- The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science
- Introduction: New Directions in Philosophy of Science
- Advertisement for the Philosophy of the Computational Sciences
- Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Naturalism and Anti-naturalism in the Philosophy of Social Science
- Philosophy of Biology
- Philosophy of the Psychological and Cognitive Sciences
- Philosophy of the Physical Sciences
- Having Science in View: General Philosophy of Science and Its Significance
- Causation in Science
- Confirmation and Induction
- Determinism and Indeterminism
- Epistemology and Philosophy of Science
- Ethics in Science
- Game Theory
- Instrumentalism: Global, Local, and Scientific
- Laws of Nature
- Metaphysics in Science
- Models and Theories
- Natural Kinds
- Representation in Science
- Science and Non-Science
- Scientific Concepts
- Scientific Explanation
- Scientific Progress
- Scientific Realism
- Scientific Theories
- Values in Science
- After Kuhn
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Challenges to Evolutionary Theory
- Complexity Theory
- Computer Simulation
- Empiricism and After
- Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy
- Philosophy and Cosmology
- Philosophy of Neuroscience
- Social Organization of Science
This more in-depth online version features the following changes from the print handbook version: More extensive citations and more detailed discussions.
Abstract and Keywords
The experimental study of the brain has exploded in the past several decades, providing rich material for both philosophers of science and philosophers of mind. In this chapter, the authors summarize some central research areas in philosophy of neuroscience. Some of these areas focus on the internal practice of neuroscience, that is, on the assumptions underlying experimental techniques, the accepted structures of explanations, the goals of integrating disciplines, and the possibility of a unified science of the mind-brain. Other areas focus outwards on the potential impact that neuroscience is having on our conception of the mind and its place in nature.
Adina L. Roskies earned a Ph.D. at the University of California, San Diego, in neurosciences and cognitive science in 1995. Her doctoral work in neural development was conducted at the Salk Institute, and following that she pursued postdoctoral research in cognitive neuroimaging at Washington University Medical School, St. Louis. In 1997, she became senior editor of the neuroscience journal Neuron. Roskies obtained a second Ph.D. in philosophy from MIT in 2004 and joined the Philosophy Department at Dartmouth College in that year. Her research interests include the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and ethics. Roskies has published in scientific journals, such as Science, Journal of Neuroscience, and Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, and philosophical journals, including Philosophy of Science, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, and Philosophical Psychology.
Carl F. Craver is Associate Professor in the Philosophy‐Neuroscience‐Psychology Program and the Department of Philosophy at Washington University in St. Louis. His research interests include the philosophy of neuroscience, scientific explanation, reduction and the unity of science, the history of electrophysiology, and the cognitive neuroscience of memory. He is the author of Explaining the Brain: Mechanisms and the Mosaic Unity of Science (Oxford University Press) and several articles in journals in history, philosophy, and neuroscience.
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