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date: 20 June 2019

(p. 1031) Index

(p. 1031) Index

Note: Page numbers followed by the italicized letter n indicates material found in notes.

abortion. See also fetal politics; fetus/fetal emblems; reproduction, politics of
attitudes towards, 81
availability of, 517
body politic and, 209
concept of power and, 620
gendering effects in policy, 617
in health activism, 334–336
international conservatism and, 319
Marxist-feminist perspective on, 805
neoliberalism and, 311
politics and, 643, 701, 809
right to, 807–811
speak-outs on, 598, 608n6
for women of color, 338
About Chinese Women (Kristeva), 767
Abrams, K., 254, 943
Abrego, Leisy, 496, 502
Abu-Lughod, Lila, 47, 660
Achieving Our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth Century America (Rorty), 647n4
Acker, Joan, 370
activism. See also consciousness-raising groups
academic practices and, 2
civil rights activism, 388, 593–596, 598
cultural representation and, 783
feminist health activism, 330, 332–335, 337, 341, 1002
feminist standpoint theory and, 268
in fetal politics, 701
for gender justice, 201
identity politics and, 52, 346–347, 349
inspiration for, 601
labor, 283
on militarization, 509, 521–524
narratives and, 909–910
in new media, 668
norms/normalization and, 551–552, 555, 557, 565
political, 403, 636, 781, 855, 925
prison, 721, 729
queer, 998
for reproductive rights, 807, 1001
sexual exhibition and, 666
on sexual violence, 1019
temporality and, 974–975, 977, 979, 988
trans/intersex feminisms and, 409, 412, 861
transnational, 314, 317–318, 321, 509, 921, 991–993, 995, 998, 1003
on welfare policy, 556
women’s identity and, 240
Adams, Carol J., 536
Addams, Jane, 508
“add women and stir” approach, 372, 509–510, 835
Adorno, Theodor, 57, 241, 653–654
Aesara of Lucania, 1, 12n1
aesthetic representation, 782, 792–794, 796–799. See also representation
affective turn
in critical theory/research, 16
description of, 19–23
politics of, 683
The Affective Turn: Theorizing the Social (Clough and Halley), 19
affect studies
affective labor, 444–446
autonomy in, 26–27
contextualization in, 33–35
definitions/definitional debates, 23–24, 27–29
(p. 1032) emotion in, 23–24
feminist research on, 16–19
inside-out/outside-in model critique, 24–26
main orientations of, 22–23
methodology in, 31–33
on militarization, 519
ontology/epistemology in, 29–31
psychoanalysis and, 30
on race/racialization, 745
The Affect Theory Reader (Gregg and Seigworth), 22
African American studies, 102, 166–168, 651
“Afrocentric feminist epistemology,” 233
Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape (Brownmiller), 234
Agamben, Giorgio, 63–66, 68–70, 76–77
agency
cross-cultural analysis, 46–50
of cultural producers, 662
descriptive/prescriptive aspects of, 40–44
feminist theories of, 39–40
in neoliberal era, 57–58
posthuman theories of, 53–56
post-identity perspective, 50–52
resistance as, 43–46
“agential realism,” 54–55, 544, 683
agriculture
feminization of, 435, 438
global food production, 437
hierarchical structures and, 812
industrialization of, 143–144, 151, 434
neoliberal globalization and, 314
Ahmed, Leila, 84–86
Ahmed, Sara, 20, 24–29, 31, 34, 927–928
Alaimo, Stacey, 686, 844, 847
Alam, S. M. Shamsul, 156
Alarcón, Norma, 353
Albright Madeleine, 995
Alcoff, Linda Martin, 7, 52, 950
Alexander, Jacqui, 864, 992, 997
Alexander, Michelle, 754
Alexander-Floyd, Nikol, 398, 403–404
alienation, 962–963
All China Women’s Federation (ACWF), 321n1
Allen, Amy, 52, 478, 485
All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us Are Brave (Hull, Bell Scott and Smith), 353
Althusser, Louis, 239, 350, 586, 845, 955–956
Alvarex, Sonia, 992
“ambition gap,” 373
American Medical Association, 337
anarchist feminism, 4
Anderson, E., 271
Anderson, Lorraine, 534
androcentrism, 84, 224, 769–771, 832, 855–856
Ang, Ien, 655
Anglo-American feminist theory, 227–230, 238–240, 243
anorexia, 219–220
Anthony, Susan B., 283
anthropocene feminism, 546–548, 683–684
anticolonial feminist theory
antecedents to, 100–101
decolonial feminism, 114–119
decolonial theory, 111–114
emergence/submergence of, 101–104
intersectionality and, 104–107
postcolonialism and, 107–111
antidepressants, 341
anti-discrimination
blind-spots in, 603
in institutions, 372–373
antipornography movement, 235–237, 584
antipoverty programs, 148, 198, 293
Anzaldúa, Gloria
border thinking/borderland subjects, 101, 161, 353, 999
identity politics and, 102
influence of, 410
mestiza consciousness, 114, 413, 903–904, 910, 939
temporality and, 979
Appadurai, Arjun, 996
Aptheker, Bettina, 233
The Arab Woman (La Femme Arabe) (Daumas), 91
Arendt, Hannah
on agency, 41
on birth, 708–709, 716–717
“common world” concept, 648n6
ideas of agency, 54
(p. 1033) on identity, 50, 640, 642, 648n5
notion of enlarged thought, 49
“Arendt Question in Feminism” (Honig), 51
Aristotle, 77, 209, 708, 973, 979
armed resistance movements, 513. See also militarization and war
Armillary Sphere Diagram (Su), 1, 12n1
Arms and the Enlisted Woman (Steihm), 511
Armstrong, J., 623
Arteaga, Alfred, 1014
Åsberg, Cecilia, 542–543, 546, 843–844
Asian American culture, 168–169
Asian Communities for Reproductive Justice (ACRJ), 338
assemblage/assemblage theory, 394, 396–397, 401, 462, 465–466, 744–745
assisted reproductive technologies (ART), 818–820
Astell, Mary, 348, 472
asylum, immigration practices and, 171–173
Athanasiou, Athena, 57, 925
Atkinson, Ti-Grace, 229
Austin, J. L., 572–577, 580–581, 583–587
Austin, Mary, 534
autonomous affects, 26–27. See also affect studies
autonomy, relational, 43
Avery, Byllye, 338
Avila, Ernestive, 495
Bacchi, C. L., 617, 621, 624
Baer, Judith, 249
Bagemihl, Bruce, 539
Baird, Karen L., 335
Bakare-Yusuf, Bibi, 862
Baker, Josephine, 215
Balsamo, Anne, 126, 130–131, 134, 139, 705
Banaszak, Lee Ann, 312–313, 377–378, 923
Bangladesh Rural Development Committee (BRAC), 156, 158–160, 447
Barad, Karen
agential realism of, 54–56, 544, 683
“intra-action” concept of, 136–137, 462–463, 545, 839
new materialism of, 346, 360
on practices of knowing, 847
Baranskaya, Natalya, 980
Barbie aesthetic, 666
“bare life,” 64, 67, 69–70, 77, 741, 755
Barker, Drucilla, 185–186, 432
Barklow, Tanner King, 510
Barlas, Asma, 764
Barrett, Michelle, 460, 919
Barrientos, Stephanie, 435
Barthes, Roland, 27, 662
Bartky, Sandra, 218–220, 477–478, 485
Bartlett, Kathleen, 255
Bartman, Sarah, 215
Basu, Amrita, 992, 993
Basu, Soumita, 520
Baxi, Pratiksha, 1019
Baxi, Upendra, 1011–1012
Baze v. Rees, 1012
Beale, Frances, 388
beauty industry, 554
Beauvoir, Simone de
on abstract individuals, 795
on becoming sexual, 899
on concept of experience, 228
feminist opinion formation and, 634
on gender as set of “acts,” 574–575
humanistic universalism and, 674, 857
on identity, 241–243, 640
misleading interpretations of, 841
on religion, 766–768
role of myth, 761
on sexual assault, 215
on social forces, 532–533
theories of gender, 852, 865
on the vagina, 224n3
on women as “other,” 348–349, 552
on women’s embodiment, 210–213
Bebel, August, 90
Bechdel, Alison, 556
Becker, Gary, 181
Beckwith, Karen, 312–313
Bedford, Kate, 196
Beijing Platform for Action, 319–320
Bejarano, Cynthia, 1024
Belkin, Aaron, 524
Bellour, Raymond, 783
Bell Scott, Patricia, 353
“beloved community,” 593, 595
Beltrán, Cristina, 969
Benedict, Helen, 510
(p. 1034) Beneria, Lourdes, 146
Benhabib, Seyla, 49, 610
Benjamin, Harry, 409
Benjamin, Jessica, 352
Benjamin, Walter, 653–654
Bennett, Jane, 468
Bennett, Judith, 979
Bentham, Jeremy, 724
Berger, John, 657
Bergeron, Suzanne, 992
Bergson, Henri, 54, 983
Berlant, Lauren, 17–18, 29, 34, 904
Berlin, Isaiah, 957, 959
Berry, Chris, 593
Bertelsen, Lone, 23, 26
Bevir, Mark, 306, 309
Beyoncé, 215
Beyond Economic Man: Feminist Theory and Economics (Ferber and Nelson), 430
Beyond God the Father, Toward a Philosophy of Women’s Liberation (Daly), 769, 775
Bhabha, Homi, 101
Bickford, Susan, 641
The Big Feminist Porn Book (Taorimo et al), 661
Bilge, Sirma, 387, 404
Billig, M., 924
Biocapital: The Constitution of Postgenomic Life (Rajan), 845
bioethics, feminist, 327–329
biological determinism, 10, 116, 351, 462, 573, 763, 839, 890, 894
Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversity (Bagemihl), 539
biomediated body, 28
biophilia, 210, 216. See also embodiment
“Biophilia, Creative Involution and the Ecological Future of Queer Desire” (Chisholm), 541
bio-philosophy, 20–21
biopolitics
affirmative theory of, 69–70
biomediated body in, 28
control as extension of, 21
death-oriented interpretation of, 63–65, 76–77
environmental qualities of, 69–70
feminist critiques of, 67–75
neoliberalism and, 32
neoliberal turn and, 814–815
reach of scholarship on, 63–67
as scholarly term, 61–62
sexual/reproductive regulation as, 65–67
biopower, governmentality and, 478–482. See also governmentality, Foucault’s concept of
Birmingham School, 653–654, 667, 682
birth, as revelation/beginning, 708–709. See also fetal politics
“The Birth of Biopolitics” (Foucault), 480–481
Bitter Fruit: African-American Women in World War II (Honey), 511
Bjarnegård, Elin, 320–321
black Americans
criminalization of, 728
profiling of, 725
The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (Gilroy), 166–168
black body. See also embodiment
hair styles, 216
in intersectional theorizing, 394
racialized embodiment, 214–215
black cultural studies, 166. See also African American studies
“A Black Feminist Statement” (Combahee River Collective), 230, 353. See also Combahee River Collective (CRC)
Blackman, Lisa, 21
black masculinity, 664, 733
Blackwell, Antoinette Brown, 533
Blackwell, Maylei, 995, 999, 1000
Blankenhorn, David, 254
Blavatsky, Madam, 771
“boat people,” 167, 172
Bobo, Jacqueline, 659
Boderlands/La Frontera (Anzaldúa), 114, 353
“bodice-rippers,” 655–656
Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex (Butler), 126, 358, 542, 576
(p. 1035) Bodily Natures: Science, Environment, and the Material Self (Alaimo), 545
body
disciplining the female, 476–478
health activism and, 335–337
Body & Society (journal), 21
body politic, politics of the body and, 207, 217–224
Bohr, Neils, 544, 839
Boillat, Sebastian, 537
border thinking, 101–102
Bordo, Susan, 209, 216–220
Bornstein, Kate, 408, 410, 413, 422
Boserup, Ester, 150, 181, 371
Boston Women’s Health Care Collective, 334, 335–336, 643–644
Boswell, John, 895
Bosworth, Mary, 728
Bourdieu, Pierre, 52, 1024
Bourgois, Philippe, 1014
BRAC (Bangladesh Rural Development Committee), 156, 158–160, 447
Bradby, Hannah, 331
Bradwell v. Illinois, 249
Braidotti, Rosi, 28, 68–71, 75, 76–77, 135–137, 139, 346, 466, 537, 545, 615, 841–842
Braziel, Jana Evans, 177
“breadwinner,” male as, 189, 194–195, 431–432, 616, 726
Brennan, Denise, 185
Brennan, Teresa, 23–25, 34
“bride trafficking,” 498–499
