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date: 13 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides a new reading of field theory from a transnational perspective in light of the criticism taking issue with its alleged “methodological nationalism.” The field is an abstract concept that allows for the methodological autonomization of a space of activity defined in relational terms, provided that this autonomization is historically and sociologically grounded. As a result, fields are not necessarily limited to the perimeters of the nation-state. After reviewing the process of differentiation of fields and the phenomena of dependence and embeddedness, the chapter addresses the phenomena of nationalization and the role of the state in the formation of fields, then analyzes different modes and strategies of internationalization in relation to the structure of international power struggles, and to the tensions between state, market, and field borders. Finally, indicators of the emergence of transnational fields are proposed. In conclusion, the chapter comes back to the question of comparativism.

Keywords: Bourdieu, sociology, field, field theory, transnational, international

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