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date: 19 May 2019

(p. 787) Index

(p. 787) Index

Page numbers followed by t indicate tables.

the absolute, 607
actuality and, 216, 274–77
being as, 611
the Concept and, 275
consciousness and, 21–22
in consummate religion, 595
in dialectic, 12–13
the finite in, 34–35
German Idealists and, 34
God as, 67
as ground, 275
holism and, 27, 37
idea as, 523
knowledge of, 67
manifestation of, 277
ontological difference within, 20–21
the polis and, 35–36
as presupposition, 20, 24–27
as reality, 25
reflection in, 24, 254
as result, 26–27
in Schelling, 11–12, 640
self and, 283
Spinoza and, 14–15
absolute division, 20–21
absolute end, 510, 512, 525
absolute ethical life
individuality in, 53
in Jena III, 50–53
spirit in, 52
absolute form, 298
content and, 300
in intelligibility, 299–300
absolute idea
intelligibility and, 329, 537
metaphysics of, 327
nature and, 356
reality of, 328
spirit and, 330–31
absolute knowledge, 166, 178n14
concept of science and, 169–70, 173
conscience in, 189–90
subject-object dualism in, 167
truth in, 167–68
value in, 177–78
“Absolute Knowledge” chapter, of PS, 166–94, 655
absolute modality
of action, 477
of agency, 477, 483, 488–89
absolute necessity, 277
purposiveness in, 281
self-consciousness in, 280–81
absolute negativity, 293, 302, 302n33, 304
essence and, 252
absolute reason, state as, 523
absolute religion, 173–74
absolute spirit, 346
art in, 154, 163–64, 564
content of, 564
in idea, 563–64
modes of, 149, 149n3, 151–52, 162, 164
in religion, 162
self-knowledge of, 655
state and, 529
abstraction
essence and, 245–46
nature and, 389–90
as negation, 390
of thought, 604
universals in, 390
abstract negation, 734 (p. 788)
abstract right
in civil society, 517
of person, 517, 519
“Abstract Right,” in PR, 467, 500
accountability
of agent, 479, 486–88
forms of, 479–94
A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (Marx), 649
action, 321n25. See also philosophy of action
absolute modality of, 477
actualization and, 296n17
agency in, 476
of agent, 476, 489–90, 505
categories of, 476–77
conscience and, 185–86
as deed, 502–3, 502n17
disowning, 505
event and, 501
individuality in, 116–17
intention in, 502
mechanistic cause of, 476
objectivity in, 481
the ought in, 480
in PR, 481–82
process of, 117–18
rationality and, 116
reciprocal, 270, 286
self-consciousness and, 120
as social, 135–36, 475
subjectivity in, 481
of will, 501
activity, of form
actuality in, 271, 271n6, 280
in freedom, 273
in matter, 272
in objects, 272
in self, 272
actuality, 204, 285n33, 289
the absolute and, 216, 274–77
in activity of form, 271, 271n6, 280
of beings, 207
categoriality and, 205
concept and, 205–6, 269, 271, 283, 393
the Concept and, 271, 282, 288
contingency and, 279–80
deduction and, 270
of freedom, 270, 273
Kant on, 207, 288n38
manifestation and, 273–74, 277
mechanism and, 284
in nature, 272
negativity of, 277
possibility and, 277–80
rationality and, 295
reality and, 217, 307n45
reason and, 348–51, 499
reciprocity of, 287
of spirit, 273
substance as, 278, 285
world and, 349
actualization
action and, 296n17
determinate religion and, 591–92
of freedom, 385
of ideas, 349
as mediation, 295–96
self-negation in, 297
actual soul, 420
Adorno, Theodor, 732n23
on determinate negation, 734–35, 735n32
on dialectic, 733–34
on interpretation, criticism, 729–33
adversarial system, in common law, 465
Aeschylus, 160
aesthetics, 151–52, 154, 559, 669. See also art
the ‘I’ in, 155–56
religion and, 155
affirmation, unity as, 235
Africa, 539, 592
agency, 536
absolute modality of, 477, 483, 488–89
in action, 476
in Christianity, 546–47, 551
determinate negation in, 488
in Encyclopedia Logic, 480–81
failure of, 551
in history, 537–39, 553
of individuality, 478
metaphysics of, 537
morality in, 494
objectivity in, 481, 484–85
of office, 546
in PR, 487
(p. 789)
practical, 45–46
purposiveness in, 487–88
recognition in, 484–85
skills of, 479
subjectivity in, 481, 484, 489
universality of, 487–88
agent
accountability of, 479, 486–88
action of, 476, 489–90, 505
deed of, 504
desire of, 482, 484
end and, 538
in environment, 502
goals of, 476
the good and, 510
independence of, 489
intention of, 476, 503–4
in modernity, 550–51
as object, 482
in Rome, 546
as subject, 483
welfare of, 491
will of, 501, 504
in world, 484, 489
alienation
in civil society, 652–53, 655
cultus overcoming, 598
from God, 175
of individuals, 143–44, 654
of knowledge, 193n33
of labor, 653–54
private property and, 653
of self-consciousness, 184
in social order, 143–44
sublation of, 655
American Hegelians, 674–82, 687–88, 690–92
American philosophy, 671–72
Dewey in, 689–93
James in, 680–84
Peirce in, 687–89
pragmatism in, 670, 673, 677, 680–83, 687
Royce in, 684–87
transcendentalism in, 674–76
Analogies of Experience (Kant), 73
analytic philosophy, 743–44
Anaxagoras, 318n15
Anderson, Douglas, 687–88
Anglo-American philosophy, 743, 751
animal
in environment, 437
human being and, 421, 428, 699–701
in Kant, 272
as self-external, 394n32
animal life, 116–17, 407
animal magnetism, 407n1, 414
anthropology, philosophical, 407
of Kant, 408–9