Briggs, Laura, 148–149
British black feminism, 354
Brown, Wendy, 46, 247, 641, 949–950
Brownmiller, Susan, 234–235, 721, 907, 964
Brown v. Board of Education, 563
Brown Wendy, 921
Bruce, Steve, 775n1
Buddhism, 771. See also religion
bureaucratic politics model, 307, 613. See also policy/policy studies
Burkholder, Nancy Jean, 410
Bush, George W., 319, 563
Buszek, Mary Ann, 665
Butler, Judith. See also gender performativity
on activism, 524
on agency, 57
cross-cultural analysis and, 49
on existence of bodies, 542
gender analysis/description of, 236, 552, 837–838, 861, 897
on gender performativity, 44–46, 53–54, 218, 375
“heterosexual matrix,” 784
on identity, 346, 347, 356, 357–358
on identity politics, 641
on militarization of affect, 519
on nature/culture dichotomy, 859
on Paris is Burning, 417
on productive power, 475–476
on resistance, 220, 483
on sex/gender distinction, 841–842, 889
on subject formation, 966–970
on subversion of norms, 621
trans and intersex feminisms and, 410
view of the state, 918, 920
Butler, Octavia, 125
Bynum, Caroline Walker, 774
Cacho, Lisa, 741, 755
Cairo Conference on Population and Development, 319
CAIS (complete androgen insensitivity syndrome), 412
Califia, Pat, 908
Camacho, K. L., 513
Camera Obscura (journal), 2
Cameron, Jenny, 186
Campioni, Mia, 350
Canning, Kathleen, 460
Canovan, Margaret, 642
“Can the Subaltern Speak?” (Spivak), 109, 792
capitalism
colonialism and, 112
destructiveness of, 110
economy of the household under, 432
gendered markets and, 429–430
posthumanism and, 135
race as central to, 101
social reproduction and, 179, 185, 187, 189–192, 200, 286, 290–293, 433, 440
women’s emancipation and, 156
Captive Genders: Trans Embodiment and the Prison Industrial Complex (Stanley), 223
(p. 1036) Carbado, Devon, 393, 396, 398–399
Carbine, Rosemary, 940–941
Carby, Hazel, 400–401, 863
care, ethics of, 42–43
care work. See also social reproduction
affective component of, 182–183
capitalist spheres and, 186–192, 201
commodification of, 184–186
in formal labor markets, 192–197
global care economy, 441–443
visibility as economic activity, 179–182, 200
work/life balance, 179, 195, 201
Caribbean studies, 166
Carreiras, Helen, 511
Carson, Rachel, 947
Cartwright, Lisa, 657
Case, Mary Ann, 253–254
Casement, Roger, 1015
Castillo, Ana, 353
Castoriadis, Cornelius, 634
Casualties of Care: Immigration and the Politics of Humanitarianism in France (Ticktin), 331
Catholic Church, 113, 709, 763, 768–769, 774, 809–811, 816, 975. See also religion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 331
Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies. See Birmingham School
Certeau, Michel de, 656
Césaire, Aimée, 100, 675
Chamallas, Martha, 247
Chappell, Louise, 319–320, 375
Charkiewicz, Ewa, 537
“charmed circle” of sexual behaviors, 560, 561f
Charrad, Mounira, 81–82
Chase, Cheryl, 408, 410, 412–413, 424
Chatterjee, Partha, 93, 101
Chavez, Cesar, 639
Cheah, Pheng, 57
Chibber, Vivek, 101, 108
Chicago, Judy, 224n3
Childs, Dennis, 1016
child-welfare system, 555
Chinese Americans, 639, 752
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882), 752
Chisholm, Dianne, 541
Cho, Grace, 518
Chodorow, Nancy, 352, 855, 891n3
“choice,” language of, 338
“choice feminism,” 606
Chomsky, Noam, 757
Chow, Rey, 554, 558
Christ, Carol P., 772–774
Christensen, Kimberly, 335
Christianity, 555, 762, 764, 765, 769, 774. See also religion
Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century (Boswell), 895
The Church and the Second Sex (Daly), 769
citizenship
alien ineligibility, 752
biopolitical/juridical, 68
denial of, 750
civilization/civilizations
concept of, 79–80
contemporary context, 94
as contextually unfolding, 86–87
in 18th-century Enlightenment thought, 87–90
“internal” debates on, 95
as sociocultural entities, 80–82
women in history of Islam, 81–82, 84–86, 92–93
women in western civilization, 82–84
“civilizing missions,” 91–94
civil rights activism, 388, 593–596, 598
civil society, 314–315
Cixous, Hélène, 357, 838, 891n5, 902
Clancy-Smith, Julia, 91
Clark, Anna, 789
Clarke, Averil, 402
Clark-Mane, Rebecca, 394
The Clash of Civilizations (Huntington), 80
classification/taxonomic systems, 2–4
Cleage, Pearl, 353
clientelism, 320
climate change, marginalized groups and, 270
Clinton, Bill, 563
Clinton, Hillary, 995, 1002
(p. 1037) Clough, Patricia Tiniceto
on affective turn, 19–21
on affect studies methodology, 31–33
on biomediated body, 28
on temporality of affect, 27
Clover, Carol, 658
Clynes, Manfred, 123
Code, Lorraine, 943–944, 950
Cohen, Cathy, 416
Cohn, Carol, 508, 512, 517, 518, 521, 523, 1021
Colebrook, Claire, 546–548
Coleman, Rebecca, 18
Colen, Shellee, 817, 1001
“collaborative governance,” 310
Collingwood, R. G., 241
Collins, Patricia Hill, 232–233, 353, 368, 380, 394, 556, 743, 906
colonialism, 91–94. See also anticolonial feminist theory
coloniality of gender, 116–119
“Colonial War and Mental Disorders” (Fanon), 1022
A Colored Woman in a White World (Terrell), 387
Combahee River Collective (CRC), 388, 389, 600–601, 603, 641, 900
Comics Code, 656
commercial surrogacy, 444–445
“Commercial Surrogacy in India: Manufacturing a Perfect Mother-Worker” (Pande), 445
Committee to End Sterilization Abuse, 337
“the commons,” concept of, 457
Communist Party, 232
companion species theory, 137–138, 538, 545, 680
complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS), 412
compost, as figure/metaphor, 128
“Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence” (Rich), 351, 901
Connell, R. W., 368, 376, 857
Connelly, Matthew, 811, 813, 819
consciousness-raising groups, 231, 265, 484, 556, 597–599, 601, 603, 633, 637, 641, 645, 647n3, 768, 919, 934–935, 937, 961, 1024
conservative networks, in international forums, 319–321
Consortium on the Management of Disorders of Sex Development, 409
Constable, Nicole, 499
“Constitutional Law and Black Women” (Murray), 388
constitutive representation, 796–799. See also representation
constructivist materialism, 460
contextualization, in affect studies, 33–35
Coole, Diana, 922
Cooper, Anna Julia, 105, 387, 389
Cooper, Christine, 606
Cooper, Melinda, 686, 846
Coronil, Fernando, 866
Cott, Nancy, 750
Coulter, C., 513–514
Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (AMA), 337
counterhegemonic groups/publics, 46, 621, 624
Cover, Robert, 1012–1013
Cowie, Elizabeth, 781, 785–786
Crasnow, S., 271
“Creating Disturbance: Feminism, Happiness and Affective Differences” (Ahmed), 27
Crenshaw, Kimberlé, 105, 251–252, 353, 380, 385–387, 389–391, 395, 397, 601, 603–604, 730, 736, 743
CRG (constitutive representation of gender), 796–799
criminal punishment. See also prison/prisons
class/identity and, 723–726
norms and, 555
power relations in, 722
critical theory, feminism and, 237–242
“Critique of the Sex/Gender Distinction” (Gatens), 887
cross-cultural analysis, role of resistance in, 46–50
cultural feminism, 351
The Cultural Politics of Emotions (Ahmed), 24
cultural representation, 235, 352, 360, 486, 652, 782–787. See also popular/visual culture
cultural vs. moral genitalia, 422–423
“The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception” (Adorno and Horkheimer), 653
(p. 1038) “Culture of Terror-Space of Death” (Taussig), 1015
Curiel, Ochy, 865
Curtis, Edward S., 531
Cusicanqui, Silvia Rivera, 100, 115, 118
cybertypes/cybertyping, 131–132
Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity on the Internet (Nakamura), 131
cyborgs. See also “A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s” (Haraway)
as “companion species,” 137–138, 545, 680
in cultural theory, 129
as figure for feminist theory/politics, 122–123, 133–134, 139–140
gender technologies and, 129–131
hybridity, notion of, 133–134, 136, 161, 168
material-discursive domains of, 126–128
metaphoric resonance of, 134–135
racial inscriptions and, 131–133
Cyprus v. Turkey, 1018
Cyrus, Miley, 978
Daar, Abdallah S., 818
Dahl, Robert, 231
Dalsgaard Anne Line, 820
Daly, Mary, 351, 767–769, 772–773, 907
The Darker Side of the Renaissance (Mignolo), 101
Darwin, Charles, 54, 72, 464, 533, 539, 540, 683, 890, 978, 988
Darwinian feminism, 539
Das, Veena, 58, 1017
Daughters of Bilitis, 410
Daumas, Eugène, 91
Davis, Angela, 169, 214–215, 222, 335–336, 338, 645, 727, 729, 957, 961–966, 997, 1020
Davis, Dana-Ain, 335
Davis, Kathy, 336, 636
Dawkins, Richard, 126
Dayan, Colin, 167
death, as biopolitical, 63–65, 76–77
The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution (Merchant), 535–536
Decade for Women, 316
Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions (Seneca Falls conference), 249
decolonial feminism, 114–119
The Decolonial Imaginary (Perez), 114
decolonial theory, 111–114. See also colonialism
De Goede, Marieke, 446
Delaney, Samuel, 125
DeLargy, Pamela, 517
Deleuze, Gilles, 18, 20–21, 26–27, 29, 33, 394, 681, 838
Delphy, Christine, 456–458, 633, 789, 854–855
“Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics” (Crenshaw), 251, 385
denaturalization
of difference, 4–6
in feminist new materialism, 462–463, 467
of feminized labor, 457–458, 460
of gender/gendered body, 131, 380, 861
of global political economy, 190
in household labor, 181
of identities, 356
in norms/normalization, 556, 562, 565
in queer studies/diasporas, 173
of sex, 853
of structures, 369
subjectivity/subjectivation and, 956, 961
Densmore, Dana, 901
Dent, Gina, 997
“dependent,” women’s identity as, 189, 212, 351, 379, 432, 500, 728, 772, 882, 918, 937, 958, 960, 963
Der Derian, James, 518
Derrida, Jacques
deconstruction theory of, 63
on identity, 355
on performativity, 573–577, 580, 585–586
postcolonial theorists and, 107
“there is no outside of text,” 842–843
Desai, Manisha, 995
Descent of Man (Darwin), 533
descriptive representation, 781, 792, 794–796. See also representation
determinism, as agency concept, 40–41, 970. See also biological determinism
developmental systems theory (DST), 839
(p. 1039) development/development policies
experts role, 144–146
gender/gendering in, 146–147, 152–155, 183
NGO activities, 156–160
reproduction and “welfare,” 148–150
structural adjustment programs (SAPs), 155–156
theory/practice of, 143–144
waged labor in, 150–152
“women’s standpoint,” 160–161
Devereux, George, 808
The Dialectic of Sex (Firestone), 676
Diamond, Lisa, 904–905
Diamond, Milton, 412
diaspora
in black cultural studies, 166–170
queer, 173–176
in racialized settings, 170–173
term/concept of, 164–166
Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, 164
Di Chiro, Giovanna, 540
Dick, Kirby, 510
difference debates/dilemma, 4–6, 248, 250, 255, 465, 603–604, 792. See also sexual differences
difference feminism, 3–4, 5, 233, 838, 854, 874–875, 885, 887, 889–890, 902, 910
“The Dinner Party” (Chicago), 224n3
Dinnerstein, Dorothy, 330, 352
disability theory, 329–330
