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date: 11 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Family obligation, which implies children’s role in the support and assistance of their family, is a fundamental aspect of family life. Family obligation has important implications for the adjustment of adolescents from Mexican backgrounds, relating to lower levels of risky behavior. Risk taking underlies many behavioral and health factors, such as substance use and externalizing behavior, that contribute to the public health burden during the adolescent period. Advances in developmental neuroscience have identified key neurobiological underpinnings of adolescent risk taking, but there is little understanding of how these neural processes interact with cultural and social processes to promote or prevent risk taking. We present a multimethod, longitudinal program of research that uses self-reports of risk taking and substance use, experimental tasks, and functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the mechanisms by which a culturally meaningful type of family relationship—family obligation—buffers Mexican youth from drug use and risk taking.

Keywords: Cultural resource, family, adolescent risk taking, neuroscience, longitudinal

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