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date: 03 August 2020

(p. 588) Index

(p. 588) Index

(p. 589) 1960s, the
in Africa 229–230, 234, 236, 238
Australia and New Zealand in 182, 186, 190, 192
in Asia 224, 438, 502
Europe in 149–150, 160, 285
gender in 71–72, 358
higher education in 267–268, 290–291
history of education in 4–5, 21, 27–28, 338, 476, 523, 546
historical methods in 48, 53, 56, 58
historical theory in 66–67, 69–73
industrialization in 494, 496
in Latin America 207–208, 308
in the Middle East 252–253
North American higher education in 290–291, 296–297
progressive education in 155, 467, 470–471
race in 347, 396, 407–408
technology in 559, 562
urban history in 33, 36, 38, 40
1970s
in Africa 228–229, 236, 409–410
Australia and New Zealand in 185, 187, 189–191
in Asia 224, 438
Europe in 159–161, 285
gender in 71–72, 357–358, 550
higher education in 259, 268–269, 291, 294–295
history of education in 2–5, 8–9, 12, 21, 24–25, 27–28, 83, 87, 338, 540
historical theory in 66–67, 69–73
in Latin America 208–209
in the Middle East 243, 251–254
professional education in 317–318, 322–324, 329–330
progressive education in 467–468, 470–471
technology in 559–560, 562–564
urban history in 36, 38, 40, 44, 497
1980s
Africa in 228, 234–235
Australia and New Zealand in 185, 187–188, 191
childhood in 432–433
Europe in 160, 493
gender in 72
higher education in 296, 307
history of education in 24, 27, 66, 70, 501
indigenous history in 134, 142
the Middle East in 243, 253
professional education in 329–330
in Russia 484, 495
technology in 560, 562–563
urban history in 36, 492, 496
1990s
Africa in 234–236
Europe in 149, 160, 285, 322–324, 330
higher education in 290, 308, 330
history of education in 4, 7–9, 26–28, 59, 91, 478, 523–525
Latin America in 207–208, 308, 500
the Middle East in 243, 253
migration in 378, 381–382, 409–410
theory in 66, 70, 72–74, 356, 525
urban history in 36, 38
A
Abelard, Peter 103
ability 190, 218–219, 342–343, 556
disability. See disability
aboriginal people
in Australia 182, 184–185
in Canada 61–62
academic freedom, in universities 280–281, 286, 297–298, 312–313
academies
in Australia 185
in China 122–123
in Europe 263–264, 276, 278–279
gender in 365–366
in India 437
in Japan 114, 127
in North America 291, 294
academy of sciences, Germany 279–280, 284
accreditation 164, 167, 178, 297–298, 318–319, 541
acculturation 41, 381
administrators, school 475, 486–487
and bureaucracy 55
and gender 298
historiography of 11, 492–495
and professional education 317–318
professionalization of 481–484
and the purpose of schooling 484–486
and state formation 478–480
adult education 236–237, 540, 542, 558
Africa
in the 1930s 230–232
in the 1960s–1980s 232–234
African airlift 407
African diaspora, the 10–11, 399–400, 407–409
alternative educational models in 236–237
child labor in 436
colonial education in 415–418, 420–423, 500–501
colonization of 74, 228–230, 306, 341
pre-slave trade education in 399–400
and the fall of the Ottoman Empire 244, 246
higher education in 308, 310–311, 323
historiography of 7, 60, 238, 313, 367
immigration from 161, 381
independence movements in 7, 232, 402–403, 405, 422, 483–484
Pan-Africanism 405–407, 577–578
religious education in 445–446
role of World Bank and UNESCO in 234–236
slave trade, the 389, 399–402, 419, 449
South Africa. See South Africa
urbanization in 490–491
African American people 40–41, 379, 394, 400–401, 406–408
teachers 477, 484
African diaspora, the 10–11, 399–400, 407–409
Afrikaner people 237, 340–341, 395–396
Afro-Caribbean people 401–403, 408–409
agrarian societies 33–34, 150, 218, 490, 496, 500
agriculture 11, 86, 137, 139, 141, 191, 417, 431, 436
Al-Azhar 242–243, 303
Algeria
Algerian Revolution 250–251
anticolonial movement in 422
French colonization of 74, 231–232, 246–249
Ali, Muhammad 245
alphabet, the 91, 250, 306, 513, 517
Alsace-Lorraine territory 150–151, 529–530
alternative schools 467–468, 471
Alvarez v. Lemon Grove 395
American Samoa 559
Americanization programs 73, 176, 286, 375–376, 378, 394
ancien régime, the 264, 277, 280
Anderson, James 72–73, 340
Anglican Church, the 151–153, 165–166, 171–172, 452–453
in North America 292, 389, 446–447
Anneles School, the 3–4, 21
antebellum era, the 24–25, 365–366, 435, 497
anticolonialism
in Africa 405
and colonial education 413, 415, 421–422
in the Middle East 249
scholars of 73–74
antiliteracy laws 401
apartheid 230, 237, 340–341, 395–396, 484
apprenticeships
in ancient history 84–86
and informal education 541
in professional education 317, 319–320, 324, 326, 328
Aquinas, Thomas 107–109, 305
Arab people 54, 218–219, 249–251
archaeology 52, 56–57
Archaic period, the 85–86, 88
Archer, Margaret 574
Archer, Susan 166
architecture, as profession 316, 318–319, 327–328
ateliers 327–328
Ariès, Philippe 3–4, 11, 431
Arikara people 134, 140
Aristotle 83–84, 93, 101, 104, 107
Armenia 149, 302–303
Asia
childhood in 438
colonialism in 305–307
concept of 302
establishment of education systems in 213–214
higher education in 302, 304–305, 308–309
and the history of education 5
immigrants from 393
modernity in 309–313
religious education in 451–452
urbanization in 490–491, 501–503
Asian Americans 10–11, 294, 362–363, 396, 434–436
assimilationist policies 372–373, 380–381
