- The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics
- Sustainable Agriculture, Environmental Philosophy, and the Ethics of Food
- Farming, the Virtues, and Agrarian Philosophy
- Food, the Environment, and Global Justice
- Genetically Modified Food
- Local Food Movements: Differing Conceptions of Food, People, and Change
- Concerning Cattle: Behavioral and Neuroscientific Evidence for Pain, Desire, and Self-Consciousness
- The New Hunter and Local Food
- Ethics for Fish
- The Ethical Basis for Veganism
- Arguments for Consuming Animal Products
- Consumer Choice and Collective Impact
- Religious Dietary Practices and Secular Food Ethics; or, How to Hope that Your Food Choices Make a Difference Even When You Reasonably Believe That They Don’t
- The Clean Plate Club? Food Waste and Individual Responsibility
- Racial Imperialism and Food Traditions
- Food Sovereignty, Justice, and Indigenous Peoples: An Essay on Settler Colonialism and Collective Continuance
- Food, Fairness, and Global Markets
- Multi-Issue Food Activism
- Public Justification and the Politics of Agriculture
- Paternalism, Food, and Personal Freedom
- Deceptive Advertising and Taking Responsibility for Others
- Food Labor Ethics
- The Moral Burdens of Temporary Farmwork
- Eat Y’Self Fitter: Orthorexia, Health, and Gender
- Food Insecurity: Dieting as Ideology, as Oppression, and as Privilege
- Shame, Seduction, and Character in Food Messaging
- Obesity and Responsibility
- I Eat, Therefore I Am: Disgust and the Intersection of Food and Identity
- Morality and Aesthetics of Food
- Food Choices and Moral Character
- The Etiquette of Eating
- The Ethics of Being a Foodie
- Who You Are Is What You Eat: Food in Ancient Thought
- Food Ethics in the Middle Ages
- You Are What You Eat, But Should You Eat What You Are? Modern Philosophical Dietetics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents three different aspects of the moral relevance of diet. It begins with eating for virtue and considers some discussions in the sixteenth and seventeenth century of how diet impacts philosophy—either via its impact upon physical health or more directly via its impact upon spiritual well-being. Specifically, it considers two foundational figures of early modern philosophy, Michel de Montaigne and René Descartes, and then turns to Anne Conway, who unifies elements of their views along with elements of traditional theology to present an account of the spiritual significance of diet. The chapter then turns to eating virtuously, both via the moral consideration of animals in the eighteenth century and the political consequences of luxury and diet. It concludes by considering how Malthus posed a pressing problem to those who thought that an age of reason might be at hand if one just heeded the cry of nature.
Aaron Garrett is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Boston University.
John Grey is Visiting Assistant Professor at Michigan State University Department of Philosophy.
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