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date: 08 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This essay begins a discussion of ethical and aesthetic responses to the performances of disabled musicians, using critical/analytical frameworks for debates concerning prosthesis and doping drawn from sports philosophy. Music performance is mapped onto a definition of games, and then sport, identifying points of correlation in terms of its rules and goals. Specific instances drawn from sporting events of 2012 are examined in relation to a five-level model against which ethical responses to technology in sport may be mapped. The same model is then adjusted to consider responses to the postproduction music application, Auto-Tune, with specific reference to the singers Imogen Heap and Janelle Monáe. Performances by disabled musicians that occurred during the Paralympics and London’s Cultural Olympiad are then considered using a second model for aesthetic responses to sporting performance.

Keywords: ethics, prosthesis, sport, philosophy, Janelle Monáe, Imogen Heap, Auto-Tune, Paraorchestra, Olympics, Paralympics

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