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date: 23 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Workplace discrimination, though often not as overt as in times past, remains prevalent across organizations. Aptly labeled modern discrimination, discriminatory treatment today is often characterized by subtle and covert behaviors that can skirt below laws and organizational policies. This chapter reviews literature on modern discrimination and its related constructs (e.g., interpersonal discrimination, aversive racism, everyday discrimination, selective incivility). It highlights similarities and differences between modern discrimination constructs that researchers should consider when selecting a discrimination construct for study. It also provides a model of targets’ meaning-making (e.g., appraisals, emotions, attributions, social identity comparisons) of modern discrimination, proposing mechanisms through which this lower-intensity mistreatment causes harm. Finally, it outlines gaps and opportunities for future research within the modern discrimination literature, including attention to other stigmatized identities, intersectional perspectives, convergence and divergence between constructs, and strategies for reducing modern discrimination.

Keywords: modern discrimination, interpersonal discrimination, workplace incivility, aversive racism, everyday discrimination, gender harassment, workplace mistreatment, appraisal, attribution, emotion

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