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date: 23 October 2019

(p. 753) Subject Index

(p. 753) Subject Index

abstraction, 205, 274, 524
Acamas, 45
Acanthus, 214, 302, 308–309, 312–313, 416, 465, 497
Acanthus of Sparta, 52
Acarnania, 32–33, 51, 91–92, 132, 248, 302, 365–366, 369, 600
Accame, S., 635
accuracy. See historical accuracy
Achaea, 4, 50, 77, 163, 259, 375, 552, 598
Acharnae, 87
Achilles, 28, 30, 376, 379–380, 415, 562, 587–588, 590, 696
Adams, John, 198, 679
Adshead, K., 701
advisors (probouloi), 181–182, 184
the Aegean, xvii (map)
Aegina, 60, 71, 77, 107, 152, 155, 344, 410, 632–633
annexation of, 106
fortifications of, 71
scale of coverage of, 212–213
Aegospotami, 165, 182, 190, 441, 528, 630, 632, 634, 636
Aeolians, 56, 90
Aeschines of Sicyon, 58
Aeson, 149
Aetolians, 51
afterthoughts, 249–251
Agathias, 691, 693–694, 696–704
Agis II (Spartan king), 94, 153, 158, 182–183, 240, 298, 334, 420, 628
agriculture, 43–45, 87, 118
Ahmed, S., 444
akoe (hearsay) as evidence, 23–25
akribeia (precision), 575–576
Alcaeus, 146
Alcibiades, 95
Agis II and, 182–183
architectural parallelism and, 199–202
characterization of, 291–295, 293n9
critique of imperialism by, 166
on crowds, 476–477, 483–484
Eleusinian Mysteries, 157
Endius and, 150
Epidaurus and, 152
leadership of, 181, 466–469, 472
mutilation of the herms and, 157–158, 162
narrative art and, 150–159
on necessity of empire, 384–385
Nicias and, 162
occupation of Decelea and, 157–159
the Peloponnesus and, 152–154, 157
Phrynichus and, 185–186, 186n5
Plutarch on, 145
political theory and, 326–327
removal of the Four Hundred and, 187
revolt of Chios and, 181, 336–337
Sicilian expedition and, 203, 350–351
Sparta and, 158
speeches of, 173–174, 272, 275, 278
stasis and, 418–423
Tissaphernes and, 185–186
Alcidas, 90, 411
Alciphron, 153
Alcmaeon, 369–370
Alexiad (of Anna Komnene), 704
alibi, nature as, 355–357
allusions, 601–603
almost episodes, 598–599
ambassadors. See international relations
Ambracia, 32–33, 58, 93
(p. 754) Ameinocles, 53–54, 342
Amorges, 182
Amphilochia, battle in, 32–35, 91–92
Amphipolis. See Ennea Hodoi (Amphipolis)
anankē, 374–375
anarchy, 491–498
Anaxandridas (king of Sparta), 58
Androcles, 186, 419, 613
Andros, 69
anticipation (prolepsis, anticipatio), 242, 594–595
Antimachus, 45
Antiochus, 24, 557–559
Antiphon, 187, 189, 418–420, 422, 577
Antyllus, 427
aparchai, 74–75
Arcadia, 93
the “Archaeology,” 64, 200–201
characterization of Athenians in, 83
compression and, 214
Dionysius of Halicarnassus on, 39
myth and, 257–264
power and, 39–60, 39n1, 339–352
purpose of, 39–40, 39–40n1
ring composition and, 40n1, 202–203
Archidamian War, 81, 82–83, 86, 91, 95, 111, 125–141
Athenian leadership and, 132–133
campaigns in Sicily and, 127
expansion of Athenian Empire during, 106
financial resources and, 134–137
helots and, 133–134
historical accuracy and, 125–129
infantry and, 130–132
inscriptions re, 128
literary evidence re, 126–127
narrative art and, 129–141
naval power and, 130–132
Peace of Nicias and, 139–141, 146
Persian ambassador and, 127
plague narratives in, 138–139
topography and, 126, 128–129
units of action and, 206
Archidamus II of Sparta, 40, 76, 92, 146, 331–336
speech of, 83–87, 123, 270, 278
Archippus, 617
architectural parallelism, 199–202
archon/archontes, 101–102
Argos, 50, 77, 82, 91, 92, 94–95
Alcibiades and, 150–151
Corinth and, 149
infantry and, 58
internal troubles of, 153–154
narrative art and, 153–154
Olympic crisis of 420 and, 151
Peace of Nicias and, 148
Quadruple Alliance and, 93, 95, 111, 148, 150–151, 154, 158
Sparta and, 149, 153–154
Aristarchus, 187
Aristides, 67
Aristogiton, 24, 262
Aristomenes, 617
Aristophanes, 607–617
on Athenian officialdom, 101–103
on causation, 119
on the demos, 449
as evidence, 118, 123, 126–127
on the necessities of nature, 377–378
on Sicilian expedition, 175
on taxation, 106
Aristotle
compression and, 215
on crowds, 475–477
on historiography, 271
irony and, 596
on Lelantine War, 59
on nature, 355–356, 358
on vividness, 218
armament, 40–42
bearing arms in daily life and, 51–52
consequences of, 39–40n1
financial resources and, 44–45
long–range missiles and, 59
Spartan technology and, 83–87
stagnation of Sparta and, 81–82
warfare as normal part of life and, 498–503
army. See infantry
Artabanus, 269
Artaphernes, 127
Artaxerxes, 77, 127
Artemisium, 69
(p. 755) Artobazanes, 269
asides, 244–249
assembly debates, 26–27
Assyrian expansion, 54
Astyochus, 182, 186n5, 418
asymmetry, 669
Athenagoras, 276
Athēnaiōn Politeia, 184–185, 187–188
Athenian development. See also Athens/Athenian Empire
criteria of, 40–42
expansion and, 70–72
imperial, 99–113
process of, 43–50
revolts and, 72–74
Sparta as facilitator of, 49
Athenian Empire (Meiggs), 74
Athens/Athenian Empire, 32–33. See also Athenian development; Delian League; Greece
alliances of (see international relations)
assembly debates at, 26–27, 162, 269
attitudes toward, 108–110
causes of war and (see causation)
changing nature of, 106–108
characterization of, 8, 83, 105, 323–331
critique of imperialism of, 165–168
discord within, 179–180, 183–187
expansion of, 106–108, 118
finance and (see financial resources)