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (Kant), 408
“Anthropology” section, of Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences, 407–22, 432–33
Antigone (Sophocles), 122, 126, 128, 139–40, 142, 144, 157n14, 542–43, 573
antinomy
of form, content, 721
Kant on, 327
anti-realism, of Logic of Essence, 243
anti-Semitism, 706
anxiety of influence, 671
apodictic judgment, 305
appearance, 265
essence and, 273
laws of, 266
apperception, 299, 301. See also pure apperception
unity of, 220, 224, 239, 293, 758
apriorism, 389n16, 389n17
architectonics, of “Phenomenology” and “Psychology,” 430–32, 431t, 440, 444, 446
architecture
in art, 569–70
religion in, 570
symbolic, 570
Aristophanes, 161, 566
in dramatic poetry, 574–75
Aristotle, 35n12, 37, 153, 203, 271–72, 277–78, 322, 350, 359, 413, 520, 524. See also neo-Aristotelian philosophy
dialectic of, 614–15
empiricism of, 613–16
on Eudaimonia, 538
logic of, 614–16, 616n24
metaphysics of, 207–8, 214, 613–14
physics of, 614
(p. 790)
Plato and, 612–16
on polis, 515
predicative act in, 210
on slavery, 544
on thoughts, 207n17
on time, 616
art, 560n4. See also philosophy of art
in absolute spirit, 154, 163–64, 559, 564
architecture in, 569–70
beauty in, 564
Christianity and, 160, 567
of Classical Age, 149–50, 158–61, 163, 566
consciousness as, 163
content of, 565–66
divine and, 149, 559–60, 565
end of, 161, 561–62, 575
ethical life and, 158
expression in, 565, 576
of feudalism, 550
forms of, 565
freedom and, 153, 576
future of, 576
in history, 151–52, 559, 564, 565n11, 569
human body in, 566
interiority in, 566–67
in modernity, 159, 560–61, 575–76
morality and, 575
music in, 572
norms challenged by, 577
object and, 567, 569
objective humor in, 568–69
objectivity in, 567–68
painting in, 571
poetry in, 572–75
in PS, 559, 561
religion and, 149–50, 152–54, 152n9, 158–64, 565, 573, 575
romanticism in, 567–68
sculpture in, 570–71
self-consciousness of, 158, 161
self-determination in, 560
as sensuous, 564, 576
spirit and, 158–59
subjectivity in, 567, 569, 578
symbolic, 153, 565
totality and, 569
truth and, 560–61, 568
wonder in, 153
world and, 560, 576–77
artificer
Egyptian, 156–57
as self-conscious, 156
art religion, 152, 154, 157, 159, 161
of Classical Age, 149–50
as manifest, 162
tragic fate in, 164
at-homeness
of Greeks, 605, 612, 617–18
of thought, 617
atomism, 743
of individuality, 31, 35
nihilism and, 35–36, 53
autonomous negation, 245–46, 265
autonomy. See also ethical autonomy; natural autonomy
freedom and, 384
Kant on, 385, 385n5
in liberalism, 772–73
reason and, 296n19
self-appropriation and, 490–91
self-consciousness in, 386, 386n8
self-determination in, 252–53, 262, 386, 392
Bacon, Francis, 630
bad infinity, 233–34
Barry, Brian, 773–75, 779
Bauer, Nancy, 702
beautiful soul, 187
beauty
in art, 564
in Classical Age, 566
symbolic art and, 565
Beauvoir, Simone de, 698–99, 713n52
in French philosophy, 707–9
on oppression of women, 707–8, 712–14
on struggle for recognition, 715
on transcendence, 707
becoming
being and, 611
of content, 302, 305
infinite, finite and, 234
(p. 791)
being. See also Dasein; qualitative beings
as the absolute, 611
actuality of, 207
becoming and, 611
concept and, 202–3, 208–9, 224
consciousness and, 104, 661
content of, 226
emptiness of, 227
essence and, 242, 244–45, 248–51, 255, 275
independence and, 237–38
in logic, 224, 234, 352
Logic of Essence and, 247–48
nothing and, 224–29
reality and, 228
as relation, 225, 270
shine and, 250–51, 254
sublation of, 250
synthesis and, 225
thought of, 225–28, 537, 537n4
Being and Nothingness (Sartre), 702–3
being-concept
distinctness of, 202
identity of, 202–3
being-determinate
finitude of, 223, 232
infinity and, 223
limitation and, 223
negation in, 221–23, 228–29, 234
as not-nothing, 228, 232
quality of, 228–29
being-for-self. See also pure being-for-self
consciousness and, 235–36
determinateness of, 236–37
negativity in, 295
self-consciousness and, 235–36
true infinity and, 234–35, 239
being-in-and-for-itself, 247, 249, 253–54
Bell, Daniel, 138, 138n22
Bellman, Johannes, 691
Benjamin, Walter, 730n19, 732n22
Berkeley, George, 203n7
Berlin, Isaiah, 718n1
Bildung, 39–40, 273
individuals, state in, 52n70
black feminists, 713n51
blackness, 710–12, 713n52
Bloom, Harold, 671, 673
Böehme, Jacob, 630–31
bondsman
death feared by, 95–96
desire and, 96–99
freedom of, 99
life as concern of, 95–96
pure being-for-self of, 95
as self-conscious subject, 82, 94–95
work of, 96–97
bourgeoisie, 658–59
bourgeois society, 652
class domination in, 658–59, 661
historical character of, 656–57, 660
labor in, 654
understanding in, 663
Brandom, Robert, 689
on Kant, 758–59
McDowell and, 763
on PS, 758
on semantics, 758–62
British Idealists, 469–71
Brokmeyer, Henry, 676–77, 680
Brown v. Board of Education, 460
burgher class, 658, 658n28
Burke, Edmond, 144
Cabot, James Elliot, 681
capital, labor and, 653, 662, 664
capitalism, 648–49
domination in, 665, 668–69
historical character of, 662, 666–67
production in, 658–59, 658n27, 662, 662n35, 666–68
Capital (Marx), 648, 648n4, 663, 666
Cartesian philosophy, 21, 619. See also Descartes, René
case law, 465n25
categories, 367, 367n7
