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date: 19 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Leader–member exchange (LMX) is the foremost dyadic, relational approach to leadership. Findings in LMX show that leaders are more inclusive and communicative with some members compared to others. Thus, leaders form high-quality, trust, affect, and respect-based relationships with a subset of their team, whereas they tend to have a lower-quality social exchange that is limited to the employee and the leader’s job description with other members. This handbook consists of 22 chapters representing a comprehensive review of the LMX literature written by leading LMX scholars on five key aspects of LMX. Throughout the handbook, authors offer summations of the theoretical underpinnings of LMX, discuss the measurement of LMX quality, review in detail the antecedents and consequences of LMX, and explore more recent developments aimed at examining group level implications of LMX. Future research directions and recommendations for best practices for research methods and dyadic relationship nomenclature are also addressed.

Keywords: leader–member exchange, LMX, relational leadership, dyadic leadership, social exchange

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