the Five Thousand and, 184, 187–190
fortification of (see fortification)
the Four Hundred (see the Four Hundred)
Greek interstate relations and, 110–112
inaccuracy in histories from, 24
judicial regulations of, 103–104
leadership and, 132–133
management of, 100–104
naval power of (see naval power)
necessity and, 381–385
officials of, 100–104
oligarchy and (see the Four Hundred; oligarchy)
origins of war and (see causation)
political theory and, 323–331
Quadruple Alliance and, 93, 95, 111, 148, 150–151, 154, 158
refusal to fight by, 130–131
religion and (see religion/divine intervention)
stability of, 44, 106–109, 341
stasis and, 418–423
the Thirty and, 187–188
trade and (see trade)
tribute and (see tribute)
athletic nudity, 51–52
Atossa, 269
Attica, 69, 86, 87, 91, 92, 120
agriculture and, 87
occupation of Decelea in, 34
Theseus’ unification of, 44
Attic comedy. See comedy
Attic tragedy. See tragedy
audience, 14, 196
Dionysius and, 14–15
drama and, 33
influencing, 173
interpretation and, 173
response of, 207–209
Aujac, G., 653
authorial comments, 6, 239–254
as afterthoughts, 249–251
as asides, 244–249
on fall of Athens, 251–253
on instability, 248–249
programmatic, 242–244
authorial control, 6–7
authorial vision, 206–207
Bacchiads, oligarchy of the, 54
Badian, E., 119–120, 493
Bakker, E., 169, 171
Balot, R., 8
Barker, E., 174–175
Batavian revolt, 679–680, 682–689
battle narratives. See campaign/battle narratives; specific battles
Bauslaugh, A., 493
Bay of Navarino, 128–129
Bearzot, C., 4
Benardete, S., 533
blockade of trade, 131
Boeotia, 71, 93, 94
campaigns in, 301–314
migration and, 48
Peace of Nicias and, 148
Bolmarcich, S., 95
Brasidas, 89, 91, 151
characterization of, 207, 295–296
leadership of, 464–466, 471–472
narrative art and, 134, 140
political theory and, 334–337
speeches of, 134, 274, 278, 414–417
stasis and, 411, 414–417
Thracian campaign and, 302–314
brutality of war, 33, 502
burial rites. See funeral customs
Byzantium, 65, 110
Caecilius of Caleacte, 646
Cambyses, 55–57
campaign/battle narratives, 7, 301–314. See also specific battles
introductions to, 302–305
speeches in, 311–313
topography and, 126, 128–129
Canfora, L., 147, 627, 653
Capreedy, J., 93
Caria, 106
Carians, 47, 51n5
Carthage, 49, 55–56
Cassius Dio, 700
catalogues, 164, 364–366
Cato the Elder, 666
causation, 27–30, 115–124
Athens and, 118–120, 122–123
Corinth and, 120–121
expansion and, 118
Herodotus and, 28
international relations and, 503–508
Megarian Decree and, 119–123
nature and, 355–372
the Pentecontaetia on, 68
political passions and, 440–446
rank as, 122–123
Sicilian expedition and, 173–175
Sparta and, 120–123
superficial vs. true, 28–30
Cephisodorus, 617
Chaireas, 421
Chalcis, 59, 66n1, 77
Chalcis decree, 74
characterization, 7, 279, 283–298. See also specific individuals
of Athens, 8, 83, 105, 323–331
gossip and, 284
interpretation and, 275
lack of, 283–284
of Sparta, 8, 76–77, 84
through speeches, 284
the Chersonese, 45, 57
Chilon, 58
Chios, 57, 73, 76
revolt of, 181–182, 337–338
Sparta and, 181–182
chronology. See dating systems
Churchill, Winston, 35
Cicero, 563, 645–646, 653
Cilicia, 72
Cimon, 67, 72, 74
citizenry. See crowds
civil war. See stasis
Clazomenae, 182
Cleobulos, 149
Cleon, 91, 107, 120
Aristophanes on, 126, 129
characterization of, 278, 287–288
on crowds, 483–484
Mytilene revolt and, 104, 207–208
narrative art and, 139–140
speeches of, 198, 275, 278, 445–446
Cnemus, 88, 89
coinage, 103
Collingwood, R. G., 225
colonization, 65
comedy, 14, 99, 126, 448, 605–618
comic witness and, 606–609
engagement and, 606–609
mockery and, 607
Pericles as subject of, 609–611
politics as subject for, 613–615
(p. 757) revolt as subject of, 611–618
Sicily as subject of, 611–618
war as subject for, 611–618
compression of episodes, 211, 213–215, 225, 668
conciseness, 212
Connor, W. R., 5, 13, 164, 167, 189, 202–203, 207, 590
contemporary history, 20–22
contingents, catalogue of, 364–366
continuation of Thucydides, 621–637
by Cratippus, 622–624
by Diodorus Siculus, 635–637
in Hellenica Oxyrhynchia, 625–627
by Theopompus, 624–625
Corcyra, 72, 87–88, 90, 107, 116
Athenian alliance with, 53–54, 119–120
murder of Peithias by, 102
stasis and, 35, 409–414
Corinth, 53–54, 58, 87, 89, 94, 96, 151
Argos and, 93, 149
Aristophanes on, 126
Athenian power and, 77
Athenian response to, 432–435
causation and, 120–121
dating of naval history of, 52–54, 54n8
history of, 52–54
Megara and, 71
narrative art and, 132, 132n2
naval power of, 45–46, 48, 52–55, 59, 342
Peace of Nicias and, 148
Sicily and, 167–168
Sparta and, 76, 82–86, 90, 92, 151
speeches of, 345–346, 431–432
trade and, 52, 118
war against the tyrants and, 58
Cornford, F. M., 181, 602–603
Coronea, 95
Crane, G., 531
Cratinus, 606, 611
Cratippus, 14, 622–624
Crawley, R., 504–505
critical reasoning. See judgment
crowds, 10–11
instability of, 262
Pericles’ leadership and, 479–485
political theory and, 475–488
Sicilian expedition and, 476–477
stasis and, 485–487
wisdom of, 475–477, 481, 487–488
The Cultural Politics of Emotion (Ahmed), 444
culture/custom, 42, 50–52, 110. See also funeral customs
Damon, C., 15
Danaos, 50
Darius, 57, 269
dasmos. See tribute
dating systems, 21–22