Disch, Lisa, 459–460, 940, 951–952
disciplinary power
appropriations of, 476–478
and the norm, 552–557
violence and, 554–555
Discipline and Punish (Foucault), 477, 724–725
“Disembodying Women” (Duden), 701
Doane, Mary Ann, 658, 785
The Doctor’s Case against the Pill (Seaman), 334
Does Khaki Become You? (Enloe), 508
“Doing Gender” (West and Zimmerman), 579, 587
Dolphijn, Rick, 466, 840
domination
vs. power relations, 483
system of, 232
Doniger, Wendy, 768
Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy, 510. See also militarization and war
“double-handicap,” 387–388
Douglas, Susan J., 666–667
Dowd, Nancy, 255–256
Downer, Carol, 334
downloading (of responsibilities), 312–313
drag, Butler’s analysis of, 44–46
Dreby, Joanna, 496, 502
Dred Scott decision, 753
Dreger, Alice. D., 408–410, 412
DuBois, W. E. B., 100, 392, 659
Dubriwny, Tasha, 341, 342
duCille, Ann, 400
Duden, Barbara, 702, 703, 705, 706, 707, 709, 711–712, 713
Duggan, Lisa, 927
Dussel, Enrique, 101, 115
Dworkin, Andrea, 235–236, 582, 584, 660, 860, 907
Dworkin, Ronald, 584
Dye, T. R., 612
Echols, Alice, 599, 900
Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature (Gaard), 536
Ecofeminist Natures (Sturgeon), 536
ecological feminism/ecofeminism, 4, 682–683
Écrits (Lacan), 878
Eddy, Mary Baker, 771
Edelman, Lee, 541
Edwards, Brent Hayes, 164
Edwards, Penny, 91, 92
Egypt, mosque movement in, 47–48
Ehrenreich, Barbara, 184, 1020
Ehrlich, Paul, 812
Einhorn, Barbara, 315
Eisenstein, Hester, 994
Eisenstein, Zillah, 919
Elliott, Beth, 410
Elshtain, Jean Bethke, 509, 512
Elson, Diane, 190
(p. 1040) “Eluding Capture: The Science, Culture, and Pleasure of ’Queer’ Animals” (Alaimo), 540
embodiment
biophilia, 210, 216
body politic and, 216–217, 222
female body practices, 218–219
in feminist theory, 207–208
male, 209
philosophical traditions (Western), 208–210
politics of, 8–9
racialized, 214–217
somatophobia, 207–208, 210, 214, 216, 224
emotion
in affect studies, 23–24
distinction from affect, 27–28
“emotional labor,” 184, 193, 292, 444. See also care work; gendered divisions of labor
empirical adequacy thesis, 264, 266–268
employment, gender segregation in, 193–194
empowerment strategies, 2, 45, 49, 58, 81, 83, 92–93, 153–155, 198, 293, 315, 335, 447, 559, 603, 620–622, 624–625, 636, 746, 764, 773, 781, 799, 816, 917, 1002, 1022
Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World (Escobar), 145
“The Enemy of the Species” (McWhorter), 540
“The Enfranchisement of Women” (Mill), 348
Eng, David L., 173
Engels, Friedrich, 90, 350
England, Paula, 432
Enlightenment
concept of civilization in, 87–90
universal rights of, 5
Enloe, Cynthia, 508–512, 519, 1020, 1022
environmental feminisms, 534–537
environmental qualities
of biopolitics, 69–70
human-nonhuman entities and, 136
epistemic advantage thesis, 264, 272–275
Epistemology of the Closet (Sedgwick), 896
“The Equality Crisis: Some Reflections on Culture, Courts and Feminism” (Williams), 247
“equality-difference” debate. See difference debates/dilemma; sexual differences
equality feminism, 3–4, 854
Equal Protection Amendment (14th), 388
Erickson, Bruce, 540
Erndl, Kathleen, 773
Escobar, Arturo, 144–146, 160
essentialism
nature as type of, 530
strategic, 355, 864
Estrich, Susan, 945
estrogen, 543–544
ethical practices, in feminist science studies, 843–847
“ethics of care,” 42, 233, 535, 958
ethnic cleansing, 172, 559, 563, 1019
eugenics/eugenics movement, 74, 480, 559, 834
Eurocentrism, 100, 102–103, 108–111, 113–116
European Feminisms 1700-1950: A Political History (Offen), 762
European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology, 409
Evans, Sara, 594–595, 599, 607n1
“The Evidence of Experience” (Scott), 241, 476
Evolution’s Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People (Roughgarden), 539
Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative (Butler), 585, 587, 920
existentialism, 241
experience. See also consciousness-raising groups; feminist standpoint theory
concept of, 227–228
critical theory and, 237–242
moral development theories, 12n1, 233, 854
origins/development of, 228–234
of sexual intercourse, 235
sexuality debates and, 235–237
of socialization, 233
standpoint theory and, 231–232
experts, dependency on, 703–704
Fabre, C., 858
“false consciousness,” 43, 350, 761, 766, 768
family formation, 106, 402, 445, 562–564, 819
“family wage,” 431
Fannin, Maria, 704
Fanon, Frantz, 100, 659, 675, 678, 1015, 1022
Farmer, Paul, 1023
(p. 1041) Farquar, Mary, 593
Fassin, Eric, 858
Fasteau, Marc, 508
Fausto-Sterling, Anne, 410, 412, 417, 461, 859
Featherstone, Lisa, 702
Featherstone, Mike, 32
Federici, Silvia, 457
Feinberg, Leslie, 408, 410
Feiner, Susan, 185–186, 432
Feldman, Shelley, 158
“Female Sexuality” (Freud), 875
femicide, 222, 866
The Feminine Mystique (Friedan), 349, 473, 917
“Femininity” (Freud), 875
Feminism and Science (Tuana), 833
Feminism Confronts Technology (Wajcman), 130–131
“Feminism’s Apocalyptic Futures” (Wiegman), 346
Feminism Unmodified (MacKinnon), 581
Feminism Without Borders (Mohanty), 993–994
feminist bioethics, 327–329
Feminist Bioethics: At the Center, on the Margins (Scully et al.), 328
Feminist Bioethics: Beyond Reproduction (Wolf), 328
feminist civil society, 314–315
feminist disability theory, 329–330
feminist empiricism, 261, 263, 268, 275, 278. See also feminist standpoint theory
Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures (Alexander and Mohanty), 992
feminist jurisprudence
development of, 247–249
gender and sexuality in, 252–253
intersectionality theory in, 251–252
masculinity studies and, 254–257
from women’s rights to, 249–251
feminist peace politics, 509
Feminist Politics and Human Nature (Jaggar), 349
feminist porn, 661–662
feminist psychoanalysis, 890–891
Feminist Review (journal), 2
feminist science studies, 537–539, 840–847. See also science/science studies
Feminist security studies (FSS), 520–521
feminist standpoint theory
bias correction/minimization, 273
empirical adequacy thesis, 264, 266–268
epistemic advantage thesis, 264, 272–275
as essentialist, 275–276
female experience and, 231–232
historical development of, 261–263
interpretation/defense of, 264
logical inconsistency claims, 278
materialism in, 458–459
methodological thesis, 264, 269–272
normative commitment thesis, 264, 268–269
objections to, 275–278
participation of marginalized groups, 273
risk of moral relativism, 277–278
situated knowledge thesis, 264–266
socially responsive science, 275, 276–277
Feminist Studies (journal), 2
feminist theory
academic institutionalization of, 2
classification/taxonomic systems, 2–4
core themes, 3
defining features, 2
denaturalizing difference in, 4–6
intersectionality in, 8
origins, 1
politics of embodiment in, 8–9
situated knowledge in, 6–8
“feminization.” See also care work
of agriculture, 435, 438
in international hierarchies, 89
of migration, 439–441
militarism and, 1020
racialization parallels, 211
of workforce/labor, 124, 179, 192–194, 197–200, 287–290, 294, 435–441, 994
La Femme Arabe (The Arab Woman) (Daumas), 91
Ferber, Marianne, 430
Ferguson, Kathy, 468
Fernández-Kelly, Patricia, 995
Ferree, Myra Marx, 622
fetal politics
dependency on experts, 703–704
feminist analysis of, 701
(p. 1042) from a feminist standpoint, 700
fetal rights, 815
governance and, 704–705
pregnancy and, 702
responsibility/reasonableness/rationality and, 704–705
technologies and, 702–703
fetus/fetal emblems
biological facts, 712–713
birth, as revelation/beginning, 708–709
historical depictions, 707
as modern construct, 705–706
in non-Western cultures, 709–710
in visual culture, 710–712
Field, Connie, 511
Fifty Shades of Grey (James), 669
film/film theory, 783–787
financialization, concept of, 446–447
Fineman, Martha, 248
Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schüssler, 769
Firestone, Shulamith, 210, 212–213, 229, 351, 647n2, 676, 854, 900–901, 905, 907
Firth, Simon, 667
“The Five Sexes” (Fausto-Sterling), 412, 417
Flax, Jane, 352
Floyd, Nikol Alexander, 102
Folbre, Nancy, 181
“The Force of Fantasy: Feminism, Mapplethorpe, and Discursive Excess” (Butler), 346
Ford Foundation, 315, 318
Fording, Richard C., 798
formal sector, waged labor in, 150–152
“Foucault, Femininity and the Modernization of Patriarchal Power” (Bartky), 477
Foucault, Michel
on autonomy/self-responsibility, 705
biopolitical framework of, 21, 62–63, 557–559
body/power relationship of, 207, 217–218
on cultural production, 662
“death of man,” 678
on desire, 237
on disciplinary power, 552–554, 557
on discipline/normalization, 221
gender conceptualization, 573
governmentality concept of, 304–305, 375
on health, 326
ideas of agency, 54
on identity, 355
postcolonial theorists and, 107
on practices of the self, 47
on prisons/punishment, 724–728
productive power, 473–476
“regimes of truth,” 659
on resistance, 482–486
on role of power, 898
on sexuality, as regulated, 553
silence on gender, 67–68, 75
on subjectivity, 955–956
on subversion of norms, 621
Fox, Richard, 373
Fraad, H., 189
Frank, Adam, 25
Franke, Katherine, 253, 257n2
Frankfurt School, 653, 723
Franklin, Sarah, 682, 702, 705, 713
Fraser, Nancy, 57, 297, 482, 610, 621
freedom, politics as practice of, 644–645
Freeman, Carla, 194
Freeman, Jo, 597
Freire, Paolo, 816
French feminist theory, 227–228, 241, 242–243n1
Freud, Sigmund, 24, 351–352, 783, 874–878, 888, 890–891
Friedan, Betty, 349, 473, 854
Friedberg, Anne, 659
Friedman, Susan Sanford, 637
“From Private Violence to Mass Incarceration: Thinking Intersectionally about Women, Race, and Social Control” (Crenshaw), 389
“From State Feminism to Market Feminism” (Kantola and Squires), 313
Frontiers (journal), 2
Frost, Samantha, 346, 464, 922
Frye, Marilyn, 419
Fugitive Flesh: Gender Self-Determination, Queer Abolition, and TransResistance” (Stanley), 223
Fujimura, Joan, 465
Futures of Reproduction: Bioethics and Biopolitics (Mills), 73
(p. 1043) Gaard, Greta, 536
GAD (gender and development), 144, 152–155. See also development/development policies
Gadamer, Hans-Georg, 987
Gage, Frances Dana, 791–792
Gamble, Elizabeth Burt, 533
Gammeltoft, Tine, 710
Gamson, W. A., 622
Gandhi, Leela, 109
Garcilaso de la Vega, Inca, 101, 112
Gardner, Paula, 340, 341
Garfinkel, Harold, 422, 579–580
Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie, 330, 660
Gatens, Moira, 34, 209, 887–889
gay drag, Butler’s analysis of, 44–46
gay identity. See also trans and intersex feminisms
diaspora studies, 173–176
homophobia and, 790
politics of, 54
Geertz, Clifford, 772
Geiger, Susan, 6
gender. See also gender performativity
as citational practice, 218, 577
coloniality of, 116–119
concept of, 532, 852–853
cyborgs and, 124
in definitions of crime, 726–727
in development policies, 146–147
as distinct from sex, 573
as “doing,” 578–581, 587