of action, 476–77
of the Concept, 287–88, 379
in history of philosophy, 371
of Kant, 220–24, 227, 373, 377, 637
measure in, 221
quality as, 221–22
of thought, 370, 373, 378
Catholicism, 618–20 (p. 792)
causality
mechanism in, 284–85
power in, 285, 285n33
in reciprocal action, 285
center, 398n48
certainty
of self-consciousness, 170
truth and, 167–68, 170, 176
Charlemagne, 549
China, 539–40
chivalry, 550
Christ, 547
as God, 617, 617n30, 620
in Middle Ages, 618, 620
reconciliation and, 597
Christianity, 349n15, 374, 529n25
as absolute religion, 173–74
agency in, 546–47, 551
art and, 160, 567
as consummate religion, 594–95
content of, 594
feudalism and, 549–50
freedom and, 547–48
God of, 547, 549, 595, 620
human being in, 596
individual in, 176
Medieval, 175–76
in philosophy of religion, 582, 586, 601
Protestant, 190, 590, 620
reason and, 176
representations in, 596–97
Rome and, 546–47
self in, 596–97
slavery and, 546–47, 549, 618
subjectivity and, 548
Cicero, 454, 456, 458, 462, 617
circle of circles, 340, 352–53
citizenship, 522n10
civil society
abstract right in, 517
alienation in, 652–53, 655
common good in, 520
crises in, 520
dialectic of, 531n29
domination in, 652–54
family and, 650–51
Marx on, 649–62, 668–69
person in, 517
power in, 654, 656, 662
property in, 658
Civil War, American, 671, 677–78, 680
class domination, 656–57, 660
in bourgeois society, 658–59, 661
Classical Age. See also the Greeks; pre-classical religion
art religion of, 149–50
beauty in, 566
comedy in, 161
dramatic poetry of, 573–74
gods in, 566
mythology of, 566
natural law in, 454–55
polis in, 133–35, 138
sculpture in, 570
spirit in, 133
tragedy in, 160–61
classical communitarianism, 33, 35
Clouds (Aristophanes), 161
cognition, 301, 374, 446, 590, 601
essence and, 244
as ground, 304
limits of, 380
object and, 292, 312, 332–33, 587
presuppositions in, 244
coherentism, 750–51
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 675
collision, 397, 397n44
colonialism, Fanon on, 710–13
comedy
in Classical Age art, 161
in dramatic poetry, 574
irony in, 164
normativity and, 574
commodity fetishism, 663–65
common good, 37, 520, 550, 683
common law, 464
adversarial system in, 465
case law created by, 465n25
common sense, 369, 374
communication, of motion, 398–99
community, 618, 759. See also cultus (p. 793)
recognition in, 776, 783
sexual drive in development of, 40
Comte, Auguste, 137
concept, 445, 639n40. See also concrete concept; science, concept of
actuality and, 205–6, 269, 271, 283, 393
being and, 202–3, 208–9, 224
as concrete totality, 298, 302–3, 306–7
content and, 300–302, 305, 392–94, 395–96, 499
Dasein of, 359
empirical, 442–43
of end, 110–11
existence and, 393
as finite, 216–17
freedom and, 327, 344, 384
of God, 585–86, 595
as ground, 304
immanent, 316–17
infinity and, 232–33
in judgment, 301, 304–5
as knowledge, 64–65
mediation and, 305–7
of nature, 357–58
necessity of, 357
negativity in, 298, 298n23
of nothing, 226
organism as, 110
in philosophy of nature, 391
in poetry, 572
reality of, 207
reason and, 108
of religion, 592–94
of spirit, 316, 360
syllogism and, 302
teleology of, 320
thesis of, 315, 318
totality of, 508
in understanding, 71, 301
as universal, 298
the Concept, 203n8, 208, 220, 239, 267, 366
the absolute and, 275
actuality and, 271, 282, 288
categories of, 287–88, 379
freedom and, 281–82
immanent deduction and, 270
Kant and, 269, 288, 291, 639
as purposive self-relation, 282–83
as self-determination, 287
self-relation of, 282–83, 286
in syllogism, 758
Concept Logic, 204n11
concept thesis, 315, 318
metaphysics of, 321
conceptual content, 208, 214, 761
concrete concept, 393–94
concrete content, 220, 391
concrete freedom, 446
double negation in, 428
essence and, 434
state as, 516
concrete subject, 434–35, 441–42
concrete totality, concept as, 298, 302–3, 306–7
concrete unity, self-determination and, 392
condition
of ground, 263–64
thought and, 374
confession, forgiveness and, 188–89
conquest state, Rome as, 545
conscience
in absolute knowledge, 189–90
action and, 185–86
agent of, 187–88
holism of, 185–87
of individual, 187
objectivity and, 184–86, 189
recognition in, 186–87
religion and, 189–91, 190n26
spiritual unity of, 185
consciousness, 20, 44n46, 123n9, 589, 700. See also objective consciousness; self-consciousness; unhappy consciousness
the absolute and, 21–22
art and, 163
being and, 104, 661
being-for-self and, 235–36
cognition in, 132
in consummate religion, 600
in cultus, 599–600
division in, 596–97
ethical substance and, 121
of God, 595, 599
(p. 794)
habit of skill in, 420
in history, 39, 82
individuality of, 106, 118–20, 193
knowledge and, 65
in modernity, 123
of nature, 417
negation of, 95–96
non-reductive reading of, 78–79, 78n22
of objects, 62–63, 81–82, 128, 172, 348, 438
of objects, overcoming, 173–78
observation by, 107
as reality, 104–7
reason and, 102–4, 106–7, 112, 114, 116, 122–23
reification and, 721
religion and, 173, 582–83
in science, 173
self-transcendence of, 106–7
spirit and, 43–44, 121–22, 129, 131, 582–83
in spiritual animal kingdom, 121–22
in struggle for recognition, 49
subject in, 63
subject-object in, 102, 167