of cultural history, 50–52
of Diodorus, 65
of Hellanicus, 64
inscriptions and, 74–76
Lelantine War and, 59–60
narrative art and, 146
naval history of Corinth and, 52–54, 54n8
in the Pentecontaetia, 65
seasonal, 22, 196–197
day–by–day narrative, 217, 220–222
de Bakker, M., 6
Decelea, 34, 157–159, 203
de Jonge, C., 14–15
Delian League, 49. See also Athens/Athenian Empire
campaigns of, 69–70
decision–making in, 100
dues of (see tribute)
leadership of, 66
Persian Empire and, 70
rank in, 122–123
treasury of, 2, 68, 74, 78, 104
deliberative speeches, 268
Delium, battle at, 305–308
Delos, 68, 74, 78, 90, 104
purification of, 30, 51n5, 55, 139
Demetrius, 219, 616
democracy, 109–110, 122
advisors and, 181–182
crowds and, 475–488
distrust and, 148
(p. 758) the Four Hundred and, 183–188
mutilation of the Herms and, 157–158
Pericles’ leadership and, 446–453
regime and, 188, 394–399
stability of, 394–399
Democracy and Knowledge (Ober), 475
Demosthenes, 91–92, 133–134
de Ste.–Croix, G. E. M., 120–121
Deucalion, 47
development. See Athenian development
Dewald, C., 206, 213
Dexippus, 691–692, 696–699, 703
dialogues, 33, 155, 204, 216, 267, 267–268n3. See also speeches
Melian (see Melian Dialogue)
Platonic, 272n11, 523, 532
Socratic, 520, 523
Dickens, Charles, 19
Diïtrephes, 34, 164
Diodorus Siculus, 14, 139
continuation of Thucydides by, 635–637
dating systems of, 65
as evidence, 118, 123
on the interwar years, 145
on Sicily, 163–164
Diodotus, 326, 337
on crowds, 483–485
on nature, 359–362
speeches of, 445–446
Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 14–15, 641–656, 680, 704
on anti–Athenianism, 646–649
on the “Archaeology,” 39
audience and, 14–15
on causation, 118
context of, 644–646
on Cratippus, 622
on expansion of episodes, 216–217
on Herodotus, 643–644, 646–648, 650–652
on the Pentecontaetia, 64
on Sallust, 668
on scale, 211
on style, 31
truth and, 651–653
diptych structures, 233–236
direct discourse. See speeches
divine intervention. See religion/divine intervention
Dolopians, 44
domestic politics, 392–394
Dorians, 48, 52
double war motif, 162, 168–172
dress, 51–52
earthquakes, 32, 65, 239–240, 376
Eckstein, A. M., 11
eclipses, 32
Edmunds, L., 394, 396
Egesta, 71, 75
Egypt, 54, 56, 65, 70–72, 74
Eion, 69
eklogeis, 105
the Eleusinian Mysteries, 157
Elis
Lepreum and, 153
Olympic crisis of 420 and, 151
Peace of Nicias and, 148
Quadruple Alliance and, 93, 95, 111, 148, 150–151, 154, 158
Embatum, 90
embellishment, 22, 32
emotion, 10, 19, 31–35. See also suffering
anger (orgē) and, 449–450, 452
erōs and, 436–438
mimesis and, 222–224
political passion and, 443–457
Endius, 150
engagement, 606–609
Ennea Hodoi (Amphipolis), 65, 69, 126, 139–140, 296–297, 308–314
Ephorus, 14, 65, 635–637, 666
Epidamnus, 28, 116
Epidaurus, 152–154
epideictic genre of speeches, 268
epigraphy. See inscriptions
episkopoi, 101
Erechtheis, 72
Eretrians, 59
erōs. See emotion
Erythrae, 90, 101, 109, 182
Erythrae decree, 74, 75–76
ethnography, 246–247, 263–264
(p. 759) Euben, P., 9
Euboea, 59, 69, 75, 88, 172, 188
Eunapius, 693–694
Euphemus, 107, 157, 347–349
Eupolis, 126, 606, 617
Euripides, 377–378, 613
Eurylochus, 92
Eurymedon, battle of, 65, 70, 72
Eusebius, 692
Eustrophos, 149
Evagrius, 692
evasion, 518–521
evidence, 22–24
dearth of facts and, 23, 173–175
differing versions of events and, 551–552
hearsay as, 23–25
Homeric poetry as, 23–24, 560–562
inscriptions as, 24, 74–76, 99–100, 128, 135
oral tradition as, 23–24, 552–554, 562–564
physical, 24
truth and, 22–25, 651–653
exaggeration. See embellishment; hyperbole
exile
appeals to Athens from, 71
of Thucydides, 25, 49, 147, 149, 174, 185, 296–297
expansion of Athenian Empire, 70–72, 106–108, 118
expansion of episodes, 211, 215–217, 220–222
expeditions, 65
eyewitness accounts, 22, 25
famines, 32
fiction. See narrative art
figures of speech, 216
financial resources. See also taxation; tribute
after Sicilian expedition, 181
armament and, 44–45
loans and, 135–137
monetary policy and, 103
narrative art and, 134–137
public, 43–47, 49, 57
Trojan War and, 44–45
First Sacred War, 59
Fisher, M., 9
the Five Thousand, 184, 187–190, 319–320
regime and, 404–405
stasis and, 419, 421–423
Fleischer, U., 570
Flory, S., 89
focalization, 163–164, 207–209
forensic oratory, 268
formal speeches. See speeches
Forsdyke, S., 1–2
fortifications, 342–343
Aeginetan, 71
the Long Walls as, 21, 41, 66n1, 71, 77, 126, 130–131
Thasian, 69
Foster, E., 7
the Four Hundred, 179–190, 420–423. See also oligarchy
Frangoulidis, S., 163, 601
freedom of speech, 277
funding. See financial resources
funeral customs, 33–34, 138–139
juxtaposition of, 203–204
Pericles’ funeral oration and (see Pericles)
Furley, W., 139
Gelon, 58
genealogy, 553, 555
Genette, G., 208
Geuss, R., 531, 545
global political theory. See international relations
gnōmē. See judgment
Gomme, A. W., 72, 100, 450, 593
Gongylus, 167–168
gossip, 284
Gray, V., 14
Greece, 200–201, xvii (map). See also Athens/Athenian Empire
absence of word “Hellenes” in Homer and, 23
agriculture and, 43–45
anarchy under, 491–498
Barbarians and, 28
civil war and, 43, 45
diplomacy and, 492, 495–497
early art and, 51
early history of, 39–60
(p. 760) identity of (see Hellenic identity)
