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date: 21 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews, synthesizes, and builds on organizational dependent care support (ODCS) research, resulting in the development of a need-based model of ODCS use. Important unanswered questions remain, including, among others, the meaning to employees of having dependents; determinants of ODCS use and of need for ODCS; differences in need for nurturance, coordination, and financial caregivers in different combinations and profiles; differences in formal and informal ODCS; the mechanisms in play when organizations offer availability, but block, ODCS use; family and community moderators of ODCS use; and explicit consideration of different stakeholders. In the United States, dependent care is generally privatized to families and employing organizations; therefore how families and organizations handle dependent care becomes how U.S. society treats its dependents, making research on this topic vital to helping individuals, families, and organizations manage dependent care with efficiency and compassion.

Keywords: dependent care policies, work–family, dependency, support, caregiving

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