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date: 16 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of the ethics of scientific research. Topics covered include: a review of significant historical events, trends, and cases pertaining to scientific ethics; a discussion of the philosophical foundations of science’s ethical norms; a description of science’s ethical norms; and an examination of some common ethical dilemmas that arise in such areas of research as reporting and investigating misconduct, sharing data and materials, assignment of authorship and credit, management of conflict of interest, peer review of publications, research with human beings and animals, and social responsibility. The chapter also discusses conflicts among ethical norms; empirical versus conceptual approaches to studying ethical norms; international variations in research practices; and institutional and government efforts to promote integrity in research.

Keywords: science, ethics, norms, dilemmas, misconduct, data sharing, authorship, peer review, human research, animal research, social responsibility

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