interstate relations in, 110–112
Italy and, 52
migration and, 43, 45, 48
naval power of, 43–47
Olympic crisis of 420 and, 151
Pausanias and, 66
power of, 39–60
Sicily and, 52
on Sparta, 93
stagnation of, 57–60
trade and, 43–45
warfare as normal part of life in, 498–503
Greek tragedy, 33
Greenwood, E., 4
Grethlein, J., 171, 241
Griffin, J., 599n7
Gryllus, 518
Gylippus, 167–168, 171
critique of imperialism by, 166
speeches of, 165, 174
Hagnon, 181
Hanson, V. D., 122
harbors, 69
Hard Times (Dickens), 19
Harmodius, 24, 262
Harris, E. M., 185
Hawthorn, G., 166
hearsay (akoe) as evidence, 23–25
Hecataeus, 25, 25n3
Hellanicus, 22, 64, 65, 555–557, 560
Hellen (Hellenos), 47
Hellenica Oxyrhynchia, 625–627
Hellenic identity, 23, 47, 50–51
Hellenic League. See Delian League
Hellenotamiai, 68, 74, 78, 100. See also tribute
Henderson, J., 13–14
Henry, W. P., 519
Heraclea Trachinea, 88
heralds (kerukes), 33–34, 101
Hermippus, 611, 613, 614
Hermocrates, 157, 163
critique of imperialism by, 166
on nature, 359–362
speeches of, 173–174, 244, 276
Hermogenes of Tarsus, 695
the herms, mutilation of, 157–158, 162
Herodotus
authorial comment by, 240
on Cambyses, 56–57
catalogues of, 164
causation and, 28
on differing versions of events, 551–552
Dionysius of Halicarnassus on, 643–644, 646–648, 650–652
on divine intervention, 30, 427–428
eyewitness accounts and, 25
on freedom of speech, 277
hearsay and, 25
on Homer, 261n7
Homer and, 587
on Ionians, 55
irony and, 594
judgment of, 25
on Karystos, 69
legend and, 245
on Lelantine War, 59
methods of, 195
myth and, 6, 258–260
on naval power, 56
oral tradition and, 25, 552–554
parallels with, 206
on Pausanias, 66
on Persian Empire, 71, 166
Persian War and, 21
Plutarch on, 648
poetry and, 561
on Polycrates, 55
proclamation of identity by, 21
on Sparta, 57–58
speeches in, 267, 268–269, 577, 582
structure of, 196–197
suspense and, 592
treatment of legend by, 41
use of fiction by, 35
on war against the tyrants, 58
Hesiod, 50, 59
Hestiaeans, 107
Hesychius, 693
Hiero, 58
Hipparchus, 24, 175, 553
Hippias, 24, 57–58, 175, 553
(p. 761) Hippocrates, 568–575
death of, 283
speech of, 276
Histiaeus of Miletus, 56n10
Histoire et raison chez Thucydide (Romilly), 205
historical accuracy, 2–4, 22–25
myth and, 257
of speeches, 272–273
historical method, 1–2, 19–36, 195–196
narrative art as part of, 31, 35–36
historiography, 4–7, 559–564. See also narrative art
Aristotle on, 271
authorial comments and (see authorial comments)
campaign/battle narratives and (see campaign/battle narratives)
characterization and (see characterization)
compression of episodes and, 211, 213–215, 225
conciseness and, 212
contemporary history and, 20–22
day–by–day narration and, 217, 220–222
expansion of episodes and, 211, 215–217, 220–222
focalization and, 207–209
irony and, 203–204
juxtaposition and, 203–204
late antique, 15, 692–693
late nineteenth century reception of, 19
method of Polybius and, 660–664
mimesis and, 222–224
myth and, 257–264
reception of, 12–16, 19–20
refined structuring and, 195–209
reprise and, 219–220
ring composition and, 40n1, 202–203
Roman republican, 15
scale and, 211–224
sentence length and, 225–236
speeches and (see speeches)
twentieth century reception of, 20
units of action and, 206–207
verbal linkages and, 205
vividness and, 217–222
Hobbes, Thomas, 8, 197–198, 208, 339–341, 396, 413, 427–428, 535, 644
Hoekstra, K., 9
Homer, 587, 695
allusions to, 601–603
almost episodes and, 598–599
bearing arms in daily life and, 51
catalogues of, 164
dress in, 52
evidence of, 23–24, 560–562
Hellenic identity and, 23, 50–51
Herodotus and, 587
interlace technique and, 588–589
irony and, 594
juxtaposition and, 592–593
myth and, 258, 260–261, 261n7
narrative style of, 587–603
objective pathos and, 599–600
on rank, 122
as rival, 27
on Sicily, 162–163
speeches in, 267, 268
suspense and, 589–592
Trojan War and, 21
hoplites, 84, 87–90, 138
Hornblower, S., 100, 117, 128, 168, 181, 568, 637, 696, 700
hortatory speeches, 268
hubris. See piety/hubris
human nature, 29–30
judgment and, 30
necessity and, 378–381
nonhuman nature and, 371–372
political theory and, 322, 355–372
power and, 339–341
Hunt, P., 3–4, 493
Hunter, V., 478–480
hyperbaton, 216, 225–226
hyperbole, 32, 34–35, 216
Hyperbolus, 126–127
ideal state, 319–321
Imbros, 57
impartiality. See objectivity/impartiality
implicit meaning, 197–202
Inaros, 71
individuals. See characterization; narrative art; specific individuals
(p. 762) infantry, 48–49, 56n10, 58, 91–93
Archidamian War and, 130–132
attacks by, 66n1
hoplites and, 84
narrative art and, 130–132
unification and, 48–49
inscriptions as evidence, 24, 74–76, 99–100, 128, 135
instability. See stability/instability
interlace technique, 588–589
international relations, 11, 53–54, 111–112, 119–120, 149, 150, 180–183
anarchy and, 491–498
capture of Persia and, 127
causation and, 503–508
Greek, 492, 495–497
interwar years and, 147–149
mediation and, 495
political theory and, 491–509
power and, 506–508
Quadruple Alliance, 93, 95, 111, 148, 150–151, 154, 158
realism and, 496–506
stability and, 320, 322, 335
transcription of documents and, 155–156
war and, 498–503
interpretation, 275. See judgment
