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date: 26 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter traces the origins of the novel genre in Morocco. It first considers the novel as a reflection of the variety and complexity of Moroccan society and continues with an overview of the beginnings of the Moroccan novel in Arabic before discussing the emergence of the Francophone novel in Morocco. It then examines the disappearance of the nationalist ideology in the works of the younger generation of Moroccan novelists, replaced by other trends such as experimentalism and neo-realism. It also describes the rise of autobiographical fiction, including prison narratives as a subgenre of Moroccan literature, along with the works of new authors writing in French and the rise of women writers. Finally, it evaluates new trends in the 1990s and the latest developments in Arabic, along with the Amazigh novel.

Keywords: Moroccan literature, Moroccan society, Francophone novel, Amazigh novel, Moroccan Arabic, autobiography, women writers experimentalism, neo-realism

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