in Britain 346
in French colonies 231, 418–419
in Portuguese colonies 420
in the United States 375–378
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 302–303, 306–310, 312–313
athletics 295, 298–299
Australia
histories of 27, 194
immigration to 396
indigenous people in 75, 184–185, 375–376
multiculturalism in 380
rural schooling in 192
school system in 185–187, 191–193, 339
settlement of 182–183
Austrian Empire 152–154
autobiographies 59, 245, 248, 432
Automatic Teacher 559–560
Azikiwe, Nnamdi 405–407
(p. 591) B
baccalauréat, the 153–154, 157
Baha’i 219–220
Bailyn, Bernard 3, 11, 23–25, 546
Bantu Education Act of 1953, South Africa 340–341, 395–396
Basso, Keith 133–134, 138–139
Beadie, Nancy 43, 66–67, 71
behaviorist psychology 407, 430, 561–562
Belgium 152, 154, 160, 509, 532
Bell-Lancaster method, the 151–152, 165–166, 204, 576
Bengal 54, 222, 437
Bentham, Jeremy 576
Bérard Law, the 158
Berlin Conference, the 413, 527
Bharati, Vidya 452
Bible, the 51, 101, 103, 456
bildung 161–162, 275, 285, 523, 530
bilingual education 40–41, 177–178, 203, 208–209, 224, 377
Bilingual Education Act of 1968 (United States) 379–380
bisexuality 362
bison 134, 136, 141–142, 555
black colleges 294, 297–299, 364–365, 406
Black nationalism 406, 422
Black Panther Party 40
black people 201–202, 237, 379, 419
African American people. See African American people
Blackfeet people 134, 142–143
Blake, William 460–461
Blount, Jackie 362
boarding schools 61, 157, 183, 201, 244, 340–341, 362
Australian 74, 190, 192–193
industrial 175, 375–376
Native American 174–176, 365, 392, 435, 464–465
Boko Haram 450
Bologna Process, the 270, 285, 322
Bonaparte, Napoleon 156, 276–277, 454
Napoleonic Code 321
Napoleonic era, the 152–153, 281, 514–515
Napoleonic universities 153, 264, 267, 276
Napoleonic Wars 280–282, 286, 413
Bowles, Samuel 66, 69–71
boys, education of 437–438
in ancient history 87
in Asia 118, 217–218
and child labor 432–434
in Europe 100, 152–155
in Latin America 200–201
in the Middle East 218–219, 446
in the United States 390, 435
Braudel, Fernand 4, 21
Brazil
child labor in 438
colonial education in 201
modern education in 206–207
pedagogical knowledge in 579
race in 342, 379, 388–394, 402
Brickman, William M. 23–24
Bridges, Ruby 434–435
Briggs, Asa 26
Brink, Jack W. 132, 134, 136
Brint, Steven 71
Britain. See Great Britain
British Broadcasting Company (BBC) 559, 563
Bronze Age 48–49, 85, 87
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 177–178, 379–380, 392, 394–396, 407
Buddhism 117, 123, 126, 215, 221–222, 303
buffalo jump 134, 136
Bull, Ida 38–39
Burbules, Nicholas 564
bureaucracies, educational 475–476, 480, 484–487, 492
Burundi 409–410
Bush, George W. 471
Butchers, Arthur Gordon 27–28, 188
C
Cabral, Amílcar 406–407, 421–423, 577–578
Cahokia 136–137
Calderón, Rafael Ángel 449
Calvinism 390, 417, 523
Cambodia 308–309, 503
Canada
gender in 294–295
higher education in 290–291, 294
indigenous people in 61, 71–72, 136, 175, 297–298
language in 173–174, 289
multiculturalism in 380
religion in 169, 171–172, 393
school system in 167, 170–171, 173–174, 177–178
teachers in 482–483
Cannadine, David 21–22
Cape Verde 421–423
capitalism 68–70, 391, 470, 497
Cappeli, Gabriele 70
Caribbean, the 73–74, 399, 401–403, 408–409
Carnegie Corporation 186, 191
Carnegie Foundation 176–177, 322, 326, 329–330
Carolingian education 99–101
Carr, Edward Hallett 20
Caruso, Marcelo 151–152, 418
caste system
in India 221–222, 437
in Spanish colonies 202
catechisms 169–170, 185, 201, 513
cathedral schools 100–103, 261
Catholicism
in Africa 265–266, 451
in Asia 305–306
in Australia and New Zealand 185–188, 376–377
and discrimination 392–393
in India 480
in Latin America 200, 203, 305, 448–449
missionaries of 339, 417, 423, 451, 480
in the United States 392–393, 456
Central America 136–137, 140–141, 401–402, 500
ceremony 140, 142–144
Césaire, Aimé 73–74, 407, 421
Chad 308, 450
Chakrabarty, Dipesh 67–68, 73–74
Chamberlain, Michael 243
charity organizations 187, 346, 478–479
charity schools 120, 165–167, 169, 171–172, 492
Charlemagne 99–100
Chauncey, George 41
Chicago School of economics 35, 38, 70
Chicanos 434–435
child labor 429–430, 436–438, 440
and constructions of childhood 431
in the United States 432–434
childhood
construction of 4, 430–432, 437–440
histories of 186, 193, 459–461
protected 430, 436–438, 440
China
childhood in 438
cultural revolution in 308–309, 438, 502–503
developing education system in 216–218, 501–502
higher education in 304–305, 308, 311–312
historical methods in 49–51, 53
histories of 129
and Malaysian education 223–224
premodern curriculum in 118–119
premodern gender education 124, 128
premodern higher education in 122–123
premodern history of 114–117
premodern schools in 119–120
premodern teachers in 121–122
urban history of 39–40, 502–503
Chinese Exclusion Act, United States 388, 393
Ching, Erik 581
Christian Brothers 149–152
Christianity
and colonial education 389–390, 417–418, 445
Christian universities 279, 304
Christianization 184, 392, 417
in early Roman history 93–94
in India 452
in medieval Europe 98–99, 101, 109–110, 454
missionaries of 51, 304, 416–417, 449–450, 575–576
in New Zealand 184
and the new education 460–461
in nineteenth-century Europe 149–150, 446, 531
