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date: 22 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Starting with an analysis of an imagined “mystic frontier,” this chapter analyzes various cases of mysticism in Spain and the Americas in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that form part of the frontier imaginary and represent the transformation of spaces into social landscapes. This chapter posits that female mystics were a definitive factor in the attempts to renovate the Franciscan missionary frontier in northern New Spain. The dream of converting infidels and the symbolic territoriality of the “cross” could be used to consolidate missionary power in areas defined as frontiers because of their proximity to nomadic Indians. In particular, this chapter will analyze the case of the Spanish nun María de Jesús de Agreda (Spain, 1602) along with Francisca de los Ángeles, a lay sister of the Third Order of Franciscans who had the protection of the Colegio de la Santa Cruz de Querétaro and fray Antonio Margil de Jesús.

Keywords: spiritual conquest, mysticism, beatas, Francisca de los Angeles, Sor María de Jesús de Agreda, Franciscan utopia, systems of reduction, Antonio Margil de Jesús

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