- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About The Editors
- Locating Culture in the Brain and in the World: From Social Categories to the Ecology of Mind
- Cultural Neuroscience and Neurophilosophy: Does the Neural Code Allow for the Brain’s Enculturation?
- Sensory Enculturation and Neuroanthropology: The Case of Human Echolocation
- Health, Development, and the Culture-Ready Brain
- Culture as a Response to Uncertainty: Foundations of Computational Cultural Neuroscience
- Cultural Values Modulate Emotional Processing in Human Amygdala
- Genes, Brain, and Culture Through a 5-HTT Lens
- Embodied Brains, Social Minds: Toward a Cultural Neuroscience of Social Emotion
- Cultural Neuroscience in South Africa: Promises and Pitfalls
- Cross-Cultural Differences in Memory
- When Culture Informs Neuroscience: Considerations for Community-Based Neurogenetics Research and Clinical Care in a First Nation Community With Early Onset Familial Alzheimer Disease
- Quantifying Culture: The Cultural Distance Hypothesis of Melodic Expectancy
- Cultural Neuroscience Studies of the Self-Reflection
- Identifying a Cultural Resource: Neural Mechanisms Underlying Familial Influence on Adolescent Risk Taking
- Cultural Differences in Emotional Expressions and Body Language
- How Next-Generation Neuroscience Technologies Can Facilitate Comparison Across Cultural Contexts and Species: Implications for Global Health
- The Cultural Neuroscience of Intergroup Bias
- Cultural Neuroscience of Pain and Empathy
- The Gene–Culture Interaction Framework and Implications for Health
- Epigenetics and Social Behavior
- The Encultured Genome: Molecular Evidence for Recent Divergent Evolution in Human Neurotransmitter Genes
- The Role of Culture in Population Mental Health: Prevalence of Mental Disorders Among Asian and Asian American Populations
- Culture, Genes, and Socioemotional Neurodevelopment: Searching for Clues to Common Mental Disorders
- Conclusion—<i>Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience</i>
Abstract and Keywords
Population health disparities exist in the prevalence of pain throughout the world due to social and biological factors. We examine the etiology of population health disparities in pain prevalence with the cultural neuroscience model. We review empirical evidence for population health disparities in acute and chronic pain, particularly in people from the United States of different racial and ethnic heritages. We discuss how culture, race, and ethnicity affect pain and empathy at the level of neurobiology as well as how an understanding of the mechanisms underlying population health disparities in pain can lead to more effective treatments in multicultural and cross-cultural communities. Implications for understanding the etiology of pain prevalence from a cultural neuroscience perspective for public health are discussed.
Joan Y. Chiao is the Director of the International Cultural Neuroscience Consortium, an international, interdisciplinary organization dedicated to advancing theory and methods in cultural neuroscience to address issues in culture and health. She received her Ph.D. from Harvard University studying Psychology and B.S. with Honors from Stanford University studying Symbolic Systems. Her research is in social affective and cultural neuroscience, examining how race, culture and social status affect the human mind, biology and behavior. She serves on the Editorial Board of several journals, such as Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Social Neuroscience, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology and Culture and Brain, and receives grant support from the National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health and the Japan Society for Promotion of Science.
Vani A. Mathur Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
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