Abstract and Keywords
Patterns of alcohol and drug use vary across race/ethnicity and according to type of alcohol or drug use. Notable differences across race/ethnicity exist for estimates of current drinking, level of drinking, binge drinking, alcohol abuse and/or dependence, beverage preference, driving while under the influence of alcohol, illicit drug use, alcohol or drug treatment, and alcohol-related adverse outcomes. Across race/ethnicity, substance use varies over sex, age, time, and level of acculturation. Although this variation is often similar across race/ethnicity (e.g., men drink more than women, the young more than the old), the magnitude of these differences is greater among some race/ethnicity groups. Race/ethnicity also plays a key role in substance use-related outcomes; some groups experience a disproportionate burden of alcohol-related ailments such as certain cancers, comorbid psychiatric conditions, or violence.
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