interwar years, 145–159
Alcibiades and, 150–152
Argos’ internal troubles during, 153–154
diplomacy and, 147–149
instability during, 146–148, 156
instability of truce and, 146–147, 168–170
Olympic crisis of 420 and, 151
the Peloponnesus and, 152–154
Sicilian expedition and, 157
Ionia, 90
growth of, 55–57
migration and, 48, 52
naval power of, 55–57, 58
Pausanias and, 66
revolt of, 57
Isocrates
critique of imperialism by, 166–167
literary evidence of, 99
on tribute, 104
Jacoby, F., 560
Jaffe, S., 9
Jefferson, Thomas, 679
Jerome, 692
John Kinnamos, 704
John Stobaeus, 693, 695
John Tzetze, 704
Joho, T., 13–14
Jordanes, 692
judgment (gnōmē), 19, 20, 23–24, 449–453
of character, 243–244, 249–251
of Herodotus, 25
human nature and, 30
of imperialism, 165–168
of leadership, 460
Plato on, 539–544
Sicilian expedition and, 173–175
speeches and, 27
judicial regulations of Athens, 103–104
Justus Lipsius, 678
juxtaposition, 203–204, 592–593
Kagan, D., 119, 134, 533
Kaldellis, A., 703–704
Kallet, L., 2, 105, 136, 164
Kantakouzenos, J., 701
Karystos, 69, 70
Kelly, G., 700
Kelly, T., 87, 88
Kerameikos, 138
kerukes. See heralds
kinēsis, 8, 11, 40, 223, 367, 380, 431, 486, 538
interwar years and, 146–147
political theory and, 339–340, 344–346
stasis and, 410, 423–424
King’s Peace, 96
Kleinias, 76
Komnene, A., 704
Komon, 134
Konstan, D., 444
Kraus, C. S., 672
Krentz, P., 499
Kühn, J.–H., 570
Lacedaemonians, 82, 84, 88, 90, 94–95
Laches, 126, 150
(p. 763) Lamachus, 126
land army. See infantry
Landemore, H., 475
Lapis Primus, 74
late antique historiography, 15
law, 491–509
anarchy and, 491–498
causation and, 503–508
rule of, 403–404
stability and, 403–406
leadership, 132–133
of Alcibiades, 181, 466–469, 472
of Brasidas, 464–466, 471–472
of Delian League, 66
judgment of, 460
of Nicias, 469–472
political theory and, 459–472
legend, 21, 41–42, 245, 247–249
Lelantine War, 57, 59–60
Lemnos, 57, 73
Lendon, J. E., 122–124
Leon, 150
Leontini, 71
Leo the Deacon, 704
Lepreon/Lepreum, 148, 151, 153
Lesbos, 57, 73, 87, 182–183
Leuctra, battle of, 96
Libya, 71
Lichas, 182
linkages, verbal, 205
literary evidence, 23–24, 99–100, 118, 123, 126–127
litotes, 216
loans, 135–137
Logistai inscription, 135
logos. See judgment
Longinus, 218, 223
long–range missiles, 59
long ships, 45
Loraux, N., 169
Low, P., 3
lowering style, 215
loyalty oaths, 101
Lucian, 687, 695
Ludwig, P., 11
Macedonia, 107, 110
Machiavelli, 319, 322
Mackie, C. J., 601
Macleod, C., 386, 581, 581n35, 587
Malalas, 693
Malchus, 693–694
Mantinea, 83, 92–93, 95
Peace of Nicias and, 148
Quadruple Alliance and, 93, 95, 111, 148, 150–151, 154, 158
Tegea and, 153
Mara, G., 11–12
Marinatos, N., 602
Martin, R., 677
Massalia, 55–56
Mattingly, H., 75
Mazzarino, S., 562
meaning, 197–202, 205
mediation, 495
medical writings, 29, 138, 567, 569–576
the Mediterranean, xxiii (map)
Megabazus, 56n10
Megara, 72, 72n2, 77, 89–90, 93
Corinth and, 71
Peace of Nicias and, 148
revolt of, 75
Megarian Decree, 64, 119–123
Meiggs, R., 74, 136
Melian Dialogue, 165, 202, 433–434
juxtaposition of, 204
parody and, 531
Melos, 29, 106, 107
capture of, 154–155
narrative art and, 154–155
scale of coverage of, 213
memory, 22, 350–352
deficits in, 25–27
Menander, 618
Menander Protector, 693–694, 703
Menedaïus, 92
mercenaries
Persian Empire and, 73
Thracian, 34–35, 164–165, 203
merchant shipping. See naval power; trade
Messenians, 71, 77
Methone, 75, 110
Methymna, 182
migration, 43, 45, 48, 52, 55–56
Miletus, 56–57, 58, 72
archon of, 102
blockade of, 182–183
restrictions on, 108
military resources. See armament; technology
military skill. See armament
Millender, E., 2–3
mimesis, 222–224
Mimnermus, 561–562
Minoa, 106
Minos of Crete, 51
evidence and, 52
naval power of, 29, 43–44, 46, 341
as peacemaker, 44
unification of Greece and, 47
Minotaur, 44
Mitchell, L., 393n4
mobs. See crowds
mockery, 607
modernity, 41–42
monetary policy, 103
movement. See kinēsis
Müller, D., 128
Munson, R., 6
Mycalessus, 34–35, 164–165, 203, 349–350. See also Boeotia
Mycenae, 24
Mynott, J., 534
Myrcinus, 56n10
Mytilene, 57
Cleon and, 207–208
juxtaposition of, 204
scale of coverage of, 212–213
Sparta and, 66
narrative art, 19–20, 30–35, 73, 117–123. See also historiography
Alcibiades and, 150–159
allusions and, 601–603
almost episodes and, 598–599
the “Archaeology” and, 39
Archidamian War and, 129–141
architectural parallelism and, 199–202
asymmetry and, 669
authorial comment and (see authorial comments)
causation and, 115–124
characterization and (see characterization)
comic witness and, 606–609
conveying historical insight through, 35–36
day–by–day, 217, 220–222
disaster and, 173–175
early Greek history and, 39–60
engagement and, 606–609
focalization and, 163–164, 207–209
the Four Hundred and, 179–190
historical method and, 1–2, 19–36
imperial development and, 99–113
incompleteness and, 4, 146–147, 149, 156, 171, 179–181, 190
influences on, 664–671
interlace technique and, 588–589
interpretive problems and, 161–163
interwar years and, 145–159
irony and, 203–204, 594–598
juxtaposition and, 203–204, 592–593
location of the Pentecontaetia and, 64
objective pathos and, 599–600
as part of historical method, 31, 35–36
patterning and, 594–598
