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date: 26 June 2019

(p. 557) Index

(p. 557) Index

Note: Tables, figures, and notes are indicated by t, f, and n.

Abuse Assessment Screen-Disability (AAS-D), 256
Abuse Pathways Model, 252
acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), 139, 502
acetylcholine, 362, 365, 367
acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, 362, 365, 368
Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale (ACSS), 118
ACTION, 108, 138
actual causation, 513–14
actuarial approach, to violence risk assessment, 264–65
Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), 149
Acute Stress Disorder Interview, 159
Acute Stress Disorder Scale, 159
acute tryptophan depletion (ATD), 321
Addison’s disease, 428, 429
adolescence-limited (AL), 62
adrenal gland disorders, 428–30
adrenal insufficiency, 429
adrenocorticoid system, 428
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 427t, 428
Adult Protective Services, 380–81
adults. See also elderly; suicide; veterans; victimization; violence
attempted suicide by, 117, 122–23
behavioral emergencies with, 5
rape of, 239
Adverse Childhood Experiences, 10
affective disorders. See mood disorders
affirmative defense, 520n3
African Americans. See Blacks
age
adult violence and, 132
dating violence and, 43
HS and, 216
peer nonpartner violence and, 43
at time of rape, 231
veteran violence and, 186
youth suicide and, 42–43
Agent Orange Registry (AOR), 176
aggression. See also impulsive aggression; peer aggression
in AD, 324, 362–65
from anabolic steroids, 439
from corticosteroids, 430
cortisol and, 321
in elderly, 360–70
AD and, 362–65
delirium and, 366–67
dementia and, 362–66
pathophysiology of, 361–62
sleep disorders and, 368–69
spells and, 367–68
TBI and, 367
treatments for, 369–70
hypercortisolism and, 429
subtypes of, 61–62
testosterone and, 439
in veterans, 317
suicide and, 170
violence and, 187
in youth
suicide and, 41, 45–46
violence and, 61–62
agitation
AD and, 363, 420
with complex or unknown presentation, 300–301
from corticosteroids, 430
with delirium, 296–98, 297f
elderly aggression and violence and, 369
hypoglycemia and, 435
with intoxication, 298–300, 299f
medications for, 292–301, 295t
with mental illness, 300, 302f
restraints for, 292–93
risk assessment for, 291
risk management for, 289–301
verbal de-escalation of, 291–92
Agitation Severity Scale, 291
agoraphobia, 87
alcohol. See also drug or alcohol facilitated or incapacitated rape
adult violence and, 133
AVP and, 324
bullies and, 87
DAFR and, 231
dating violence and, 47
GABA and, 324
HD and, 423
IPV and, 150
PTSD and, 189
rape and, 12, 228–32
sexual assault and, 236
SIP and, 204
suicide and, 12–13, 457
veterans and
suicide and, 173, 175
violence and, 186, 189
violence and, 12–13
withdrawal from, 296–97
youth and
suicide and, 41, 46–47
violence and, 63
alcoholic dementia, 366
alexithymia, 187
alien self, 222
alprazolam, 324
altruistic filicide, 217
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), 324, 362–65, 419–20
amantadine, 367
American Academy of Pediatrics, 91
American Association of Suicidology (AAS), 4, 343
American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP), 33
American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP), 457–58
American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/AN), 41, 42, 89, 233
American Psychiatric Association (APA)
Ethics Code of, 127–28, 129
Practice Guidelines of, 116, 118
Task Force on the Assessment of Competence of, 30–31, 33, 34
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 248
(p. 558) ϒ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), 324, 436
amplifiers, 12, 221
amygdala, 317–19
amyloid, 362
anabolic steroids, 439
anger
adult violence and, 135
HS and, 221–22
ITLE and, 424
PTSD and, 221–22
veterans and, 317
suicide and, 179
violence and, 186, 187, 189
youth and
suicide and, 45–46
violence and, 63
anger management, 16, 63, 80, 470–74
anhedonia, 117, 173
anomic suicide, 338
anorexia nervosa, 116, 429
anoxic encephalopathy, 367
anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), 311, 317, 321
anticholinesterase inhibitors, 363, 367
anticonvulsants, 324
antidepressants, 370, 437, 457–59, 482
antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), 363, 367, 459–60
antipsychotics, 294–96, 295t
for AD, 363
for delirium, 367
diabetes and, 436
for elderly aggression and violence, 362–63, 370
for SMI violence, 479–81
suicide and, 460–61
for TBI, 367
antisocial behavior
child maltreatment and, 10
General Personality and Social Psychological Model of Criminal Conduct for, 68
HD and, 423
veteran violence and, 186
youth violence and, 63, 66
antisocial personality disorder (APD), 134, 316, 318
AVP and, 324
of bully-victims, 87
veteran suicide and, 178
anxiety. See also generalized anxiety disorder
AD and, 363
adult attempted suicide and, 117
anger and, 470–71
bipolar disorder and, 456
bullying and, 86
of bully-victims, 87
cancer and, 441
CVD and, 420
diabetes and, 435
elderly aggression and violence and, 369
hypercortisolism and, 429
iron and, 440
in menopause, 438
NSSI and, 409
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
pheochromocytoma and, 430
suicide and, 456
unipolar disorder and, 456
veteran suicide and, 173
youth and
attempted suicide and, 45
suicide and, 45, 47–48
anxiety management training (AMT), 494–95
anxiolytics, 370, 461–62
apathetic hyperthyroidism, 431
apathy, 369, 419, 421
apolipoprotein E (ApoE4), 362
application and follow-through phase, of SIT, 28
arginine-vasopressin (AVP), 324–25
aripiprazole, 295
Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), 166, 171
Articulated Thoughts in Simulated Situations, 206
Assaulted Staff Action Program (ASAP), 542–43
Assessing and Managing Suicide Risk: Core Competencies for Mental Health Professionals (AMSR), 27, 28
Assessment of Risk for Honour Based Violence (PATRIARCH), 279
assisted-death
for elderly, 6
for medical diseases, 393–94
asthma, 386
attack-related behavior, 107
attempted homicide-suicide, 218
attempted suicide, 4
by adults, 117, 122–23
anxiety and, 45
cyberbullying and, 40
defined, 453
depression and, 44
gender and, 40
irritability and, 320–21
MDD and, 44
NSSI and, 408
peer nonpartner violence and, 40
PTSD and, 456
SUDs and, 47
unipolar disorder and, 456
youth and, 43
by Blacks, 41–42
of bully-victims, 87
comorbidity and, 47
by Latinos, 41–42
by LGBT, 89
suicidal ideation and, 43
violence and, 62
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 63, 87, 418, 440
attenuators, 12, 221
attitude teaching, 31–32
autism, 216, 440, 441
avoidance behaviors, 148, 235
baby blues, 437–38
back pain, 148, 386
barriers and benefits model, of NSSI, 404–5
battlemind, 170
B-CBT. See brief CBT
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), 159, 173–74, 462
Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSS), 118