in era of globocentrism, 866–867
in formal labor market participation, 192–197
in informal economy, 197–200
institutions and, 370–371
in medical discourses, 852–853
men/masculinities in theories of, 857–858
“New Jim Crow” and, 754
racial hierarchy and, 89
in racialization process, 743
second-wave feminist on, 853–856
sex/sexuality distinction, 858–860
sexuality studies distinction, 252–253
technologies of, 129–131
gender and development (GAD), 144, 152–155. See also development/development policies
“Gender and Symbolic Violence” (Bourdieu), 1024
Gender and the Military: Women in the Armed Forces of Western Democracies (Carreiras), 511
“Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis” (Scott), 764
“gender confirmation” surgery, 418
gendered divisions of labor
concept of, 284–286
feminist theory and, 283–284
feminization of labor, 287–290
global care chains, 290–292
neoliberalism and, 292–295
research/alternatives, 295–297
Gendered Innovations in Science, Health and Medicine, Engineering and Environment, 836
gendered norms
as decontextualized, 578
as racialized, 551, 554–556, 565–566
“Gender for a Marxist Dictionary” (Haraway), 467
gender/gender binarism
in hegemonic feminism critiques, 864–866
social movement critiques of, 860–861
universalized account critiques, 861–864
gendering
abortion policy and, 617
colonialism and, 114, 119
in development policies, 146–147, 152–155, 183
dynamics of, 9
in global finance, 446–447
of labor markets, 436
in militarization and war, 510–512
as political construct/process, 4
gender mainstreaming, 154, 321, 372, 623–624
gender norms/normativity
in affect studies, 19
in care work, 185
challenging hegemonic norms, 666
in Christian gender regimes, 765
communication technology and, 496
(p. 1044) in fourth wave feminism, 978
identity and, 352, 644, 884
in intersectional theorizing, 8, 252
in labor, 295
marriage migration and, 497–500, 502
patriarchal power and, 484–485
in penal discipline, 727
political critiques of, 474
posthumanism and, 687
psychical differences, 877, 880
in queer studies/diasporas, 174, 414, 541, 861
racialization in, 551, 554–557, 565–566, 757
sex/gender distinction and, 887–888
sexuality and, 254
subjectivity/subjectivation and, 968
trans and intersex oppression, 419
Gender Outlaw (Bornstein), 410
gender performativity
as accountable, 580
Butler on, 44–46, 54, 128, 218, 358–359, 576, 988
as citationality, 577
concept of, 572–578, 586–588
“doing gender,” 578–581, 587
“happy” performatives, 577, 585
hate speech and, 584–586
language and, 581
pornography and, 581–584
in queer theory/studies, 586–587
Gender Politics and MTV: Voicing the Difference (Lewis), 664
gender segregation, in employment, 193–194
gender self-determination, 223
gender socialization, 180, 262, 371
“gender trespassing,” 223
Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (Butler), 236, 358, 475–476, 572–576, 586, 837
gender variance. See trans and intersex feminisms
Generalized Other, 41
genitalia, cultural vs. moral, 422–423
Georges, Eugenia, 703
Gershik, Zsa Zsa, 510
Giffney, Noreen, 540
Giles, W., 517
Gilligan, Carol, 42, 233, 854
Gilman, Charlotte, 283
Gilman Sander, 215
Gilmore, Ruth Wilson, 754
Gilroy, Paul, 164, 166–168, 675, 679
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader, 255, 257n4
“girl power,” 666–667
Gitlin, Todd, 639, 642, 647n4
Glenn, Evelyn Nakano, 190
global care chains, 290–292
Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in the Diaspora (Manalansan), 174
global feminism, 638
global finance, gendering and, 446–447
globalization. See also transnational feminism
vs gendered global restructuring, 433
neoliberal, 305, 311, 314–315, 321, 441, 518, 866
neoliberal policies and, 434–436
Gluck, Sherna B., 511
goddess religions, 771–774
Goetz, Anne Marie, 159
Goffman, Erving, 578–580
Goldberg, David Theo, 558, 754
Goldman, Emma, 283, 508
Goldstein, Joshua, 517, 519
Göle, Nilüfer, 93
González, Jennifer A., 133
Goodbye Gauley Mountain: An Ecosexual Love Story (Stephens), 541
The Good-Natured Feminist: Ecofeminism and the Quest for Democracy (Sandilands), 536
“good theory,” 21, 236
Gopinath, Gayatri, 170, 173–176
Gorton, Kristyn, 17
gossett, hattie, 906
Gossip, Markets, and Gender (Pietilä), 430
Gouges, Olympe de, 1
governance
bureaucratic politics model, 307, 613
civil society, 314–315
concept of, 304, 321
conservative networks and, 319–321
feminist critiques of, 311–314
gendered effects of, 310–311
gendered networks in, 318–321
(p. 1045) “good governance” problem, 309–310
governing levels, 308–309
governing mechanisms, 307–308
multiple actors in, 306–307
neoliberal roots of, 309–310
NGO activities, 315–318
organizational process model, 307
as praxis, 305–306
rational actor model, 307, 613
“governance feminism,” 248
Governance without Government (Rosenau), 308
governmentality, Foucault’s concept of, 304–305, 478–482, 486n7
Graham, Allison, 614
Graham, J., 191
Graham-Gibson, J. K., 191
Grameen Bank, 156, 158, 160, 447
Gramsci, Antonio, 107, 111, 239
Grant, Judith, 3, 950
Gray, Linda, 950
Gray, R. D., 839
Greer, Germaine, 412, 901
Gregg, Melissa, 22, 25
Gregory, John, 89
Grewal, Inderpal, 992, 993
Griffin, Susan, 534, 536
Griffiths, P. E., 839
Grimshaw, Jean, 675
Gross, Rita M., 770, 773
Grossberg, Lawrence, 24, 33, 363n18
Grosz, Elizabeth, 28, 53–54, 56, 346–347, 350, 464–465, 539, 689, 838, 988
Grove, Jairus, 519
Grrrll culture, 978
Guamán Poma de Ayala, Felipe, 101, 112
Guattari, Felix, 18, 20, 26–27, 29, 33, 394, 681
Guha, Ranajit, 101, 993, 1015
Gunderson, Gregory, 513
Gun-Free Kitchen Tables, 523
Gunn, Sakia, 222
Gunn Allen, Paul, 114–115
Gunnarsson, Lena, 468
Gyn/Ecology (Daly), 902
“gynesis,” 12
“gynocriticism,” 11–12
Ha, Trinh T. Minh, 169
hair styles, of black women, 216
Halberstam, Judith/Jack, 904
Hall, Stuart, 401, 662, 664
Halley, Janet, 248, 254
Hambly, Gavin R. G., 84
Hames-García, Richard, 466
Hammer, Zoe, 997
Hampson, Daphne, 774
Hancock, Ange-Marie, 401–402, 660
Haney Lopez, Ian, 615, 749, 751
Hanisch, Carole, 633
Hanna, Kathleen, 978
“happy” performatives, 577, 585
Haraway, Donna
companion species theory, 129, 137–139, 545
cyborg analogy of, 133–135
“A Cyborg Manifesto,” 122–125, 135
feminist science studies, 537–539
on gendered subjects, 615
influence of, 410
on informal economy, 199
on late capitalism, 131
material agency model of, 544
on materialism, 467
material-semiotic concept of, 462, 841
naturecultures, conception of, 842
as posthuman thinker, 679–680
Harding, Sandra, 232, 675, 856, 937
Hardt, Michael, 184, 444
Harlequin Romances, 655
harmonia, 12n1
Harper, Frances E. W., 353
Harris, Angela, 732, 736
Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association (HBIGDA), 409
Harry Benjamin Standards of Care, 409
Hartman, Saidiya, 169–170, 1012
Hartmann, Betsy, 812
Hartmann, Heidi, 187–188
Hartouni, Valerie, 716
Hartsock, Nancy, 188, 231–233, 391, 458, 636–637
Hashemi, Syed M., 156
Hashmi, Taj I., 159
Häsler, Sabine, 537
hate speech, 584–586
(p. 1046) Hawkesworth, Mary, 643, 798
Hayden, Casey, 596–597
Hayden, Tom, 593
Hayles, N. Katherine, 126–128, 135–136
The Hays Code, 656
Hayward, Eva, 546, 686
“head of household,” 379, 432
health, in feminist theory
achievement era, 333, 340–341
bioethics, 327–329
disability theory, 329–330
health activism, 332–333
healthism, 341
inclusion era, 333, 335
neoliberalism and, 339
Our Bodies, Our Selves, 335–337, 636–637
resistance era, 333, 335
self-regulation in, 340–341
shifting concepts of, 333–335
social science approaches, 330–332
structures, prioritization of, 337–339
healthcare, right to, 326–328
Healy, Stephen, 186
Healy, Bernadine, 337
Heath, Stephen, 783
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 112, 652
hegemonic norms, challenging, 665–668
Hegemony and Socialist Strategy (Mouffe and Laclau), 635
Heidegger, Martin, 979, 987
Hekman, Susan, 347, 349, 355, 544, 844
Held, Virginia, 42
Hemmings, Clare, 3, 30–32, 34, 347, 360, 910
Hennessy, Rosemary, 460
Herdt, Gilbert, 896
Herland (Perkins), 986
hermaphrodite. See trans and intersex feminisms
Herndon, April M., 408–409, 414
Hernes, Helga Maria, 917
“Heterogeneity, Hybridity, Multiplicity: Making Asian American Differences” (Lowe), 168
heteropatriarchy, 382, 551, 557, 559–560, 564. See also patriarchy
heterosexism, 262, 264, 388, 459, 535, 566, 926, 955, 966
“Heterosexualism and the Colonial Modern Gender System” (Lugones), 116
Heyes, Cressida, 419, 484–485
Heyzer, Noeleen, 436
Highmore, Ben, 31
Hill, Anita, 582
Hill Collins, Patricia, 106, 730–733, 736
Himmelweit, Susan, 184
Hinduism, 773, 797. See also religion
Hinton, Peta, 463
Hird, Myra J., 539, 540
Hirschman, Linda, 606
Hirschmann, Nancy J., 957–961
“History” (Spivak), 792
history, women’s representation in, 787–791
The History of Sexuality (Foucault), 62, 473, 479, 482, 483
History of the Women’s Health Movement (Ruzek), 333
Hitchcock, Alfred, 657
Hobbes, Thomas, 208–209, 217, 1011
Hochschild, Arlie, 184–185, 444, 494
Holland, Sharon Patricia, 745
Hollywood film, 657–658, 662, 783, 785
Holmes, Morgan, 414
The Holy Family (Marx and Engels), 90
Home, Henry, 88
homo economicus conception, 431
homonationalism, 916, 927, 998
homoprotectionism, 916
homosociality, 320–321
Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierrette, 491, 495
Honey, Maureen, 511
Honig, Bonnie, 50–51
hooks, bell, 193, 215, 222, 353, 641, 659, 792
Hoque, Serajul, 159
Horkheimer, Max, 238, 241, 653–654
Hoshino, Lina, 519
household labor. See also care work
migrating women and, 439–441
theories of, 180–181
unpaid, 180
households, economy of, 432–433
(p. 1047) How to Do Things with Words (Austin), 576, 585
Huggins, Jackie, 354
Hull, Gloria T., 352, 389
human-nonhuman relation, 134–139. See also cyborgs
human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines, 270, 1002
human rights, 804
Huntington, Samuel, 80–81
Hutchings, Kimberly, 43
hybridity, notion of, 133–134, 136, 161, 168
hypermasculinity, culture of, 732
hyphenation model, 2–3
Icons of Life (Morgan), 711
identity/identities
black feminism on, 352–354
Chicana/Latina feminists on, 353–354
domination/subordination and, 349, 352
essentialism and, 355
as gendered, 358
gendered/racial oppression and, 348
as intersectional, 353
language/linguistics in, 357
lesbianism, 351
liberal feminism on, 349–350
as multifaceted, 353
new materialism on, 346–347, 360
ontological focus, 360
postcolonial feminism on, 354–355
in poststructuralist feminism, 355–357, 359
psychoanalysis on, 351–352
radical feminism on, 350–351
for socialist feminists, 350
term usage, 347
as universalized, 350
as Western humanist supposition, 348
women of color feminism on, 354
“identity-invalidation,” 420
identity politics. See also personal is political
Arendt on, 640
crisis/criticism of, 639–640
Gitlin on, 639
Hekman on, 355
