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date: 18 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines contemporary Tibetan Buddhism through an exploration of its transformation from a pre-modern form of Vajrayana Buddhism that was localized in Tibet and the wider Himalayan region, to its modern paradigm within the framework of Global Buddhism. In the contemporary period, Tibetan Buddhism inside Tibet is examined in relation to the imposition of Chinese political authority, while Tibetan Buddhism outside Tibet is examined in relation to the activities of the fourteenth Dalai Lama and the participation of Western, Chinese, and South Asian converts to Tibetan Buddhism in the efforts of Tibetan exiles to rebuild their religious institutions in diaspora.

Keywords: Buddhism, Dalai Lama, Global Buddhism, Himalayas, Tibet, Tibetan Buddhism, Vajrayana

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