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date: 31 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter calls for a new examination of the water conflict‒cooperation dialogue, beyond the traditional areas of water allocation and utilization. It calls for dialogue to incorporate two critical dimensions: (1) variability linked to climate change and the water-food-energy-environment nexus when framing parameters of water-related conflict; and (2) “unbounding” of analysis beyond political and geographical borders to include internal, regional, and global conflict and cooperation. It discusses three basins as case studies: the Nile, the Mekong, and the Aral Sea. It discusses how water conflicts are not bound to political or natural borders, or to disputes explicitly over water. Rather, it explores how resources intrinsically tied to water decisions may prompt conflict; yet, water may be a leverage point for peace, as well. It concludes by identifying relevant water-conflict transformation strategies that may be applied to use water as a nexus for peace-building.

Keywords: water conflict, cooperation, water-food-energy-environment nexus, water decisions, Nile, Mekong, Aral Sea

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