Church of England 167, 185, 265, 453
churches
in Australia and New Zealand 184–186, 188
in Europe 152, 454–455
in North America 165–172
and universities 292–293
Cicero 50, 86–87, 98–99
Cincinnati plan 377
cities. See urban environments
citizenship
in Canada 393
citizen education 176–177, 523–531
democratic 65, 67, 397
in Latin America 203
second-class 340, 375–376, 388, 394
in the United States 389, 392, 523–524
urban history and 39–40
civic education 83, 94
civil disobedience 222–223, 323, 407–408
civil rights 175
Civil Rights Act of 1964, United States 177–178
civil rights movement, United States 41, 296, 405, 407–408, 471, 484
civil servants 153, 244–245, 340–341, 480, 487, 532
civil service
in China 119, 122, 216–217
in Germany 275, 280
and teachers 481, 483–484, 486–487
Civil War, United States 169, 174, 307
civilization
Chinese 114, 116
and higher education 292–293
Iranian 214
Mayan 137
racial ideas of 183, 375–376, 389–390
class
conflict 21, 26, 65, 483
formation 37
lower. See poor, the
social 21, 24, 26, 390–391, 543
upper 241, 276, 440, 478–479
working 21, 39, 266, 347, 518–519
Classic of Filiality 118, 126
classical education 99–101, 154–155, 223–224, 261, 323, 527
coeducation
and Catholicism 157, 339
in Europe 158–160
in the Middle East 221
in the Soviet Union 157–158
in universities 295, 364
cognitive theories of learning 562–563
(p. 593) Cohen, Ronald D. 468–469
Cohen, Sol 22–25
cold war
in Australia 187
in Europe 160, 268–269
in North America 177, 267, 296–297, 456, 470, 558
colegios 200–202, 204
college sports 295, 298–299
Collèges D’enseignement Général et Professionnel 160, 291
Colombia 41, 202, 204, 499–500
colonialism 415, 576–577
in Africa 445, 501
in Asia 305–307, 437colonial developmentcolonial education
and empire 73–74
in India 452
in the Middle East 249
Portuguese 420
postcolonialism. See postcolonialism
settler 61, 74, 193
colonization 413–414
of Africa 229, 419, 501
of Asia 213, 225–226, 323
of Australia and New Zealand 182–183, 187
decolonization. See decolonization
and empire 73–74
and history 62
of India 213–214, 437
in Latin America 323
and literacy 420–422, 437
and medicine 327
in the Middle East 247–248
and race 365, 402, 419, 421–422
and teachers 483–484
in the western hemisphere 132–133, 144
Comenius, John Amos 460–461, 555
comic books 548–550
Common Core State Standards 439
common education 165–166, 168–170, 172–173, 175
common schools 24
in Canada 170–171
Common School Act of 1816, England 167
in Eastern Europe 159–160
in Germany 158–160
in the United States 166, 169, 374–375, 391, 462, 479, 497
communism 159–160, 297–298, 306
anticommunism 187
in China 323, 438
and colonialism 231
in Latin America 449
and universities 297–298
community colleges 40, 291, 293, 298
community schools 40, 120, 475
Compañón, Martinez 202
comparative education 7, 129, 164, 568–570, 573–574
comparative history 9, 74, 290–291, 381
compensatory education 177–178, 347
comprehensive schools 155, 160, 344–345
compulsory education
in Africa 419
in ancient Rome 93
in Europe 151, 159–160, 344, 436–437, 483, 511
in India 437
in Iran 220–221
in Latin America 438
in New Zealand 187–190, 396
in Russia 157–158
in the United States 65, 375, 429–433, 571
computers 401, 544, 574–575
Computer Assisted Instruction 560
microcomputer 560
concentric zone model 35, 38
Confucianism 55, 114–115, 129, 303–304, 438
Confucian ethics 5, 117
Confucian higher learning 303–304, 306
neo-Confucianism 119, 121–123, 571–572
Confucius 50, 115–117, 119, 121–123, 217
Congo, the Belgian 232
Democratic Republic of Congo 438
constitutions 151
and curriculum 525–528, 531, 533–534
in India 451–452
in Japan 451
and schooling in Europe 151, 158
state constitutions in the United States 169, 171–172
United States 379–380, 446–447, 456, 526–527
constructivism 472, 563
Convention on the Rights of the Child, United Nations 381–382, 578
Conway, Jill 71–72
Coombs, Philip 234
corporal punishment 91, 202, 204, 460–461, 471
correspondence 563–564, 576
correspondence education 193, 558, 563
Costa Rica 205–206, 448–449, 500
country schools 193
Cousin, Victor 374, 571
Covello, Leonard 40
Cremin, Lawrence 11, 23–24, 41, 459, 547, 551
Crenshaw, Kimberlé 362
Crete 85–87
critical theories of race 66, 68–69, 73
critical thinking 129, 252, 423, 472
Cronon, William 141–142
Cuba 402–403, 438
(p. 594) Cuban Revolution 236
Cuban, Larry 471, 477, 484–485, 554, 560–561
Cubberley, Ellwood 22, 24
cultural history 2, 4, 41, 61, 533–534
Cultural Revolution (China) 308–309, 438, 502–503
culture
in Africa 231, 233
in ancient Greece 91–92
and assimilation 176–177, 376–377, 380–381, 394, 396, 420
and childhood 430–431, 435–437
and colonial education 414–415, 419, 421–422, 437
and comparative education 570, 573, 575–576, 579, 581
and the concept of Asia 302–303
cultural capital 73, 481
cultural changes in Europe 263, 271, 281
cultural history 2, 4, 41, 61, 533–534
cultural imperialism 392, 414
cultural pluralism 376–377, 380–381
Cultural Revolution in China 308–309, 438, 502–503
and curricula 527, 531, 533–534
and gender 361–362, 366
and globalization 525–526
history of 23, 48–49
Māori 183
in the Middle East 247–248
and migration 372–377, 380–381
multiculturalism. See multiculturalism
and nonformal and informal education 542, 545
popular 366, 392–393, 431, 510, 512
