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date: 24 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Mexica developed a highly sophisticated religious system characterized by a large pantheon and numerous myths and rituals. Calendars and architecture expressed concepts of time and space. Myths describe human activities that had to be accompanied by the appropriate rituals Reciprocal relationships between mortals and gods had multiple aspects and functions, both in the natural realm as well as socially and politically. The practice of human sacrifice was fundamental to creation and a model of the exchange between gods and people. Different social groups, communities, or states had their own rituals for worshipping their patron gods or promoting the success of different activities. Divinatory practices were also important; far from simply revealing an immutable destiny, such activities represented a means of communication with, and intervention by, the gods, whose will could be manipulated in a positive manner for humans, thus disproving the allegedly fatalistic character of Mexica religion.

Keywords: myth, sacrifice, destiny, rituals, divination, calendars, sacred royalty

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