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date: 27 February 2020

(p. 721) Index

(p. 721) Index

Page numbers in italic indicate illustrations.

Acalá, Jeronimo de, 544
Acamapichtli, 63, 65, 59, 98, 99
Acámbaro, 545
Acapetlahuaya, 487
Acatetelco, 241
Acatlan, 483, 487
accession: rituals of, 120, 124, 166
Acequia Royal (Tenochtitlan), 240
Achiutla, 513
Acolco, 64
Acolhua, 3, 63, 94, 138, 150–151, 236, 237, 238, 239, 241, 443
Acolhuacan, 63, 150, 153, 444
Acolhua dynasty, 204
Acolman, 151
Acosta, José de, 34, 117, 612
and Tula excavations, 53–54, 55, 56, 60
Acozac, 57
Acuitlapan, 481, 484
administrators, administration, 225, 229, 236, 429–430, 447, 466, 467, 514
of Gulf Lowlands, 498–501
Africans, 9, 665, 670
agave. See maguey
Aglio, Agostino, 697
agriculture, 7–8, 83, 179, 181, 213, 263, 476, 646
intensification of, 264, 291
landscape and, 180, 265–267
land tenure and, 269–270
market system and, 270–271
terms for, 130, 137
Agua Bendita obsidian source, Valle de, 332
Aguilar, Francisco de, 34
Ahuitzotl, 25, 26, 27, 124, 286, 487, 497
Alahuitztlan, 487
Alcozauca, 481
algae, 304, 311
alliances, 93, 100, 235, 286
tripartite, 439–440
Tututepec, 513–514
in warfare, 444–445
alloys, 319, 320, 321, 322, 324
altepetl (altepeme), 105, 201, 412, 563
as capitals, 202–208
in Central Highlands, 468–471
Christianization of, 678–679
churches in, 679–680
conquests of, 463–464
cosmological landscape of, 596–598
evolution of, 146–148
historical focus on, 121, 124
marketplaces, 148–149
and parks, 238–239
public architecture in, 208–211
and ritual, 598–599
in Southern Highlands, 474–488
and state formation, 149–150, 151
structure of, 145–146
territorial organization of, 211–212, 660–661
and Triple Alliance, 440–441, 449, 470–471, 709
Alva Ixtlilxochitl, Fernando de, 34, 440, 597
Alvarado Tezozomoc, Hernando, 34, 440
Amadis de Gaula, 557
amanteca, 224, 289, 392, 586
amantecayotl, 304, 692–693
Amaquemecan, 150
amaranth (Amaranthus spp.), 265
figures of, 601–602, 616
amate paper, 30
Amecameca rock art, 59
Amuzgo, 480, 513
Anales de Cuauhtitlán, 34
Anales del Museo Nacional (journal), 24
ancestor veneration, 147
Ancient and Modern Mexico (exhibit catalog), 697
Angamuco, 550, 551
animals, 628
Colonial period, 668–669
sacrifices of, 578, 615
Antigüedades de la Nueva España (Hernández), 34
Antorcha Campesina, 417
Apaneca, 480
apartment compounds, 146–147
appanage system, 153
aquatic resources, 301–302
exploitation of, 303–311
aqueducts, 219, 222, 239–240, 241
Aquiach, 525
archaeological materials: conservation of, 41, [link] 45, 46–48
archaeology, 23, 177, 473, 510, 611, 625, 661, 695, 715
Early Colonial period, 646–655
experimental, [link] , [link] , 458, 459
Gulf Lowlands, 502–503
household, 250–254, 424
on lake resources, 303–304
Malinalco, 468–469
military, 452–454
of New Fire Ceremony, 631–632
Purépecha, 548–551
salt-making, [link] 10
architecture, 114, 201
Calixtlahuaca, 469–470
conservation of, 45–46
public, 208–211
Purépecha, 546–547
Spanish Colonial, 665–666
Spanish repurposing of, 690–691
tecpan, 233–234
See also by type
Argentina #15 (Mexico City), 667
Armillas, Pedro, 451
army. See military
Arqueología Mexicana (journal), 7
arsenopyrite, 319, 322
art(s), 591, 680
Christian, 682–683
Colonial production of, 692–694
role of, 689–690
visual, 585–592
Arte precolombino de México y de la América Central (Toscano and Toussaint), 698
art history, 9, 698
artifacts: display and curation of, 694–695, 696–697
artisans, 224, 366, 392–393, 428
patron deities of, 586–587
Art Precolumbien, L’ (Basler and Brummer), 698
Asiatic mode of Production concept, 144
Atenco, 64
Athenian Empire, 564–565
Atizapan, 96
Atlantes (Atlantean figures), 53, 65
Atlapulco, San Gregorio, 179, 191, [link]
chinampa system in, 182– [link]
Atlatonan, 577
Atlauhco, 614
Atlicahualo, 109
Atliztacan, 484
Atotonilco de Pedraza, 463
Atotonilco de Tula, 64
Atzacualco (Tenochtitlan), 100, 606
Atzcapotzalco, 96, 98, 100, 112
Augustinians, 675
autosacrifice, 59, 407, 538, 600
Axayacatl, 27, 66, 103, 120, 205, 468, 487, 497, 591
palace of, 236, 241, 664
axe-monies, 322
axis mundi, 180–181, 598, 615
Axocopan, 463
Ayauhcalco, 598
Ayotlan, 483
Ayutla, 483
Azcapotzalco, 63, 130, 150, 151, 152, 166, 236, 294n.2, 365, 440, 442, 445, 585
and Tenochtitlan, 219, 239
Azcatzpozalco, 320
(p. 723) Aztec: use of term, 3, 707–708
Aztec Calendar Stone. See Sun Stone
Aztec I pottery, 77, 356, 357, 358, 529
Aztec II period, 149, 150, 253
in Xaltocan, 254–256
Aztec II pottery, 56, 63, 77, 356, 358
Aztec III period, 149, 150, 256
Aztec III pottery, 56, 57, 60, 61, 77, 356–357, 358–359, 529, 649
Gulf Lowlands, 499, 500
Aztec IV pottery, 60, 61, 77, 358, 359, 647–648, 649
Aztec Orange Ware, 647
Aztec period, 63–64, 149
Aztec Plain Orange, 649
Aztec Warfare Imperial Expansion and Political Control (Hassig), 452
Aztlán, 2, [link] , 409n.1, 708
migrations from, 3, 32, 94
Tenochtitlan’s reproduction of, 240, 596
