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date: 20 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the importance of domestic politics generally and the regime in particular in Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. It examines Thucydides’ presentation of the rule of the one (kingship or tyranny), the few (oligarchy), and the many (democracy), and concludes by suggesting that there are three principles of political rule that Thucydides himself endorses: the rule of the wise, the rule of law, and a mixed regime, with reference to his praise of the regime of the Five Thousand at Athens in the eighth book. Throughout the History, the matter of the regime is explored in relation to the broader phenomenon of war, in which avoiding civil war proves of paramount importance. The difference between Thucydides and the later Socratics, for whom the question of the regime is of central importance, revolves around the question of the primacy of war or peace.

Keywords: Thucydides, regime, kingship, tyranny, oligarchy, democracy, mixed, regime, civil war Five Thousand

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