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date: 30 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter summarizes information about Aztec textiles and their production, providing important information about the economics of this valued good as well as insights into female production and ideology. Textiles, including both clothing and other woven articles, were important commodities in ancient Aztec society. Although they have not preserved well in the archaeological record, textiles are abundantly depicted in pictorial manuscripts, statuary, and ceramic figurines. Additionally, Colonial-period texts describe the gender associations between textile production and female identity and gender ideology. Ethnographic traditions among indigenous groups of the region continue these practices. Finally, archaeological spindle whorls are an abundant artifact type that are often decorated and therefore provide additional information about the functions and symbolic significance of textile production.

Keywords: textile production, female identity and gender ideology, spindle whorls, weaving, textiles

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