Kruks on, 362n9
literature on, 638–642
in multicultural societies, 646, 647n4
politically constituted character and, 640
postidentity agency, 50–52
“Identity: Skin, Blood, Heart” (Pratt), 603
identity tourism, 131–132
“I’d Rather Be a Cyborg Than a Goddess: Becoming Intersectional in Assemblage Theory” (Puar), 396
Ignatieff, Michael, 1012
Illinois, Bradwell v., 249
illocutionary speech/acts, 581, 583, 585, 588n11
immigration, diaspora and, 164, 169
immigration law, 172, 500, 563–564, 751–753
Imperial Leather (McClintock), 105
Impossible Desires: Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures (Gopinath), 173
In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development (Gilligan), 233, 854
inclusion, politics of, 106, 335
“Incorporating Gender in Research on Indigenous Environmental Knowledge in the Tunari National Park in the Bolivian Andes” (Serrano et al), 537
Increasing the Participation and Advancement of Women in Academic Science and Engineering Careers (ADVANCE), 835
incrementalist models, 613. See also policy/policy studies
indeterminacy, 26–27
indigenous feminism, 4, 117, 536, 566, 1000–1001
industrial production, 438
informal economy, 197–200. See also care work
information sciences/theory, in biopolitics, 71–73
information systems, virtual bodies and, 126–128
Inglehart, Ronald, 81
Inhorn, Marcia, 330–332
Inman, Mary, 534
inside-out/outside-in model critique, 24–26
institutions
anti-discrimination policies in, 372–373
biological sex and, 371–373
conceptualization of, 367
dynamism in, 376–377
(p. 1048) formal vs. informal, 377–378
gender and, 370–371
gendered, 373–374
intersectional analysis and, 372–373, 380–382
pay inequity in, 372–373
power/patriarchy in, 374–376
as producers of gender, 378–380
structural analysis of, 368–370
term usage, 367
“Integrating Gender into the World Bank’s Work: A Strategy for Action” (World Bank), 154
interactive service labor, 291–292
Intercourse (Dworkin), 235
interculturality, 115
International Labor Organization (ILO), 153, 197
International Monetary Fund (IMF), 154, 183, 309, 434, 440, 991
International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC), 1002–1003
International Women’s Year, 316
intersectionality
anticolonial theory and, 104–107
assemblage concept in, 394
central problems of, 391
diaspora and, 164
emergence of, 385
equivalent oppressions and, 394
feminist jurisprudence and, 251–252
identity theories in, 353, 380–382, 386, 390, 392
intellectual genealogies of, 387–389
as methodology, 400–405
paradigmatic black female subject, 397–400
political intersectionality, 386
politics of embodiment and, 8–9
postintersectional discourses, 400
on prisons/punishment, 729–733
in public policy, 623–624
race/racialization approaches, 742–745
state-based recognition and, 395–396
systems of power and, 389
term usage, 385
term usage/definition of, 385, 391
trans/intersex feminisms and, 415–417
universalizing tendency, 403–404
in war and militarization, 516–517
Intersex Society of North America (ISNA), 408, 410–412, 414
intersexuality, medical intervention and, 408–409. See also trans and intersex feminisms
intimate labor, 184. See also care work
Into Our Own Hands (Morgen), 333
The Invisible War (Dick), 510
in-vitro reproduction, 213, 543
Irigaray, Luce
on abstract ideal of Man, 678
on identity, 213–214, 356–357
psychoanalysis categories and, 855
on sex/gender distinction, 838
on sexual difference, 539, 874, 880–886, 888–890, 891n4, 902
Irni, Sara, 467
Iskra, Darlene, 511
Islam. See also religion
approach to women’s rights/gender equality, 81–82
Huntington’s representation of, 80–81
media coverage of, 775
Qur’anic teachings, 764
Sisters in Islam, 762
women in history of, 84–86, 92–93
Islamaphobia, 47
Is the Goddess a Feminist? (Hiltebeitel and Erndl), 773
It Ain’t Me Babe (comic), 665
Jackson, John, 664
Jackson, Patrick Thaddeus, 86
Jacobs, Amber, 890
Jacobson, R., 517
Jaggar, Alison, 349, 676
James, E. L., 669
“Jane Crow,” 388
Japanese Americans, 753
Jayawardena, Kumari, 1
Jeffreys, Sheila, 775
Jenkins, Henry, 656
Jessop, Bob, 428
Jezebel.com, 978
(p. 1049) Jim Crow, 754
Johnson, Barbara, 788–789
Johnson, Ericka, 546
Johnson, Lyndon B., 594
Jones, Ann Rosalind, 902
Joseph, Gloria, 188
Judd, Karen, 807
Jung, Karl, 989
juridical power, 396
juridical illegibility, 392
jurisprudence. See feminist jurisprudence
Kabeer, Naila, 154
Kannabiran, K. G., 1011
Kant, Immanuel, 979
Kantola, Johanna, 313–314
Kaplan, Amy, 993
Kaplan, Caren, 992, 993
Kaplan, E., 785
Karim, Lamia, 157
Kaufman-Osborn, Timothy, 1011, 1013, 1021
Kearns, Thomas, 1011, 1012
Keating, Christine, 927
Keller, Helen, 508
Keller, Mary, 763
Kelly, Joan, 675, 984
Kenney, Sally, 370, 377
Kenny, Meryl, 377
Kessler, Suzanne, 6, 410, 422, 580
Khanna, Ranjana, 29–30
Kim, Minjeong, 499
Kimmel, Michael, 255, 857–858
King, Deborah, 388
King, Martin Luther, 593, 595, 639
King, Mary, 596–597
Kinsella, Helen, 95
Kirby, Vicky, 346, 842–843
Kirk, Gwen, 513
Kitch, Sally, 743
Kitchen Table Press, 389
Klein, Nathan, 123
Kleinbaum, Abby, 84
Kleinman, Arthur, 1017, 1023–1024
knowledge, situation of, 6–8, 264–266
Koedt, Anne, 229, 901
Kohlberg, Lawrence, 233
Koivunen, Anu, 19, 30
Kolko, B. E., 131–132
Kolodny, Annette, 536
Kontopoulos, Kyriakos, 102
Koobak, Redi, 546
Korematsu v. United States, 753
Koyama, Emi, 415, 417, 418, 419
Kristeva, Julia, 357, 767–768, 987–988
Krizsan, Andrea, 622–623
Kronsell, Annica, 523
Kruger, Barbara, 531–532
Kruks, Sonia, 241, 362n9, 454
Kurzweil, Ray, 126
Kwan, Peter, 390–391, 396
labor/labor markets. See also care work; gendered divisions of labor; markets/marketization
affective labor, 444–446
family vs. industrial modes, 456–457
feminization of, 179, 194, 197–200, 287–290, 438, 994
gendered operations and, 192–197
sexual division of, 130
Lacan, Jacques, 355, 658, 874–875, 877–882, 890
Lacanian psychoanalysis/theory, 11, 776n7, 785, 855, 878, 967
Laclau, Ernesto, 635, 637
Lairap, Josephine, 447
Lamble, Sarah, 733–735
Lander, Edgardo, 114
Langton, Rae, 582–584, 587
language
gender performativity and, 581
hate speech and, 584–586
pornography and, 581–584
role in identity, 357
Laqueur, Thomas, 5, 859
Lasswell, Harold, 231
lateral loading (of responsibilities), 312–313
Latour, Bruno, 11, 542
Lauretis, Teresa de, 356
law enforcement, hypermasculinity in, 732. See also prison/prisons
Lawless, Jennifer, 373
Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society, 409
The Lay of the Land (Kolodny), 536
(p. 1050) Lean In (Sandburg), 373
legal rights, 804
Leithauser, Marcia, 511
lesbians/lesbianism
identity/identities, 351
in military, 510
self-definition in, 410–411
women’s sexuality and, 900
Leviathan (Hobbes), 1011
Levi-Strauss, C, 239, 785, 786, 853–854
Levit, Nancy, 256
Lewis, Lisa A., 664
liberal feminism, 2, 4, 192, 349–350, 551, 884, 900, 918, 957
The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter (Field), 511
Life as Surplus: Biotechnology and Capitalism in the Neoliberal Era (Cooper), 846
Life Un(Ltd): Feminism, Bioscience, Race, 844
Lind, Amy, 927
Lindsay, Beverly, 388
Lioness (film), 510
Liviatan, Ofrit, 809
Living Along the Fenceline (film), 519–520
Lloyd, Genevieve, 675
Lloyd, Moya, 920
locational feminism, 636–637
Locke, John, 957
locutionary speech, 581
Löffler, Marion, 921
Lombardo, E., 617, 622–623
The Lonely Soldier: The Private War of Women Serving in Iraq (Benedict), 510
Longino, H., 267
“loosers/choosers” paradigm, 43
López, Iris, 820
Lorde, Audre, 103, 125, 230, 602–604, 641, 745, 903, 906, 999
Lose Your Mother: A Journey along the Atlantic Slave Routes (Hartman), 169
Lott, Eric, 664
Louverture, Toussaint, 675
Love, Heather, 34
Love and Theft (Lott), 664
Loving v. Virginia, 751
Loving with a Vengeance (Modleski), 655
Lowe, Lisa, 168–169, 170, 172
Lowi, Theodore, 796
Lu, Melanie, 500
Lucashenko, Melissa, 354
Lugones, Maria, 100, 102, 115–118, 865–866
Luibhéid, Eithne, 998
Lukacs, Georg, 232
Lukes, S., 618
Lury, Celia, 682
Luxemburg, Rosa, 508, 962
MacKinnon, Catherine, 231, 235–237, 253, 376, 582, 584–585, 587, 660–661, 860, 907, 918, 1018–1019
Madianou, M., 495–496
Mahmood, Saba, 47–49, 220–221
Mahoney Martha, 945
“mail-order bride,” 498
mainstreaming. See gender mainstreaming
The Making of the English Working Class (Thompson), 241
Making Sex (Laqueur), 859
Maldonado-Torres, Nelson, 101, 114
male breadwinner model, 189, 194–195, 431–432, 616, 726
male gaze, 18, 207, 210, 478, 657–658, 660, 665
male networking, 320
Malkki, Liisa, 993
Malraux, Andre, 675
Malthus, Thomas Robert, 148, 812
The Managed Heart (Hochschild), 444
Manalansan, Martin, 173–174, 185, 998
Mandela, Nelson, 675
Mander, Jenny, 88
Maneuvers (Enloe), 511
“A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s” (Haraway), 122–125, 135, 467, 538, 680
Mansbridge, Jane, 795
Man’s Dominion (Jeffreys), 775
Man’s Fate (Malraus), 675
“Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics and Violence against Women of Color” (Crenshaw), 251, 381, 386
Marchand, M., 433, 435
(p. 1051) Marcuse, H., 962
margins, studying from the, 264, 269–271
Margulis, Lynn, 689
Mariátegui, José Carlos, 101
market feminism, 313, 916, 923
markets/marketization
affective labor, 444–446
agriculture production, 437
financialization and, 446
gendered global restructuring, 433
gendered nature of, 430, 448
global care economy, 441–444
homo economicus conception, 431
industrial production, 438
“male breadwinner,” invention of, 431
market sociology, 433
migrating women, 439–441
neoclassical economic theory, 429
re-gendering of labor markets, 436
service sector, 439
sex tourism, 443–444
in social relations, 429
in vocabulary/speech, 428
marriage laws, 379, 431
marriage migration, 497–501, 502–503
marriage practices, 750, 854
marriage rights/advocacy, 559–564
Martin, Biddy, 603
Martin, Emily, 331
Marx, Karl, 41, 90, 805, 824
Marxist theories
on human reproduction, 805
ideology critique in, 652
materiality in, 456
on unpaid household labor, 180–181, 187
masculinity/masculinity studies
feminist jurisprudence and, 254–257
law enforcement and, 732–733
Massumi, Brian, 25–26, 27, 29, 30, 31–32, 34, 744
“The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House” (Lorde), 602
material feminisms
emergence of, 890
nature and, 542–548
Material Feminisms (Alaimo and Hekman), 844
materialisms
the commons, concept of, 457
constructivist materialism, 460
difference, valuation of, 465–467
feminist new materialism (FNM), 461–467
feminist poststructuralist approaches and, 459–460
feminist standpoint theory and, 459
in feminist theory, 454–455
historical materialist feminisms (HMF), 455–461
materiality of women’s labor, 456–457
metaphysical intervention in, 462, 464
networked agency in, 463
oppression and, 458–459
power/responsibility relations in, 463–464
race/racism and, 466–467
signification and, 461
