- The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy
- List of Contributors
- The Political Dimensions of Water
- Water and Poverty: Pathways of Escape and Descent
- Knowing Equity When We See It: Water Equity in Contemporary Global Contexts
- Gender and Water
- Monitoring the Progressive Realization of the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation: Frontier Analysis as a Basis to Enhance Human Rights Accountability
- Indigenous Peoples and Water Justice in a Globalizing World
- Re-Imagined Communities: The Transformational Potential of Interspecies Ethnography in Water Policy Development
- The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Arid Regions: The Politics of Problemsheds
- The Nexus of Energy and Water Quality
- What Is Food-water and Why Do We not Account for It?
- Unintended Water Allocation: Gaining Share from Indirect Action and Inaction
- Why Scale Matters: Borderless Water and Bordered Thinking
- Local Water Politics
- Rethinking Urban Water (In)formality
- Innovation and Trends in Water Law
- Economics of Water
- The Political Economy of Water Markets: 40 Years of Debates, Experiments and Lessons Learned
- The Business of Water
- China’s Water Pricing Policies
- Managing Transboundary Rivers to Avert Conflict and Facilitate Cooperation
- Transboundary Unbound: Redefining Water Conflict and Cooperation for Contemporary Challenges that Extend beyond Watersheds, Regions, and Water
- “Something Has to Yield”: Climate Change Transforming Transboundary Water Governance (as We Know It)
- River Basin Organizations and the Governance of Transboundary Watercourses
- The Absence of Water Conflicts in the Developing World: Evidence from Africa
- Integrated Water Resources Management
- Transfer, Diffusion, Adaptation, and Translation of Water Policy Models
- Climate Information and Water Management: Building Adaptive Capacity or Business as Usual?
- Author Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter “lifts the roof of the household” across the irrigation and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sub-sectors in agrarian low- and middle-income settings. Focusing on age-old intersections between gender, class, and agrarian technology, the chapter explores how colonial conquest was served by the ideology of the male breadwinner‒ female housewife as a divide-and-rule process to vest control over people, land, and water. After independence, the same ideology enabled top-down services in both sub-sectors and also marginalized women. This is contrasted with implications of global policy commitments to gender-equal households for the water sector. In particular, evidence of the multiple-use water services (MUS) approach is examined. This inclusive, people-driven water services approach meets both women’s and men’s multiple domestic and productive needs. Overcoming the same administrative silos in human rights frameworks, a gender-equal human right to water for livelihoods is proposed.
Barbara van Koppen is Principal Researcher on Poverty, Gender and Water at the International Water Management Institute’s Southern Africa Regional Program.
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