and race 400–401, 406, 408, 422
and religion 447–448, 454–456
of schools 476–477, 482, 487
in the United States 296, 347–348, 394, 400–401, 408, 479
and urban history 40–41
Cumming, Ian 27–28
cuneiform 48–49, 85
curriculum
in Africa 229–230, 233, 422, 451
and the African diaspora 403–404
in ancient Greece and Rome 89–93
in Australia and New Zealand 185, 189–190, 451
and colonial education 415, 422
curriculum history 360, 363, 523–525, 527–528, 533–534
curriculum studies 70, 363, 523–524
and gender 365
in Latin America 448
in Malaysia 223–224
in Medieval Europe 106
in the Middle East 219–220, 242, 244–247, 252, 452
in the nineteenth century 153, 156–157, 478–479
in premodern China and Japan 115, 118–119, 127, 303
and progressive education 459, 463, 465–466, 468
and teachers 487
and technology 563
in twentieth-century Europe 158, 419
in the United States 293, 339–340, 375–376, 378, 404, 463
Curzon, George 305–306
Czechoslovakia 150–151, 158
D
Dalton schools 467–468
Daoism 117, 123
Dar al Fanon 245
Davey, Ian 27
Dawkins, John 191
de Azevedo, Ávila 420
de Bellaigue, Christian 574–575
de Rhodes, Alexander 306
deaf students 346, 435–436
decentralization
administrative 207
in education policy 167
in school governance 40, 174, 199–200, 330, 416
decolonization 149, 267, 323, 420–421, 569, 573–574, 577–578
Decroly, Ovide 206
deculturalization 387, 389, 393
Dekker, Jeroen 580–581
Deloria, Vine, Jr. 133–134
Delors Report 236, 238–239
democracy
in Africa 233
in ancient Greece and Rome 89–90
and comparative education 417
curriculum and 523–524, 527
democratic citizenship 387, 389
democratization 158, 233, 260, 271, 338
in Germany 158, 160, 277–278, 285
in Latin America 200, 336–337
and race 392, 395, 397, 404–405
Democratic Republic of Congo 438
Democratic Party, the, United States 471
denominationalism 292–293
Depression, the 206–207, 344, 378
in Africa 420
in Europe 259, 266–267, 283, 378
in the United States 378, 433, 468–469, 558–559
deschooling movement, the 236
desegregation 345, 347, 395–396, 407–408, 434–435
developing nations 8, 42, 335–336, 388, 480, 483–484, 491, 498–499, 559
developmental stages 430, 440, 472
developmental state 307–308
devotional activities 447–451
Dewey, Alice 466–467, 469
Dewey, John 40, 377–378, 432, 465–467, 470, 527
(p. 595) and informal education 540
international influence of 176, 206, 218, 573
Dhuoda 100
diasporas 569, 579
Chinese 223–226
diasporic studies 8, 400–401
Indian 223–226
Jewish 379
dictatorships 34
Middle Eastern 251–252
Portuguese 420
didactic instructional methods 2, 51, 124, 432, 436–437, 459, 560
digital media 563
dime novels 548
Dingyuan, Lan 124
Diop, Cheikh Anta 406
disability 12, 346–348
discipline, in schools 91, 121, 126, 185, 204, 218–219, 435
discrimination 409–410, 421, 494, 496
in Europe 346, 392–393, 494
in the Middle East 250
and pan-Africanism 405–406
in South Africa 395–396
in the United States 290–291, 379, 392–393, 401, 409–410, 494
Dissenters 151–153
distance education 270, 563–564
divergence 289, 294, 297–299
diversity
and the African diaspora 10–11
in Asia 225–226
in Australia and New Zealand 189, 193, 396
in Canada 393
in Europe 269, 271, 346, 391, 455
and gender 356
and inequality 387, 396–397
in Russia 495
in the United States 468
in urban spaces 34–35, 38–39, 44
Djebar, Assia 247–248
domain knowledge 317–319, 324, 326
domestic education
in Archaic Greece 190
domestic sciences 186, 190–191
in Egypt 245
in Malaysia 224
in the Middle East 251–252, 254
in New Zealand 190
in North America 361–362, 464–465
domestic sphere, the 364, 388
Douai, Adolf 376–377
Douglass, Frederick 435
drilling, teaching method 121–122, 200, 478–479
Du Bois, W.E.B. 403–405, 407
dual system of education, Canada 171–172, 416
Dubois, Pierre 109–110
Dyche, Thomas 513–514
Dzuback, Mary Anne 72, 355, 363
E
early childhood education 348, 436, 439–440, 479, 573
in Europe 188, 494
in the United States 464, 471–472
Eckford, Elizabeth 434–435
Ecole Normale Supérieure 153, 264, 528
Ecole Polytechnique 264, 308
Ecole William Ponty 231–232
Ecuador 205–206, 208
Education Act of 1836, Canada 393
Education Act of 1869, Ottoman Empire 446
Education Act of 1877, New Zealand 396
Education Act of 1961, Malaysia 224
Education Acts, England
of 1870 453, 483
of 1918 159
of 1944 160, 344, 347, 453–454
of 1988 453–454
educational access 33–34, 201, 330, 336–338, 358–359
educational media 548, 554–555, 559–561, 565
educational policy 12, 71, 175, 475, 484–486, 569, 573–574
in Africa 228, 235–236, 238, 418–419
in Europe 266–267, 571
in India 222
in New Zealand 187–188
in the United States 377–378, 388
educational reform 24, 568–570
in Africa 228–232
in Asia 214, 217
in Australia 186
in Europe 99–100, 157, 159, 374
in the Middle East 219–220
in the United States 365, 374, 390–391, 466
educational outcomes 335, 337–338, 343, 348, 500
educational transfer 569, 573–575
Egypt
early history 84–86, 90–91
economy of 251–252
and nationalism 250–251
nineteenth-century 245–246, 572
postcolonial 249–250, 253–254
Eisenmann, Linda 356, 368
Ekken, Kaibara 128
El Salvador 202, 205–206, 581
elementary education 469, 573, 576
in Ancient Greece 92–93
in Asia 118–119, 125, 451
in Australia 185–186
in India 222
in Latin America 200–202, 394, 499
in North America 152, 390, 393, 464, 471–472, 517–519
