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date: 05 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The tradition of music and song in freedom and liberation movements is a long one. However, each generation begins to craft new songs and new music to address its own social context and stylistic tastes. From the slave chants of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to the protest songs of the 1960s, there has been a thread of resistance and freedom in the music of African Americans. However, one of the most generative and creative forces—hip-hop music and culture—has been popularized to represent depravity, misogyny, racism, and homophobia. This chapter explores the revolutionary and resistance roots of hip-hop and describes how teachers might leverage the genre’s attraction to engage youth in social justice teaching and learning.

Keywords: hip-hop culture, social justice, freedom and liberation movements, African American, racism

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