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date: 22 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines patterns of mobility and exchange over time in the Southern Andes, the area now recognized as northeastern Argentina, southeastern Bolivia, northern Chile and southern Peru. These patterns persisted through the traffic of colonial exchange and the mercantile flows of nineteenth-century nation-states, including indigenous and Creole merchants and traders. Caravans, animal driving, cattle herding, and markets all enabled an autonomous exchange of products and social connections. Rural practices of resource mobilization analyzed in this chapter enabled communication along age-old routes of circulation and brought together distinct ecological environments, forging a space of exchange that surpassed limitations imposed by the nation state.

Keywords: Southern Andean space, commercial exchange, mobility, herding, markets, distinct ecological environments

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