Behavioral Activity Rating Scale (BARS), 291
behavioral crises
versus behavioral emergencies, 13–14
integrative perspectives on, 8–18
as interrelated with behavioral emergencies, 14–15
behavioral emergencies. See also specific emergencies
versus behavioral crises, 13–14
competence assessment for, 33–34
competence training in, 30–33
decision-making training in, 30–33
education and training in, 550–51
future directions for, 549–55
future research for, 551–52
integrative perspectives on, 8–18
intentional, 4
as interrelated with behavioral crises, 14–15
knowledge base for, 31
legal and ethical framework for, 511–20
meanings of, 4
NDM for, 24–25
open skills for, 29
risk assessment for, 4, 15
risk management for, 511–20
standard of care in, 517
stress in, 26–30, 531–43
(p. 559)
stress training for, 26–30
supervisory model for teaching skill and attitude for, 31–32
unintentional, 4
Bellah v. Greenson, 519, 525
Bell v. New York City Health and Hospital Corporation, 519
belongingness, youth suicide and bullying and, 96
benzodiazepines, 295t, 324, 363
for delirium, 367
for RT, 482
withdrawal from, 296–97
Best Practices in Evaluation and Treatment of Agitation (BETA), 291, 293, 296
beta blockers, 361, 367, 479, 482
bipolar disorder
adults and
suicide and, 116
violence and, 132
HD and, 423
menstrual cycle and, 437
mood stabilizers for, 481
postpartum period and, 437
suicide and, 452, 456
veteran suicide and, 173
bisphenol A (BPA), 440
Blacks
attempted youth suicide by, 41–42
peer aggression against, 87
peer nonpartner violence of, 47
rape of, 233
suicide and, 450
vitamin D deficiency in, 441
blitz conditions, 25–26
blunder rate, 25–26
borderline personality disorder (BPD)
alprazolam and, 324
cortisol and, 323
DBT for, 474–75
GABA and, 324
HPA and, 323
impulsive aggression and, 316
NSSI and, 402, 406, 409
OFC and, 321
OXT and, 326
serotonin and, 319, 320
unipolar disorder and, 456
veteran suicide and, 178
Boulder model, 21
bounded rationality, 22
BPA. See bisphenol A
brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), 309, 312
breach of duty, 516, 521n4
brief CBT (B-CBT), 159–60
Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER), 207, 272, 275
broken teeth, from adult victimization of violence, 148
Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), 276–77
buffering protective factors, 64
bullies, 86
bullying, 39
belongingness and, 96
bystanders/witnesses of, 87
characteristics of bullies, 87
consequences of, 88–89
defined, 86
depression and, 92
LGBT and, 49, 87, 89–90
long-term effects of, 91–92
mental illness and, 92
parents and, 96–99
pediatrician and, 91
protective factors for, 94–97
race/ethnicity and, 89
schools and, 97
anti-bullying efforts by, 92–94
short-term effects of, 91
social support and, 95–96
SUDs and, 92
suicidal ideation and, 91–92
suicide and, 40, 85–99
targeted violence in schools and, 105
teachers and, 95, 98–99
transgenders and, 90
victims of, 86–87
youth and, 85–99
suicide and, 88, 90–91
bully-victims, 87, 91–92
buspirone, 367, 482
calcitonin, 427t
California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare, 76, 78–79
Call to Action to Improve the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities, by Surgeon General, 253
Call to Action to Prevent Suicide, by Surgeon General, 550
cancer
from child maltreatment, 73
elderly suicide and, 341
endocrine disorders and, 441
parathyroid, 433
suicide and, 385, 386, 390–91
cannabis
DAFR and, 231
IPV and, 150
sexual assault and, 236
youth suicide and, 46–47
carbamazepine, 481
Caregiver Abuse Screen (CAS), 378
caregivers
disability abuse by, 249–52
elder abuse and, 373–82
elderly aggression and violence and, 360–70
youth violence and, 63
catastrophizing, youth suicide and, 44
catecholamines, 430–31
cause in fact, 513–14
cause of action, 520n2
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy (CAA), 363
Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), 363
cerebral spinal fluid (CSF), 307, 319, 322, 324
cerebrovascular disease (CVD), 420–21
Challenging Beliefs Worksheet (CBW), 498
Challenging Questions Worksheet (CQW), 498
child-directed intervention (CDI), 78
childhood sexual abuse (CSA). See sexual abuse
child maltreatment (abuse or neglect), 73–82. See also physical abuse; sexual abuse
antisocial behavior and, 10
conduct disorders and, 9
defined, 74
elder abuse and, 381f
family interventions for, 77–81
HD and, 423
IPV and, 204–5
prevalence of, 74
prevention of, 75–77
reporting of, 74–75
SIP and, 204–5
suicide and, 5, 10–11
veterans and
suicide and, 166
violence and, 186
violence and, 5, 9
youth and
suicide and, 48
violence and, 62–63
(p. 560) Child Protective Services (CPS), 74–75, 77
children. See youth
chlorpromazine, 294
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 341, 386
circadian rhythm disorders, 368
citalopram, 363, 458
clonazepam, 365
clonidine, 323, 482
closed skills, in stress training, 29
clozapine, 324, 365, 460–61, 479–81
cocaine, 47, 175
cognitive-appraisal model, of stress, 25
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). See also dialectical behavior therapy
for adult victims of violence, 159–60
for adult violence, 139
for anger management, 472, 473–74
B-CBT, 159–60
for IPV, 208
for NSSI, 402
for PTSD, 499
for SMI violence, 467–69
for suicide, 311
cognitive processing therapy (CPT), 139, 498–99
cognitive trauma therapy for battered women with PTSD (CTT-BW), 502
Collaborative Assessment for the Management of Suicide, 451
college, DAFR in, 230–31
Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale, 52
Columbia Teen-Screen, 97
combat
veteran suicide and, 168–69
veteran violence and, 187–89
Combat Exposure Scale, 176–77
common couple violence, 197
community violence, 9
compassion fatigue, 543n2
competence
assessment of, 33–34
competencies within, 31
defined, 30
training for, 30–33
Competency Assessment Instrument for Suicide Risk (CAI-S), 34
Competency Assessment Instrument for Violence (CAI-V), 34
conceptualization phase, of SIT, 28
conduct disorders, 9, 45–46, 87
confidentiality
adult violence and, 127–28
duty to protect, 526
Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy, 553–54
coronary heart disease, 386
corticobasal degeneration (CBD), 365, 366
corticosteroids, 430
corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), 324, 427t
cortisol, 427t
aggression and, 321
BPD and, 323
HPA and, 323
hypercortisolism and, 428–29
PTSD and, 149
stress and, 323
criminal history
adult violence and, 133–34, 136
of parents, youth violence and, 63
in SARA, 274
veteran violence and, 186
criminogenic needs, 467
crisis intervention
for adult suicide, 122
for bullying, 95
for de-escalation, 8
integrated approach to, 13–17
to targeted violence in schools, 109–10
for veteran suicide, 179
crisis support plan, for suicide, 554
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD), 151, 542
Cushing’s disease, 428, 429
cyberbullying, 40
