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date: 19 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Institute of Medicine identifies evidence-based practice (EBP) as a core competence for all 21st century health professionals (Greiner & Knebel, 2003). Psychology is a relative newcomer to the evidence-based movement, having just adopted EBP as policy in 2005 (www2.apa.org/practice/ebpstatement.pdf). Evidence-based practice is both a conceptual model and a process for basing clinical decision-making on the integration of research, client characteristics, and resource considerations. We describe the evolution of models of EBP across the health disciplines and discuss how the concepts and methods of EBP apply in clinical psychology. Psychologists’ roles in relation to EBP are as creators, synthesizers, and consumers of evidence. We consider implications of EBP’s adoption for clinical psychology training, and describe learning resources that support clinical psychologists in mastering EBP.

Keywords: Behavioral science training, clinical psychology, decision-making, empirically supported treatment, evidence-based practice

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