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- List of Contributors
- The Archaeology of Early Christianity: The History, Methods, and State of a Field
- Archaeology of the Gospels
- New Testament Archaeology Beyond the Gospels
- The Catacombs
- Burials and Human Remains of the Eastern Mediterranean in Early Christian Context
- The Archaeology of Early Monastic Communities
- Baptisteries in Ancient Sites and Rites
- Baths, Christianity, and Bathing Culture in Late Antiquity
- The Art of the Catacombs
- Visual Rhetoric of Early Christian Reliquaries
- An Anarchéologie of Icons
- Spolia and the “Victory of Christianity”
- Early Christian Mosaics in Context
- Amulets and the Ritual Efficacy of Christian Symbols
- Christian Archaeology in Palestine: The Roman and Byzantine Periods
- The Church of the East Until the Eighth Century
- The Holy Island: An Archaeology of Early Christian Cyprus
- Asia Minor
- Community, Church, and Conversion in the Prefecture of Illyricum and the Cyclades
- The Early Christian Archaeology of the Balkans
- The Archaeology of Early Italian Churches in Context, 313–569 CE
- The Christianization of Gaul: Buildings and Territories
- Britain and Ireland, 100–700 CE
- Christian Landscapes in the Iberian Peninsula: The Archaeological Evidence (Fourth–Sixth Centuries)
- Incorporating Christian Communities in North Africa: Churches as Bodies of Communal History
- Archaeology of Early Christianity in Egypt
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews the archaeological evidence for different forms of Christian use and reception of statues in the period between the third and the seventh centuries. Previous scholarship has primarily been based on the heavily biased Christian literary tradition (notably hagiographies), whereas archaeology in recent years has begun to uncover a whole range of complex ways in which Christians negotiated the sculptural landscape of Late Antiquity. This landscape consisted of both new and old statues set up in temples, public buildings, and private residences. In turn, the chapter addresses newly erected statues, “residual” statues, the practices of marking crosses and carving Christian inscriptions on the heads and bodies of pagan statues, the destruction of statues, and the recycling of statues.
Troels Myrup Kristensen, Associate Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
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