in Russia 157–158
empire 53
African 84
Austro-Hungarian 149, 153–154
Carolingian 99–102
Chinese 129, 225–226
and colonialism 73–74, 323, 413–415, 417–418, 423
German 149, 262, 529–530
Holy Roman 260–261, 280
Inkan 140–141
Islamic 214
Ottoman 149, 241, 243–246, 446
Qajar 245
Roman 51, 84, 90–91, 93
Russian 495
endowed schools 241, 254, 493
endowments 102, 242, 248, 277, 290, 294, 297, 451–452
England
architectural education in 328
and colonization 415–416, 419–420, 480
compulsory schooling in 493
education acts in. See education acts, England
educational change in 166
educational differentiation in 338–339
educational reform in 330
educational technology in 557–559
English model 263–265, 390
Enlightenment in 52
historiography in 25–26, 346
law education in 322–323
literacy in 508–509, 511–512, 514, 519
medical educational in 326
medieval 57, 103
nineteenth-century 42, 150–152, 155, 472, 563
religious education in 453–454
single-sex education in 160
teachers in 483
universities in 261–262, 265–266, 279
Enlightenment, the
and educational theory 479
and higher education 262–264
and historical methods 51–52, 61
in Latin America 202–203
and literacy 510
and progressive education 461
and race 389, 423–424
and religion 454
epic poems 48–49
Equatorial Guinea 409–410
ERASMUS program 309–310, 421
Estado Docente. See Teaching State, the
ethics 19, 454
Confucian 5, 117, 129, 216–217
Ethiopia 236, 308, 405, 570
ethnic minority groups 346–347
in Europe 158
in the Middle East 250
in the United States 387
Europe
and Asian higher education 304, 306–307
Carolingian education in 99–101
childhood in 436–437
classical era in 98–99
and colonization 140–141, 183, 201, 231, 306–307, 323, 413–415, 419
construction of 149, 580–581
and early childhood education 188
curriculum history in 523, 529, 533–534
and the German university 275–276, 280, 286
higher education in 259–260, 262, 264–266, 268, 270
historical methods in 50–51, 53
immigrants from 376–377, 379–380
inequality in 338–340, 344–346
medieval universities in 104–109
and the Middle East 244, 246–248
migration and 374–375
nineteenth-century elementary education in 149–152
oral traditions in 49
postwar-era schooling in 159–160
professional education in 321–323, 325
progressive education in 460, 462–464
and race 389, 394, 400
and religious education 417, 446, 449, 453–455
revisionism in 26
secondary schooling for boys in 153–155
secondary schooling for girls in 156–157
schooling since 1990s in 161–162
transnational history and 571, 575–576, 580–581
twelfth-century renaissance in 102–104
urban education in 39, 492–495
western 160–161, 436, 453, 482, 507, 512
world wars and schooling in 157–159
European Union (EU) 161, 270, 533–534
experiential learning 318–319, 432, 459
experiential teaching 323–324
experimental schools 206, 467–468
F
faculties
in early modern universities 153
education 22–24
in German universities 277–279, 281–282, 286
at medieval European universities 107
and professional education 319, 326–327
in the United States 296
Falloux law, France 151–152
Fanon, Frantz 73–74, 236, 421–423
farming
in India 559
in Latin America 500
in North America 136–138
fascism 159, 231, 284
Faure Report, UNESCO 389, 539–540
Febvre, Lucien 21
feminism 56, 293, 297, 550
black feminist thought 357
early 294–295
feminist theory 26, 66, 69, 71–72, 357–358, 361–363, 477–478
in the Middle East 254
feminization, of teaching 11, 205, 477, 482, 487
Fenn, Elizabeth A. 140
Ferriere, Adolphe 206
Ferry, Jules 231, 493
Ferster, Bill 560–561
feudal societies 125, 261–262
filial piety 118
film 57–58, 548, 551, 556–557
educational 471, 557–558
Finkelstein, Barbara 41
First Amendment, to United States Constitution 446–447, 456
First Nations peoples 61–62, 362, 393
Fisk University 404, 406
Fletcher, Jim 184
Flexner, Abraham 324–327
Foner, Eric 21
Ford Foundation 22, 317–318, 559
foreign language education 161, 235, 414
foreign models of education 213–214, 216, 222–223, 225–226
forty-eighters, the 376–377, 380–381
Foucault, Michel 25, 66–67, 72
Four Books, The 115, 117, 119, 124–126, 303
France
and colonization 230, 246, 249, 418–419, 422
children in 4
citizenship in 528, 530–531
compulsory schooling in 493
eighteenth-century 52, 153, 166, 277, 280, 454, 508–509
history of education in 568
medieval 103
nineteenth-century 150–152, 154, 156–157, 265–266, 529
religion in 454–455
standardized testing in 342
twentieth-century 158, 160–161, 326–327, 378
Franciscan order, the 201–202
Franco, Francisco 39, 152, 159
Franklin, V.P. 72–73
fraternities 295
free education 236, 249–252, 390, 499
Freire, Paulo 207–208, 236, 577–578
French Revolution, the 150, 264, 277, 280, 454, 461–462, 510
Fritz, Théodore 413
Froebel, Friedrich 191, 461, 464–466, 479, 572
Fuchs, Eckhardt 157
Fundamental Law of Education, Iran 219–220
G
Gakusei education system 215–216
Gandhi, Mahatma 222–223, 307, 323, 421
Garcia, David 73
Garvey, Marcus 406
gay people 41, 362, 551
gender 358–359
in Africa 234–235
in Asia 217–218, 542
in Australia and New Zealand 185, 193–194
boys. See boys
equality 158–160, 162, 234
in Europe 266, 268–269, 339
feminization of teaching. See feminization of teaching
gendered spaces 366
girls. See girls
and higher education 364, 368
and history 11, 355–364, 368, 477