ballcourts, 57, 58, 65, 210, 222, 511, 664
Balsas-Mezcala basin, 473, 480, 486, 488, 548
Bandelier, Adolphus, 451
baptism, 676–677
baptismal fonts, 693–694
Baratillo, 665
bark paper, 253
Barlow, Robert H., 482–483
baskets, 302, 304
Basler, A., 698
bathing ritual, [link] , [link]
Batres, Leopoldo, 24, 204
Becker, Marjorie, 414
Belize, 320
bells: metal, 319, 320–321, 322
Benavente, Toribio de (Motolinía), 34, 114, 117, 607
biface preforms: obsidian, 337–338
Black-on-Orange (Black/Orange) pottery, [link] , 77, [link] , 529, 630, 647, 669
in Gulf Lowlands, 499–500
sequence of, 356–359
Black-on-Red pottery, 649
blades: obsidian, 285–286, 290, 291, 337, 516
bloodletting, 600, 624
Boas, Franz, 76
bone tools, 254
book keepers, 225
books, 30
Christian, 681–682
history, 121–125
painted, 117–118
See also codices
Borgia Group documents, 31
botanical remains. See plants
Bourbon reforms, 695
Bravo, Valle de, 633
Brokmann, Carlos, 452
bronze bells, 319, 322
Brumfiel, Elizabeth, 204
Brummer, E., 698
Brussels: Aztec artworks in, 694–695
Bullock, William, 696–697
bundles (tlaxilacaltin), 147, 576
bureaucratization, 152, 153
burials, 26, 59, 253, 376, 547, 613, 625–626, 633, 670
household, 251, 252, 256
Burnt Palace (Tula), [link] 56
Cacamatzin, 164, 166
cacao beans, 224
caches, 345–346. See also offerings
Calendar Round, 107, 109, 112
calendars, calendrical cycles, 23, 380, 572–573, 585
codex descriptions of, 30, 31
post-Conquest structure of, 114– [link]
ritual, 599, 612–613
structure of, 107–110
See also by type
Calixtlahuaca, 204, 205, [link] , 212, 214, 266, [link] , 467, 625, 652
monuments at, 469–470
Callejón del Horno, 500–501
Calligraphic Black/Orange pottery, 358
calmecac, 118, 153, 211, 225, 238, 390, 470
ceramic merlons from, 45, [link]
in Cholula, 528–529
in Tenochtitlan, 611, 614
Calnek (Tenochtitlan), 191, 193
calpixque, calpixqui, 225, 429–430, 447, 466, 467
(p. 724) Calpulalpan, 241
calpulli, calpolli, 94, 100, 118, 272, 289, 346, 392, 412, 616
in altepeme, 206, 213
Cholula, 525, 527
commoners in, 426, 427, 428
and ritual landscapes, 598–599
Caltitlan, 484
Camaxtli, 597
canals, 219–220, 240, 265
Canesco, Jorge, 451
cannibalism, 408
canoes, 222
capes, 376, 377
Capilco: houses in, 252–253, 431
captives, 101, 166, 379, 446, 577, 578, 629
cardinal directions, 104, 180–181, 249
Carta de Religiosos, 485
Cartas de relación (Cortés), 33
cartographies, 483
Casa de las Ajaracas, 47
Casa de las Campanas, 47
Casa de Morelos (Tula), 57
Caso, Alfonso, 665, 698
Caso correlation, 109–110
cassiterite, 319, 322
Caste Wars, 414
catechisms: pictographic, 684– [link]
cathedral: Mexico City, 241–242, 662
Catholic Church, 675;
syncretism, 712–713
causeways, 83, 222, 241
caves, 376
Ce Acatl Topiltizin Quetzalcóatl, 53, 59, 64, 98, 576
celestial phenomena, 112–113. See also Moon; Sun; Venus
Cempoala, 335, 498, 597. See also Pachuca-Zempoala region
Cempoallan, 501
Cenote of Sacrifice (Chichen Itza), 322
censers, [link]
elite production of, 287–288, 365
Texcoco Molded, 499, 500
censuses, 189, 193, 196–197
Centeotl, 586
Central America: metallurgy from, 319, 320
Central Highlands
city-states in, 468–471
imperial control, 466–468
tribute paid by, 464–466
ceramics, 10, 60, 149, 254, 615, 669
Aztec period, 63–64
Black/Orange sequence, 356–359
Cholula polychrome ceramics, 528–529
chronology of, 75–78
Early Colonial period, 647–652
Gulf Lowlands, 499–500
organization of production, 364–368
Otumba production of, 288–289, 290
Purépecha, [link] , 549
for ritual feasting, 629–630
technology, 359–364
from Tula, 55, [link] 63
from Tututepec, [link] , 518
typologies, 355–356
ceremonies, 446
public, 213, 611–612
See also rituals; by type
Cervantes de Salazar, Francisco, 530
Ce Tecpatl, 573
chacmool sculptures, 56, 65, 66
chain of command, 456
Chalcas, 94
chalchihuites, 344
Chalchihuitl, 344
chalchihuitl disks, 233
Chalchiuhtlicue, [link] , 575, 600, 602
Chalco, 34, 60, 150, 151, 294n.2, 625
ceramic production, 365, [link]
tribute, 442, 448
in Triple Alliance, 444, 445
Chalco, Lake, 269, 302, 303, 358
Chalco tradition, 357
Chantico, 586, 614
Chapultepec, 32, 59, 96, 600
Chapultepec aqueduct, 219, 222, 241
Chapultepec Park, 238–239
Charles IV, Emperor, 696
Charles V (Carlos V), King, 165, 501, 694
Charlton, Thomas, 643
Chatino, 513
Chiapan, 463, 467
Chiapas, 320, 344, 376
(p. 725) Chiauhtlan, Chiautlan, 463, 483, 484
Chichen Itza, 58, 93, 322
Chichihualcuauhco, 408, 626
Chīchīmēcah, 129–130
Chichimecas, Chichimecs, 94, 95, 98, 144, 146, 597
Chichimecatl Tecuhtli, 443
Chicomecoatl Iteopan, 613
Chicome Xochitl, 586
Chicomoztoc (Seven Caves), 32, 94, 95, 597
Chiconahui Itzcuintli, 586
Chiconautla, 239, 292, 310, 632
childbirth, 26, 379, 394–395
childcare, 388
children, 181, 390, [link] , 408, 524, 625
Chimalhuacan, 150
Chimalhuacan Atenco, 239
chimalli, 166, 167, 379, [link]
Chimalma, 578, 579. See also Coatlicue
Chimalpopoca, 65
Chimalzolca (Cholula), 525
