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date: 24 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter lays out the contours of development as a modernist initiative and details feminists’ engagement with it. It draws on the work of anthropologist Arturo Escobar to provide a critical account of the general project of development. It reviews the various feminist engagements with development, including women and development (WAD), women in development (WID), gender and development (GAD), and focuses on such policy areas as population and microcredit in which development initiatives have had a pronounced impact on women’s lives, not always for the good. It emphasizes the significance of feminist analysis of the construct “Third World women” to opening a critical perspective on development.

Keywords: development, underdevelopment, colonialism, political economy, neoliberalism, population policy, microcredit, Third World women, Orientalism

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