Abstract and Keywords
This introduction provides an overview of the current state of philosophy of science and some predictions about its future direction. The contents of the handbook are described using a framework based on the unity of science and approaches to reduction, with the successes and failures of each described. New areas in the discipline, such as the philosophy of astronomy, data, neuroscience, and post-empiricism are discussed, as well as traditional areas such as causation, explanation, and theory structure. A defense of contemporary philosophy of science against external criticisms is given, including examples of progress within the field and technical relevance to particular sciences. The reasons for internal disagreements are provided and compared to disagreements within science.
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