international studies of 367
in Latin America 6–7, 203, 205–206, 208, 500
masculinity. See masculinity
men. See men
in the Middle East 245, 253–254, 437
in North America 295, 297–298, 365, 390, 431, 550
and race 67, 73, 75, 362–363, 365, 391, 421
single-sex education. See single-sex education
studies 11, 72, 355–356, 397
and teachers 152, 182, 194, 388, 478, 482, 486
transgender people. See transgender people
women. See women
Gentile, Giovanni 159
Georgia (country) 149, 302–303
Germany
Bavaria 151, 477, 519
contemporary schooling in 161–162, 282, 285
East Germany 160–161, 284
(p. 598) German empire 149, 262, 529–530
German immigrants 374, 377, 379, 464
German States 153–154, 158, 277–278, 281, 571
history of education in 523, 525–526, 568, 574–575
immigrants in 161, 373, 378, 380
literacy in 516
nationalism in 527–528, 530
Nazi 54, 149, 379, 449
nineteenth-century 150–153, 157, 277, 281, 485
professional education in 327
religious schools in 103
seventeenth-century 263
twentieth-century 268, 276, 282–285, 373
universities in 6, 268, 275–278, 281–282, 285–287
West Germany 160, 344–345, 379
Gibbon, Edward 52, 277
Gigli, Ottavio 494
Gilbert, Felix 3–4
Gillborn, David 409
Gintis, Herbert 66, 69–71
girls
in ancient Greece and Rome 86, 88, 91, 93
in Australia and New Zealand 185, 190–191, 339
and child labor 432–433, 435, 437
in China 118, 124, 217–218
histories of 27
in Iran 219–221, 254
in Japan 128, 215–216, 437
in Latin America 201
and literacy 518–519
in Malaysia 224
in medieval Europe 100
in nineteenth-century Europe 152, 156–157
in twentieth-century Europe 158–160
in the United States 390, 432–433, 435
Global South, the 491, 498–503
globalization 6, 269–270, 431, 525, 582
in Africa 501
in Asia 309–310
in Australia and New Zealand 188–189, 194
and economic competition 438–440
in Germany 285–286, 494–495
Goetschel, Ana María 208
Goldin, Claudia 9, 70–71
Goldwyn, Samuel 547–548
Gong Lum v. Rice (1927), United States 394
Goodman, Joyce 75
Goodman, Paul 236
Goodson, Ivor 525
Gordon, Peter 25
government schools
in Africa 229, 231–232, 242, 340–341, 445, 450, 501
in Australia 186
in China 119–120, 122
in Japan 114, 451
in Malaysia 223–224
in the Middle East 247–248
graduate education 275–276, 284, 469
Graff, Harvey 518
grammar schools 102, 155–156, 166, 339, 344
Grandes Ecoles, France 263–266, 268
Graves, Karen 72
Great Britain
and Africa 74, 229–231
and Australia 182–183
British East India Company 222, 307
British North America Act of 1867 (Canada) 171–174
and Canada 165–166, 173–174, 479
and colonialism 54, 74, 305–306, 416–417
and democracy 527
history of education in 5
immigrants from 374
immigrants in 161, 409
and India 221–222, 307, 437
industrial revolution in 494
literacy in 507
and Malaysia 223–224
and the Middle East 247
nineteenth-century education in 155
and religion 150–151, 449–450
and slavery 449
teachers in 483
twentieth-century education in 161
universities in 265–266, 268
Greece 151–152, 267
ancient 5–6, 83, 85–87, 89–92
Green, Andy 38–39
Grosvenor, Ian 59–60, 554
Guardia, Rafael Ángel Calderón 449
Guatemala 205–206
Guinea 232, 236, 410, 422–423
Guizot law (1833), France 151, 511
Gutfreund, Zevi 73
Gutman, Herbert 3
Gutman, Marta 37
H
Habibi, Mariam 454–455
Hadow Report, the (1926), England 159
Haiti 37, 341, 402, 410, 576
Haley, Margaret 361–362
half-time schools 192–193
Hall, Catherine 74
Hall, G. Stanley 466, 469
Hamel, Joseph 570–571
Hamilton, Alexander 496
Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute 403–405
Han dynasty, the 114–115, 118, 122
Hans, Nicholas 573
Hao, Liang 118
(p. 599) Harber, Clive 391
Harlem, New York City 41, 490–491
Harnack, Adolf von 285–286
Harp, Stephen 150–151
Harris, William T. 375, 463–464, 573
Harvard University 290, 294, 297–298, 322–324
Haskins, Charles Homer 320–321
Hausa 229, 450
Hawai‘i 74, 134, 138–139, 142–143, 392, 394
Head Start 436, 471–472
headscarves 454–455
Head-Smashed-In 132, 134, 136
Hefner, Robert 242
Heian period, the 127–128
Hellenistic Period 89–91, 93–94
Hendry, Petra Munro 363
Henry VIII, England 453
Herbart, Johann Friedrich 480, 572
Herbst, Jurgen 23–24
Herodotus 48–50, 67–68, 85, 89
Hidatsa people 140
higher education
and the African diaspora 406–407, 409–410
denominational differences in United States and Canadian 292–293
development of in United States and Canada 290–291, 297–298
in early modern Europe 262–263
in eighteenth century Europe 264–265, 277–278
and gender 358, 363–366
histories of 6, 39, 72, 259–260, 285–287, 289
in medieval Europe 261–262
in nineteenth-century Europe 154, 264–266, 280–281
and professional education 316, 318, 330
research in United States and Canadian 295–297
social differences in United States and Canadian 293–295
and technology 563–564
in twentieth-century Europe 266–270, 282–285
Hill, Dave 70
Hilo Boarding School 392
Hinduism 221–222, 437, 447
Hine, Lewis 431, 433–434
hip hop 42, 435–436
Hirsch, Arnold 36
Hispanic American people. See Latina/o people
histoire croisée 525, 580
historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) 364–365, 406
historiography
and Africa 238
and Australia and New Zealand 182, 185–186, 194
British 55–56, 346
and colonialism 51–52
and gender 355–356, 359–364
and inequality 337–338, 346
and migration 373, 381–382