material-semiotics, 124, 126, 132, 135, 462–463, 538, 840–841, 843
maternalism, culture of, 494
Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace (Ruddick), 509
Matsuda, Mari, 585
Mayeri, Serena, 249
Mazur, Amy, 313
Mbembe, Achille, 137, 221–223, 224
McBride, Dorothy, 313
McBride, Renisha, 222, 756
McCall, Leslie, 251, 401–402
McClintock, Anne, 92, 105
McDonagh, Eileen, 714
McDonald, Cameron, 492, 494
McDowell, Linda, 195, 291–292
McKenna, Wendy, 6, 410, 422, 580
McKittrick, Katherine, 747
McLagan, Meg, 510
McLaren, Margaret, 484
McLeod, Laura, 521
McNay, Lois, 482
McPherson, Tara, 132
McRobbie, Angela, 57, 666–668
McWhorter, Ladelle, 356, 480, 540
Mead, Margaret, 852
“The Meaning of Freedom” (Davis), 645
media/media worlds
cyborgs in, 129–133, 135
(p. 1052) Eurocentric bias in, 110
feminist scholarship and, 16, 17
framing by, 341
hegemonic gaze and, 659–660
Islamic culture and, 82, 775
male domination of, 599
on militarization, 523
new media representations, 668–670, 682
promotion of norms, 554
racialized criminalization, 755, 758
representations of women, 556, 665
seduction of the public, 653–654, 656
stereotypes in, 663, 787
storytelling and, 941–942, 950
on structural violence, 1023
on women’s migration, 497–498
medicalization, of women’s bodies, 644. See also Our Bodies, Our Selves (Boston Women’s Health Collective)
Mehta, Brinda, 170
Meier, P., 617
Meloy, Ellen, 541
Mendoza, Breny, 114, 865
men’s rights movements (MRMs), 815
menstruation, 210, 212–213, 331, 336, 340, 351, 411, 901
Merali, Zara, 818
Merchant, Carolyn, 535
Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism (journal), 992
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, 888
mestiza consciousness, 413, 903–904, 910, 939
methodological thesis, 264, 269–272
methodology
in affect studies, 31–33
contextualization as, 35
Methodology of the Oppressed (Sandoval), 134, 140n5
Mexican Americans, 750–751, 753
MHRMs (men’s human rights movements), 815
Michaels, Meredith W., 716
Michelet, Athénaïs, 788
Michigan Womyn’s Music Festival, 410–411
microcredit, 154–160, 198–200, 293, 794, 994
microfinance, 155–156, 293, 318, 447
microphysics of power
biopower/governmentality in, 478–482
concept of, 472–474
disciplining the female body, 476–478
productive power, 474–476
resistance, 482–486
Middle East, gender equality and, 82. See also Islam
Mignolo, Walter, 101–102, 114, 115
migration
capitalism and, 490
for domestic work, 492–494
feminization of, 439–441
gendered nature of, 490–491, 501
marriage migration, 497–501, 502–503
transnational mothering, 495–497
Milan Women’s Bookstore Collective, 886
militarization and war
“add women and stir” approach, 509–510
feminist critiques of, 1020–1021
“feminist curiosity” in, 512
feminist explorations of, 517–519
feminist literature on, 508–509
gender, approach to, 514–515, 524
gendering of, 510–512
intersectional theory in, 516–517
“let us in” approach, 512–514
as overtly political, 512–513
research/activism on, 521–524
scholarship dilemmas, 509–510
securitization theory, 519–521
symbolic associations in, 516
Militarized Currents (Shigematsu and Camacho), 513
Mill, Harriet Taylor, 348
Millar, John, 88
Miller, D., 495–496
Miller-Young, Mireille, 665
Millett, Kate, 229, 633–634, 637, 767, 783, 905–906, 918
Million, Dian, 943
Mills, Catherine, 73–75, 77
Mills, C. Wright, 639
Minh-ha, Trinh, 862
Miñoso, Yuderkys Espinosa, 865
Minow, Martha, 792–793
Minsky, Marvin, 126
(p. 1053) mirror of history, 787–791. See also representation
Mirza, Heidi Safia, 354
miscegenation laws, 596, 615, 751
Mitchell, Juliet, 230, 352, 533, 783, 877
Mitchell, Koritha, 392
Mitchell, Lisa, 703, 710
Mitra, Jaya, 938
Moallem, Minoo, 354
modernity, colonialism and, 112–113
Modernity/Coloniality Group, 101–102, 107, 112
Modleski, Tania, 655
Mohanty, Chandra Talpade, 109–110, 144, 160, 354, 603, 797, 862, 864, 938, 992, 993
Money, John, 408, 409–411, 424, 852–853
Mookherjee, N., 516
Moraga, Cherrie, 125, 353
moral development theories, 12n1, 233, 854
Morales, Evo, 118
moral vs. cultural genitalia, 422–423
Moravec, Hans, 126
“More Lessons from a Starfish: Prefixial Flesh and Transpeciated Selves” (Hayward), 546
Morgan, Lewis, 90
Morgan, Lynn, 709, 711, 716, 810, 814
Morgan, Robin, 410, 638
Morgen, Sandra, 333
Morrison, Toni, 741
Mortimer-Sandilands, Catriona, 540. See also Sandilands, Catriona
Morton-Robinson, Aileen, 354
Moser, Carolyn, 148, 440
mosque movement, 47–48, 220–221
Mother Camp: Female Impersonators in America (Newton), 576
motherhood
development policies and, 148
experience of, 233
Safe Motherhood initiative (World Bank), 156
transnational mothering, 495–497
motherhood environmentalism, 535
Mother Nature trope, 534, 535
Mouffe, Chantal, 635, 637
Moving Beyond G.I. Jane: Women and the US Military (Ziegler and Gunderson), 513
Moya, Paul, 415
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, 600
Moynihan Report (“The Negro Family: the Case for National Action”), 563, 600, 660
MRMs (men’s rights movements), 815
Mrs. Dalloway (Woolf), 984, 989
multiculturalism, 115, 395, 499, 639, 647n4, 775, 917, 999. See also identity politics
Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? (Okin), 775
multiple jeopardy, 388
Mulvey, Laura, 657–658, 783–786
Murphie, Andrew, 23, 26
Murphy, Michelle, 333, 848, 1001
Murray, Marjorie, 821
Murray, Pauli, 388
Muslim women, 47–48, 220–221, 775–776n4, 998
“The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm” (Koedt), 229, 901
Nagel, Joann, 900
Nakamura, L., 131–132, 139
Nakano Glenn, Evelyn, 190
Namaste, Viviane, 413, 417
Narayan, Uma, 84, 354, 797
narrative. See storytelling/narrative
Nash, Jennifer, 252, 385, 391–393
National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO), 599
National Black Women’s Health Project, 338
National Center for Transgender Equality, 734
National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP), 734
National Conference for New Politics (NCNP), 597, 607n5
National Institutes of Health Office of Research in Women’s Health, 334
Nationality Act, 751
National Organization for Women (NOW), 884, 977–978
National Science Foundation (NSF), 835
National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NSEERS), 172
Native Americans
characterization of, 89
incarceration of, 731–732
(p. 1054) naturalization
care work and, 180
development and, 153
of differences, 684
embodiment and, 9
of heteronormativity, 516
of identity, 484
of men and machines, 130
in migration process, 500–501, 751–752, 969
of patriarchal gender practices, 508
of performative acts, 897
in posthuman subjectivity, 137
of sex, 859
of social roles, 210
of web interface design, 132
of women’s work, 458
“Naturally Queer” (Hird), 540
natural rights, 804
nature
anthropocene epoch, 546–548
concept of, 531
environmental feminisms, 534–537
estrogen and, 543–544
ethics of the Real, 536
feminist flight from, 531–534
feminist science studies, 537–539
in feminist theory, 530–531
in indigenous feminisms, 536–537
material feminisms and, 542–548
natural woman, 535
nature/culture dualism, 533
in postcolonial feminisms, 536–537
queer natures, 539–541
traditional ecological knowledges (TEK), 537
trans-corporeality, 545
as type of essentialism, 530
women’s nature, 532
Nazis/Nazism, 64, 65, 480, 487n8, 983
necropower/necropolitics, 137, 221–224, 735
negative liberty, 957–958
Negri, Antonio, 444
“Negroes,” characterization of, 89
“The Negro Family: the Case for National Action” (Moynihan), 563, 600, 660
Nelson, Julie A., 430
neoliberal globalization, 305, 311, 314–315, 321, 441, 518, 866
neoliberalism, 155. See also governmentality, Foucault’s concept of
abortion rights and, 810
agency and, 57–58
ascendance of, 304
biopolitics and, 32, 814–816, 821, 922
Cooper on, 846
cybertechnologies and, 136
defined, 825n1
development and, 1003
divisions of labor and, 292–295
feminist research and, 916, 918
as form of governmentality, 481, 923
globalization and, 995
marketization and, 441
personal responsibility and, 339
political critiques of, 474, 485
privatization imperatives and, 155
RPV framing in, 190–191
transnational feminism and, 992–993
Wacquant on, 756
neo-materialism, 466
New Jim Crow, 754
Newman, Karen, 711
new materialism
feminist affect studies and, 18–19
feminist science studies and, 840–843
identity theories, 346–347, 360
New Materialism: Interviews and Cartographies (Dophijn and van der Tuin), 840
new media representations, 668–670
new social movements, 594, 596, 607, 607n3, 635, 676
Newton, Esther, 576
Newton, Isaac, 973, 979
Ngai, Mae, 751, 752
Ngai, Sianne, 27
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 54, 575, 580, 967, 987
Nike Foundation, 193
Nilsson, Lennart, 711
Nkrumah, Kwame, 100
Nochlin, Linda, 654
No-Conscription League, 508, 523
No Future (Edelman), 541
(p. 1055) No Longer Patient (Sherwin), 328
nonconsensual surgical alteration, 418
non-governmental organizations (NGOs), 157–160, 195, 293, 295, 306–307, 314–320, 796, 991–992, 996, 999, 1001–1003
nonhuman-human relations, 134–139. See also cyborgs
normative commitment thesis, 264, 268–269
norms/normalization. See also gender norms/normativity
biopolitics and, 557–559
concepts/processes of, 551–552
disciplinary power, 552–557
feminist interventions and, 551–552, 558
feminist resistance formations, 555–557, 564–567
heteropatriarchal conditions, 551, 557, 559–560, 564
same-sex marriage (case study on), 559–564
Norris, Pippa, 81
North, Douglass, 370
Not Just Race, Not Just Gender: Black Feminist Readings (Smith), 400
“Not Symbiosis, Not Now: Why Anthropogenic Climate Change Is Not Really Human” (Colebrook), 547
Nussbaum, Martha, 708, 958
Nyman, Joanna, 520
Oakley, Ann, 853
Obama, Barack, 403, 563
objectivity, conceptions of, 7
object relations, 11, 352, 458, 855
occupational segregation, 179, 194, 200, 436
Oedipus complex, 875–878
offloading (of responsibilities), 312–313
Of Mothers and Time (Trigg), 981
Of Woman Born (Rich), 901
Ogden, Stormy, 732
oil/oil production, gender equality and, 82
Okin, Susan Moller, 81, 610, 775, 917
Oksala, Johanna, 444, 481
Olivia (music collective), 410
Omi, Michael, 742–743
“One is Not Born a Woman” (Wittig), 532
one sex model, 5
Ong, Aihwa, 996, 999
“On Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses: Notes Towards and Investigation” (Althusser), 350
Only Words (MacKinnon), 581, 661
On the Genealogy of Morals (Nietzsche), 575
ontology, in affect studies, 29–31
oppositional consciousness, 125, 133–134, 675, 865
“ordinariness,” 135, 140n6
organizational process model, 307
Orientalism (Said), 100
Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (Engels), 90
Orlando (Woolf), 983, 989
Ortner, Sherry, 853
Our Bodies, Our Selves (Boston Women’s Health Collective), 327, 335–336, 636–637
outside-in model critique, 24–26
overkill (interpersonal violence), 223–224