thinking and, 163, 175–76
truth and, 170
unity of, 235
unity of objects in, 84–85, 105
universality of, 106–7, 117–18
virtuous, 115, 121
world and, 104, 407–8
Consciousness section, of PS, 68–70, 76–79, 81, 84, 94
constitution, 523–27
constitutional monarchy, 523, 525–27
constructivism, 506–7
consummate religion
the absolute in, 595
Christianity as, 594–95
consciousness in, 600
manifestation of, 594
presupposition of, 594
content
absolute form and, 300
of absolute spirit, 564
antinomy of, 271
of art, 565–66
becoming of, 302, 305
of being, 226
of Christianity, 594
concept and, 300–302, 305, 392–94, 395–96, 499
conceptual, 208, 214, 761
concrete, 220, 391
of desire, 483
feelings in, 588
feeling soul and, 414
idea as, 564
Kant on, 212–13, 215–17
materialist monism and, 238
for negation, 298, 298n24
of philosophy, 347, 350
of pure thinking, 220
of purpose, 490
reason and, 302
of religion, 599–601
representation of, 589
in sculpture, 570
self-appropriation of, 482–85
of self-consciousness, 236
specification of, 482–86
as supplied, 206
synthesis of, 220n5
of thought, 211, 229
transcendental, 215–16
of will, 482, 490
content-idealism, 238–39
contextualism, 510
contingency, 408
actuality and, 279–80
in history, 553
necessity and, 278–81
in objectivity, 491
possibility and, 279
contracts
in Jena III, 50
in legal personhood, 50–51, 53
property and, 40–41
state as guarantor of, 50–51, 50n63
substance of, 50n63
(p. 795)
contradiction
in essence, 265–66
in feeling soul, 415
in free nations, 137–38
madness and, 415
in nature, 358
in self-consciousness, 115
of social norms, 139
in spirit, 139
A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (Marx), 666
conversation, of Greeks, 610
Conway, Moncure Daniel, 679
corruption, 599–600
crime, 51
individuality and, 41–42
the Negative and, 41
in PR, 469
punishment and, 466–67, 469–70
right and, 467, 470
in society, 369, 369n33
crises, in civil society, 520
criterion, for knowledge, 63–66, 68, 77
critical theory
in Frankfurt School, 719
of Horkheimer, 725–27
Marcuse on, 738, 740
recognition and, 775–79
of society, 725–27
criticism, 4–5, 293
Adorno on, 729–33
Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right (Marx), 650
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant), 14, 84, 94, 201n6, 292, 304, 312n3, 341, 377, 559, 626, 635–36, 635n29, 638–39, 639n39
Critique of the Power of Judgment (Kant), 110n3, 112n5
Croce, Benedetto, 672
Crusades, 551, 620
cultural life, of state, 522
culture
critiquing, 19–20
dignity of, 771
minorities and, 770, 772–73
task of philosophy and, 20–21
of the understanding, 21
cultus, 586, 590
alienation overcome by, 598
consciousness in, 599–600
God in, 599
Danto, Arthur, 577–78
Darby, Derrick, 769
on rights, 780–83
Darstellung, 609, 725
Dasein, 221, 221n7, 232, 235–36. See also being-determinate
of concept, 359
Davidson, Donald, 205n14
death
bondsman and, 95–96
in dialectic, 358
habit and, 420n28
nature and, 358–59
as negativity, 95–96
spirit and, 358
deduction. See also immanent deduction; transcendental deduction
actuality and, 270
of Kant, 332–33
deed
as action, 502–3, 502n17
of agent, 504
event and, 501, 502n17
as intentional, 502–3
defendant, 464
deformation, 483–85
Deleuze, Gilles, 698, 714
democracy, of Greeks, 543, 618
dependence, 392
in feudalism, 549–50
life and, 325–26
Derrida, Jacques, 698
Descartes, René, 105–6, 374–75, 421n32, 632, 639
desire, 38–39
of agent, 482, 484
bondsman and, 96–99
content of, 483
of lord, 94
objects and, 88, 436–37
in self-consciousness, 95n22, 97–98, 98n26, 175
of subject, 88
will and, 478
Desmond, William, 594–95 (p. 796)
determinacies, 246, 246n11, 248, 396. See also self-determination
in essence, 252
determinate laws, 118
determinate negation, 322
Adorno on, 734–35, 735n32
in agency, 488
in dialectic, 23
determinateness, 760
of being-for-self, 236–37
as element, 353
of the ‘I,’ 298
negation in, 250, 322
in reflection, 255
sublation of, 246
determinate religion, 594
actualization and, 591–92
history and, 592–93
moments in, 591–93, 593n16
spirit in, 592
determinations, 246, 246n12, 521
essence and, 247
external, 397, 397n40, 403
feelings as, 415–16
freedom from, 428
of reflection, 256–57, 259, 261, 264
Dewey, John, 680, 689–93
dialectic, 130, 619
the absolute in, 12–13
Adorno on, 733–34
of Aristotle, 614–15
in bad infinity, 233–34
of being-nothing-becoming, 224
of civil society, 531n29
death in, 358
determinate negation in, 23
dialogues as, 610–11, 613
of history, 545
in holism, 169
Horkheimer on, 724–25
infinity in, 233
of Kant, 312–14
language and, 610
of logic, 724–25
Marcuse on, 738
negation in, 27, 654–55
of Plato, 610–11, 613
in political economy, 652–54, 665–67
reason in, 103n2, 106, 109, 110n3
revolution and, 666
in state, 667
in thought, 377–78, 666–67
dialectic-speculative method, 341, 345, 351, 353–54, 357, 359
dialogues
as dialectic, 610–11, 613
of Plato, 13, 610–11
difference, 773n35. See also identity-in-difference
in essence, 258
identity and, 258–59, 286–87, 714, 716
liberalism and, 767, 773
multiculturalism and, 770
ontological, 20–21
in qualitative beings, 231
in reflection, 25, 35
in science, 167
