- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About The Editors
- Locating Culture in the Brain and in the World: From Social Categories to the Ecology of Mind
- Cultural Neuroscience and Neurophilosophy: Does the Neural Code Allow for the Brain’s Enculturation?
- Sensory Enculturation and Neuroanthropology: The Case of Human Echolocation
- Health, Development, and the Culture-Ready Brain
- Culture as a Response to Uncertainty: Foundations of Computational Cultural Neuroscience
- Cultural Values Modulate Emotional Processing in Human Amygdala
- Genes, Brain, and Culture Through a 5-HTT Lens
- Embodied Brains, Social Minds: Toward a Cultural Neuroscience of Social Emotion
- Cultural Neuroscience in South Africa: Promises and Pitfalls
- Cross-Cultural Differences in Memory
- When Culture Informs Neuroscience: Considerations for Community-Based Neurogenetics Research and Clinical Care in a First Nation Community With Early Onset Familial Alzheimer Disease
- Quantifying Culture: The Cultural Distance Hypothesis of Melodic Expectancy
- Cultural Neuroscience Studies of the Self-Reflection
- Identifying a Cultural Resource: Neural Mechanisms Underlying Familial Influence on Adolescent Risk Taking
- Cultural Differences in Emotional Expressions and Body Language
- How Next-Generation Neuroscience Technologies Can Facilitate Comparison Across Cultural Contexts and Species: Implications for Global Health
- The Cultural Neuroscience of Intergroup Bias
- Cultural Neuroscience of Pain and Empathy
- The Gene–Culture Interaction Framework and Implications for Health
- Epigenetics and Social Behavior
- The Encultured Genome: Molecular Evidence for Recent Divergent Evolution in Human Neurotransmitter Genes
- The Role of Culture in Population Mental Health: Prevalence of Mental Disorders Among Asian and Asian American Populations
- Culture, Genes, and Socioemotional Neurodevelopment: Searching for Clues to Common Mental Disorders
- Conclusion—<i>Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience</i>
Abstract and Keywords
How do genes affect the human brain, cognition, and culture? This chapter focuses on these interrelated areas through the lens of the serotonin transporter (5-HTT), specifically examining the behavioral regulation system in Japanese people. First, relationships between the 5-HTT gene and impulsive behavior under aversive conditions are discussed. Next, this chapter shows that in collectivistic nations, individuals with higher interdependent self-construal optimize activation of the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (rVLPFC) when suppressing thoughts of death. Finally, as a function of psychosocial resources, higher levels of social trust affect adaptive processes and increase rVLPFC activity, all of which are geared toward modulating social pain. Thus, S allele carriers are more likely to adapt to collectivistic cultures because of the functional properties of the S allele, which may in turn promote collectivistic cultural norms.
Michio Nomura Department of Education Kyoto University Kyoto, Japan
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