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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Research in the last decade has produced growing evidence on relations of metamemory with affect, particularly in a self-regulation framework. The chapter presents an overview of empirical evidence suggesting that (a) affect (e.g., mood, stimulus emotionality) can have an impact on metamemory, and particularly on metacognitive experiences such as feeling of difficulty, mental effort, or confidence; (b) metacognitive experiences can have an impact on affect (e.g., feeling of not knowing can trigger curiosity); and (c) cognitive events or states (e.g., interruption) can trigger both affective and metacognitive responses, such as surprise and feeling of difficulty. The mechanism underlying the interrelations between metamemory and affect involves, besides fluency/disfluency and related experiences, metacognitive knowledge (including remembered utility) and self-concept. The theoretical implications of empirical findings on the interrelations between metamemory and affect are discussed and challenges for future research on metamemory pointed out.

Keywords: affect, emotions, feelings, metacognition, metamemory, self-regulation

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