Peloponnesian League and, 81–96
the Pentecontaetia and, 63–79
raising abstract questions through speeches and, 271–272
retardation and, 590–592
rhetorical necessity and, 385–387
ring composition and, 40n1, 202–203
Sicilian expedition and, 161–176
Sparta and, 81–96
speeches and (see speeches)
stasis in, 409–424
step–by–step clarification and, 590
style and, 659–673
suspense and, 170–172, 589–592
tragedy and, 587–603
transcription of documents and, 155–156
nature
as alibi, 355–357
defectiveness of, 358–359
divine law and, 370–371
necessity of, 375–378, 525–529
as obstacle, 355–357
political theory and, 355–372
worthiness of Athens and, 357–358
Naupactas, 71, 77
naval power, 41–60, 56n10, 78. See also trade
Archidamian War and, 130–132
of Athens, 66n1, 70, 78, 86, 131–132
Delian League and, 69–70
hoplites and, 87–90
narrative art and, 130–132
of the Peloponnese, 131–132
of Phoenicia, 73
political theory and, 340–352
removal of the Four Hundred and, 187–188
of Sparta, 87–90
Naxos, 58, 66n1
enslavement of, 110
revolt of, 65, 70, 72, 78
necessity
choice and, 374–375
human nature and, 378–381
imperialism and, 381–385
injustice and, 381–385
natural, Xenophon on, 525–529
of nature, 375–378, 525–529
responsibility and, 378–381
rhetorical, 385–387
Necho, 54
Nemea, 95
Nichols, M., 10, 480, 484
Nicias, 25–26
Alcibiades and, 150, 162
architectural parallelism and, 199–202
characterization of, 202, 288–291
critique of imperialism by, 168
on crowds, 483–484
leadership of, 469–472
letter from, 25–26, 174, 278n21
narrative art and, 140
the Peloponnesus and, 157
on piety, 363–364
religion and, 429
speeches of, 165, 171–172, 174, 201, 274–275, 278
Nicostratus, 410–411
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 531, 545
Nisaea, 90
non–human nature, 371–372
nudity, 51–52
oaths, 29, 92, 187, 336–337, 341, 527
international relations and, 492–493
interstate relations and, 101, 111
interwar years and, 150, 152
myth and, 261
religion and, 428
stasis and, 412, 414, 416, 421, 424
tragedy and, 579
Ober, J., 475–476
objectivity/impartiality, 25, 117, 120, 599–600
observation. See eyewitness accounts
obstacle, nature as, 355–357
Oenoe, 86
Oenophyta, battle of, 71
“Old Oligarch”, 99
oligarchy. See also the Four Hundred
Athēnaiōn Politeia on, 184–185
portrayal of, 183–184
stability of, 394–399
tyranny and, 58
oligarchy of the Bacchiads, 54
Olympic crisis of 420, 151
Olympiodorus, 693–694
omens, 368–369
oracles, 245–246
oral tradition
as evidence, 23–24, 552–554, 562–564
Hecataeus and, 25
Herodotus and, 25, 552–554
orgē. See emotion
The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (de Ste.–Croix), 120
(p. 766) Orwin, C., 8–9, 379, 394
Ostwald, M., 117, 375
Ozolian Locrians, 51
Paches, 207–208
Page, D. L., 570
Pagondas, 283
Palmer, M., 9
Pamphylia, 70
Pan–Achaeans, 50
Panhellenes, 50
Paralos (ship), 411
parody, 157, 531
Paros, 69
Parry, A., 198, 570–571
passions. See emotion; suffering
pathos, 224, 599–600
patterning, 594–598
Pausanias, 66–67
Pazdernik, C., 700, 702
Peace of Callias, 78
Peace of Nicias, 49, 51, 53, 82, 111, 145–159
Archidamian War and, 146
instability of, 146–147, 168–170
narrative art and, 139–141
ratification of, 148
transcription of documents and, 155–156
Peiraeus, 89–90
Peisistratus, 55, 58
Peithias, murder of, 102
Peloponnesian League, 2–3, 71, 93
Congress of, 270
rank in, 122–123
secessions from, 121
Sparta and, 81–96
speeches held before, 81–82
Peloponnesus, 70, 90, xix (map). See also Sparta
agriculture and, 118
Alcibiades and, 152–154, 157
diplomacy in, 147–149
earthquake in, 65
instability in, 94–95
migration and, 48
narrative art and, 147–149, 157
naval power of, 41, 131–132, 182–183
self–interest and, 48
Sicilian expedition and, 157
subjection of, 71, 148
Pentecontaetia, 21, 63–79
Athenian power and, 116
Athens’ imperial power and, 106
campaign narrative in, 69–70
on causation, 68
on Corinth, 77
dating systems in, 65
evidence and, 74–76
on expansion, 70–72
narrative location of, 64
on origins of empire, 65–66
on Pausanias, 66–67
on power of Athens, 70–77
power of Athens and, 66n1
purpose of, 63–65
on revolt, 72–74
on Sparta, 76–77
on tribute, 67–68
pentekontors, 45–46, 57, 59–60
Perdiccas (Macedonian king), 107
performance of speeches, 576–584
Periander (tyrant of Corinth), 54, 58, 59
Pericles
Aristophanes on, 126
on armament, 41
on Athens, 86
causation and, 118–119
characterization of, 285–287
death of, 107
first speech to the Athenians of, 88
funeral oration and, 139, 201, 203–204, 260, 268, 323–331, 347, 351–352, 435–436
Megarian Decree and, 64
on military tactics, 83–84
narrative art and, 130–133, 135, 139–140
on necessity of empire, 383–384
on necessity of war, 373–374, 387–389
parallelism and, 199–202
restraint of, 107
Samos revolt and, 73
on scale, 212
(p. 767) strategy of, 182
as subject of comedy, 609–611
on tribute, 75
perioikic revolt, 65
Perrochat, P., 670
Persian Empire
Athens and, 49
collaboration with, 57
dasmos and, 68
Delian League and, 70
diplomatic relations with, 111–112, 127
expansion of, 56
funding of navies by, 49
invasions of, 166
Lacedaemonians and, 82
naval power and, 42, 55–57, 56n10
Samian revolt and, 73
Sparta and, 181–183
tribute and, 104