damages, in legal and ethical framework, 513, 521n4
Danger Assessment Scale (DA), 207
Data from the National Post-Deployment Adjustment Survey of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans, 170
dating violence, 39–40
age of onset for, 43
alcohol and, 47
NSSI and, 43
race/ethnicity and, 42
suicide ideation and, 40
debriefing
for adult victims of violence, 146–47
critical-incident stress, 151, 542
decision-making
descriptive models of, 22–23
disability abuse and, 255
elder abuse and, 379–80
heuristics model for, 22–23
NDM, 5, 23–25
normative models for, 5, 22
OFC and, 317
rational models for, 22
in SIP, 204
under stress, 21–35
models for, 21–25
time pressure and, 21
training for, 30–33
veteran violence and, 190–91
youth suicide and, 42–43
declining health type, of spousal/consortial homicide-suicides, 218
decoding, in SIP, 204
de-escalation
of agitation, 290, 291, 292
crisis intervention for, 8
defenseless individual, victimization of, 4
dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), 427t, 428, 439–40
deliberate self-harm (DSH), 453. See also non-suicidal self-directed violence
antidepressants and, 457
delirium
agitation with, 296–98, 297f
from corticosteroids, 430
elderly aggression and violence and, 366–67
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
delusions
adult violence and, 135
elderly aggression and violence and, 369
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
dementia. See also Alzheimer’s disease
from corticosteroids, 430
elderly aggression and violence and, 362–66
dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), 364–65
denigration, as emotional abuse, 197
depersonalization, from adult victimization of violence, 148
depression. See also major depressive disorder
in AD, 419
adults and
victims of violence and, 148
violence and, 132
from anabolic steroids, 439
bullying and, 86, 92
of bully-victims, 87
cancer and, 441
from corticosteroids, 430
CVD and, 421
(p. 561)
diabetes and, 435
elderly aggression and violence and, 369
HD and, 423
hypercortisolism and, 429
IPV and, 149, 199
iron and, 440
ketamine for, 461–62
menstrual cycle and, 437
NSSI and, 409
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
PPD, 438
PTSD and, 45
serotonin and, 320
sexual assault and, 227
suicide and, 386, 456
targeted violence in schools and, 105
TBI and, 423
testosterone and, 439
veterans and
suicide and, 166, 173
violence and, 187
victimization and, 88
vitamin D and, 441
youth suicide and, 44–45, 458–59
derealization, from adult victimization of violence, 148
descriptive models, of decision-making, 22–23
diabetes
glucose and, 434–36
mental illness and, 435–36
suicide and, 386
vitamin D and, 441
diabetes distress, 435
diabetic ketoacidosis, 436
diabulimia, 436
diagnostic-specific risk factors, for veteran suicide, 172
dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), 14, 466
for adult violence, 139
for NSSI, 402–3
for PTSD, 502
for SMI violence, 474–77
for suicide, 311
diazepam, 296
diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), 318
dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), 361
Dillman v. Hellman, 517
Dinnerstein v. United States, 518
direct protective factors, 64
disability abuse, 248–59
by caregivers, 252
cycle of, 249, 251
discrimination and, 254
in elder abuse, 376–77
employment and, 254
from environment barriers, 253–54
experience of, 249
family and, 254–55
toward females, 248–49, 250, 252–53, 255, 259
by healthcare professionals, 253
IPV and, 249, 254, 258
toward males, 250, 251, 258–59
PAS and, 250–51, 252
risk assessment for, 256–58
risk management for, 258–59
safety plan for, 258
sexuality and, 248, 253
stress and, 254–55
vulnerability factors for, 252–56
of youth, 255
discrimination, disability abuse and, 254
divorce
of parents, youth suicide and, 10
rape and, 233
violence and, 17–18
Dodd v. Sparks Regional Medical Center, 515
domestic violence. See intimate partner violence
Domestic Violence Evaluation, 206–7
Domestic Violence Screening Instrument, 207
dominance/intimidation, as emotional abuse, 197
donepezil, 362, 365
dopamine (DA), 312, 322, 365, 441
dorsal raphe nuclei (DRN), 309
dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), 310, 311, 319
driving under the influence (DUI), 553
driving while intoxicated (DWI), 553
drug or alcohol facilitated or incapacitated rape (DAFR), 228–32
in college, 230–31
HIV/AIDS from, 235
physical injuries from, 233
reporting of, 238
duty of care, 516
duty to commit or confine, 519–20
duty to obtain and maintain adequate history and records, 520
duty to prevent negligent release of patients, 519–20
duty to protect, 128–29, 263, 522–30, 528t, 529t
from potential harm to others, 524–25
from potential harm to self, 525–26
in risk assessment, 526–28
in risk management, 526–28
duty to take adequate protective measures, 518
duty to warn, 16, 128–29, 518, 527, 527t
Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression (DASA), 277–78
dynamic risk factors
for adult violence, 134–35
in START, 269
for veteran violence, 186–87
for violence risk assessment, 279–80
dysthymia, 10–11, 44
Early Assessment Risk List for Boys (EARL-20B), 65
eating disorders, 429, 435–36
elder abuse, 373–82
caregiver versus self-report of, 377–78
child abuse and, 381f
in community or long-term care settings, 376
disability abuse in, 376–77
emotional abuse in, 374
financial abuse in, 374–75
health impact of, 375–76
perpetrator characteristics, 375
physical abuse in, 374
prevalence of, 373–76
reporting of, 378–81
risk assessment for, 376–78
risk management for, 378–81
sexual abuse in, 374
Elder Abuse Risk Assessment Guide (EARA), 279
Elder Abuse Suspicion Index (EASI), 378
elderly. See also aggression; suicide; victimization; violence
assisted-death for, 6
behavioral emergencies with, 6
cognitive impairment of, 6
hyperthyroidism in, 431
neurological impairment of, 6
rape of, 239
sexuality and, 339
elder neglect, 375
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), 312
emergency intervention. See also risk management
integrated approach to, 13–17
for NSSI, 411
for veteran suicide, 179
Emergency Nurses Association (ENA), 289
emotional abuse, 10, 197, 250, 374
(p. 562) emotional numbing, 148, 189
emotional regulation/dysregulation
NSSI and, 402, 403–4
veteran violence and, 187
empathy, 536
adult suicide and, 118
bullying and, 86
elderly suicide and, 348
FTD and, 365
homicide-suicide and, 219
OXT and, 325
RULER for, 95
STR for, 93
youth violence and, 63
empirically supported risk factors
for adult violence, 133–35
for targeted violence in schools, 97
employment
adult suicide and, 116
disability abuse and, 254
homicide-suicide and, 216
sexual assault and, 238
veterans and
suicide and, 168, 170, 171
violence and, 187, 190
youth violence and, 66
enactment, in SIP, 204
endocrine disorders. See also diabetes
of adrenal gland, 428–30
cancer and, 441