chinampas, 7–8, 153, 179, 182– [link] , 267–269
Late Aztec period, 84–85
in Tenochtitlan, 222, 224
Chinampeca, 63
Chinantec, 495
Chocho, 129, 480
Cholula, 93, 104, 165, 191, 252, 517, 596, 597, 598
burials in, 625–626
induction ceremonies at, 523–524
Late Postclassic period, 525–530
Quetzalcoatl’s temple in, 527–528
spindle whorls from, 376, 380, [link]
Chontal, 129, 480, 513
Chontalcoatlan, 487
Chontal Maya, 496
Christianity, 675, 678, 681–682
Christianization: of indigenous peoples, 162, 675–678, 684–685
chronicles: Spanish colonial, 33–35
chronology, 112
ceramics and, 75–77, 355–359
Tula, 55, 59, 60
Chumbio, 480
churches
layout and placement of, 679–680
Spanish Colonial, 678– [link]
syncretic art in, 693–694
Cihuacoatl, 378, [link] , 394–395, 446
cihuacoatl, 394, 579–580
Cihuacoatl Tlacaelel, 101
Cihuatecpan, [link] , 238, 239, 253, 625, 628, 649
Cihuateotl, 470
Cihuateteo, cihuateotl, [link] , 600
Cihuatlan, 473, 483
cihuatltoque, 393
Cintla, 483
Cipactónal, 180
cities, 202–204, 214
public architecture, 208–211
sizes of, 205–208
Citlalicue, 406
Citlallatónac, 406
Citlaltepec, 310
city-states, 84
Greek, 564–565
clans, 93, 94, 412
Classic period, 143, 191
Purépecha, 548, 549
See also by subperiod
clay: characteristics and sources, 360–361, [link]
climate, 124
cloth: cotton, 224, 378, 424
Coateocalli (Coacalco), 610
coatepantli, 53–54, 65, 589
Coatepec, 21, 120, 571, 596
Mexica at, 95–96
Templo Mayor as, 605, 608, 610, 615, 616–617n.2
coatequitl, 213
Coatetelco, [link] , 210
Coatlicue, 6, 21, 23, 103, 579, 695, 696
Coatlicue: Estética del arte indígena antiguo (Fernández), 698
Coatlinchan, Coatlichan, 63, 100, 151, 294n.2, 440
Coatlinchan-Huexotla, 150
coats of arms: indigenous, 166–167
Coatzacoalcos, 500
Coaxintecuhtli, 518
Coayxtlahuacan, 473, 483
cochineal (Dactylopus coccus), 291
(p. 726) Codex Aubin (Codex de 1576), 32, 95, 125
Codex Azcatitlán, 59
Codex Bodley, 512, 518, 523
Codex Borbonicus, 30, 118, 591
Codex Borgia, 528, 572, 591
Codex Boturini, 96, 121
Codex Chimalpopoca, 34
Codex Colombino-Becker, 512, 518
Codex (Códice) de Cholula, 525, 530
Codex (Códice) de los Alfarreros, 365
Codex de tributos de Coyoacán, [link]
Codex Fejérváry-Mayer, 113–114
Codex Florentino; Florentine Codex (Sahagún), 33, 138, [link] , 389, 409, 623
on art, 586, [link]
ceramic production, 360, [link] , 365, 366
obsidian source, 332, [link]
Codex Huitzilopochtli, 31
Codex Ixlilxóchitl, 457
Codex Kingsborough, 32, 432
Codex Magliabechiano, 31, 57
Codex Matritenses, 32
Codex Mendoza, 32, 113, 123, 270, 377, 444, 455, 465, 473, 502, [link]
on provinces, 482, 483–484
Codex Mexicanus, 32, 124– [link]
Codex Moctezuma, 121
Codex Nuttall, [link] , 513, 518
Codex Rios (Codex Vaticano A), 31, 575
Codex Saville, 121
Codex Telleriano-Remensis, 31, 32
Codex Tudela (Codex del Museo de América), 31
Codex Xolotl, 121, 150, 597
codices, 29, 691–692
Colonial era, 30–31, 32–33
history in, 31–32
records in, 117–118
See also by name
Cohuatitlan, 96
Cohuixca, 137, 481, 486
Cohuixco pueblos, 487
Colección de las Antigüedades Mexicanas que existen en el Museo Nacional, 696
Colhua, 96, 601
Colhuacan, 94, 100, 104, 120
historic depictions of, [link] , 124
Mexica as vassals to, 96, 98
Colhuatepec, 596
Colima, 321, 543
collaboration, 11
in conservation efforts, 42–43, 48
collections, 43, 694–695, 696–697, 698
collective action theory, 10, 536–537
Colonial period, 11, 162, 365, 712
assimilation policies, 710–711
censuses, 189, 193
codices, 30–32
depopulation, 194–195
Gulf Lowlands, 501–502
household structure in, [link] 49
Mexico City, 661–670
Nahua ethnicity, 411–412
population recovery, 195–198
Colonization Laws, 415
commemorations, 9, 23
commerce, 10, 281
agents of, 284–287
and long-distance trade, 293–294
markets and, 282–284
in Otumba, 287–292
Postclassic, 144, 148–149
and tribute relationships, 292–293
commoners, 100, 146, 147, 180, 181, 345, 423, 455
agriculture, 271–272
ceramic production, 364–365, 366
dependent, 426–427
households and commerce, 282, 283, 284
wealth variation among, 425–426, 428–431
communities, 250
lake resource specialization by, 310–311
tecpans in, 233, 234
Conciliar Seminary (Mexico City), 667
concubines, 393
confederacies, 149–150
conflict: interethnic, 413–414
confraternities (cofradías), 680
congregaciones, 646–647, 711
conquests, 444, 456, 513
of Central Highlands, 463–464
of Huitzlampa, 486–488
(p. 727) of Tlatelolco, 590–591
by Triple Alliance, 446–447
conquistadors, 9, 232, 690
indigenous, 162–163, 166–167
conservation
of archaeological materials, 41, [link] 45, 46–48
Templo Mayor, 45–46
Templo Mayor Project, 42–43
Conservatorio de Antigüedades (Conservatory of Antiquities), 41
Convent of the Conception, 23
copal, 47
Copalitech, 484
Copil, 96
copper, 319, 320, 321, 322, 324–325, 548
core-blade workshops: at Otumba, 287–288, 290, 291
corn. See maize
corporate neighborhoods. See calpulli, calpolli
corporate organization, 152, 251
Cortés, Hernán, 25, 33, 109, 229, 241, 530, 557, 694, 712