Persian War, 21, 55
personal observation. See eyewitness accounts
Pharnabazus, 182
Phaselis, 76
Pheidon of Argos, 58, 59
Philistus, 175–176
Philocharidas, 150
Phliasians, 94
Phocaea, 55–57, 77
Phocis, 58
Phoenicia, 70, 72–73
Phormio, 88, 132
phoros. See tribute
phrourarchos, 101
Phrynichus, 182, 185–187, 186n5, 189, 418–419
phusis, 355–356, 358
physical evidence, 24
piety/hubris, 8, 11. See also religion/divine intervention
nature and, 356, 363–364, 369
Plato on, 523
political philosophy and, 332–333, 335–336
political theory and, 427–441
Xenophon on, 515–516, 521–525
Pindar, 561
piracy, 23, 43–46, 51, 51n5, 55–56
Piraeus, 69, 118, 188
Pisander, 186–188, 418–420, 422
plague narratives, 31–33, 138–139, 204, 438–440, 569–574
Plataea, 31, 696–700
defense speech, 277–278
justice and, 578–581
juxtaposition of, 204
Theban attack on, 64
Plato, 11–12
comedy in, 609, 613
context and, 532–534
dialogues and, 272n11, 523, 532
on judgment, 539–544
on nature, 355, 358, 361
on necessity for war, 539–544
on piety, 523
political theory and, 531–545
realism and, 538, 540
on scale, 211
on upheaval, 534–539
Pleistoanax, 77, 130, 140
Pleistolas, 146
pleonasm, 216
Plutarch
on Alcibiades, 145
on Aristides, 67
characterization and, 284
on Delos, 74
as evidence, 118
on Herodotus, 648
Hobbes on, 198, 208
on the interwar years, 145
on Sicilian expedition, 176
on Skyros, 69
on war against the tyrants, 58
poetry, 559–562. See also specific poet
polemics, 242–243
political theory, 7–12, 319–337
Athens and, 323–331
comedy and, 613–615
crowds and, 475–488
human nature and, 322, 355–372
ideal state and, 319–321
instability and, 531–545
international relations and, 491–509
(p. 768) leadership and, 459–472
nature and, 355–372
naval power and, 340–352
necessity and (see necessity)
passion and, 443–457
Pericles’ funeral oration and, 323–331
power and, 339–352
principles of political rule and, 401–405
realist (see realism)
regime and, 391–406
religion and, 427–441
Sparta and, 331–336
stasis and, 409–424
utopianism and, 319–321
war and, 321–322
Xenophon and, 515–529
Polybius, 15, 659–666
Polycrates, 48, 55–58
polysyndeton, 222
Pontier, P., 629
Pope, M., 395
Porciani, L., 12–13
portents, 368–369
Potidaea, 28, 72, 116, 119, 120
power
analysis of, 39–40
the “Archaeology” and, 39–60, 39n1, 339–352
of Athens, 24, 28–29, 64, 66n1, 70–77, 339–352
as cause of war, 115–124
of Greece, 39–60
human nature and, 339–341
international relations and, 506–508
memory and, 350–352
naval (see naval power)
political theory and, 339–352
realism and, 336–337
of Sparta, 343–346
suffering and, 39n1
praeteritio, 260
Prasia, 126
precision (akribeia), 575–576
Price, J., 410n2, 411n3
Priene, 72
Priscus, 691–699, 703
Pritchett, W. K., 128, 650
probouloi (advisors), 181–182, 184
Procopius, 15, 691–705
Prodicus, 212
“Prospectus” of multilateral alliance, 109
proxenos, 102, 110, 112
public finance, 43–47, 49, 57. See also tribute
purification, 30, 51n5, 55, 139
Pylos, 93
Aristophanes on, 126, 129
battle of Mantinea and, 154
geography of, 128–129
occupation of by Athenian Demosthenes, 91
Quadruple Alliance, 93, 95, 111, 148, 150–151, 154, 158
Quintilian, 215, 218, 666, 668
Quintus Aelius Tubero, 645, 651, 653
Quintus Fabius Pictor, 665
Raaflaub, K., 35, 166, 394, 396, 677
Rahe, P., 9–10
raids, 34–35
rank, Spartan–Athenian relations and, 122–123
rationalism, 25n3
rationality, 10
Rawlings, H. R., III, 5, 13, 544, 602
realism, 11, 366, 409, 531
international relations and, 496–506
Plato and, 538, 540
power and, 336–337
speeches and, 278
tragedy and, 582–584
Xenophon and, 515–529
reasoning. See judgment
reception of historiography, 12–16, 19–20
refined structuring, 195–209
regime (politeia)
democratic, 188, 394–399
domestic politics and, 392–394
the Five Thousand (see the Five Thousand)
importance of, 391–392
kingship and, 400–401
oligarchy and, 394–399
political theory and, 9, 391–406
principles of political rule and, 401–405
rule of law and, 403–404
tyranny and, 395, 400–401
wisdom and, 402–403
Reichel, M., 590
Reinhardt, K., 598
religion/divine intervention, 9–10, 28, 30, 32. See also myth
divine law and, 370–371
First Sacred War and, 59
funeral customs and (see funeral customs)
late antique historiography and, 692–693
loans from sacred treasuries and, 135–137
Olympic crisis of 420 and, 151
omens and, 368–369
panic over, 440–441
participation in, 110
piety and (see piety/hubris)
plague narratives and, 572–573
political theory and, 427–441
Second Sacred War and, 77
Third Sacred War and, 151
Xenophon on, 521–525
Rengakos, A., 590–592
reprise, 219–220
responsibility, 378–381
retardation of narrative, 590–592
reversal, 596–598
revolt
Athenian development and, 72–74
of Batavia, 679–680, 682–689
of Chios, 181–182, 337–338
of Clazomenae, 182
of Egypt, 71
of Erythrae, 182
of Euboea, 75, 188
helot, 65, 120–121
Ionian, 57
of Megara, 75
of Messenians, 71
of Methymna, 182
of Naxos, 65, 70, 72, 78
perioikic, 65
of Rhodes, 182
of Samos, 72–73, 77, 107
Sparta’s encouragement of, 181–182
as subject of comedy, 611–618
Tacitus on, 679–687
of Thasos, 65, 69, 78
tribute and, 75
rhetoric, 273–275, 694–696. See also speeches
of justice, 576–584
necessities of, 385–387
