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date: 24 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Sex and gender disorders are classified into three major categories. The sexual dysfunctions are problems that inhibit one’s motivation or ability to engage in sexual activity. Paraphilias are recurrent patterns of sexual arousal and/or behavior involving inappropriate targets of sexual expression. Gender identity disorder is the experience of intense discomfort with one’s assigned gender role, accompanied by the desire to live as a person of the opposite sex. Conceptualizations of sex and gender disorders are ever evolving in response to multiple cultural, scientific, political, and commercial influences. This chapter reviews current practice and emerging concepts in the diagnosis and treatment of sex and gender disorders, with emphasis on recent research findings and key unresolved questions.

Keywords: Gender dysphoria, gender identity disorder, orgasm, paraphilia, sexual arousal, sexual desire, sexual dysfunction

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