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date: 03 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article deals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its link to externalizing disorders in children, with emphasis on advances in the field that have been driven by new medical and technologic discoveries. It begins with a historical overview of TBI diagnosis and treatment, citing the important role played by neuroimaging. It then looks at the features and correlates of new and persistent externalizing disorders that arise in pediatric patients after TBI, focusing on closed head injury. It also examines attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders and disruptive behavior disorders, the latter of which include oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. In addition, personality change (aggression, antisocial personality disorder) following TBI is discussed. The article concludes by evaluating pharmacological and psychological treatments available to children with externalizing disorders.

Keywords: traumatic brain injury, children, treatment, neuroimaging, externalizing disorders, closed head injury, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders, disruptive behavior disorders, personality change, antisocial personality disorder

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