differential diagnosis for, 441
of female reproductive system, 436–38
of male reproductive system, 439
mental illness and, 426–42
of parathyroid gland, 432–34
prevalence of, 428t
of thyroid gland, 430–32
endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), 440
endocrine hormones, 427t
end-stage renal disease (ESRD), suicide and, 393
engagement, for adult violence, 140
environment barriers, disability abuse from, 253–54
epilepsy, 386, 387, 424
epinephrine, pheochromocytoma and, 431
estranged wives, homicide of, 17
estrogens, 427t, 436–37, 438
evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP), 554
evidence-based treatments (EBTs)
for PTSD, 493–502
for victimization of violence, 493–96
Ewing v. Goldstein, 128
executive function
adult suicide and, 116
cancer and, 441
exposure therapy, for victimization of violence, 158, 495–96
extended suicide, 217
extrafamilial homicide-suicide, 218
eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), 496, 499–500
failure to supervise, in legal and ethical framework, 518
familicide-suicide, 218
family
adult suicide and, 116, 120
disability abuse and, 254–55
elder abuse and, 373–82
HS and, 218
interventions with, for child maltreatment, 77–81
rape and, 235
youth suicide and, 48
bullying and, 96–97
Fatuck v. Hillside Hospital, 518
fear avoidance theory, 222
feasibility, in competence assessment, 33
feature matching, 23
females. See also rape; sexual assault
adults and
victims of violence by, 147
violence by, 132
bullies and, 87
disability abuse toward, 248–49, 250, 252–53, 255, 259
IPV against, 198
peer aggression against, 87
relational aggression with, 87–88
reproductive system of, endocrine disorders of, 436–38
veteran suicide and, 171, 174
youth violence in, 63–64
femicide-suicide, 217
feminist theory, for IPV, 200–201
fidelity
adult violence and, 129
in competence assessment, 33
filicide-suicide, 217
financial abuse
in disability abuse, 250, 251
in elder abuse, 374–75
firearms
adult suicide by, 120–21
Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy for, 553–54
HS by, 216
veteran suicide by, 178
youth suicide by, 49–50, 51
first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs), 294
flashbacks, veteran violence and, 189
fluoxetine, 321
for depression, 458
suicide and, 457–58
follicle-stimulating hormone (FH), 427t
forensic psychology, for adult violence, 130
fractures
from adult victimization by violence, 148
from child maltreatment, 73
from IPV, 198
frontal lobe dementias (FLD), 420
frontotemporal dementia (FTD), 365
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 318–19
AVP and, 325
gabapentin, 460
for AD, 363
galantamine, for AD, 362, 363
gender. See also females; males
adult violence and, 132
bullies and, 87
depression and, 45
NSSI and, 402
youth and
attempted suicide and, 40
suicide and, 40–41
generalized anxiety disorder
bullying and, 86
youth suicide and, 47
General Personality and Social Psychological Model of Criminal Conduct, 66
for antisocial behavior, 68
General Practice Research Database (GRPD), 386
Geriatric Suicide Ideation Scale (GSIS), 241–42
giving-up syndrome, 386
glucagon, 434
glucose
diabetes and, 434–36
in OFC, 318, 321
pancreas and, 434
glutamate, impulsive aggression and, 323–24
glutamate N-methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA)
AD and, 362
receptor antagonists, 312, 323, 365
glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), 324
gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), 427t
Graves’ disease, 431, 432
growth hormone (GH), 323
(p. 563) Guidelines for Stalking Assessment and Management (SAM), 272, 276
gunshot sounds, from IPV, 198. See also firearms
haloperidol, 294, 295t, 480, 481
Hamilton Rating Scales for Anxiety (HAM-A), 462
Hamilton Rating Scales for Depression (HAM-D), 462
harassment, 86. See also bullying; sexual harassment
hardening the target, for violence risk management, 16
Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), 134
Harmful Behaviors Scale (HBS), 241
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, 431–32
healthcare professionals. See also mental health professionals
disability abuse by, 253
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), 522
Privacy Rule of, 127
health maintenance organization (HMO), 10
Hedlund v. Superior Court of Orange County, 128
helplessness
adult attempted suicide and, 117
veteran suicide and, 169
hemochromatosis, 440–41
heroin, veteran suicide and, 175
heuristics model, for decision-making, 22–23
high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), 307
Hispanics. See Latinos
Historical, Clinical, Risk-20 (HCR-20), 137, 265, 270–71, 279–80
historical factors, for youth violence, 62–63
HIV/AIDS
adult suicide and, 116
rape and, 233, 234–35
sexual assault and, 227
suicide and, 385, 391–92
homelessness, veteran violence and, 187
homicide
of estranged wives, 17
justifiable, 219
in prisons, 133
suicide and, 222
victim-precipitated, 219
by youths, 103–10
homicide-suicide (HS)
characteristics of, 216
developmental models for, 220–22
implications of, 222–23
politically motivated, 219–20
prevalence of, 215–16
PTSD and, 221–22
relatedness of homicide and suicide in, 222
serotonin-aggression hypothesis for, 221
subtypes of, 216–18
homovanillic acid (HVA), 320
dopamine and, 322
hopelessness
adult suicide and, 116
elderly suicide and, 341
HS and, 218
veteran suicide and, 174
youth suicide and, 45
hospitalization
for adult suicide, 119
duty to commit or confine and prevent negligent release of patients, 519–20
for suicide, 15–16
for veteran suicide, 179
for violence risk management, 17
for youth suicide, 52–53
hostile withdrawal, as emotional abuse, 197
5HT. See serotonin
Huntington’s disease (HD), 389–90, 422–23
Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test (H-S/EAST), 378
5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), 319–20, 361
hyperactivity/ impulsivity/ attention deficits (HIA), 65
hyperarousal
adult victimization of violence and, 148
veteran violence and, 189
hypercortisolism, 428–29
hyperglycemia, 434
hyperparathyroidism, 432–33
hyperphosphorylated tau protein, AD and, 362
hypersexuality
CVD and, 421
hyperparathyroidism and, 434
hypertension
pheochromocytoma and, 430
suicide and, 386
hyperthyroidism, 431, 432
hypervigilance
decision-making and, 24
hypercortisolism and, 429
hypoglycemia, 434–35
hypomania, veteran suicide and, 173
hypoparathyroidism, 433
hyposexuality, ITLE and, 424
hypothalamic attack area, 323
hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA)
cancer and, 441
diabetes and, 436
NE and, 322, 323
stress and, 324
youth suicide and, 42–43
hypothyroidism, 431–32
I3 theory, for IPV, 203–4
identity, veteran suicide and, 169–70
idiopathic temporal lobe epilepsy (ITLE), 424
imaginal exposure, 495
imminent risk, 4
impaired judgement, 4
impulsive aggression
amygdala and, 317–19
AVP and, 324–25
dopamine and, 322
GABA and, 324