of nonformal and informal education 541, 546–547
and North America 164
and revisionism 19, 23–27
of teachers and administrators 476, 486–487
of transnational and comparative education 574–580, 582
of urban education 35, 492, 495
History of Education Quarterly 66, 69–72, 359
Hitler, Adolph 283, 286
Hobsbawm, Eric 3–4
Hofstadter, Richard 496
Hogan, David 70
Hogben, George 189–190
Holocaust, the 20, 161, 379
Holy Roman Empire, the 276–277, 280
home economics 158, 220–221, 364, 366
Honduras 205–206
Honey, John 155
Hong Kong 40–41, 323, 563
Hopi people 137–138
Horkheimer, Max 68–69
Howells, William Dean 435
Hugh of St. Victor 103–104
Hughes, Robert 525–527
human capital 9, 65, 70–71, 73, 518
human resource development 228, 235–236
human rights 161, 190, 448
humanism 90–91, 109, 263
humanitarianism 377–378, 459–460, 578
Humboldt model of universities 264–266, 276–277, 285
Humboldt, Alexander von 277, 285–286
Humboldt, Wilhelm von 277, 282–283, 285–286
Humphries, Jane 519
Hungary 149, 157
Hussein, Saddam 253
Hussein, Taha 249–250
Hwang, Keumjoong 74
hygiene 206, 242, 394, 578
mental 394, 558
social 394
I
Iberian peninsula 154, 201–202
Illich, Ivan 236, 393
illiteracy 507–509, 518
among the African diaspora 403, 410
in Asia 126, 128–129, 306, 502
in Europe 510–512, 514
in Latin America 175–176, 203, 207–208
in the Middle East 220, 236
immigrants
(p. 600) in Australia 396
in Canada 380, 393
in Europe 161, 346, 373–374, 376–377, 380, 455
in the United States 377–378, 392–394, 408–409, 434, 579
immigration
to Australia 396
to Brazil 394
to Europe 161
in the nineteenth century 375
to the United States 373, 378, 388, 393–394, 408
Immigration and Nationality Act (1924), United States 393, 408
Imperial Rescript on Education, Japan 216
Imperial University, China 122
Imperial University, France 264
imperialism 60
cultural 392, 414
European 68, 244, 246, 340–341
income disparities 438–440
India
colonization of 54, 221–223, 307, 341–343, 480, 577–578
higher education in 303, 307, 311–312
Indian Act of 1876
oral tradition in 49
religion in 451–452, 575–576
school attendance in 33–34, 437
Indian Removal Act, United States 391–392
indigeneity 414
Indigenous people
in Africa 228–229, 341, 416, 419–420, 451
in Australia and New Zealand 182–184, 194
and colonial education 413–414, 416–418
in Central America 136–137, 140–141, 201–202
indigenous scholars 8
and labor 173
in the Middle East 246–247
and migration history 375–376, 381–382
in North America 60, 136–137, 140–141, 172–173, 176, 389
in South America 136–137, 141, 201–202, 499–500
studies of 61–62
in the western hemisphere 132–133, 135, 138–143
Indigenous studies 10–11, 74, 133–134
indirect rule 230, 418–419, 483, 576–577
Indochina 305–306
Indonesia 225, 306–307, 311, 323, 330
industrial boarding schools 175, 375–376
industrial city, the 35, 38
Industrial revolution 271, 413, 507–508, 516–518, 550
in Britain 247, 265–266, 493
in Russia 437
industrialization
in Africa 501
deindustrialization 33, 191
and education technology 556
in Europe 492–494
in Latin America 206–208
and literacy 517, 519
in New Zealand 184
schools and 5, 38–39, 374–375, 497, 550
inequality
educational 4–5, 8–9, 189, 335, 337–338, 348, 396
gender 26, 482–483
racial 395
social 36, 76n.6, 251–252, 268, 345, 494
infant schools 436, 467, 494
informal education
and adult education 542
as a continuum 543
definition of 539–540
history of 12, 540–541, 544–549
intent and impact of 549–551
and workplace learning 263–264
Inka people 137–138, 142
institutes
German 276, 281–282, 284
mechanics 187, 265
teacher-training 204–205, 403
technical 154
institutional differentiation 259–260, 268, 271, 338–339, 344
institutionalized education 574, 577
instructional design 554–555
intelligence quotient (IQ) tests 342, 347–348, 352n.17, 556
intelligence testing 186, 191, 342–343
interdisciplinary scholarship 75, 139, 296, 356, 457
International Bureau of Education (IBE) 573–574
International Commission on the Development of Education, UNESCO 236, 539
International Standing Conference for the History of Education (ISCHE) 9, 238, 368
internationalization 25, 28, 270–271, 525, 572
internet, the 544, 560, 564–565
intersectionality 11, 69, 357, 362–365, 397
Inuvialuit people 61–62
Iran 214, 218–221, 243, 245
Iranian Revolution 254
Iraq 48–49, 249, 253, 438
Iraq War 253
Ireland 149, 152
immigrants from 374–375, 392–393, 435, 579
language in 416
scholarship on 359–360, 367
schools in 151–152, 159, 339, 494, 514
Isaacs, Susan 469
Islam
in Africa 449–450
in the colonial Middle East 248–251
(p. 601) in the contemporary Middle East 252–254
in early modern Middle East 244–246
Golden Age of 242–245, 304
in Iran 214, 219, 221, 254
Islamic empire, the 214, 243–244
Islamic higher learning 303–304, 309, 324
in the premodern Middle East 241–243
Israel 249–251, 379, 479
Iwakura mission 304
J
Jackson, C.M. 327
Jackson, Kenneth 36
Jacobs, Margaret 74
Japan
gender in 128–129, 437, 542
higher education in 304, 323
migrants in 380
national education in 214–216, 225–226
premodern history of 114, 125–127
religious education in 451
schools of thought in premodern 127
teachers in 330
transnational influences in 571–572, 575–577
Japanese Americans 393–394, 435
Jefferson, Thomas 341–342, 390, 496
Jenkins, Kuni 183
Jewish people
in Europe 446, 454
