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date: 19 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The goal to make agriculture sustainable expresses an ideal to ensure that our present practices should not impose future disadvantages. “Sustainable agriculture” sometimes refers to agricultural practices that are believed to be “natural,” which do not employ modern technologies. Alternately, the term is sometimes used to refer to agricultural practices that avoid depleting resources or which can be expected to leave future generations as well off as the present generation or which will avoid diminishing future opportunities or the ability of later generations to satisfy their needs. This chapter considers several alternative conceptions of “sustainability” and different ways to understand and articulate the concept of “sustainable agriculture.” Then it considers several specific agricultural practices, evaluating what it would mean for them to be sustainable.

Keywords: sustainability, justice, food justice, triple bottom line, agroecology, agricultural biotechnology, consumption, ethics of consumption, food ethics

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