glutamate and, 323–24
limbic system and, 317–19
NE and, 322–23
neurobiology of, 316–26
neurological disorders and, 418
neuropeptides and, 324
OFC and, 317–19
OXT and, 325–26
serotonin and, 319–22
impulsivity
adults and
suicide and, 121
violence and, 135
HS and, 216
ITLE and, 424
NSSI and, 409
veteran violence and, 187
youth and
suicide and, 45–46
violence and, 63
(p. 564) incapacitating the patient, for violence risk management, 17
incarceration. See prison
Incredible Years (IY), 76–77
Inderal, for TBI, 367
individual factors, for youth violence, 63
inhalants, veteran suicide and, 175
insomnia
AD and, 420
adults and
attempted suicide and, 117
victimization by violence and, 148
from corticosteroids, 430
elderly aggression and violence and, 368
hyperthyroidism and, 432
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
veteran suicide and, 173
insulin
iron and, 441
pancreas and, 434
intensifying treatment, for violence risk management, 16
intentional behavior emergencies, 4
interictal behavioral syndrome (IBS), 424
intermittent explosive disorder (IED)
AVP and, 324
impulsive aggression and, 316–17
OFC and, 319
veteran suicide and, 166
International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 368
International Society for Bipolar Disorders Task Force on Suicide, 456
International Suicide Prevention Trial (InterSePT), 460
interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), 347
Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS), 117, 450, 450f
interpersonal victimization. See victimization
interpersonal violence. See violence
intimate partner violence (IPV), 39, 147, 148, 196–209
B-SAFER for, 207, 272, 275
consequences of, 198–99
depression and, 45, 149
disability abuse and, 249, 254, 258
duty to protect from, 526
emotional abuse in, 197
feminist theory for, 200–201
forms of, 196–98
I3 theory for, 203–4
mutual violence in, 150
in pregnancy, 209
prevalence of, 198
PTSD and, 188
rape and, 232
risk assessment for, 206–7
risk management for, 208–9
SARA for, 207, 265, 274–75
sexual violence in, 196–97
SIP for, 204–6
social learning theory for, 201–3
stalking in, 197, 198
SUDs and, 47
theories of, 199–206
veteran violence and, 186, 187, 188
intimate terrorism, 197
intoxication, agitation with, 298–300, 299f
Iowa Gambling Task, 317
iron deficiency and excess, 440–41
irritability
in AD, 420
from adult victimization by violence, 148
attempted suicide and, 320–21
ITLE and, 424
in menopause, 438
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
Irritable Aggression Model, 320–21
ischemic heart disease, from child maltreatment, 73
jealous type, of spousal/consortial homicide-suicides, 217
Johnson v. United States, 519–20
Joshua Omvig Veterans Suicide Prevention Act of 2007, 167
justifiable homicide, 219
juvenile offenders, subtypes of, 62
ketamine, 312, 461–62
kidnapping, revictimization and, 11
knife wounds
from adult victimization by violence, 148
from IPV, 198
knowledge, skill, and attitude (KSA), 21
knowledge base, for behavioral emergencies, 31
Korsakoff’s dementia, 366
Latinos
attempted youth suicide by, 41–42
peer aggression against, 87
suicide and, 450
Lawlor v. Orlando, 515–16
learned relaxation, 494–95
legal and ethical framework
for adult violence, 127–29
for behavioral emergencies, 511–20
breach of duty in, 516, 521n4
cause in fact in, 513–14
damages in, 513, 521n4
duty of care in, 516
duty to commit or confine in, 519–20
duty to obtain and maintain adequate history and records in, 520
duty to prevent negligent release of patients in, 519–20
duty to protect in, 128–29, 263, 522–30, 528t, 529t
duty to take adequate protective measures in, 518
duty to warn in, 16, 128–29, 518, 527, 527t
failure to supervise in, 518
malpractice and, 511–12
for mental health professionals, 511–20
misdiagnosis in, 517–18
negligence in, 512–13, 516, 521n4, 523–24
proximate cause in, 513–16
standard of care in, 118–19, 516–17, 521n5, 523
lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender (LGBT)
adult suicide and, 116–17
attempted youth suicide by, 89
bullying of, 87, 89–90
military culture and, 168
NSSI and, 402
peer aggression and, 89–90
school climate and, 89–90
youth suicide and, 48–49, 89–90
life-course persistent (LCP), 62
Lifelines, 94
Lifetime Trauma and Victimization History, 11
limbic system, 317–19
lithium, 324, 367, 459–60
liver disease, from child maltreatment, 73
loneliness
disability abuse and, 254
victimization and, 88
Loneliness Questionnaire, 254
lorazepam, 294, 295t, 296
low-effort mode, 22–23
low serotonin syndrome, 320
luteinizing hormone (LH), 427, 439
MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study, 132, 133, 134, 290
major depressive disorder (MDD)
adult suicide and, 116
child maltreatment and, 10–11
in menopause, 438
postpartum period and, 437
with PTSD, 148–49
serotonin and, 308
from sexual assault, 236
SSRIs for, 311
(p. 565)
unipolar disorder and, 456
veteran suicide and, 173–74
youth and
attempted suicide and, 44
suicide and, 47
major self-injury, 402
males
bipolar disorder of, 456
disability abuse toward, 250, 251, 258–59
familicide-suicide by, 218
HR by, 216
reproductive system of, endocrine disorders of, 439
SVR-20 for, 272–73
malpractice, 511–12
mania
AD and, 419–20
anabolic steroids and, 439
DHEA and, 440
HD and, 423
hypercortisolism and, 429
hypothyroidism and, 431
menstrual cycle and, 437
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
suicide and, 173
TBI and, 424
marijuana. See cannabis
marriage. See also divorce; intimate partner violence
estranged wives and, homicide of, 17
HS and, 216–17
veteran violence and, 187
mass murder, 218–19
Matt Adler Suicide Assessment, Treatment, and Management Act of 2012, 551
means-restriction counseling, for suicide, 554
medical illness
assisted-death for, 393–94
elderly suicide and, 341
suicide and, 384–95
medications. See also overdose
for agitation, 292–301, 295t
noncompliance with
adult violence and, 135
SMI violence and, 478–79
for SMI violence, 478–82
for suicide, 6, 310–12, 449–63
as suicide risk, 455t, 457–62
Meier v. Ross General Hospital, 518
melatonin
for PDD, 365
for sleep disorders, 369
memantine, 363
men. See males
menopause, 438
menstrual cycle, 437
mental health professionals, 520n1
adult suicide and, 120
bullying and, 92
youth suicide and, 94–95
legal and ethical framework for, 511–20
malpractice by, 511–12
negligence by, 512–13, 516, 523–24
patient violence toward, 533–35, 537–38, 542–43
stress of, 531–43
violence against, 289–301
youth suicide and bullying and, 98
mental illness. See also psychopathic traits; specific illnesses
adults and
victimization of, 9
victimization of violence and, 148–50
violence and, 132–33
agitation with, 300, 302f
bullying and, 92
diabetes and, 435–36
endocrine disorders and, 426–42
menopause and, 438
menstrual cycle and, 437
in postpartum period, 437–38
in pregnancy, 437–38
from sexual assault, 236