and Gulf Lowlands, 501, 502
Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin’s response to, 163–165
Cortés, Martín, 669
cosmogram: fourfold, 600
cosmology, cosmovision, 31, 108, 591, 595
of Tenochtitlan, 104, 589–590, 606
and time, 110–111
cosmos, 380, 394, 572–573, 624
altepetl as model of, 596–598
and creation cycle, 110–111
design of, 587–591
structure of, [link] –112
time-space realms, [link] , 592
costumes, 377–378
Cotaxtla, 501
cotton, 224, 377, 378, 424, 515–516
Couixcal, Lord, 481, [link]
councils: Triple Alliance, 152–153
courtyards, 222, 234–235
Coyoacan, 167, 222
Coyoaco, 332
Coyolapan, 473, 483
Coyolxauhqui, 9, 21, [link] , 23, 45, 96, [link] , 698
Coyotlatelco, 55, 235
Coyotl Inaual, 586
craft production, 545
ceramic, 360–368
household, 212, 253, 254–256
lapidary objects, 345, 347, 350–352
specialists, 284, 285–289, 290–292
women and, 392–393
creation, 586, 590
calendrical symbols of, 588–589
cycles of, 110–111
gendered pairs in, 393–394
of humans, 574–575
myths of, 573–574, 596
cremations, 524, 625
Crónica Mexicana (Alvarado Tezozomoc), 34
Crónica Mexicayotl (Alvarado Tezozomoc), 34, 100
crops, 265, 646
in tribute and market system, [link] 271
crosses: atrial, 693
Cruz del Milagro (Sierra de Las Navajas), 330
Cuahuacan, 463
Cuauhnahuac, 445, 448, 463, 467, 468, 486
Cuauhtemoc, 65
Cuauhtitlan, 150, 292, 294n.2, 306, 365, 366, 669, 441–442
Cuauhtitlan River, 267, [link]
Cuauhtlecohuatzin, 65
Cuauhtlequetzqui, 605
Cuauhxicalco, 26, 27
Cuauhxicalli, 66
Cuautitlan, 64
Cubas, García, 59
Cuello volcano, 330
Cuepopan (Tenochtitlan), 100, 606, 664
Cuetlaxtlan, 467, 498, 499, 500, 501
Cuetlaxxochitla, 598–599
Cuetzalan, 413
Cueva y Valenzuela, Francisca de la, 65
Cuexcomate, 213, 252–253, 424, [link] , 431, 632
Cuicatec, 480
Cuitlahuac, 25, 3, 98, 149
Cuitlatec, 129
Cuitlateca, 480
Cuitzeo Basin, 550
Culhuacan, 149, 150, 235, [link] , 440, 442, 601
(p. 728) Culhuacan phase, 356
Culhuacan tradition, 357
Culhua-Mexica, 440
Culhuaque, 235
cultivation. See agriculture
cultural ecology, 7, 8, 175–176
Curicuaeri, 546–547
curing rituals, 627, 628
Cuyumateca, 480
cypress trees (ahuehuetl), 241
Dani neighborhood (Tula), 58
Day Lords, 112
day names, 108, 589
day signs, [link]
death(s), 120, 181, 395, 408–409
deforestation, 647
deformed people, 223
deities, 137, 334, 378, 401, 575–576
as devils, 683–684
human impersonators of, 408, 577–578, 580–581, 585, 599, 615
and landscape, 595–596, 600
paired, 393–394
Purépecha, 546–547
ritual cycles and, 180, 181
rulers and, 406–407
state promotion of, 612–613
transformations of, [link] –405
Delian League, 564–565
demography, 10–11, 196– [link]
dentists, 225
Department of Conservation: Templo Mayor Project, 42–43
depopulation: post-Conquest, 77–78, [link] , 194–195, 710
descendants
authentic, 716–717
cultural syncretism and survival, 712–713
Descripción de la ciudad y provincia de Tlaxcala (Muñoz Camargo), 34
Descripción histórica y cronológica de las dos piedras (Leon y Gama), 23
déspotas armados, un espectro de la guerra prehispánica, Los (Lameiras), 451
devils: Aztec deities as, 683–684
Díaz, Porfirio, 24
Diaz del Castillo, Bernal, 33–34, 163, 166, 225, 229, 270, 502, 525, 557
Dieguillo, Pala Agustin, 413, 415
diet, 430, 668–669
diseases, 194–195, 196, 225
divination, diviners, 118, 225, 573, 581, 684
divine realm, [link] , 585
DNA analysis, 11
documentary records, 6, 9, 161, 178–179
chronicles, 33–35
codices, 29–33
on gender roles, 388–389
painted books, 117–118
Dominicans, 675
Donceles Street #97 (Mexico City), 666–667, 668
Dresden Codex, 137
dress, 375–376, 394, 412, 651
drums, [link] , 632
drunkenness, 683
duality
altepetl-park, 238–239
gender and, 387–388, 393–394
of human body, 400–401
Dueño, el, 180–181
Dupaix, Guillermo, 695, 696
Durán, Diego, 32, 33, 95, 424, 440, 443, 608
on household ritual, 623, 624, 632–633
Dürer, Albrecht, 394–395
eagle-cactus foundation symbol, [link]
eagle-feline-serpent triad, 24
Eagle Warrior Precinct, 667
Eagle Warriors, 25, 45
Early Aztec period, 60, 76, 77, 78, 201
Red wares, 359, [link]
settlement pattern, 79, 85
Early Colonial period, 10, 643, 645
ceramics, 647–652
depopulation in, 194–195
obsidian use, 652– [link]
settlement patterns, 646–647
trade, 653–654
Early Formative period: Gulf Lowlands, 496–497
(p. 729) Early Postclassic period, 10, 48, 55, 149, 251, 496, 632
burials, 625–626
Guerrero, 480–481
Purépecha, 548, 551
earspools, ear plugs, 291, 338, 345, 351
earth: as body of Tlalteotl, 596
Ecatepec, 57, 96, 310
eclipses, 108, 113
ecology, 145
Basin of Mexico, 302–303
cultural, 7, 8, 175–176
historical, 176–177
economic specialists, 428
economic system, economy, 7, 10, 32, 149
in Tututepec, 515–517
education, 225, 390
Ehecatl (Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl), 204, 210, 334, 470, [link] , 597, 611, 626, 664
Ejido San Gregorio Altapulco, 182, [link]
Ejido Xochimilco, 182
El Canal site (Tula), 251– [link]
