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date: 18 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Books and articles supporting a local food movement have become commonplace, with popular authors such as Wendell Berry, Barbara Kingsolver, and Michael Pollan espousing the virtues of eating locally. At the same time, others have critiqued the local food movement as failing to achieve its stated ends or as having negative unintended consequences. This chapter provides a general analysis of local food movements, specifically separating this complex phenomenon into three distinct sub-movements. During this analysis, the chapter pays particular attention to how sub-movements conceptualize people, food, and the roles that individuals, communities, and political institutions play when trying to bring about change. It argues that understanding these sub-movements is necessary for understanding and interacting with both local food’s supporters and its detractors.

Keywords: agriculture ethics, farm-to-fork, food security, food sovereignty, food studies, local food, locavore

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