sexual, 714–16
The Difference between Fichte’s and Schelling’s System of Philosophy (Hegel), 3–7, 4n2, 10–14, 16, 18–19, 21–22, 25, 27
differentiation, in subject-object, 439
dignity, of cultures, 771
discursive activity, 201, 201n5
thinking as, 206, 355–56
diversity, 259–60, 263
the divine
art and, 149, 559–60, 565
human being and, 597
in natural law, 455–56
in reason, 523
in state, 523, 525
in world, 174
divine law, 139, 544
divine will, 98
division
absolute, necessary, 20–21
in consciousness, 596–97
rationality and, 19–20
reflection and, 19
as self-negation, 235
task of philosophy to overcome, 20–21
(p. 797)
in unity, 295
Doctrine of Essence, 269–70, 274–75, 278, 282, 326, 632n24
Doctrine of the Concept, 271, 291, 300
dogmatism, 314, 634
epistemology and, 375
in Spinoza, 11, 15
domination. See also class domination
in capitalism, 665, 668–69
in civil society, 652–54
of individual, 653–54
understanding and, 665
double negation, 234
in concrete freedom, 428
dramatic poetry
Aristophanes in, 574–75
classical, 573–74
comedy in, 574
in modernity, 574
tragedy in, 573–74
dreaming, 413n12
drives, 439–41
of will, 478
dualism, 22, 615n20
critiquing, 36
faith, knowledge and, 23
of Kant, 34, 753
subjectivity, objectivity and, 21
of subject-object, 167
Earthward Pilgrimage (Conway), 679
the East, 541, 603–4
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (Marx), 652, 660, 719
Economic Manuscripts of 185758 (Marx), 663
egalitarianism, 779
multiculturalism and, 773–74
Eleatic school, 608, 610
Elements of the Philosophy of Right (Hegel), 141
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 671–75
emotion, 414–15
Empfindung, 414
natural soul and, 412–13, 412n11, 413n13
empirical concepts, 442–43
empiricism, 204–5, 373n17, 633, 750
of Aristotle, 613–16
metaphysics and, 371–72
of natural law, 36
“Empiricism and the Philosophy of the Mind” (Sellars), 750
Encyclopedia Logic (Hegel), 199, 201, 280, 373, 508, 509n34, 732
agency in, 480–81
metaphysics of, 366, 375–76
Vorbegriff in, 363–68, 363n1, 363n2, 376, 378
Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences (Hegel), 6, 151–52, 191, 193
“Anthropology” section of, 407–22, 432–33
double negation in, 428
Subjective Spirit in, 424
triad in, 428–29
Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline (Hegel), 339–41, 346–47, 350–52, 354–55, 559
Encyclopedia Philosophy of Mind (Hegel), 497
encyclopedic form
the Logic in, 353–56
of philosophy, 341, 343–47, 352, 356
system in, 340, 345, 352–53
end, 583
absolute, 510, 512, 525
agent and, 538
of art, 161, 561–62, 575
concept of, 110–11
of history, 576, 702
of history of philosophy, 640–41
objectivity of, 112
organism and, 112, 116
of self-determination, 478
as universal, 489
Engels, Frederick, 656–57
on German philosophy, 660–62
Enlightenment thinking, 21, 144, 183, 600–601
environment
agent in, 502
animal in, 437
human being in, 407, 410
epistemic subjectivity, 299
epistemology, 27, 126, 171, 207, 311–12, 321. See also knowledge
dogmatism and, 375
of Kant, 212, 293, 299, 307, 331
speculation in, 17–19, 25
essence
absolute negativity and, 252
abstraction and, 245–46
appearance and, 273
being and, 242, 244–45, 248–51, 255, 275
being-in-and-for-itself and, 247, 249, 253–54
cognition and, 244
concrete freedom and, 434
contradiction in, 265–66
determinacy in, 252
determinations and, 247
difference in, 258
for-itselfness and, 246
as ground, 261–62, 264
identity and, 258
immediacy in, 252, 265
logic and, 244, 247–48, 252n16, 257, 264
manifestation of, 273
negation in, 246, 254, 265
ontology, 257
other and, 249
reference in, 253
reflection and, 247, 253–55, 262, 265
relation and, 266
self-consciousness and, 243, 253, 258
self-determination in, 247–48, 261–62
shine and, 249–53
spirit and, 273, 428
sublation of, 250, 260
ethical activity
religion and, 189–90
value in, 177–78
ethical autonomy, 386
ethical character, 412–13
ethical life, 33, 37, 183, 185n22, 413, 494, 784
absolute, 38, 42
absolute, in Jena III, 50–53
art and, 158
defined, 34
the good in, 508
of Greeks, 542n11
habit in, 418–19
inferences in, 187–88
in modernity, 141
natural, 38, 42
politics and, 497
in practical philosophy, 38
reason in, 113, 122–23
religion and, 599
in science, 191
as social ideal, 34
in state, 520, 522
system of, 38–42
ethical state, 516, 521–22
freedom in, 531
rights in, 524–25
ethical substance, 121, 189
ethics
rationality in, 497–99
of state, 516, 521
ethnicity, in religion, 159
Eudaimonia, 538, 544
Europe, 539–41, 551
feudalism of, 550
Germanen and, 548–49
Greeks and, 603
Rome and, 548
evaluation, 506–9, 511
event
action and, 501
deeds and, 501, 502n17
Everett, Edward, 672
exchange
labor and, 654
production and, 653
existence
concept and, 393
shine and, 264–65
existential-Hegelianism, 699, 716
expression
in art, 565, 576
of will, 501
exteriority, of nature, 357–59
external determination, 397, 397n40, 403
externalism, in natural law, 453–54, 456, 461–62, 465, 471
external reflection, 254–56, 259
external subjectivity, 486–87
fact, as ground, 264
fact-act, 264
fairness, justice as, 769, 783
faith, dualism and, 23