suicide and, 10, 384–87, 449–63
victimization of adults and, 9
violence and, 466–83
mentalization, HS and, 222ion
mental practice, 29
metabolic encephalopathy. See delirium
metabolic syndrome, 436
meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), 321
methylphenidate, 367, 482
3-methyoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), 322–23, 361
military sexual trauma (MST), 169
Millennium Cohort Study of Iraq War and Afghanistan War, 175
mindfulness-based therapy (MBT), 502
Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE), 361
minor self-injury, 402
misdiagnosis, 517–18
mood disorders (MD). See also anxiety; bipolar disorder; depression
adult suicide and, 116
anger and, 470–71
filicide-suicide and, 217
HS and, 216
in menopause, 438
NE and, 323
postpartum period and, 437
SUDs and, 457
suicide and, 452, 456
unipolar disorder, 173, 456, 459
veteran suicide and, 173–74
youth suicide and, 44–45
mood stabilizers, 459–60, 481–82
Multidimensional Measure of Emotional Abuse, 197
Multi-Level Guidelines (MLG), 279
multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2, 430
multiple sclerosis (MS), 388–89, 421–22
multisystem atrophy (MSA), 366
Multisystemic Therapy—Building Stronger Families (MST-BSF), 81
Multisystemic Therapy for Child Abuse and Neglect (MST-CAN), 77, 79–81
murder-suicide. See homicide-suicide
mutual violent control, 197
narcissism, 222
narcolepsy, 368
National Center for Injury Prevention, 198
National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, 74
National Comorbidity Survey, 10
National Crime Victimization Survey, 147
National Crisis Hotline, 15
National Elder Mistreatment Study (NEMS), 373–76, 378
National Family Violence Surveys, 17
National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 198
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, 13
National Mortality Followback Survey, 12–13
National School Climate Center, 105
National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), 373
National Strategy for Suicide Prevention, 550
National Study of Women with Physical Disabilities, 248–49, 253
National Survey of Adolescents, 10
National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study (NVVRS), 188
National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAW), 147, 148, 199, 229
National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), 167, 215
National Women’s Study (NWS), 229
naturalistic decision-making (NDM), 5, 23–25, 34
need principle, for youth violence, 69
(p. 566) negative affect, adult violence and, 135
negligence, 512–13, 516, 521n4, 523–24
neurobiology
of impulsive aggression, 316–26
of suicide, 305–13, 307f
neurofibrillary tangles, 362
neurogenesis, suicide and, 310
neuroleptic malignant syndrome, 362–63
neurological disorders, 417–25. See also Alzheimer’s disease; Huntington’s disease; multiple sclerosis; traumatic brain injury
developmental and educational history for, 418
of elderly, 6
medical history for, 418
physical symptoms of, 418–19
social and occupational history for, 418
symptoms of, 419–24
neuropeptides, 324
non-suicidal self-directed violence, 453
nonsuicidal self-injuries (NSSI), 6
anxiety and, 409
attempted suicide and, 408
aversion to stimuli for, 406–7
barriers and benefits model of, 404–5
BPD and, 402, 406, 409
DBT and, 402
depression and, 409
diminished aversion to injury-and death-related stimuli in, 410
diminished pain perception in, 409–10
emergency interventions for, 411
emotional regulation and, 402
emotional regulation/dysregulation and, 402, 403–4
impulsivity and, 409
increasing relief from, 409
Parkinson’s disease and, 408, 409
physical abuse and, 48
physical pain and, 406
positive association with self and, 405
psychopathic traits and, 408–9
suicide and, 401–11
youth suicide and, 43–44, 53
norepinephrine (NE), 312, 322–23, 431
normative decision-making, 5, 22
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP), 76
obesity, from child maltreatment, 73
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
elderly aggression and violence and, 369
in postpartum period, 438
veteran suicide and, 173, 174
obstructive sleep apnea, 368
olanzapine, 295, 295t, 296, 479–81
Olweus Bully Prevention Program, 92
omega-3 fatty acids, for SMI violence, 482
Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment, 206
open skills, in stress training, 29
Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), 166, 170–71, 177–78
Operation Iraq Freedom (OIF), 166, 170–71, 177–78
oppositional-defiant disorder, 47, 87
orbitofrontal cortex (OFC)
IED and, 319
impulsive aggression and, 317–19
SSRIs and, 321
Oregon Death with Dignity Act (ODDA), 393–94
OSCE, 33, 34
osteoarthritis, 386
osteoporosis, 386
O’Sullivan v. Presbyterian Hospital in City of New York at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, 517–18
outpatient management
for SMI violence, 477
for suicide, 15
overdose
risk management for, 462
youth suicide by, 51
overgeneralization, youth suicide and, 44
overlearning, in stress training, 30
Overt Aggression Scale (OAS), 278, 291
oxytocin (OXT), impulsive aggression and, 325–26
Paddock v. Chacko, 516
pain offset relief, 404
pancreas, 434
panic attacks
adult attempted suicide and, 117
adult suicide and, 116
from corticosteroids, 430
pheochromocytoma and, 430
PTSD and, 149
suicide and, 456
veteran suicide and, 166, 173
paranoia
CVD and, 421
elderly aggression and violence and, 369
familicide-suicide and, 218
hypercortisolism and, 429
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
TBI and, 424
veteran suicide and, 174
parathyroid cancer, 433
parathyroid gland disorders, 432–34
parathyroid hormone, 427t
vitamin D and, 441
parental violence
partner violence and, 9
suicide and, 10
veterans and
suicide and, 166
violence and, 186
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), 78
parent-directed interaction (PDI), 78
parents
criminal history of, youth violence and, 63
divorce of, youth suicide and, 10
HS by, 217
separation of, youth suicide and, 10
violence of, 9
youth suicide and bullying and, 96–99
youth violence and, 63
Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), 364–65, 366
Parkinson’s disease (PD), 422
elderly suicide and, 341
NSSI and, 408, 409
unipolar disorder and, 456
Partner Abuse Prognostic Scale (PAPS), 207
Patient Health Questionnaire-9, 159
patients
suicide and, 532–33, 535–37, 540–42
victims of violence and, 535, 538–40, 543
violence and, toward mental health professionals, 533–35, 537–38, 542–43
Patterns of Problematic Thinking, 498
Peck v. Counseling Services of Addison County, 128
peer aggression
consequences of, 88–89
defined, 87
LGBT and, 89–90
race/ethnicity and, 89
suicide and, 85–99
transgenders and, 90
in youth, 85–99
peer nonpartner violence, 39
age of onset for, 43
of Blacks, 47
depression and, 45
LGBT and, 49
NSSI and, 43
race/ethnicity and, 42
SUDs and, 47
suicide ideation and, 40