El Cielito (Tula), 58
elections: tlatoani, 444
elites, 253, 292, 393, 446, 625
censer production, 287–288, 365
Christianization of, 677–678, 684–685
Purépecha, 543, 546, 548
See also nobility
El Llano (Tula), 58
El Pizarrín obsidian source, 332, 344
El Salitre (Tula), 58, 63–64
El Sauce, 500
El Tesoro, Cerro (Toltacatepetl), 54–55, 59
emotions, 401, [link]
empires
economy, 560–561
military, 559–560
and official religions, 561–562
Postclassic, 150–151
resistance to, 563–564
sizes of, 558–559
employees, 224–225
encomienda system, 64–65, 645, 646
encuentro de la piedra y el acero, El (Lameiras), 451
Epazoyuca, 335
Epcoacuacuilli, 612
Epiclassic period, 55, 147, 535, 549, 551
epidemics, 194–195, 196
Era of the Fifth Sun, 32
Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia, 6
estates, 232, 241
patrimonial, 426, 427, 537–538
See also palaces
ethnicity, ethnic identity, 2, 530, 545, 709, 711
in Mexican republic, 413–414
Spanish Colonial period, 412–413
ethnogenesis, 716
ethnography, 303, 713–714
Aztec, 715–716
ethnohistories
household structure, 248–250
Postclassic, 143–144
Purépecha, 544–547
Ethnological Museum (Vatican), 698
Europe: collections in, 696–697
events: and celestial phenomena, 112–113
exchange system, 84, 282, 293, 337. See also trade, traders; tribute
exhibits, 8, 696, [link]
Expediciones acerca de los antiguos monumentos de la Nueva España 1805–1808 (Dupaix), 696
Exploraciones en la calle de las Escalerillas (Batres), 24
Exposition universelle, 697
families, 226, 238, 250, 427
assistance from dead, 408–409
royal, 121, 144
farmers, 291
as dependent commoners, 426–427
land tenure and, 271–272
Fat Cacique, 501–502
faunal remains. See animals
feasting, feasts
household ritual, 629–630
xihuitl, 108–109
feathered serpent, 59
feathers, 304, 375, 377
featherwork (amantecayotl), 304, 692–693
(p. 730) featherworkers (amanteca), 224, 289, 392, 586
felines, 24
Felipe II, 65
femurs: as rasps, 632– [link]
Fernández, Justino, 698
Fernández de Oviedo, Gonzalo, 607
fertility, 181, 627, 628
FES-Acatlan, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 459
Festival of Mountains (Tepeihuitl), 601
festivals, 577, 683
and landscape, 598–599, 601–602
Fifth Sun, 23, 32, 102, 575
52-year calendrical cycle, 30, 630–631
festival for, 599, 601
fig bark (amatl), 118
figurines, 47, 411
Aztec, 626–629
Early Colonial, [link] 652
Otumba production of, 288–289, 290
finance: Triple Alliance, 448–449
fish, fishing, 254, 301, 304, 306, [link] , 310
flooding, 647
floors: painted plaster, 252, 253, 256
Flowery War (Xochiyaoyotl), 454–455, 529
flutes: ceramic, 632, [link]
food, 412, 430, 455, 577, 624
Colonial period, 668–669
footwear, 304
foreign travelers, 695–696
Franciscans, 242, 527, 675, [link] , [link]
Franco, Jose Luis, 56
funerary rites, 225, 625–626
Gabinete de Historia Natural (Department of Natural History), 41
Galindo y Villa, Jesús, 24
Gamio, Manuel, 24, 25, 76, 712
Gante, Pedro de, 692–693
García Bravo, Alonso, 670
García Payón, José, 205
gardens, 201, 229
Spanish terms for, 232–233
Tenochtitlan, 240–241, 242
Texcotzingo, 239–240
Garibay, Ángel María, 162
garments, 375–376
Gazeta de Literatura, 695
Gazeta de México, 695
gendered pairs, 393–394
gender roles, 375, 387
documentary sources on, 388–389
life cycles and, 389–393
warfare and, 395–396
gender systems, 387–388
genealogy, 424
General History of New Spain. See Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España
geography. See landscape
glaze wares, 649, 654–655, 669
glottographics, 120
glyphs: structure of, [link] 120
gods. See deities
gold, 319, 320, 324, 652
goldworkers, 586, [link]
Great Ballcourt (Chichen Itza), 58
Great Coatlicue, 6
Great Compound (Teotihuacan), 148
Great Pyramid (Cholula). See Tlachihualtepetl
green stone, 344, 345, 346, 615
Grijalva expedition, 502
Guanajuato, 543
Guatemala, 320, 344
Guatemala Street #38 (Mexico City), 667
guerra sagrada, La (Canesco), 451
Guerrero, 3, 129, 543, 624, 713
metalwork from, 321–322
Nahuatization in, 487–488
Nahuatl in, 137, 414
Triple Alliance and, 473, 475–477(table), 480–481, 484
Gulf Lowlands, 3
administration of, 498–501
archaeology, 502–503
ethnic groups in, 495–496
Spanish Colonial period, 501–502
as tributary provinces, 497–498
Gutiérrez, Rodrigo, 697
Guzmán, Nuño de, 166
Habsburg/Hapsburg dynasty, 565, 697
hamlets, 80, 190
Handbuch des Kunstgeschichte (Kugler), 698
Hassig, Ross, 452
health, 407, 430, 627, 628
heart: divine, 403, 404–405
heaven, [link]
Hernández, Francisco, 34, 242
Hidalgo, 194
hide industry, 652
hieroglyphic writing, 30
Híripan, 544–555
Historia de la nación chichimeca (Alva Ixtlilxochitl), 34
Historia de las Indias de Nueva España e islas de Tierra Firme, 33
Historia de las Indias y conquista de México (López de Gómara), 34
Historia de los Indios de la Nueva España (Benavente), 34
Historia de los mexicanos por sus pinturas, 66
Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España (Sahagún), 32, 33, 53, 400