Faith and Knowledge or the Reflective Philosophy of Subjectivity in the Complete Range of Its Forms as Kantian, Jacobian, (p. 799) and Fichtean Philosophy (Hegel), 3–4, 16–17, 21–23, 26, 37
falling motion, 401n54
force in, 400
laws of, 399–402, 400n52
of matter, self-determination in, 402
family, 518, 521n9
in civil society, 650–51
practical agency of, 46
recognition in, 46–47
in state, 521
struggle for recognition between, 47–48
well-being in, 519
Fanon, Frantz, 698–99
on colonialism, 710–13
in French philosophy, 709–13
on racial oppression, 709–13
on struggle for recognition, 710–12
fate, in tragedy, 160, 164
fear
of death, for bondsman, 95–96
in self-consciousness, 96
feelings
content in, 588
as determinations, 415–16
liberation from, 416
feeling soul
content and, 414
contradiction in, 415
emotion of, 414–15
habit in, 413–15
madness of, 415
feminism, 777–78
feudalism, 658n28
art of, 550
Christianity and, 549–50
collapse of, 551–52
dependence in, 549–50
of Europe, 550
subjectivity in, 549
Feuerbach, Ludwig, 654, 654n19
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 3–5, 7, 14–15, 17, 89, 171, 219, 342, 355, 523
first principle in, 169
on freedom, 37
idealism of, 169, 176
the ‘I’ in, 9, 16, 22, 35, 43–44, 168–69, 251
natural drive in, 39
practical philosophy of, 32–33, 38, 42
self-consciousness in, 43–45, 112–13, 242, 251
as speculative, 19
subject in, 169
Wissenschaftslehre of, 9, 11, 16, 22, 168–69
the finite
the absolute, 34–35
becoming and, 234
as ideal, 498
negation in, 234–35
finitude
of being-determinate, 223, 232
limitations and, 230, 232–33
negation and, 234–35
nothing and, 233
in philosophy of action, 480
of qualitative beings, 229–31
Finnis, John, 456, 462
first principle
critiquing, 22
in Fichte, 169
force
in falling motion, 400
laws and, 72
self-relation of, 266–67
in understanding, 70–71
“Force and Understanding” chapter, in PS, 70–76, 285n33
inference in, 188n25
forgiveness, confession and, 188–89
for-itselfness, essence and, 246
form. See also absolute form
of accountability, 479–94
antinomy of, 721
of art, 565
of concept of science, 178–79, 187
content and, 298–99, 306, 389, 391, 564, 567, 721–22, 756–57
ground and, 316
of laws, 36, 72
in painting, 571
of philosophy of nature, 391–92
in sculpture, 570
self-actualizing, 288
of thinking, 347–48
Forman, David, 417
Foucault, Michel, 698 (p. 800)
Foundations of Natural Right (Fichte, FNR), 41, 51n65, 89
Frankfurt School, 718–19
Fraser, Nancy, 775, 779
on recognition, 777–78
freedom, 36, 316, 563, 693, 708–9. See also concrete freedom
activity of form in, 273
actuality of, 270, 273
actualization of, 385
art and, 153, 576
autonomy and, 384
of bondsman, 99
Christianity and, 547–48
concept and, 327, 344, 384
the Concept and, 281–82
from determination, 428
in ethical state, 531
Fichte on, 37
free will and, 476
Greeks and, 604–5, 611–12
in history, 100, 138, 576
in history of philosophy, 603–4
idea of, 548
of individual, 37
intelligibility in, 297
justice as, 552
Kant on, 37
in nature, 384–85, 387, 392
necessity and, 277
reciprocal action and, 286
Rome and, 547
self-consciousness and, 706, 706n29
self-determination in, 270
spirit and, 328, 385, 536n2
in state, 517–18, 524
subjectivity in, 37, 612, 705–6
thinking and, 100
as value, 134, 137
free nation
contradictions in, 137–38
laws of, 133
free will, 485
freedom and, 476
in philosophy of action, 475
Frege, Gottlob, 205, 212
French philosophy
Beauvoir in, 707–9
Fanon in, 709–13
hierarchy in, 698–99
Irigaray in, 713–16
Kojève in, 697–702
Sartre in, 702–7
French Revolution, 144–45, 184, 191, 520, 523, 528, 552, 702
Fried, Michael, 163, 163n22
“From Absolutism to Experimentalism” (Dewey), 693
Fuller, Lon, 456–57, 462
functional classification, semantics as, 756, 762–63
Geist, 535n1. See also spirit
in history, 535–36, 553
intelligibility and, 294
subjectivity as, 296
genealogy, 151, 157
generality, in natural science, 391–92
general logic, 211–12
intelligibility of, 213
non-contradiction in, 213n35
Genesis, 596
Germanen
Europe and, 548–49
Rome and, 548
German Higher Criticism, 674–75
German Idealism, 34, 267, 722, 724, 758, 762
The German Ideology (Marx and Engels), 656–59, 658n27, 658n28, 659n29, 662, 664, 724
German Romanticism, 559
Gethmann-Siefert, Annemarie, 562
God, 191, 193, 372, 592, 632
as the absolute, 67
alienation from, 175
Christ as, 617, 617n30, 620
of Christianity, 547, 549, 595, 620
concept of, 585–86, 595
consciousness of, 595, 599
in cultus, 599
Jacobi on, 374–75, 587
knowledge of, 374–75, 587, 587n9
in religion, 585
as spirit, 599
state and, 523, 525, 529
(p. 801)
gods
in Classical Age, 566
human body and, 566
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 568, 575
Goetzmann, William, 670–71, 674
the good, 509n35
agent and, 510
in ethical life, 508
moral personality and, 518
objectivity of, 493–94, 509–10
reason in, 505
as social, 507
in society, 518
in subjectivity, 510
universality of, 509, 511
well-being and, 505
will in, 501, 510
in world, 510
grammar, 248n13, 267
the Greeks. See also Classical Age
at-homeness of, 605, 612, 617–18
conversation of, 610
democracy of, 543, 618
ethical life of, 542n11
Europe and, 603
freedom and, 604–5, 611–12
in history, 541