overpopulation, 148–150, 811–812
Oyama, S., 839
Oyewumi, Oyeronke, 115, 116, 117, 160, 862–863
Page Act (1875), 563–564
paid/unpaid work, 146, 179, 181–182, 190, 193–195, 198, 219, 283, 286, 296, 492, 494, 535, 726, 884–885
Painter, Nell, 791
Palmer, Ingrid, 152
Pande, Amrita, 445
Panjabi, Kavita, 938–939
panoptical gaze, 219
Paradise (Morrison), 741
Parashar, S., 521
Paredes, Julieta, 116
parental leave, 380, 616
Parisi, Luciana, 70–73, 75, 77, 689
Paris is Burning (film), 417
Parkin, Michael, 428
Parreñas, Rhacel, 491, 495–496, 995
Parsons, Talcott, 231
Partnoy, Alicia, 938
Pateman, Carole, 379, 431, 610, 919, 1011
patriarchy. See also heteropatriarchy
consciousness-raising about, 231
as constructed system, 229–230
cross-cultural critiques of, 47–48
in institutions, 374–376
(p. 1056) “Paul Gilroy’s Slaves, Ships and Routes” (Dayan), 167
pay inequity, in institutions, 372–373
Payne, Carol Williams, 597
peace politics, 509
Pedagogy of the Oppressed (Archibald and Wilson), 816
Pedersen, Jean Elisabeth, 68
Pedwell, Carolyn, 927
Penley, Constance, 656, 783
Perez, Emma, 114
performativity. See gender performativity
Perkins, Charlotte, 986
perlocutionary speech/acts, 581, 585, 588n11
personal is political. See also identity politics
consciousness-raising groups, 597–598
in contemporary context, 606–607
historical emergence, 594–596
phrase origins/meaning, 593–594, 632–634
private/public distinction in, 604–605
“sex wars” and, 599
speak-outs, 598–599
Vagina Monologues, 605–606
personal politics, 227, 229, 240, 607n1
personhood
agency and, 40–41
in Andean society, 118
biological facts, 712–713
in biopolitical framework, 73
of black women, 601
credos about, 701
feminist theory of, 715–716
fetal individuals and, 699
fetal status/representations, 709, 711, 714
of married women, 249
of mothers, 446
in new social movements, 607
of the oppressed, 601
physical autonomy and, 708
politicization of, 604
politicized notions of, 604, 607
relational theory of, 715
social, 118
in surrogacy contracts, 446
trans identity and, 416
of trans/intersex women, 416
universal feature of, 40–41
Petchesky, Rosalind, 315, 711, 805, 807, 816
Peterson, V. Spike, 190–191, 433, 517, 518
Phelan, Shane, 602
The Phenomenology of Perception (Merleau-Ponty), 888
Phillips, Anne, 792
philosophical traditions (Western), 2–3
Pierce, Steven, 1016
Pietilä, Tuulikki, 430
piety practices, 221
pink-collar workers, 193–194, 287, 289. See also gendered divisions of labor
Pinto, Samantha, 168
Pitts, Rebecca, 534
Planned Parenthood, 810
Plato, 208, 210, 224n1, 304, 811, 973
Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality (Vance), 237, 906
Plumbwood, Val, 535, 536, 889
policy/policy studies
components/models of, 613
concept of, 610–614
constructivism turn, 614–618
development of, 612–613
domination/empowerment and, 620–622
feminist contributions to, 612, 625–626
feminist criteria for, 622–625
framing policies, 616–618
future research recommendations, 626
gendered policies, 614–616
gender mainstreaming, 154, 372, 623–624
governments/institutions in, 613–614
intersectionality in, 623–625
transforming gendered power, 618–619
political intersectionality, 386. See also intersectionality
political representation, 781–782, 789, 792–796, 798
politics. See also personal is political
feminist theory and, 632–634
of location, 636–638
as means to an end, 643–644
in multicultural societies, 639, 646, 647n4
as power, 634–635
as practice of freedom, 644–645
(p. 1057) of representation, 781–782, 787, 799
of sexual difference, 884–887
The Politics of Ourselves (Allen), 485
Politics of Piety (Mahmood), 47
politics of the body, in body politic, 207, 217–224
Pollock, Griselda, 786
“Polluted Politics? Confronting Toxic Discourse, Sex Panic and Eco-Normativity” (Di Chiro), 540
Polsby, Nelson, 231
popular/visual culture. See also pornography; representation
challenging hegemonic norms, 665–668
concepts/analytical strategies in, 651–654
feminist ways of seeing, 657–660
fetal emblems in, 710–712
in new media, 668–670
porn wars, 660–661
representation and reality in, 662–665
representations, analysis of, 652
women writers/artists, 654–657
The Population Bomb (Ehrlich), 812
population control, 149–150, 499, 558–559, 562–563, 686, 748, 811, 813, 820, 925, 1001–1002
population growth, 148, 702, 812–813, 925
pornography
male domination and, 235–236
performativity and, 581–584
representation and injury in, 660–662
positive liberty, 957–959
postanthropocene feminism, 680–684
postcolonial feminism, 108–111
postcolonialism, 107–108
postcolonial theorists, on identity, 354–355
The Posthuman (Braidoti), 545
posthuman feminism
affective turn in, 683
agency and, 53–56
anti-humanist roots of, 676–677
cultural studies and, 682
ecofeminism and, 682–683
Haraway’s vision of, 679–680
humanist legacy, 673–676
new media and, 682
politics and, 685–688
postanthropocentric turn, 680–684
postcolonial theory and, 677–678
poststructuralism and, 678–679
queer science studies and, 686–687
relational ontology in, 690
sexuality beyond gender in, 688–689
term usage, 674
posthumanist materiality, 543, 545–547
postidentity agency, 50–52. See also agency
postmodern feminism, 3–4, 38, 123, 374, 516, 531, 615, 866
poststructuralist feminism, 3–4, 355–357, 459–460, 539, 678–679, 897–899
“Posttranssexual Manifesto” (Stone), 410
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 1019
Poulain de la Barre, François, 348
poverty
assumptions about, 147
eradication of, 153–155
overpopulation and, 148–150
as test of economic development, 145
“The Poverty of Theory and Other Essays” (Thompson), 241
power. See also microphysics of power
biopower/governmentality, 478–482
concept of, 472–474
disciplining the female body, 476–478
in institutions, 374–376
market-based theories of, 232
productive, 474–476
resistance, 482–486
The Power Elite (Mills), 639
The Practice of Everyday Life (Certeau), 656
Pratt, Geraldine, 495
Pratt, Minnie Bruce, 603
pregnancy. See also fetal politics; reproduction, politics of
cultural images of, 699
feminist perspectives on, 713–717
as somatic stance, 706–707
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (Goffman), 578–579
Preves, Sharon, 414
Primate Visions: Gender: Race, and Nature in the World of Modern Science (Haraway), 538, 680
Pringle, Rosemary, 921
(p. 1058) prison-abolition movement, 565–566
prison/prisons
abolition of, 223, 565–567, 729, 735
class/identity and, 723–726
feminist theories of, 721–722
in histories of punishment, 726–729
intersectional theories of, 729–733
private prison companies, 729, 997
scholarship directions on, 736–737
trans prison scholarship, 733–735
women’s prisons, 554, 727–728
Probyn, Elspeth
on affect studies methodology, 32
on genders as drag, 576
pro-choice/pro-life frameworks. See fetal politics; fetus/fetal emblems; reproduction, politics of
productive power, 474–476. See also microphysics of power
“pro family” stances, 319
The Promise of Happiness (Ahmed), 34
“The Promise of Monsters” (Haraway), 538
Prosser Jay, 417
Prügl, Elisabeth, 921, 923
psychoanalysis
feminist engagement with, 30
in identity theory, 351–352
representations and, 782–785
Psychoanalysis and Feminism (Mitchell), 230, 352, 877
Puar, Jasbir, 385, 394–398, 401, 404, 744, 927, 998
public policy. See policy/policy studies
Public Secrets of Law: Rape Trials in India (Baxi), 1019
Public Vows: A History of Marriage and the Nation (Cott), 750
public women, 222
Punishment and Social Structure (Rusche), 736
Purdy, Laura, 702
Putin, Vladimir, 318, 322n3
Putomayo Report, 1015
Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics, Desire (Erickson and Mortimer-Sandilands), 540, 541
Queering the Nonhuman (Giffney), 540
queer science studies, 686–687
“Queer Theory and Native Studies: The Heteronormativity of Settler Colonialism” (Smith), 175
queer theory/studies
diasporic, 173–176
on gender and sexuality, 908–909
gender performativity and, 586–587
queer natures, 539–541
representation in, 790
Quijano, Anibal, 101–102, 113–116, 866
race and racialization
affect theory and, 745
assemblage theory and, 744–745
biological notions of, 748–753
citizenship denial, 750
colonialism and, 110, 113–114, 117, 119
conceptualizations of, 741–742
cyborg identity and, 131–133
diaspora and, 170–173
Europeaness, 747
feminist post slave studies, 745–748
in hierarchical social systems, 113–114
materiality of, 466–467
as political construct/process, 4
racial formation theory, 742–745
state terrorism and, 753–758
race-gendered institutions, theory of, 9
Race in Cyberspace (Kolko, Nakamura and Rodman), 131
“race problem,” 387
racing-gendering, dynamics of, 9
Racism and Sexual Oppression in Anglo-America (McWhorter), 480
radical feminism
on identity, 350–351
trans/intersex feminism and, 410–415
Radway, Janice, 655–656
Rahman, Aminur, 158
Rai, Shirin, 314
Ramamurthy, Priti, 435
Ramirez, Renya, 175
Rana, Junaid, 172
“The Rani of Sirmur: An Essay in Reading the Archives” (Spivak), 792
Rao, Anupama, 1016
(p. 1059) rape
Brownmiller’s analysis of, 234–235
slavery and, 214–215
as torture, 1018–1019
in US military, 510
Rapoport, David, 757–758
Rapp, Rayna, 331
rational actor model, 307, 613. See also policy/policy studies
Raven-Roberts, Angela, 516
Rawls, John, 41, 957
Raymond, Janice, 407, 410–415, 419, 422–423
Razack, Sharene, 950–952
Reading the Romance (Radway), 655–656
Reagan, Ronald, 309, 334, 434, 556, 660, 860
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 601, 602, 603, 642, 646
reality reinforcement, 420–424
reciprocal care relations, 500
recognition, in law, 395–396
Reddy, Chandan, 998
Redstockings/Redstockings Manifesto, 230, 602–603
Reed v. Reed, 249
Rees, Baze v., 1012
refugees, racialization and, 171–173. See also migration
The Rejected Body: Feminist Philosophical Reflections on Disability (Wendell), 329
relational autonomy, 43
religion
androcentric bias in, 770
feminist scholarship on, 761–765
goddess religions, 771–774
multiculturalism and, 775
patriarchal nature of, 763–770, 774–775
reproductive entitlement and, 808
rise in fundamentalism, 774–775
“in the shadow of Eve,” 765–768
theorizing on, 768–771
representation. See also popular/visual culture
aesthetic, 782, 792–794, 796–799
concept of, 781–782
constitutive, 796, 798, 799
cultural, 235, 352, 360, 486, 652, 782–787
descriptive, 781, 792, 794–796, 798
political, 781–782, 789, 792–796, 798
politics of, 781–782, 787, 799
problem of voice, 791, 796
queer theory and, 790
semiotic, 782, 785, 794, 798
of women’s history, 787–791
Reproducing Empire (Briggs), 993
reproduction, politics of
abortion rights, 808–811
compulsory sterilization, 820
concept of rights, 804–805
contingent reproductive rights, 817–824
empowerment, 816
fetal rights, 815
men’s rights, 815
neoliberal turn in, 814–815
