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date: 02 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the development of the novel in Egypt until 1959, focusing on its chronology and literary characteristics. It begins with an overview of the Egyptian novel genre and its narrative precedents, along with its connection to the cultural movement of the nineteenth century known as al-Nahḍa. After discussing al-Nahḍa’s two primary sources of inspiration, iqtibās (borrowing) and iḥyā’ (revival), the chapter considers the early periods in the development of modern Arabic narrative in Egypt. It also explores the emergence of the travel narrative and the historical novel, the rise of women writers, and the revival of the maqāma. Finally, it analyzes the novel Zaynab, published in 1913 by Muḥammad Ḥusayn Haykal, and novels published from the 1930s to the year 1959.

Keywords: Egypt, Egyptian novel, al-Nahḍa, travel narrative, historical novel, women writers, maqāma, Zaynab, Muḥammad Ḥusayn Haykal

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