7, 111–12, 121–22, 131
Krestan v. Deer Valley Unified School District No. 97, of Maricopa County, 287, 294
Kronman, Anthony, 33, 35, 40
Ku Klux Klan, 252
Kuyers Institute for Christian Teaching and Learning, 343
labor unions. See unions
Laden, Anthony, 127–29, 131
laicization, 455–57, 463
Lakenan, Mary E., 425, 436
Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District, 233, 242, 289, 294, 377
Laotian Buddhists, 45
LaSallian tradition, 351
Latter-Day Saints, The Church of Jesus Christ of. See Christians and Christianity; Mormons
Laurence, Peter, 372, 381, 397, 408, 417, 422, 451. See also Education as Transformation
Lawrence College, 427
Leadership. See higher education presidents
campus, 357–60
women in, 455–57, 456t
League of Nations, 370
learning
imbrication of faith and learning, 344
Social and Emotional Learning (SEL), 123
student-centered, 317–18
learning communities, 114, 141
Learning Technology Grant Program, 13
Lee, Valerie, 305, 306
Lee University, 330
Lee v. Weisman, 231, 242, 254, 375
Lemon v. Kurtzman, 203, 212, 216, 237, 239, 242, 283, 285, 293, 375–76
Lester, Emile, xx, 3, 61, 69–70, 84, 86–102. See also Modesto
Levoy, Gregg, 103–4, 116
Lewis, Thomas, 60, 65, 71
LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) students, xx, 91, 140, 266, 288–94, 403–4, 408–9
liberalism, 16, 35, 191, 196, 267, 295, 298, 306, 307, 329
liberal republicanism. See republicanism
liberty
of conscience (see conscience)
religious (see religious liberty)
Lilly Endowment, xix, xxvi
Lilly Fellows Program in Humanities and the Arts, xix, 343
Lindholm, Jennifer A., xx, 6, 326, 345, 348, 373, 374, 381, 398–99, 403, 407–8, 411–24, 428, 435, 454, 464
linguistics, religious, 57–66
Lipscomb University, 330t
literacy. See also religious literacy
cultural, 45, 273, 275, 278 (see also cultural studies; Diane L. Moore)
information, 416
linguistic, reading, writing, 126, 135–36, 170, 192, 201, 221
Literary and Bible Training School for Christian Workers, 330t
literature, biblical, xv, 5, 57, 78, 203, 234, 263–64, 266, 270–81
liturgy, liturgical,