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date: 23 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses diversity and diversity management within the United States and globally and presents the historical underpinnings of the systematic efforts to increase heterogeneity at the workplace. Starting with social exclusion, the authors describe the historical approaches to addressing the challenges that come with increasing diversity, including governmental endeavors, human resource management, diversity management, and inclusion. In addition, developments in other parts of the world such as Europe and Asia are compared, elaborating on the cultural differences that contribute to these variations. The chapter offers a brief review of the evolving definitions of discrimination and diversity management as well as the emerging group- and macro-level theories of diversity in the literature. Next, the parameters of a diverse and inclusive work environment are articulated along with how an ideal diverse inclusive workplace might be conceptualized. Finally, the authors provide a preliminary outline of steps to achieving this ultimate goal.

Keywords: inequality, discrimination, diversity, diversity management, social exclusion, inclusion

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