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date: 13 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In recent years, studies of population mental health have increased in number, and assumed growing importance, in psychiatric epidemiology and global mental health. These studies have enabled valuable estimates of psychopathology across different countries and cultural settings, thus providing assessment of the global burden of mental illness. They have also progressively grown in size and complexity, which has resulted in the use of more reliable methodologies to assess psychopathology. Fundamental challenges in what constitutes syndromes of “mental illness” (e.g., “major depression”) in terms of incorporating culture-specific features of psychopathology across cultural settings have also resulted from conducting these studies across differing cultural contexts. This has spurred further evolution in the conceptualization of and methodologies used to assess mental illness. This chapter highlights population studies in mental disorders among Asian and Asian American groups as a specific example to illustrate how culture affects the prevalence, assessment, and manifestation of psychopathology.

Keywords: Psychiatric epidemiology, global mental health, culture, Asians, Asian Americans, mental health, prevalence, psychopathology, diagnosis

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