Historia natural y moral de las Indias (Acosta), 34
Historia Tolteca-Chichimeca, 525
Historia verdadera de la Conquista de la Nueva España (Diaz del Castillo), 33–34
historical ecology, 176–177
historiography, 162
Aztec, 715–716
of warfare, 451–452
history, histories, [link] , 117, 118, 121
in Colonial codices, 31–32
local focus of, 124–125
migration, 94–98, [link] 123
of Spanish Conquest, 161–162
Toltec, 104–105
Hokan language family, 129
Holy Mountain, 615
Holy Week, 682
Honduras, 320
hospitality buildings, 225
Hot Countries: allies from, 444–445
house groups: in Tula, 251– [link]
households, 10, 11, 28, 247, 365, 394
archaeological evidence, 250–254, 424
figurine sin, 627–629
markets and, 282, 283, 284
Otumba, 291–292
ritual feasting, 629–630
ritual music, 632–633
structure of, 248–250
Tenochtitlan, 225, 226
Tututepec, 515, 516
urban, 212–213
in Xaltocan, 254–256
house lots: Mexico City, [link] , 664
House of the Eagles, 25, 66, 211, 611
houses, 211, 222, 424, [link] , 430
archaeological evidence, 250–254
Colonial period, [link] , [link]
ritual, 623–626
in Xaltocan, 254–256
Huamuxtitlan, 484
Huapalcalco, 64
Huastec, 495
Huaxteca (Huasteca, Huastecans), 130, 412, 414, 415, 502, 713, 714
Huaxtepec, 240, 242, 463, 465, [link] , 467
Huaxyacac (Oaxaca City), 487
huei tecuhihuitl, 612
Huejotzincas, 94
Huejotzingo, 529, 694
Huemac, 152, 153, 524
Huexotla, 61, [link] , 212, 214, 271, 294n.2, 365
Hueyapan, 414–415
Huey Teocalli, 597
huey tlatoani/tlatoque, 152, 424, 440, 448
Huey Tozoztli, 601
Huichilipochco, 310
Huitzilan de Serdán, 425
insurgency in, 416–417
Nahuat in, 415–416, 417–418
Huitzilhuitl, 96, 98, 99, 444, 446
Huitzilincuatec, 614
Huitzilopochco, 365
Huitzilopochtli, 3, 21, 32, 102, 379, 561, 571, 575, 589, 590, 591, 597, 610, 612
birthdate of, 573, 579
and Mexica migrations, 95–96
Templo Mayor shrine to, 24, 114, 222–223
and Tenochtitlan Sacred Precinct, 605–606, 608
Huitzilopochtli Group, 30, 31
(p. 732) Huitzilopochtli-Tonatiuh, 102
Huitzlampa, 480, 487–488. See also Southern Highlands
Huitznahuatl Teohuatzin, 614
Huixachtecatl, 601
human body, 399, 418
duality of, 400–401
heavy substance of, 401–402
souls in, 402–407
human remains, 11, 615, 632– [link]
humans
creation of, 574–575
as divine representations, 577– [link] , 585, 599, 615
Humboldt, Alexander von, 23, 695, 696, 708
hunting, hunters, 310, 311
ritual, 578–579, 601
seasonal, 306, [link]
identity, 2, 711, 716
dual, 393–394
Nahuat, 417–418
occupation and, 412, 414–415
residence and, 250, 253
textile production and, 375, 392
Toltec influence on, 102–103, 104
Triple Alliance, 709–710
idols, 23, 344, 682, 690
Igualtepec, 484
ihíyotl, 406
Ihuatzio, 545
Ilhuitl Temoc, 65
illness, 407
images: Christian, 682–683
imago mundi, 104
imperialism, 10, 154n.2
Imperial Strategies (Berdan), 483
Inca Empire, [link] , 559, 561, 562, 563, 564
incense burning, 624
Indian Movement, 415
indigenismo, 414, 712
indigenous peoples, 9, 196, 654
Christianization of, 676–677, 680
in Mexico City, 664–665, 669–670
See also by group
inequality
social, 423, 432–433
wealth, 430–431
infants, 256, 379, 405–406
Información de 1554, 483
inherent military probability (IMP), 456, 457
Inquisition, 565, 684
Inspección de Monumentos, 24
institutional theory-building, 144
Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, 6, 24, 61
insurgencies: agrarian, 415, 416–417
intermarriage, 12, 446
intoxicants, 407
irrigation systems, 7, 82, 182, 267, 647
Islam, 562
Itecouh Tepetl, 596
Iturbide, Agustín de, 41
Itzcoatl, 100, 101, 151, 321, 412, 413, 440, 442–443, 444, 486
Itzlacoliuhqui, 334
Itzli, 334
Itzpapalotl, 334, 512, 518
Itzuco, 480
Ixcateco, 480
Ixcateopan, 430
Ixmiquilpan, 694
Ixtapaluca, 57, 204, 205– [link] , 210, 442
Ixtepexi, 483
Ixtetes, Barranca de los, 330
Ixtlahuacan, 463
Ixtlilxochitl, 100, 446
Ixtlixochitl, Fernando, 665
Izcalli, 109, 626
Iztaccihuatl, 576, 602
Iztaccihuatl mountain, 596
Iztapalapa, 60, 222
Itztapalapan avenue, 606
jade/jadeite, 344, 345
Jalisco, 319, 321, 543, 550
jewelry, 291, 319, 320, 338, 344, 345, 351, 424
Jiménez Moreno, Wilberto, 54, 59
Justo Sierra #33 (Mexico City), 668, 669
Kelemen, Pál, 698
knives, [link] , 59, 291, 329, 333, 338
knowledge
indigenous, 665–666
specialized, 237–238
Kubler, George, 698
Kugler, Fanz, 698
labor, 224, 364, 516
agricultural, 264, 265, 271–272
commoners, 180, 213, 426–427
corvée, 100, 281, 432
lake resource exploitation, 306–308
Spanish colonial system, 645, 665
for Triple Alliance, 445–446
laboresque capital, 265
La Dicha mine, 322
La Garrafa cave, 376
lake resources, 84, 301–302, 304
extraction and processing of, 254–256
specialized exploitation of, 306–308
lakes, 7, 8, 84, 96
in Basin of Mexico, 75, 83, 301–303
La Malinche (Tula), 58
La Malinche, Cerro (Coayahualco), 59
Lameiras, José, 451
land, 87, 100, 263, 265, 413
agriculture and, 269–270
common, 271–272
commoner access to, 426–427
pictographic records of, 117–118
