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date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the blossoming research on childhood personality, addressing salient questions on its measurement, its foundational structure, and its convergence with child temperament. First, the discovery and contemporary measurement of FFM-antecedents in young age is reviewed, highlighting promises as well as pitfalls of the various approaches available today. Second, divergences between child and adult taxonomies are delineated, as accumulating research suggests that the structure of child personality is not identical to the established FFM-structure in adults. Finally, the issue of temperament-personality convergence is considered. Whereas influential narrative reviews proposed that temperament and personality appear to be “more alike than different,” empirical research suggests that a simple hierarchical mapping fails to capture the complexity of these relationships. We invite students of behavioral individuality in childhood and adolescence to take into account the salient differences between the various personality approaches, child and adult personality taxonomies, and child temperament and personality “vocabularies.”

Keywords: personality, temperament, childhood, adolescence, development, assessment, taxonomy

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