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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The state of knowing in the absence of knowledge is a peculiar metacognitive phenomenon that intuitively implies that we are able to introspect on memory processes of search, storage, and retrieval. The ability to make this assessment suggests that we may be able to use certain cues to assess the quality of knowledge that may be hidden from conscious view. The focus of this chapter is the uncanny metacognitive state of the feeling of knowing (FOK). We examine the theoretical questions that have motivated research into this phenomenon. These questions are viewed through a historical perspective, allowing for a more complete understanding of how research into this subjective state has evolved. This chapter concludes with a discussion of the present state of the field, examines neurocognitive mechanisms, reviews the questions that presently concern FOK researchers, and proposes an applied direction for future research.

Keywords: feeling of knowing, judgment accuracy, cue familiarity, accessibility, post-retrieval monitoring

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