Triple Alliance, 443–444
landesque capital, 264, 269–270
landscape, 177
agricultural systems and, 180, 265–269
paintings of historical, 697–698
ritual/sacred, 179, 182–185, 589–590, 595–602, 607
landscaping: in Tenochtitlan, 229. See also parks
languages
of Aztec Empire, 129–138, 412
Southern Highlands, 480, [link]
lapidaries, lapidary art, 392, 586, 615
materials used in, 343–345
Otumba, 289, 290, 291, 350–352
perceived attributes of, 345–346
Late Aztec period, 76, 77–78, 360
city sizes, 207–208(table)
population growth, 82–83
pyramids, 208–209
settlement pattern, [link] , 80, [link] , 83–84, 85
Late Postclassic-Colonial transition, 178–179
Late Postclassic period, 3, 59, 191, 248, 271, 303, 308, 500
Cholula, 525–530
Purépecha Empire, 543, 548
Triple Alliance of, 644–645
Tula region, 60–63
Late Toltec period, 78
settlement pattern, [link] , [link] , 85
La Union mine, 322
leaders, 94, 100
duality, 579–580
See also nobility
lead-glazed pottery, 669
Lehman, Walter, 698
Leon de Gama, Antonio de, 23
León-Portilla, Miguel, 162
Lewis, Oscar, 414
Ley de Lerdo, 413, 415
Leyenda de los soles, 34
Liberation Theology, 415
libraries, 118
in Tenochtitlan, 104–105
Lienzo de Tlapa, [link]
Lienzo de Tlaxcala, 162
lienzos, 118, 162, 482
life cycles, 23
gender and, 389–393
life expectancy, 197–198, 430
Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), 550–551
lineages, 93, 147–148
lingua franca: Nahuatl as, 137–138
livestock, 646, 647, 668
loan words, 130, 137
Lockhart, James, 162, 205–206
logographics, 120
Loma Alta, 549
Lomnitz-Adler, Claudio, 414
López, Jerónimo, 270
López de Gómara, Francisco, 34, 163, 612
Lopez de Velasco, 34
(p. 734) Lord 4 Jaguar, 523, 524
Lord 8 Death, 523
Lord 8 Deer (Jaguar Claw), [link] 513, 514, 518, 523
Lords of the Night, 112
Luz y Fuerza del Centro, 24
Macana red-on-brown, 55
Macayapan, 500
macehualtin. See commoners
Macro-Otomangue language, 480
Macuilcalli, 586
Macuil Ocelotl, 586
Macuil Tochtli, 586
Madsen, William, 713
Magliabechiano Group, 30, 31
maguey (Agave spp.), 59, 84, 118, 265, 266, 375, 377, 378
processing, 289, 290
maize (Zea mays), 23, 181, 265, 401, 418, 577
majolica: Colonial use of, 647, 649–651, 654–655, 669
Malinalcas, 94
Malinalco, 463, 467, 468–469, 694
Malinalxochitl, 95, 96
Malintzin, Malinalli, 376, 502
Manila Market (Parián), 665
manuscripts
Christian, 681–682
copying, 21
Mapa Quinatzin, 121
Mapas de Cuauhtinchan, 525
Mapa Sigüenza, 94, 121, [link]
Mapa Tlotzin, 121
maps, 118, [link]
of Mexica migration, 94, [link]
of Tenochtitlan, [link] , [link]
of tributary provinces, 482–483, [link] , [link] , [link]
marble, 343, 344
markets, marketplaces, 10, 213, 263, 294, 345, 527, 375, 393, 665
ceramic distribution, 629–630
commercial exchange and, 282–284
empires, 560–561
lake resources, 306, 307
Otumba, 291–292
peddlers, 286–287
Postclassic, 148–149
producer-sellers, 285–286
Tenochtitlan, 223–224
market system, 10, 145, 282
agricultural products, 270–271
Basin of Mexico, 84, 85, 644
Colonial period, 653–654
marriages, 94, 238, 390, 392, 412, 446, [link]
cross-ethnic, 413, 481, [link]
Martinez, Pedro, 414
matchmakers, 390
Matlacueye, 596, 598, 600, 601, 602
Matlame, 480
Matlatli Oçomaxoch (10 Monkey Flower), 481, [link]
Matlatzinca, 3, 94, 124, 130, 322, 412, 550, 652
Matlatzinco, 442. See also Calixtlahuaca
matlazahuatl (typhus), 196
Matos Moctezuma, Eduardo, 57–58, 608
Matrícula de Huexotzinco, 365–366
Matrícula de Tributos, 32, 455, 465, 482, 483
tribute items in, 321–322
mats (petates), 254, 302, 304
Maximilian, Emperor, 697
Maxtla, 100, 151, 166
Maya, 104, 110, 713
Mayan language family, 129, 137
Mazahuas, 3
Mazapan tradition, 77
Mazatzin Moctezuma, Gonzalo, 163
Mazatzintamalco, 241
Maztlazinco Calixtlahuaca, 633
medical practicioners, 225
medicines, 304
Medieval American Art: Masterpieces of the New World before Columbus (Kelemen), 698
Memorial de Tlacopan, 502
Memoriales (Motolinia), 34
men, 249, 375, 392
Mendoza, Antonio de, 166
mercenaries, 96, 98
merchants, 284, 286, 287, 291–292, 393, 527, 654. See also pochteca
merlons, 45, [link]
(p. 735) mestizos, mestizaje, 413, 414, 415–416
metallurgy, 289, 319, 546
Spanish descriptions of, 323–324
at Tenochtitlan, 320–323
metepantle, 266
Metropolitan Cathedral and Tabernacle (Mexico City), 22, 24, 241–242, 662, 664
Mexicaltzingo, 253, 310, 442
“Mexican Exhibition at the Egyptian Hall” (Aglio), 697
Mexican Independence, 413–414, 696
Mexicanishe Kunstgeschichte (Lehman), 698
Mexican Revolution, 414, 712
Mexica phase, 60
Mexicas, 2–3, 104, 714
migration of, 94–98, 399
origin myth, 93, 94
state structure, 101– [link]
at Tula, 55–56
Mexicatl Teohuatzin, 614
Mexico: ethnic issues in, 413–414
Mexico, Basin of, 3, [link] , 61, [link] , 175, 189, 265
depopulation of, 194–195
lake resources, 301–302
physical geography of, [link] –75
pre-Conquest population, 190–194
ritual landscape of, 595–602
settlement pattern, 78–85
Settlement pattern survey, 7, 75–78