performance of speeches and, 576–584
Rhodes, 182
Rhodes, P. J., 493
ring composition, 40n1, 202–203
risk–taking, 223
rivals of Thucydides, 20–21, 27, 31, 666
Robinson, E., 3
Roisman, J., 90
Roman republican historiography, 15
Romilly, J. de, 5, 205, 340, 499, 531, 703
Rood, T., 207–208, 241, 250, 632, 635, 664, 665
Roscher, W., 19
Rostovtzeff, M., 502
Rubel, A., 139
Rusten, J., 5–6, 208, 544
Sacred War. See also religion/divine intervention
First, 59
Second, 77
Saïd, S., 393n4, 394
Salaminia (ship), 158, 411
Salamis, 67, 69, 89
Sallust, 15, 665–673, 677
Samons, L., 129
Samos, 53–54, 59, 66n1, 76
alliance with Athens and, 182
naval power of, 48, 57
removal of the Four Hundred and, 187
revolt of, 72–73, 77, 107
stasis in, 73, 76
war against the tyrants and, 58–59
Saxonhouse, A., 8
scale, 211–224
Scanlon, T. F., 670
Schadewaldt, W., 589
Schepens, G, 629
Schiller, Friedrich, 267
Schmitt, C., 535
Scione, 126
(p. 770) Scyros, 44
seasonal dating systems, 22, 196–197
secession. See revolt
Second Preface, 147
Second Sacred War, 77
self–interest, 48
sentence length, 225–236
Sestos, 68
Shear, J. L., 185
shipping. See naval power; trade
ships/shipping. See naval power
Sicily/Sicilian expedition, 30, 31, 34, 49, 71, 107, 161–176, 200–201, xxi (map)
accuracy re, 127
Alcibiades and, 203
Aristophanes on, 175
authorial vision and, 206–207
catalogue of the contingents and, 364–366
colonization of, 54
critique of imperialism and, 165–168
crowds and, 476–477
Diodorus Siculus on, 163–164
diplomatic relations with, 111–112
as disaster, 173–175
double war motif and, 162, 168–172
early history of, 21
Euboea and, 172
Greek expansion and, 52
Homer on, 162–163
juxtaposition of, 204
narrative art and, 157
naval power of, 48
the Peloponnesus and, 157
Philistus on, 175–176
Plutarch on, 176
political passion and, 453–457
the Sikanoi and, 24
as subject of comedy, 611–618
as tragedy, 172–173
tribute and, 104
tyrants of, 48, 57–59
unpredictability of war and, 170–172
Sicyon, 58, 77
Sigeion, 58
signs, 368–369
the Sikanoi, 24
Skyros, 69
slavery, 134
capture of Melos and, 155
Naxos and, 110
in the Pentecontaetia, 47, 49, 69, 70, 78
social control. See crowds
social status, 109, 138
Socrates/Socratics, 520, 523
on nature, 355–372
Xenophon and, 515–529
Song of Wrath (Lendon), 122
the Sophists, 212, 576–577
Sophocles
as advisor, 181
irony and, 595–597
tragedies of, 33
Sparta. See also the Peloponnesus
Agamemnon and, 47–48
Alcibiades and, 150, 158
Ambraciots and, 32
Argos and, 149, 153–154
Aristophanes on, 126
Assembly speeches of, 81–82
Athenian power and, 65, 70–72, 76–77, 115–124
attitudes toward Athens and, 109
capture of Melos and, 154–155
causation and, 120–121, 122–123
characterization of, 8, 76–77, 84
Chios and, 181–182
collapse of, 111
Corinth and, 76, 82–86, 90, 92, 151
Delian League and, 66
diplomacy and, 147–149
discord within, 182
Euboea and, 88
as facilitator of Athenian development, 49
geographical errors re, 128–129
Greece on, 93
Herodotus on, 57–58
infantry of (see infantry)
Mytilene and, 66
narrative art and, 147–149
naval power of, 87–90, 181–182
occupation of Decelea by, 34
Olympic crisis of 420 and, 151
Pausanias and, 67
Peloponnesian League and, 81–96
Persian Empire and, 181–183
political theory and, 331–336
power of Athens and, 24, 28–29, 66n1
refusal of arbitration by, 64
regime and, 85, 396–398
religion and (see religion/divine intervention)
revolts against, 65
secrecy of, 27
size of army of, 27
stagnation of, 81–82
stasis at, 414–417
strategy of, 181–182
technology and, 83–87
truce with Athens and, 93
war against the tyrants and, 57–59
speeches, 7, 25–27, 33, 267–279, 270n7, 271n9. See also specific speakers
attitudes toward Athens in, 109
in campaign/battle narratives, 311–313
characterization through, 284
composition of, 26
deliberative, 268
diversity of, 276
epideictic genre of, 268
exhortative, 268
forensic oratory and, 268
in Herodotus, 577, 582
historical accuracy of, 272–273
judgment and, 27
Peloponnesian League and, 81–82
performance of, 576–584
raising abstract questions through, 271–272
realism and, 278
rhetoric and, 273–275
Sicilian expedition and, 157
silence during, 485–487
sound effects in, 278n21
at Spartan Assembly, 81–82
stasis and, 414–417
topics of, 276–277
Sphacteria, 91, 93
Spiraeum, battle of, 182
stability/instability, 367, 370
of Athens, 44, 106–109, 341
authorial comments on, 248–249
of crowds of, 262
of democracy, 394–399
international relations and, 320, 322, 335
during interwar years, 146–148, 156
of language, 393n4
law and, 403–406
migration and, 48
of oligarchy, 394–399
in the Peloponnesus, 94–95
political theory and, 531–545
stasis and, 417
unification and, 49
Stadter, P., 7
Stahl, H.–P., 5, 167
Standards Decree, 102–103, 108
stasis, 9–10, 13, 362
Athens and, 418–423
Corcyra and, 409–414
crowds and, 485–487
political theory and, 409–424
rule of law and, 403–404
in Samos, 73, 76
Sparta and, 414–417
stability and, 417
teaching on, 423–424
step–by–step clarification, 590
Sthenelaïdas, 77, 85, 123
speech of, 270, 278
Strabo, 59, 695
Strasburger, H., 5, 587
Strauss, L., 357, 370–371, 394, 409, 424
structure, 5–6, 196–197
diptych, 233–236
refined, 195–209
syntactical, 197–199
Strymon River, 56,