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date: 19 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The delimitation of science is often taken to coincide with its demarcation from pseudoscience. That is a much too simplified picture. Science has philosophically interesting borders to many nonscientific endeavors that are not pseudoscience. This chapter begins with a discussion of the historically contingent limits of the English designation “science,” concluding that it is more fruitful to focus on a somewhat wider community of knowledge disciplines that includes not only the sciences but also the humanities. This wider category corresponds closely to the German term Wissenschaft; in English it can be called “science in a broad sense.” It is compared to a series of other human endeavors: practical arts, technology, fine arts, pseudoscience, and religion. Much more can be learned about science from this wide range of comparisons than from a one-sided focus on its boundary to pseudoscience.

Keywords: science, non-science, demarcation, practical arts, technology, pseudoscience, religion, fine arts

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