Mexico City, 21, 130, 645, [link]
Colonial period life in, 668–670
population recovery in, 195–198
residential areas of, 664–665
space use in, 667–668
Spanish reconstruction of, 241–242, 661, 662, 665–667
trading system, 653–654
Mexico-Tenochtitlan. See Mexico City; Tenochtitlan
México y sus alrededores: Coleccion de monumentos, trajes y paisajes en el Museo Nacional de México, 696
Mezquital Valley, 643, 645, 646, 647, 649, 652
Miahuatlan, 483, 513
Michimaloya, 64
Michoacan, 319, 321, 543, 548–549, 550
Michoaque, 412
Mictlan, 26, 394, 408, 409, 597, 600
Mictlancihuatl, 394
Mictlantecuhtli, 25, 31, [link] , 45, 394, 572, 574, 667
middens: New Fire ceremony, 631–632
Middle Formative period, 523
Middle Postclassic period, 496, 626, 632
tecpan system, 235–236
midwives, 628
migrations, 2, 144, 196, 201, 412, 544, 549
histories of, 32, 94–98, [link] 23
Mexica, 93, 399
to Southern Highlands, 480–481
milchimalli, 271
military, 98, 429, 455
as leaders and conquerors, 93–94
structure of, 456–457
Triple Alliance, 101, 103, 443, 444–445, 449, 467
minerals, 615. See also by type
mines, mining
copper, 322, 324
gold and silver, 652, 655
obsidian, 330, 335–336
Ming Empire, [link] , 559, 560, 561, 562, 563
miracles, 683
mirrors: obsidian, 329, 338, 344, [link] , [link]
Misantla, 498
Mitla, 513
Mixcoatl, 573, 578
Mixe-Zoquean language family, 129, 496
Mixquiahuala, 64, 65
Mixquic tradition, 357
Mixtec, 480, 481, 512, 632
Mixteca, Mixtecs, 129, 412, 509–510, 513, 514
Mixteca Alta, 163, 485, 517
Mixtecan, 130
Mixteca-Puebla Polychrome, 518
Mixtec regions, 487
Mixtec-Zapotec zone, 483
Mixtequilla region: Aztec ceramics, 499–500
Mixton, war of, 166
Mizquic, 63, 98
Moctezuma, Isabel de, 65
Moctezuma, Martín, 65
(p. 736) Moctezuma, Pedro (Tlacahuepantzin Yohualicahuacatzin; Pedro de Moteucçoma), 64–65, 685
Moctezuma Ilhuicamina. See Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina
Moctezuma Ilhuitemotzin, Diego Luis de, 65
Moctezuma Xocoyotzin. See Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin
Molina, Alonso de, 35, 400
Molotecatl, 431
Molotla (Yautepec), 431
Monarquía indiana (Torquemada), 34
Monoliths Gallery, 42
monumental art, 9, 45, 65
Calixtlahuaca, 469–470
Tenochtitlan, [link] 67
Tututepec, [link] 12
Moon, 108, 574
moral code, 152
Morelos, 194, 425, 426, 624, 625, 628
commoner houses in, 212–213
rural houses in, 252–253
Motagua, Rio, 344
Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina (Motecuhzoma I; Huehue Moctezuma), 66, 100, 103, 120, 151, 240, 424, 444, 482, 487
state structure reform, 101– [link]
Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (Motecuhzoma II), 64, 103, 153, 223, 323, 424, 444, 445, 487, 497, 501, 694
and Cortés, 163–164
death of, 25–26, 31
palaces of, 236, 242, 664
speeches by, 164–165, 167n.2, 234
motlatocapaca, 166
Moyotan, Moyotlan (Tenochtitlan), 100, 606, 664
mud men-and-women, 628
Muerto, Barranca del, 330
multicrafting, 10, 291
Muñón Chimalpahin, Francisco de San Anton, 34
Muñoz Camargo, Diego, 34, 35
Musée de Quai Branly (Paris), 698
Museo de América (Madrid), 698
Museo del Templo Mayor. See Templo Mayor Museum
Museo Nacional (National Museum), 42, 696
Museo Nacional de Antropología, 6, 23–24, 42
Museo Yucusaa, 511
Museum of Ethnology (Vienna), 698
Museum of Modern Art, 698
museums, 696, [link] , 698
music, 632–633
musical instruments, 290, 324, [link] , 628, 632–633
myths, 21, 571
birth of Quetzalcoatl, 578–579
creation, 573–575, 596
Nahua, 3, 708, 714
Christianization of, 677–683
ethnicity, 412–413
ethnic judgment, 414–415
migration stories, 94, 147
in Southern Highlands, 480–481, 513
Nahuat
in Huitzilan de Serdán, 415–417
kinship and work, 417–418
Nahuatization: Southern Highlands, 480–482, 486–488
Nahuatl, 3, 130, 414, 480, 550, 645, 676, 708
books and manuscripts in, 681–682
as lingua franca, 137–138
naming: children, [link] , 623
Nanahuatzin, 574
Nappa tecuhtli, 310
Narvaez, Panfilo de, 33
natural phenomena, 124
Natural Protected Areas, 182
Naualpilli, 586
Navajas, Sierra de las (Hidalgo), 645, 649, 655
high-backed scrapers from, 652, [link]
Nayarit, 321, 713
Nebel, Carl, 696
neighborhoods, 213, 365
craft specialization in, 287–289
Mexico City, 664–665
neo-evolutionary theory, 7, 8
New Conquest History, 9, 162
(p. 737) New Fire ceremony, 107, 109, 601, 629, 630–632
New Spain, 501
Nexquipayac, 310
nextlahualtin, 408, 615
Nextlalpan, 64
Nezahualcoyotl, 100, 153, 204, 222, 289, 323, 412, 424, 444, 446, 458
exile of, 150–151
park design by, 238–239
Texcoco palace of, [link] , 241
and Triple Alliance, 440, 443
Nezahualtecolotl, 65
Night of Sorrows (Noche Triste), 65
nobility, 33, 34, 94, 100, 144, 146, 147, 423, 424–425, 426, 625, 711
and Cholula, 523–524, 527
Christianized, 677–678
encomienda system, 64–65
wealth variation, 430–431
Noche Triste (Night of Sorrows), 65
Noguera, Eduardo, 76, 451
Nonoalco, 632
Norte de Puebla, Sierra, 417
Nuttal, Celia, 451
Oaxaca, 480, 487, 516,