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date: 12 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Self-reflection characterizes human thoughts. How the brain reflects on the self and relevant emotional consequences, however, varies significantly across individuals. This chapter discusses whether and how sociocultural/sensory experiences and biological factors, such as genes, influence the neural correlates of reflection on the self and close others. By presenting the findings of transcultural and cultural priming neuroimaging studies and the findings of imaging genetics, we suggest that both sensory and sociocultural experiences shape the pattern of neural activity involved in the cognitive processes during self-reflection. Genetic makeup, however, produces novel effects on the neural activity underlying the emotional consequences of self-reflection. The findings provide a cultural neuroscience framework for understanding of self-reflection and its relationship with mental health.

Keywords: Self-reflection, functional MRI, culture, gene, sensory experience, 5-HTTLPR

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