pelvic pain, 148, 235
Perez v. United States, 518
perphenazine, 480
perseveration, 369
personal assistant service (PAS), 250–51, 252
personality disorders (PD). See also antisocial personality disorder; borderline personality disorder
glutamate and, 323
NE and, 323
serotonin and, 320
veteran suicide and, 173, 177–78
PFA for victims of crime (PFA-VC), 152–58, 154t
phenytoin, 481
pheochromocytoma, 429–30
phobias, 86, 87, 363
physical abuse, 74
adult suicide and, 116
in disability abuse, 249, 250
in elder abuse, 374
NSSI and, 48
rape and, 12
youth suicide and, 48
pindolol, 367
plasticity, 310
polarized thinking, 116
politically motivated homicide-suicide, 219–20
polycystic ovary syndrome, 441
polyvictimization, of youths, 40
Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, 479
positron emission tomography (PET), 318
postpartum depression (PPD), 438
postpartum period, 437–38
postpartum psychosis, 438
postpartum thyroiditis (PPT), 432
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
from adult victimization of violence, 146, 147, 148–49
AMT for, 494–95
anger and, 221–22
anger management for, 472
CBT for, 499
from child maltreatment, 73
CPT for, 498–99
EBTs for, 493–502
exposure therapy for, 495–96
HPA and, 323
HS and, 221–22
from IPV, 199
IPV and, 205
MDD with, 148–49
PE for, 496–97
psychoeducation for, 494
psychotherapy for, 489–90
rape and, 240–41
risk factors for, 149
risk management for, 493–502
safety and, 492–93
sexual assault and, 227, 236
SIP and, 205
SUDs and, 502
suicide and, 456
veterans and
suicide and, 166, 169, 170, 171, 175–77
violence and, 185, 187–89, 191
from victimization by violence, 489–502
violence and, 535, 537–38
youth suicide and, 45
postvention, for adult attempted suicide, 122–23
power-assertive punishment, of children, 9
prefrontal cortex (PFC)
DLPFC, 310, 311
suicide and, 308–9
pregnancy, 76. See also postpartum
IPV in, 209
mental illness in, 437–38
from rape, 234
from sexual assault, 156
thyroid disease in, 432
premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), 437
preparatory behavior, for suicide, 454
PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention model, 110
prevalence of, 373–76
Principal Components Analysis, 68
prioritization skills, 29
prison
adult violence in, 133
suicide and, 10
privacy, adult violence and, 127–28
proactive aggression, 61–62
production pressure, 26
professional competence. See competence
progesterone, 427t, 436, 437
progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), 494
progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), 365, 366
prolonged exposure (PE), for PTSD, 496–97
Propensity for Abusiveness Scale, 207
protective factors
adult suicide and, 118
SAPROF and, 271–72
in START, 269
veterans and
suicide and, 173
violence and, 189–90
youth and
suicide and bullying and, 94–97
violence and, 64, 65t
proximate cause, in legal and ethical framework, 513–16
psychoeducation, 494
Psychological First Aid (PFA), 147
for patient suicide, 542–43
psychopathic traits
adult violence and, 134
NSSI and, 408–9
youth violence and, 63
psychosis. See also agitation
AD and, 363, 419
adult violence and, 135
anger management for, 472
diabetes and, 435
elderly aggression and violence and, 369
Graves’ disease and, 432
menstrual cycle and, 437
Parkinson’s disease and, 422
in postpartum period, 432, 437, 438
suicide and, 455
veteran violence and, 189
psychosocial adjustments
in SARA, 274
in SVR-20, 272
psychosocial maturity, youth violence and, 61
psychostimulants, for TBI, 367
psychotherapy. See also specific modalities
for elderly suicide, 347–51
for PTSD, 489–90
for suicide, 311–12
for victimization of violence, 489–502
PTSD Checklist (miliary version) (PCL-M), 177
quetiapine, 365, 480
race/ethnicity. See also Blacks; Latinos
adult victimization by violence and, 147
bullying and, 89
elderly suicide and, 338f
peer aggression and, 89
rape and, 233
youth suicide and, 41–42, 89
Rapamycin, 312
rape. See also drug or alcohol facilitated or incapacitated rape
of adults, 239
age at time of, 231
alcohol and, 12, 228–32
of Blacks, 233
in college, 230–31
defined, 228–29
divorce and, 233
early intervention for, 240–42
of elderly, 239
HIV/AIDS and, 234–35
IPV and, 198, 232
multiple sexual partners and, 12
physical abuse and, 12
physical injuries from, 233–34
pregnancy from, 234
prevalence of, 230
PTSD and, 240–41
race/ethnicity and, 233
relationship to assailant, 231–32
reporting of, 238–40
response of others to disclosure of, 240
service seeking barriers for, 239–40
sexual abuse and, 12
social concerns with, 235
STIs from, 148, 156, 234–35
substance-related, 228
suicide and, 236–38
rapid tranquilization (RT), for SMI violence, 482
rational decision-making, 5, 22
rational suicide, 172
reactive aggression, 61–62
Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R&R), 469
Reasons for Living Inventory for Adolescents, 52
Reasons for Overdose Scale, 50
re-attempters, of suicide, 454
recognition-primed decision (RPD), 23
recognition/metacognition (R/M), 23–24
Recognizing, Understanding, Labeling, Expressing, and Regulating approach (RULER), 93–94
Recognizing and Responding to Suicide Risk (RRSR), 27, 28
reduplicative paramnesia, 421
regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), 318
rehearsal behavior, for suicide, 454
relational aggression, 87–88
relief of tension, 217
REM sleep, elderly aggression and violence and, 364–66, 368
representativeness, 22
reproductive system
of females, endocrine disorders of, 436–38
of males, endocrine disorders of, 439
resiliency factors, elderly suicide and, 340–42
responsibility
adult violence and, 129
youth violence and, 61
responsivity principle, for youth violence, 69
restrictive engulfment, as emotional abuse, 197
revenge, HS for, 218
revictimization
from adult victimization by violence, 147
from bullying, 87
of sexual assault, 238
victimization of youths and, 11–12
Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, 197
risk assessment
adults and
suicide and, 115–18
victimization of, 5
violence and, 129–38
for agitation, 291
for behavioral emergencies, 4, 15
for disability abuse, 256–58
duty to protect in, 526–28
for elder abuse, 376–78
elderly and
suicide and, 339–46
victimization of, 5
experience near and, 31
for IPV, 206–7
for suicide, 5
veterans and
suicide and, 171–78
violence and, 190–91
for victimization by violence, 491–92
for violence, 5, 262–81
approaches to, 263–66
decision support tools for, 266–79, 268t
youth and
suicide and, 39–54
victimization of, 5
violence and, 64–68, 67f
Risk for Sexual Violence Protocol (RSVP), 273–74
risk management
adults and
suicide and, 118–23
violence and, 138–41
for agitation, 289–301
for behavioral emergencies, 511–20
for disability abuse, 258–59
duty to protect in, 526–28
for elder abuse, 378–81
experience near and, 31
for IPV, 208–9
for overdose, 462
for PTSD, 493–502
veterans and, suicide and, 178–79