on individual, 541–42
objectivity of, 606
philosophy of, 603–17
Pippin on, 605, 605n3
polis of, 543–46, 617
religion of, 605
Rome and, 545–46, 619
self-reflectivity of, 543–44
slavery and, 543–44
spirit and, 605, 611
tragedy of, 542–43
on world, 541, 603, 605, 618
Green, Thomas Hill, 780, 782
Greene, Murray, 408
ground, 306
absolute, 262–63
the absolute as, 275
cognition as, 304
concept as, 304
condition of, 263–64
determinate, 263
as essence, 261–62, 264
form and, 316
laws as, 317
teleology of, 261
group recognition, 770, 777
guarantor, of contracts, 50–51, 50n63
Habermas, Jürgen, 719
habit, 393n30, 416n20
consciousness and, 420
death and, 420n28
in ethical life, 418–19
in feeling soul, 413–15
Kant on, 419n27
language and, 422n33
liberation and, 416–18, 418n23
madness and, 415
second nature in, 416–17
of skills, 419–21
spirit and, 419–20
writing as, 421–22
Haering, Theodor, 126
Harris, H. S., 4n2, 178n13
Harris, William Torrey, 677, 680, 688
Hart, H. L. A., 456
Hartmann, Klaus, 216, 685
Haym, Rudolf, 135
Hedge, Frederic Henry, 675
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. See specific topics
Hegel: Three Studies (Adorno), 730, 733
Hegelian-Marxism, 736, 736n36, 740
Hegelisms, 671–73, 683
Heidegger, Martin, 134n13, 221n7, 736
Heideggerian-Marxism, 736, 736n35
Heimatlichkeit, 609–10, 617
hen-kai-pan, 14, 16, 25–26
Henrich, Dieter, 248n13
Heraclitus, 608, 612–13
Herodotus, 149, 545
Hesiod, 149
hierarchy
in French philosophy, 698–99
racial, 712
of religions, 593
Highest Good, in Kant, 184 (p. 802)
historical character
of bourgeois society, 656–57, 660
of capitalism, 662, 666–67
Marx on, 647–48, 647n3
historicity
Marcuse on, 737–38
sociality and, 746
Historic Notes of Life and Letters in New England (Emerson), 672
historiography, 626, 626n12
history. See also philosophy of history
agency in, 537–39, 553
art in, 151–52, 559, 564, 565n11, 569
categories in, 371
consciousness in, 39, 82
contingency in, 553
determinate religion and, 592–93
dialectic of, 545
end of, 576, 702
freedom in, 100, 138, 576
Geist in, 535–36, 553
German philosophy in, 660–61
Greece in, 541
idea in, 564
intelligibility of, 294
Jesus in, 589, 618, 620
laws in, 461–62
natural science and, 388, 388n14
necessity in, 553
norms in, 135
of philosophy, in Vorbegriff, 371
philosophy and, 344–45
rationality in, 296
spirit in, 44, 128–29, 133, 142, 552–53, 592
state in, 515
subject, 129
subject-object in, 100
totality of, 668
history of philosophy, 642
end of, 640–41
freedom in, 603–4
historiography in, 626, 626n12
idea in, 629, 633
at Jena, 623, 624n3, 625
Kant and, 626–27, 634–40
materialist, 724, 729
modern philosophy in, 628, 630–34
philosophy of, 628–30
pure reason in, 626–27
systems in, 630
Tennemann on, 624–27, 627n15, 633–34
thought in, 628–29
truth in, 628
in West, 603–7
History of Philosophy (Tennemann), 624, 626
holding-to-be-true
knowledge and, 62–63
truth and, 65
holism, 20, 23, 35, 331
the absolute and, 27, 37
of conscience, 185–87
dialectic in, 169
metaphysical, 322
of reality, 25
Holy Spirit, 598
Homer, 134, 149
Honneth, Axel, 32, 768–69
on recognition, 775–78
Horkheimer, Max, 719, 719n4
Adorno and, 727–30, 729n17, 735, 735n32
critical theory of, 725–27
on dialectic, 724–25
Lukács and, 720–22, 727
on materialist history, of philosophy, 724, 729
on metaphysics, 722–23
neo-Kantianism and, 720, 722
Hotho, Heinrich Gustav, 561–62, 574
Houlgate, Stephen, 499, 499n10
Howison, George, 681
human being
animal and, 421, 428, 699–701
in Christianity, 596
divine and, 597
in environment, 407, 410
intuition in, 437
Kojève on, 699–701
language in, 421–22, 444
as person, 517n4
as social, 506
soul of, 410
spirit in, 421, 428
human body
in art, 566
(p. 803)
gods and, 566
in sculpture, 570
human law, 139, 544
hunter-gatherer societies, 707–8
the ‘I,’ 103, 433
in actual soul, 420
in aesthetics, 155–56
determinateness of, 298
fact-act of, 264
in Fichte, 9, 16, 22, 35, 43–44, 168–69, 251
individual, 171–72
reality of, 105, 119–20
reflection of, 242–43
self-reference of, 251, 256
as subject, object, 44
subjectivity as, 298
idea, 324
the absolute as, 523
absolute spirit in, 563–64
actualization of, 349
art and, 564–65, 568, 575–78
as content, 564
of freedom, 548
in history, 564
in history of philosophy, 629, 633
identity of, 355–56
logic and, 356
Marx on, 668
nature and, 356–57
partition of, 350
in Plato, 615
in poetry, 573–74
in rationalism, 512
reality and, 325
ruling, 661, 661n32
as self-determining, 511
substance and, 326
world and, 668
idealism, 81–82, 171, 192, 240, 270, 291, 329, 511, 568, 677, 680, 683, 686. See also content-idealism; German Idealism
critiquing, 167
as dependence, 237–38
of Fichte, 169, 176
Marx critiquing, 647, 655, 666, 668
materialism and, 729
of McDowell, 754–55
metaphysics and, 292, 379–81
non-metaphysical, 293–94
objective, 370
ontology and, 237
Pippin on, 498, 498n6
pure thinking as, 213
realism contrasting, 743
subjective, 238–39, 307
of Thales, 607
world and, 560
Identitätsphilosophie, 24
monism as, 16
of Schelling, 12
identity, 257n21, 713
absolute, 24, 26
of concept, being, 202–3
difference and, 258–59, 286–87, 714, 716
essence and, 258