population policies, 811–814
providers’ rights, 815–816
religious authorities and, 808
reproductive governance, 814–815, 824
reproductive justice, 816–817
reproductive rights, 805–808
rights of displaced/refugee women, 823–824
right to bear children, 820–821
right to biological children, 818–820
right to healthy environment, 823
right to parent with dignity, 821–823
right to safe childbirth, 821
welfare and, 148–150
The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender (Chodorow), 352
reproductive, productive, and virtual (RPV) sectors, 190, 433
reproductive justice, 338
reproductive labor, commodification of, 290–292
Reproductive Rights and Wrongs (Hartmann), 812
reproductive rights movement, 338, 701, 820
reproductive technologies, 11, 73–74, 676, 682, 701–702, 818–820
resistance
agency as, 43–46
feminist resistance formations, 564–567
Foucault’s understanding of, 482–486
storytelling as resistance strategy, 938–940
of violence, 1021–1025
in women’s healthcare movement, 333, 335
(p. 1060) resistance groups (armed), 514. See also militarization and war
Resnick, S., 189
“Rethinking Intersectionality” (Nash), 391
return (diasporic), 169. See also diaspora
The Revolutionary Imagination in the Americas and the Age of Development (Saldaña-Portillo), 993
Rhodes, Rod, 306, 308
Rich, Adrienne, 213, 233, 351, 573, 636, 860, 901–902, 905, 906, 907
Ricoeur, Paul, 774
Riefenstahl, Leni, 653
rights, concept of, 804–805. See also reproduction, politics of
Riley, Ann P., 156
Ringrose, Jessica, 18
Rios Tobar, Marcela, 317
Risman, Barbara, 369
Rist, Stephan, 537
Rizzo, Helen, 81
Roberts, Dorothy, 328–329, 339, 342, 822
Roberts, Elizabeth, 814
Robertson, William, 88
Robinson, Cedric, 558, 748
“Rock and Sexuality” (McRobbie and Firth), 667
rock music, 667
Rodman, G. B., 131–132
Rodríguez-Trias, Helen, 337, 999
Roe v. Wade, 710, 807
romance novels, 655–656
romantic individualism, 667
Rönnblom, M., 621
Rorty, Richard, 647n4
Rosaldo, Michelle, 853
Rosenau, James, 308
Rosie the Riveter Revisited: Women, the War, and Social Change (Gluck), 511
Ross, Loretta, 817
Ross, Luana, 732
Ross, Michael, 82
Rosser, Sue, 833
Rothman, Barbara Katz, 703–704
Roughgarden, Joan, 539
Rubin, Gayle, 236–237, 253, 454, 532, 560, 853–854, 907–908
Rubin, Henry, 414
Rucht, Dieter, 312–313
Ruddick, Sara, 233, 509
Ruether, Rosemary Radford, 769, 774
Runyan, Anne Sisson, 433, 435
Rusche, George, 723–729, 734, 736
Ruzek, Sheryl Burt, 333
Sackville-West, Vita, 983
sadomasochism (SM), 236
Safe Motherhood initiative (World Bank), 156
Saffin, Lori, 223
Safran, William, 165, 166, 169
Safri, Maliha, 191
Said, Edward, 100, 660, 675, 677, 679
Salafism, 48
Salamon, Gayle, 416
Saldanha, Arun, 466
Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora (Smallwood), 169
Salzinger, Leslie, 195, 288
same-sex marriage advocacy, 559–564
Sampaio, Anna, 995
Sandburg, Cheryl, 373
Sandilands, Catriona, 535, 536. See also Mortimer-Sandilands, Catriona
Sandoval, Chela, 102, 125, 134, 140n5, 169, 865–866
Sangarasivam, Yamuna, 1022
Sanger, Margaret, 558, 803, 806, 1001
Santa Cruz Feminist of Color Collective, 105
Sarat, Austin, 1011–1012
Sartre, Jean-Paul, 241, 678, 1015, 1022
Sassen, Saskia, 438
Sauer, Birgit, 921
Saussure, Ferdinand de, 652–653
Savage, Mike, 379
Saward, Michael, 796
Saxton, Marsha, 820
Scattered Hegemonies: Postmodernity and Transnational Feminist Practices (Grewal and Kaplan), 992
Schaeffer, Felicity, 499, 500
Scheper-Hughes, Nancy, 1014
Schiebinger, Londa, 836
Schiller, Nina Glick, 996
(p. 1061) Schilt, Kristin, 253
Schiwy, Freya, 115
Scholar and Feminist Online, 844
Schram, Sanford F., 798
Schueller, Malini Johar, 133
Schuler, Sidney Ruth, 156
Schwartzman, Lisa, 585
science/science studies
ethical practices, 843–847
feminist theory in, 537–539, 832–835
new materialism and, 840–843
overdetermination and, 845
sex/gender binary, 835–840
social justice epistemologies in, 834, 844–846
as socially responsive, 275
Scott, Catherine, 155
Seaman, Barbara, 334
Sebastini, Silvia, 87, 89
The Second Sex (Beauvoir), 212, 228, 348–349
second-wave feminist theory. See personal is political
Secret Service: Untold Stories of Lesbians in the Military (Gershik), 510
“Securitization” (Nyman), 520
“Security, Territory and Population” (Foucault), 480
Sedgwick, Eve, 25–26, 320
adaptations of, 29
affect usage/definitions, 29
Hemmings’ critique of, 30
on homophobia, 790
on identity, 356
on sexuality, 896–897
Seduction of the Innocent (Wertham), 656
Segal, Lynne, 523
Segal, Mady, 508, 511, 512
Segato, Rita, 100, 115, 117, 863
Seigworth, Gregory J., 22, 25
Seizing the Means of Reproduction: Entanglements of Feminism, Health, and Technoscience (Murphy), 333, 848
Selected Subaltern Studies (Guha and Spivak), 993
Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), 447
Self-Transformations: Foucault, Ethics, and Normalized Bodies (Heyes), 484
semiotic representation, 782, 785, 794, 798. See also representation
Sen, Lipi Biswan, 112
Seneca Falls, 249
“sensuous activities,” 455–460, 464, 468
Serano, Julia, 415
A Serious Proposal to the Ladies (Astell), 348
Serrano, Elvira, 537
service sector, restructuring of, 439
Sever, Charlotte, 315
sex, as political construct/process, 4
Sex, Gender and Society (Oakley), 853
“Sex and Death in the Rational World of Defense Intellectuals” (Cohn), 508–509, 1021
Sex and Gender: On the Development of Masculinity and Femininity (Stoller), 853
“sex-change” surgery, 418
sex discrimination, 211, 249, 251–254, 256, 257n2, 318, 373, 385, 388. See also feminist jurisprudence
“Sex Diversity in Nonhuman Animals” (Hird and Giffney), 540
sex tourism/trafficking, 443–444
sexual assault, slavery and, 214–215
sexual behaviors, ranking of, 560, 561f
sexual differences. See also difference debates/dilemma
concepts of, 874–875
feminist psychoanalysis and, 890–891
Irigaray’s philosophy of, 880–884
politics of, 884–887
psychoanalytic roots of, 875–880
sex/gender distinction critique, 887–890
sexual dimorphism, 5–6, 116, 465
Sexual Fluidity (Diamond), 904
sexual harassment
in feminist jurisprudence, 252–254
in workplace, 265
sexual intercourse, political nature of, 235
sexuality
feminist theories of, 909–911
as modern concept, 895–896
(p. 1062) poststructuralist perspective, 897–899
regulation of, 63, 68, 376, 553
sexual politics and, 905–909
social constructivist perspective, 895–896
women’s vs. men’s, 899–905
sexuality debates, as turning points, 235–237
sexuality studies, gender distinction in, 252–253
sexual-orientation harassment, in feminist jurisprudence, 252–254
Sexual Politics (Millett), 633–634, 767, 783, 918
sexual politics, sexuality and, 905–909
A Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist Vegetarian Critical Theory (Adams), 536
sexual/reproductive regulation, 67. See also reproduction, politics of
Shah, Nayan, 998
Shakur, Assata, 731
Shaw, Miranda, 771, 773–774
Shephard, Laura, 520
Sherry, Michael, 519
Sherwin, Susan, 328, 708, 714–715
Shigematsu, S., 513
Shimizu, Celine Parrenas, 665
Shiva, Vandana, 537, 675
Shrader-Frechette, Kristin, 271
“Signature Event Content” (Derrida), 576
Signs (journal), 2
Silent Spring (Carson), 947
Silverman, Kaja, 785
Sims, J. Marion, 333
Singh, Randhir, 1023
Sisterhood is Global (Morgan), 638
Sisters in Islam, 762
Sisters of the Earth (Anderson), 534
situated knowledge, 6–8, 264–266
Sjoberg, Laura, 518
slavery
Dred Scott decision, 753
feminist post slave studies, 745–748
marriage prohibition, 562–563, 600
plantation system, 106, 112
sexual violence in, 214–215
US prison system as successor to, 725–726
Smallwood Stephanie, 169
Smelik, Anneke, 682
Smith, Andie, 175
Smith, Andrea, 338, 731, 745, 748
Smith, Anna Marie, 311
Smith, Barbara, 353, 389
Smith, Bonnie, 787–788
Smith, Dorothy, 937
Smith, Greg, 578
Smith, Valerie, 397, 400–401
Snitow, Ann, 533, 655
Social Darwinism, 531
social hygiene, 149
socialist feminism, 4, 125, 350, 900, 918, 957, 991, 993
social justice epistemologies, 834, 844–846
social movements, new, 594, 596, 607, 607n3, 635, 676
social reproduction, 179, 185, 187, 189–192, 200, 286, 290–293, 433, 440, 863, 995
“Society Must Be Defended” (Foucault), 62, 480
Solomon, Robert C., 24
somatic experiences, of pregnancy, 706–707
somatophobia, tradition of, 207–208, 210, 214, 216, 224. See also embodiment
“Some Psychical Consequences of the Anatomical Distinction between the Sexes” (Freud), 875
Sommers, Daria, 510
Soros Open Society Institute, 315
Soss, Joe, 798
Soto, Sandy, 999
The Souls of Black Folk (Du Bois), 659
South Asian Subaltern Studies Group, 101, 105, 107–109, 111–112
Southern Student’s Organizing Committee (SSOC), 594–595, 607n4
sovereign agency, 41, 54
Spade, Dean, 382, 733–735
Spanish Inquisition, 113
speak-outs, 598–599
“Speech Acts and Unspeakable Acts” (Langton), 582
Spencer, Jonathan, 1023
Spillers, Hortense, 744–746, 863, 900, 964
Spinoza, Baruch, 23, 26, 28, 137
(p. 1063) Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty, 101, 108–109, 111, 114, 347, 355, 362n7, 554, 729–730, 792–794, 838, 864, 992, 993
Split Decisions: How and Why to Take a Break from Feminism (Halley), 248
Sprinkle, Annie, 541
Squires, Judith, 313–314, 357, 796–797
SRW (substantive representation of women), 797
Stacey, Jackie, 682, 784, 785
standpoint feminism. See feminist standpoint theory
standpoint theory. See feminist standpoint theory
Stanko, Elizabeth, 271
Stanley, Eric A., 223
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 348, 769
state feminism, 313–314, 922–923, 994–996
state/nation
feminist theories on, 915–923
gender and, 923–928
gender hierarchies in, 926–927
gender orders in, 921–922
homonormativity/homoprotectionism in, 927
inclusion/exclusion, 923–924
legal protections, 920
materialism in, 922
neoliberalism and, 923
as neutral institution, 917
patriarchal nature of, 918–920
political activism in, 925–926
women as reproducers in, 924–925
women-friendly welfare states, 917–918
women’s activism in, 921
state terrorism, racialization and, 753–758
Staudt, Kathleen, 149, 154
Staying Alive: Women, Ecology, and Development (Shiva), 537
Steihm, Judith, 511
Stephens, Beth, 541
Stephenson, Carolyn, 316
sterilization campaigns/abuse, 149, 222, 227, 338–339, 559, 812, 817, 820, 925, 999, 1022
Stevens, Jacqueline, 1011
Stewart, Kathleen, 27, 31
Stewart, Maria, 105
Stiehm, Judith, 508
Stoler, Ann, 65–66, 68, 554, 745, 747, 993, 1015–1016
Stoljar, Natalie, 43
Stoller, Robert, 853
Stone, Sandy, 408, 410, 412–413, 421, 424
storytelling/narrative
as essential to democracy, 940–942
experience-based, 934
experience/insight link, 936–938
feminist reactions to, 935
as naive realism, 948–950
orthodox knowledge critiques, 943–945
patriarchal knowledge and, 951–952
as power-laden relationship, 950–951
in practice, 935–936
as resistance strategy, 938–939
as rigorous knowing, 943