for victims of violence, 493–502
for violence, 16–17
youth and
suicide and, 39–54
violence and, 68–69
Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR), 139, 466, 467
risk principle, for youth violence, 69
risk state, for adult violence, 137–38
risk status, for adult violence, 136–37
risperidone, 294–95, 295t, 480
rivastigmine, 362, 363, 367
Roper v. Simmons, 61
rumination, veteran violence and, 189
SafeCare, 78
Safer and Stronger Program (SSP), 258
Safe School Initiative, 104, 105, 107, 110
Safety Awareness Program for Women with Disabilities, 259
safety plan
for adults
victims of violence and, 155t
violence and, 139
for disability abuse, 258
for youth suicide, 53
Safety Plan Intervention (SPI), 15, 119–20
for veteran suicide, 179
Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI), 462
Scale for the Assessment of Aggressive and Agitated Behaviors, 291
schizophrenia, 436
in AD, 420
adults and
suicide and, 116
violence and, 132
clozapine for, 460–61
HD and, 423
HS and, 216
ITLE and, 424
menstrual cycle and, 437
mood stabilizers for, 481
serotonin and, 320
testosterone and, 439
veteran suicide, 173, 174–75
vitamin D and, 441
school. See also targeted violence in schools
achievement in
targeted violence in schools and, 105
youth violence and, 63
anti-bullying efforts in, 92–94
climate
LGBT and, 89–90
for targeted violence in schools, 105–6
interest in, youth violence and, 63
targeted violence in, 103–10
violence in, 5
youth suicide and
bullying and, 97
prevention programs for, 94
school shootings. See targeted violence in schools
secondary traumatic stress (STS), 25, 538–40, 543
second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs), 294–96
self-directed violence, 453
self-esteem, 18
adult suicide and, 116, 118
bullying and, 89
depression and, 45
disability abuse and, 255
youth violence and, 64
serious mental illness (SMI), violence and, 466–83
anger management for, 470–74
antipsychotics for, 479–81
beta blockers for, 482
DBT for, 474–77
medication noncompliance and, 478–79
medications for, 478–82
mood stabilizers for, 481–82
outpatient management for, 477
RT for, 482
serotonin (5HT)
AVP and, 324
elderly aggression and violence and, 361
female reproductive system and, 436
impulsive aggression and, 319–22
MDD and, 308
suicide and, 307–8, 319
testosterone and, 439
youth suicide and, 42–43
serotonin specific reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), 310–12, 365, 457–58
sertraline, 363
Service as Usual, 78
sexual abuse
adult suicide and, 116
in disability abuse, 249, 250
in elder abuse, 374
rape and, 12
revictimization and, 11
suicide and, 5, 10–11, 236–38
violence and, 5
youth suicide and, 48
sexual assault, 227–42. See also rape
defined, 228–29
depression and, 227
mental illness from, 236
physical health problems from, 235–36
pregnancy from, 156
PTSD and, 227, 236
revictimization of, 238
sexual dysfunction from, 235
STIs and, 227
SUDs from, 236
sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE), 233, 235, 238
Sexual Events Questionnaire, 11–12
Sexual Experiences Survey, 11–12
sexual harassment
on social media, 228
veteran suicide and, 169
sexuality. See also lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender
disability abuse and, 248, 253
elderly and, 339
hypersexuality
CVD and, 421
hyperparathyroidism and, 434
hyposexuality, ITLE and, 424
sexually transmitted infections (STIs). See also HIV/AIDS
rape and, 148, 156, 234–35
sexual assault and, 227
sexual violence
in IPV, 196–97
RSVP for, 273–74
SVR-20 for, 272–73
Sexual Violence Risk-20 (SVR-20), 272–73
shadowing, elderly aggression and violence and, 369
Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START), 223, 269–70, 279–80
Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability: Adolescent Version (START:AV), 66
Signs of Suicide (SOS), 94
single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), 318
situational couple violence, 197
situation awareness (SA), 24
skills acquisition and rehearsal phase, of SIT, 28
Skills Training in Affect and Interpersonal Regulation modified PE (STAIR-mPE), 501–2
skin conductance responses (SCRs), 317
sleep disorders. See also insomnia
in AD, 420
cancer and, 441
diabetes and, 435
elderly aggression and violence and, 368–69
social/contextual factors, for youth violence, 63
social functioning, OFC and, 317
social information processing theory (SIP), for IPV, 204–6
social isolation, disability abuse and, 254
social learning theory
for IPV, 201–3
SMI violence and, 469–70
social media
cyberbullying on, 40
sexual harassment on, 228
social phobia, 86
Social Security Administration, 254
social support
adults and
suicide and, 116, 120
victims of violence and, 156
veteran violence and, 187, 189–90
youth and
suicide and bullying and, 95–96
violence and, 63
somatic marker hypothesis (SMH), 317
(p. 570) specialized sexual assault medical forensic exam (SAMFE), 233, 238, 240
spells, elderly aggression and violence and, 367–68
spinal cord injury/disorder (SCI/D), 390
Spousal Assault Risk Assessment Guide (SARA), 207, 265, 274–75
spousal/consortial homicide-suicide, 216–17
Staff Observation Aggression Scale, 291
stalking, 11, 197, 198
SAM for, 272, 276
Stalking Risk Profile (SRP), 278
Stallman v. Robinson, 515, 516
standard of care, 118–19, 516–17, 521n5, 523
state anger
PTSD and, 187
youth suicide and, 46
static risk factors
for adult violence, 133–34
for veteran violence, 186
Steps to Respect (STR), 92
stress
AVP and, 325
in behavioral emergencies, 26–30, 531–43
cognitive-appraisal model of, 25
cortisol and, 323
decision-making under, 21–35
models for, 21–25
diabetes and, 435
disability abuse and, 249, 254–55
EDCs and, 440
elderly suicide and, 341
HPA and, 324
of mental health professionals, 531–43
postpartum period and, 437
STS, 25, 538–40, 543
veteran suicide and, 168–69
youth violence and, 63
stress exposure training (SET), 5, 28–31
stress inoculation training (SIT), 28, 32
Stress Inoculation Training for Anxiety, 472
stress training
for behavioral emergencies, 26–30
closed skills in, 29
mental practice for, 29
MS for, 29
open skills in, 29
overlearning in, 30
for suicide, 27–28
stroke
elderly aggression and violence and, 361
suicide and, 386, 388
Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for Violence Risk (SAPROF), 271–72, 280
Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY), 65–66
Structured Professional Judgment (SPJ), 5, 64–65, 137, 265–80
Student Success Through Prevention (SSTP), 93
subcortical dementia, 364–65
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 94, 496
substance-related rape, 228
substance use disorders (SUDs). See also alcohol; drug or alcohol facilitated or incapacitated rape
adults and
victims of violence and, 146, 147, 148
violence and, 133, 134
adult suicide and, 116
anger and, 470–71
bipolar disorder and, 456
bullying and, 87, 92
elderly suicide and, 341
HD and,