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date: 29 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter assesses Aztec expansion in 10 provinces and 95 indigenous political systems located in the present-day Mexican states of Guerrero, Oaxaca, and southern Puebla. It reviews previous ethnohistorical and archaeological research on this southern region, referred to as Huitztlampa, and in particular focuses on cultural changes resulting from the imposition of the Aztec imperial agenda. These changes were brought about by the extraction of significant quantities of tribute, especially gold, and a gradual process of Nahuatization in this multiethnic region of the southern highlands. The chapter also reviews the intellectual traditions that different generations of scholars have used to approach this complex indigenous political system.

Keywords: Huitztlampa, Guerrero, Oaxaca, southern Puebla, tribute, Nahuatization

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