in Israel 250–251
in Medieval Europe 109–110
in Nazi Germany 283, 379
in North America 293, 376–377, 393, 483–484
Jim Crow laws 175–176
Jinsai, Ito 127
Jiuyuan, Lu 123
Jixia Academy 303
Johansson, Egil 508–509
Johns Hopkins University 296, 466
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine 317–319, 324–325
Johnson, Lyndon Baines 471, 559–560
Johnson, Marietta 467–468
Johnson, Richard 150
Johnson-Reed Act, United States 378
Johnston, Frances Benjamin 463
Joliet Junior College 291
Jones, Alison 183
Jones, Thomas Jesse 405
Jonsson, Jan 160
Jordan 246
Jules Ferry Laws, France 493
Jullien de Paris, Marc-Antoine 568–570, 573
junior colleges 291, 563
juvenile justice 434, 558
K
Kabir, Amir 220
Kabul University 307, 309
Kallen, Horace 377–378
Kandel, Isaac 186, 573
Kant, Immanuel 52
Kaomea, Julie 74
Karier, Clarence 3, 24
Katz, Lawrence 9, 70–71
Katz, Michael B. 3, 24, 66
Katznelson, Ira 40
Kelly, Joan 66, 71–72
Kennedy, Edward M. 158
Kenya 308, 407, 416
Kenyatta, Jomo 406, 411n.14
Kett, Joseph 542
Khmer Rouge regime, Cambodia 309
Khomeini, Ruhollah 221, 254
Kilpatrick, William H. 469
kindergartens
in Australia and New Zealand 188, 191
development of 151, 572
in Iran 220–221
in the United States 432, 436, 439–440, 464, 469–470
Kiowa people 142–143
Kirkendall, Andrew J. 208
Kliebard, Herbert M. 465–466
knights’ academies 279
knowledge economy, the 259, 267, 270, 307–308, 312
knowledge-in-action 317–319, 322, 327–328
Knowles, Malcolm 540
Kohl, Herbert 236
kokugaku 215
Koto, Aoki 215–216
Kroupa, KuuNUx TeeRIt 134, 140, 143
Kurdish people 250, 253
Kyoto University 304
L
L’Ouverture, Toussant 402–403
Labaree, David 42–43, 71, 329, 472
labor unions 483–484, 487
teacher unions 206, 330, 365, 453–454, 477, 481, 483–484
laboratory schools 467, 469
Labour Party, England 159–160
ladinos 202
LaGrange College 294
laicité 454–455
Lakota people 142–143
Lancaster, Joseph 204
Bell-Lancaster Method, the 151–152, 165–166, 204, 576
Landless Workers Movement, Brazil 500
(p. 602) Langdell, Christopher Columbus 322–323
language of instruction
in Europe 532
in European colonies 247–248, 307, 416
in Malaysia 224
in Turkey 250
in the United States 204
Laos 302
Larcom, Lucy 115, 429, 435, 440
Lareau, Annette 543
Laslett, Peter 4
Lather, Patti 355
Latin 92, 100–101, 154, 261
Latin America
colonial influences on 200–203
Estados Docentes in 205–206
higher education in 308
and the history of education 6–7, 10–11, 200, 208
migration history in 374–375, 379–380
modernization in 206–207
national education systems in 203–205
religious education in 448–449
transnational histories of 581
urban education in 34, 499–500
law
canon 105–106
and compulsory schooling in Europe 151, 531
common 322–323
education in Germany 278–279, 282
and inequality in the United States 388, 390, 401, 407–408
Islamic 242–244, 254
in Latin America 208
in medieval Europe 105–106
in the Middle East 220–221, 242, 245, 250
and professional education 317–324
and religion in Europe 454–455
Lawn, Martin 59–60, 554
League of Nations. 231, 573–574
League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) 177–178
learned academies 263–264, 276
Lebanon 247
Lebanese Civil War 253
Lefebvre, Henri 37
leftists 10, 502–503
Lenchanko, Jonah La‘akapu 134, 138–139, 143
Lerner, Gerda 3, 66, 71–72, 363
lesbian people 362
Lesotho 409–410
LGBTQ people 11, 41, 72, 362, 365–366, 551
liberal arts 98–99, 101–104, 403–404, 481
liberalism 172–173, 204–205, 208, 380–381, 448–449, 470–471
British 193, 416
liberal-progressivism 26
liberalization 251–252, 413–414
liberation struggles 8, 340, 405, 407, 415, 422
Liberia 229, 410
libraries 539–540, 545–547
Libya 90–91, 253
Liebknecht, Wilhelm 150
Lindo, Hector 581
linguistic pluralism 177, 376–377, 380
literacy
in ancient Greece and Rome 84–85, 89–90
and anticolonialism 420
in China 129
comparatively in North America 167–168
and the economy 516–519
invention of 508–510
in Japan 126, 129
in Latin America 199–200, 203, 206–209
in medieval Europe 109
modern history of 507–508, 510–516, 519
in the Middle East 253–254
in nineteenth century Europe 150–151
and slavery in the United States 390, 401
literate history 49–50
literature
national 528–529
nineteenth-century 515–516
localized control, of schools 336, 338–339
Locke, John 217–218, 460, 479
Lombard, Peter 103, 107–108
London University 265
Lopez, Oresta 72
Loram, C.T. 415
Loss, Christopher 43
Lowe, Roy 471
Lowell, Abbott Lawrence 293
Lowndes, George 25
Lowth, Robert 52
Luhmann, Niklas 570
Lummis, Charles 135
Lumumba, Patrice Émrey 406
Luther, Martin 436–437
Lutheranism 186, 279, 485, 523
Luxembourg 532, 560
M
Maathai, Wangari 407
Macau 304
Macaulay, Thomas Babington 21, 222
Macdonald, Victoria-Maria 73
Mackinnon, Alison 27
Madagascar 421
Madeira, Ana Isabel 74
Madison, James 446–447
madrasas 219, 222, 230, 242–243, 247, 447
Maggiolo, Louis 508–509
(p. 603) Mahuika, Nēpia 133
Makonnen, T. Ras 406, 411n.14
maktabs 218–219, 222, 241
Malawi 236
Malcolm X 407, 490–491
Malta 149
Mandan people 140, 142–143
Mandela, Nelson 445–446
Mann, Charles C. 134, 137–138, 141
Mann, Horace 374, 456, 462, 479, 511, 525–526, 571
Mann, Thomas 527
manual labor 222–223, 375–376, 417
manual training 190, 463, 468
Māori people 133–134, 182–184, 187, 189–190, 396
Marker, Michael 74
market-based education