- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About The Editors
- Locating Culture in the Brain and in the World: From Social Categories to the Ecology of Mind
- Cultural Neuroscience and Neurophilosophy: Does the Neural Code Allow for the Brain’s Enculturation?
- Sensory Enculturation and Neuroanthropology: The Case of Human Echolocation
- Health, Development, and the Culture-Ready Brain
- Culture as a Response to Uncertainty: Foundations of Computational Cultural Neuroscience
- Cultural Values Modulate Emotional Processing in Human Amygdala
- Genes, Brain, and Culture Through a 5-HTT Lens
- Embodied Brains, Social Minds: Toward a Cultural Neuroscience of Social Emotion
- Cultural Neuroscience in South Africa: Promises and Pitfalls
- Cross-Cultural Differences in Memory
- When Culture Informs Neuroscience: Considerations for Community-Based Neurogenetics Research and Clinical Care in a First Nation Community With Early Onset Familial Alzheimer Disease
- Quantifying Culture: The Cultural Distance Hypothesis of Melodic Expectancy
- Cultural Neuroscience Studies of the Self-Reflection
- Identifying a Cultural Resource: Neural Mechanisms Underlying Familial Influence on Adolescent Risk Taking
- Cultural Differences in Emotional Expressions and Body Language
- How Next-Generation Neuroscience Technologies Can Facilitate Comparison Across Cultural Contexts and Species: Implications for Global Health
- The Cultural Neuroscience of Intergroup Bias
- Cultural Neuroscience of Pain and Empathy
- The Gene–Culture Interaction Framework and Implications for Health
- Epigenetics and Social Behavior
- The Encultured Genome: Molecular Evidence for Recent Divergent Evolution in Human Neurotransmitter Genes
- The Role of Culture in Population Mental Health: Prevalence of Mental Disorders Among Asian and Asian American Populations
- Culture, Genes, and Socioemotional Neurodevelopment: Searching for Clues to Common Mental Disorders
- Conclusion—<i>Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience</i>
Abstract and Keywords
Culture defines how groups, and the individuals situated within them, conceptualize and navigate relationships with in-group and out-group members. How diversity in these group processes and their neural substrates emerge remains an open question. Diversity in intergroup processes may have arisen from perceived threats from the environment. Groups in environments that present greater collective uncertainties and threats may have been more likely to adopt shared norms, practices, and institutions that promote and reinforce cohesion, coordination, and the prioritization of the welfare of in-groups over out-groups—contributing to cultural diversity in intergroup bias. This cultural diversity is proposed to be supported by differential pressure across environments on neurobiological systems that regulate responsiveness to threats and facilitate affiliation with in-groups. These two processes may mutually reinforce and co-construct one another, functioning to translate perceived threats from the environment into the cultural variations observed in the neural and behavioral manifestations of intergroup bias.
Bobby K. Cheon Division of Strategy, Management and Organization Nanyang Business School Singapore
Ying-yi Hong is currently a Professor at the Nanyang Business School of Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. After receiving undergraduate education at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, she studied overseas, and subsequently received a Ph.D. degree from Columbia University, specializing in Personality and Social Psychology. She has taught at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign before moving to Nanyang Technological University.
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