of idea, 355–56
in knowledge, 25
of logic, 210–11
in reciprocal recognition, 45
reflection and, 258
subject-object in, 24, 167, 258, 722–23, 723n8
of subject-object in consciousness, 102
identity-in-difference, 52–53, 171
ideology, science and, 656–57
Iliad (Homer), 134
images, 442
immanent concept, 316
of matter, 318
metaphysics of, 317
immanent deduction, 270
immediacy
in essence, 252, 265
of knowledge, 374–75, 587
immersion, 484–85
impact, motion in, 397–98
impotence, of nature, 393, 393n27
independence, 396
of agent, 489
being and, 237–38
recognition of, 489
individual
alienation of, 143–44, 654
Antigone as, 543
in Christianity, 176
domination of, 653–54
Greeks on, 541–42
private property of, 660, 663
rights of, 552
individuality
in absolute ethical life, 53
in action, 116–17
in agency, 478
atomism of, 31, 35
Christianity and, 176
classical communitarianism contrasted with, 33, 35
conscience and, 187
of consciousness, 106, 118–20, 193
crime and, 41–42
freedom of, 37
of the ‘I,’ 171–72
laws and, 180–81
nihilism and, 51–52
rationality of, 117
reason and, 113–14
recognition and, 46
science and, 171–72
of self-consciousness, 118, 178
social and, 120, 178
in social order, 140, 143
spirit and, 52
state and, 51–53, 52n70
universality and, 187–88, 358
inequality
in liberalism, 767, 774
between subjects, 91, 93
inertial conception, 397–400
inference, 210n22, 756–57
in ethical life, 187–88
in “Force and Understanding,” 188n25
of judge, 188
of negativity, 306
of object, 180–81, 185, 187
in science, 188
inferential objectivity, 187
infinity. See also bad infinity; true infinity
becoming and, 234
being-determinate and, 223
concepts and, 232–33
dialectic in, 233
in inversion, 75
of knowledge, 83, 89
laws and, 75
negation and, 233–34, 296
as non-finite, 233–34
self-negation and, 296
inner purposiveness
of life, 332
of organisms, 318–20, 324
teleology and, 324
institution, 521, 532
intellectual intuition, 12
intelligence, 434, 434n16
intelligibility, 319, 333
absolute form in, 299–300
absolute idea and, 329, 537
in freedom, 297
Geist and, 294
general logic as, 213
history and, 294
modalities of, 208n18
of objects, 207, 214, 217
poetry and, 572–73
of world, 435
intelligible order, 747–48, 747n10
intention, 758
in action, 502
of agent, 476, 503–4
in deed, 502–3
objectivity and, 503
right of, 487
in will, 504
interiority
in art, 566–67
in painting, 571–72
internalism
rights and, 780–81
internal reflection, 243n5, 245, 254, 258, 267
interpretation, 729–33
intersubjectivity, 440–42. See also reciprocal recognition
intrinsic purposiveness, 270n5, 283 (p. 805)
intuition
in human being, 437
in knowledge, 24
logic and, 206, 214–15
of object, 437–38
science and, 192
as sensuous, 588
transcendental, 24
unity and, 25
world and, 438–39
inversion, 70
infinity in, 75
of laws, 73–74
of world, 73–74
Irigaray, Luce
in French philosophy, 713–16
on sexual difference, 714–16
on struggle for recognition, 715–16
irony, 163
in comedy, 164
religion and, 164n23
in unhappy consciousness, 164
Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich, 9n5, 11, 14–16, 376, 378
critiquing, 17–18, 23, 25–26, 635
on God, 374–75, 587
Spinoza interpreted by, 23
Jaeggi, Rahel, 138
James, William, 670–71, 680–84, 687
Jay, Martin, 727
Jena, 7, 10, 12–13, 15, 342, 343n9, 425, 520, 775
history of philosophy at, 623, 624n3, 625
practical philosophy at, 31–54
Romanticism and, 150n6
writings at, 4–5, 4n2, 17, 523–24
Jena I (Hegel), 42–45
Jena III
absolute ethical life in, 50–53
contracts in, 50
private law in, 50
property in, 50
structure of, 50n62
struggle for recognition in, 46
Jena System Drafts, 6, 50–53
spirit in, 43–45
struggle for recognition in, 46–49
Jesus, 159
as Christ, 617
in history, 589, 618, 620
story of, 588
Joas, Hans, 670
Johnson, W. E., 615, 616n23
judge, 464
inference of, 188
recognition and, 187–88
judgment, 304n38, 445
apodictic, 305
concepts in, 301, 304–5
objects and, 212, 214
reality and, 323
religion and, 593–94
of superiority, 593–94
syllogism and, 301, 304
jurisprudence, 458–59, 471
jury
justice and, 464, 466
right and, 465
justice, 517
as fairness, 769, 783
as freedom, 552
jury and, 464, 466
laws and, 457–58, 461, 463
punishment as, 500
right and, 463
justification, 122
of knowledge, 62, 78
of science, 167, 169, 171, 179
Kant, Immanuel, 9–11, 14, 27, 70n13, 72n18, 90, 94, 110n3, 112n5, 192, 208, 211n25, 211n26, 283, 369, 376, 425, 493–94, 524, 537, 631n23, 632n26, 633, 635n28, 745, 754, 757. See also Critique of Pure Reason; neo-Kantianism; post-Kantian thought
on actuality, 207, 288n38
animal in, 272
anthropology of, 408–9
on antimony, 327
on autonomy, 385, 385n5
Brandom on, 758–59
on categoriality, 205
categories of, 221–24, 227, 373, 377, 637
on cognition, as ground, 304
(p. 806)
the Concept and, 269, 288, 291, 639
on content, 212–13, 215–17
deduction of, 332–33
dialectic of, 312–14
dualisms of, 34, 753
epistemology of, 212, 293, 299, 307, 331
on freedom, 37
on habit, 419n27
Highest Good in, 184
history of philosophy and, 626–27, 634–40
on inner purposiveness, 318–20
on knowledge, 23–24, 63, 387–88, 409n5
on laws, 72–74, 118
Metaphysical Deduction of, 205–6, 210–11